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Carpenter Technology (CRS -0.74%)
Q3 2020 Earnings Call
Apr 30, 2020, 10:00 a.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good day, and welcome to the Carpenter Technology Corporation third-quarter fiscal 2020 conference call. [Operator instructions] Please note that this event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Brad Edwards, investor relations. Please go ahead, sir.

Brad Edwards -- Investor Relations

Thank you, operator. Good morning, everyone. And welcome to the Carpenter Technology earnings conference call for the fiscal third quarter ended March 31, 2020. This call is also being broadcast over the Internet along with presentation slides.

Please note, for those of you listening by phone, you may experience a time delay in slide movement. Speakers on the call today are Tony Thene, president and chief executive officer; and Tim Lain, vice president and chief financial officer. Statements made by management during this earnings presentation that are forward-looking statements are based on current expectations. Risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those forward-looking statements can be found in Carpenter Technology's most recent SEC filings, including the company's report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 30, 2019, Form 10-Q for the quarters ended September 30, 2019 and December 31, 2019, and the exhibits attached to those filings.

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Please also note that in the following discussion, unless otherwise noted, when management discusses sales or revenue, that reference excludes surcharge. When referring to operating margins, that is based on operating income and sales, excluding surcharge. I will now turn the call over to Tony.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Brad. And good morning to everyone on the call today. I hope you and your families are well and safe. Let's begin on Slide 4, a review of our safety performance.

Our total case incident rate, or TCIR, dropped to 1.1 in the third quarter of fiscal-year 2020. We've worked extremely hard over the last five years to make safety a cornerstone of our company culture. The goal of a zero injury workplace is embedded across all of our locations. With that clean mindset, we were able to quickly respond to the COVID-19 pandemic with an immediate focus on protecting our employees, their families and our facilities.

Let's turn to the next slide, we talk more about our actions. Carpenter Technology, especially [Inaudible] and in some cases, the sole source with proven material solutions in critical applications, making more viable and continued production of essential manufacture products. We fully understand our role as a essential business and know whether it is important for us to continue to operate during this challenging period. We took immediate actions, such as remote working, enhanced personal hygiene, social distancing and limiting access to our facilities.

But our total pandemic response is much deeper and complex. We have focused on four pillars, which are game changers in terms of safely operating and manufacturing facilities during the pandemic. The first is the rapid response team, made up of employees in multiple disciplines to spend 100% of their time focused on safely operating our facilities during the COVID-19 crisis. The second is a robust self-reporting and self-isolation program.

We require all employees to self report to our medical team if they meet any of the detailed criteria. If deemed necessary, they are placed on a paid 21-day self isolation. The third is a modularized pod working zone that acts as a circuit breaker to provide transmission within a department or shift. The pod consists of two fundamental principles: one, full separation between shifts and assigned area; and two, strict defined boundaries within a shift.

The fourth is temperature screening for everyone on site: employees, contractors and delivery guys. Extensive protocols and work instructions has been implemented for each of the four pillars. Because of Carpenter Technology's deep related safety culture, we have been able to keep our facilities operating while providing unparalleled safety protections for our employees. Now let's turn to Slide 6 and a review of the third-quarter performance.

Our ability to act quickly and work safely during a global pandemic was a significant strategic advantage for Carpenter Technology. It sets us apart from other companies and reinforces our position as a resilient and reliable supplier. For the third quarter, we achieved earnings per share of $0.82. Those results were driven by strong commercial and manufacturing execution in a challenging environment.

Our operating income of $58.7 million for the quarter included a negative impact of approximately $5.5 million from COVID-19. Despite the headwinds, specialty alloy delivered operating margin of 19.2%, the fifth consecutive quarter with a operating margin above 18%. In addition, customer engagement regarding VAP approvals at our Athens facilities remains consistent, as we obtained another meaningful approval during the quarter. In aerospace and defense end-use markets, sales increased 7% year over year, while the aerospace engine submarket increased 11%.

In the medical end-use market, sales increased 10% sequentially. Although still close to historical highs, backlog decreased year over year for the first time in 13 quarters, down 7%. Our ability to pull in orders helped offset the impact of the 737 MAX production halt and COVID-19. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic progressed, forward demand patterns across all end-use markets began to be impacted.

To that end, we have implemented targeted portfolio restructuring and cost reduction initiatives in order to maintain our strong balance sheet. Tim will provide more details on the portfolio moves and our strong liquidity position during his remarks. Make no mistake, we will continue to preserve liquidity and enhance our financial flexibility as we navigate the challenging environment caused by COVID-19. Now let's move to Slide 7, end-use market update.

I will be brief in explaining the third-quarter market details, as the primary focus of today's discussion is on the forward market outlook, which I will discuss in a minute. Looking first at aerospace and defense end-use market, which accounts for 59% of our sales in the quarter, sales increased 7%, compared to last year and were up 5% sequentially. Overall, our performance in the quarter was solid, given the slowdown and soft aerospace supply chain related to the 737 MAX. Moving on to the medical end-use market, which accounts for 10% of our sales in the quarter, sales were up 1% year over year and up 10% sequentially.

The transportation end-use market accounts for only 6% of total sales in the quarter, and sales were down both year over year and sequentially. Activity heavily impacted by lower light vehicle sales around the globe, as well as the flattening of the North American heavy-duty truck market. Now moving to the energy end-use market, which account for just 6% of total sales in the quarter, sales declined 29% year over year. The oil and gas downturn rapidly accelerated in the third quarter due to a combination of COVID-19 and oversupplied volumes.

In the industrial and consumer end-use market, revenues were down 6% year over year but increased sequentially by 6% due to the continued strength in the semiconductor demand and higher consumer electronic. Now I'll turn it over to Tim for the financial review.

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Tony. Good morning, everyone. I'll start on Slide 9, the income statement summary. Net sales in the third quarter were $585.4 million, and sales, excluding surcharge, totaled $495 million.

Sales, excluding surcharge, increased 5% sequentially on 5% higher volume. Compared to the third quarter a year ago, sales decreased 2% on 9% lower volumes. As Tony covered in his review of the markets, the year-over-year results reflected strong growth in aerospace sales, offset by weakening demand in the energy and transportation end-use markets. The performance is significant given the challenges that we faced late in the quarter related to COVID-19.

This impacted our ability to get shipments out of our mills, both due to enhanced safety measures implemented in our facilities, as well as the impact on certain customers, who were unable to accept deliveries as they were forced to shut down their operations particularly in Europe as a result of the pandemic. Our production teams have adjusted extremely well for the additional safety measures, but the transition to this new way of working clearly impacted productivity. The teams also had to deal with certain self-isolation measures that affected staffing levels at key work centers. I'll talk more about the impacts on our results shortly in the segment details.

SG&A expenses were $50.8 million in the third quarter, up roughly $1 million from the same period a year ago and down $4.5 million sequentially. The sequential change reflects the timing of certain expenses from quarter to quarter. Operating income was $58.7 million in the quarter, compared to $73.2 million in the prior-year period. As Tony mentioned, the current quarter's results include about $5.5 million of COVID-19 related impacts.

Last year's third quarter included an $11.4 million insurance recovery benefit related to our Dynamet facility that was included in our PEP segment's operating income results. Adjusted operating income as a percentage of sales was 11.9% in the quarter, representing margin contraction of 270 basis points as compared to Q3 and fiscal-year 2019. When excluding the impact of the insurance recovery, year-over-year margin came down about 40 basis points, which is impressive considering the challenging environment. While not specifically shown on this slide, our results for the current quarter include mark-to-market losses related to investments we hold for certain benefit plans.

The mark-to-market losses totaling $3.9 million are included in other income loss and are the result of a significant decline in equity values of these underlying assets during the quarter, especially in March. Our effective tax rate for the third quarter was 20%. The tax rate was favorable versus our expectation due to a favorable adjustment related to prior-year taxes that were finalized during the current quarter. Net income for the quarter was $39.9 million or $0.82 per diluted share.

Now turning to Slide 10 and our SAO segment results. Net sales for the quarter were $488.1 million or $398.8 million excluding surcharge. Sales, excluding surcharge, increased 1% year over year on 10% lower volumes. The results reflect strong demand in the aerospace and defense and medical end-use markets, partially offset by weakness in the energy and transportation markets.

The aerospace and defense performance speaks to the underlying strengths of our position in the supply chain. We offer solutions across multiple platforms, applications and a broad base of customers. The results are especially significant given the ongoing headwinds facing the supply chain recently related to the 737 MAX production halt. Sequentially, sales, excluding surcharge, increased 4% on 4% higher volumes.

SAO operating income was $76.4 million for the third quarter with adjusted operating margin at 19.2%. The same quarter a year ago, SAO's operating income was $73.6 million. Again, it's worthy to note that despite the significant disruption caused by COVID-19 late in the quarter, the operating teams ensured that our facilities could safely continue to satisfy customer needs. The current quarter's performance reflects approximately $5 million of operating income impacts for SAO, including both delayed shipments and incremental expenses due to COVID-19.

Looking ahead to the fourth quarter, we are expecting operating income to be down approximately 50% when compared to our recent Q3 results. Most of the decline in operating income in SAO will be driven by the impacts of the significant reduction in inventory in Q4 as we look to manage cash. Although we had already planned to reduce inventory in the fourth quarter, as we demonstrated last year, we are now targeting further reductions in inventory. The significant reductions in new material starts and the associated reduction in raw materials in a time of declining prices, will have a significant negative impact on our upcoming fourth quarter's profitability.

We are also expecting sales to be down sequentially as the global economy adjusts for the ongoing disruption caused by the current pandemic. Forward visibility is limited, and the impact to each individual market will vary. In addition, individual customer demand adjustments or reactions will vary depending on their individual situation. Our main objective is to stay close to our key customers to understand their needs and further strengthen our position.

To deal with the impacts of lower volumes, we have implemented furloughs for certain production and maintenance positions as we match our workforce needs to production schedules in each of our facilities. In this environment of rapidly changing requirements and plans, we continue to emphasize the importance of the Carpenter operating model. We will continue lean heavily on areas such as waste elimination, leader standard work and problem solving. The actions we have taken to implement the Carpenter operating model are expected to pay further dividends, and we believe will provide significant operating leverage as we continue to navigate these challenging conditions.

Now turning to Slide 11 and our PEP segment results. Net sales, excluding surcharge, were $107.1 million, which were down $18.8 million from Q3 of FY '19 and up slightly sequentially. The year-over-year decline reflects ongoing weakness in energy sales, more specifically in the oil and gas submarket, as well as weaker sales in the distribution business that is more sensitive to global economic conditions. On the positive side, we continue to see year-over-year and sequential growth in medical sales.

In PEP, sales to the medical market increased 27% sequentially and 19% year over year. In the current quarter, PEP reported an operating loss of $0.3 million. For clarity, last year's third-quarter operating income of $16.6 million included an $11.4 million benefit from an insurance recovery. The results for PEP were influenced modestly by the COVID-19 situation.

Again, credit goes to the teams who are doing whatever it took to ensure our employees safety and to keep the facilities operational at this critical time. As we look ahead to the fourth quarter, we expect to see headwinds across most of the markets related to COVID 19. Given the uncertainty associated with COVID-19 on the PEP business, we have initiated several key actions focused on reducing costs and preserving our liquidity. Similar to SAO, we've initiated furloughs for production and maintenance positions across most of the facilities.

In addition, we have also recently made several key strategic decisions affecting the PEP segment. Given the ongoing weakness in the oil market, which has worsened since the end of the quarter, we have decided to exit the Amega West business. Actions to exit this business, including strategic discussions with third parties, are under way and anticipated to be completed by the end of our upcoming fourth quarter. We have also decided to idle two domestic powder production facilities.

We remain committed to a metal powder production, but consider it necessary to close these two facilities to save cost and preserve cash flow in the near term. Action plans have been initiated, and we expect those facilities to be closed during the fourth quarter. We expect that the actions to exit the Amega West business and idle the two powder facilities will generate estimated annual savings of $15 million to $20 million based on the current run rates for these businesses. As we look ahead, we expect PEP to report an operating loss of $5 million to $6 million in the fourth quarter.

Now turning to Slide 12 and a review of cash flow. Free cash flow in the third quarter was positive $13 million. Within the quarter, we decreased inventory by $23 million. As I mentioned earlier, we expect to continue to reduce inventory in the fourth quarter.

In the third quarter, we spent $50 million on capital expenditures. We expect to spend $170 million on capital expenditures for fiscal-year 2020, consistent with the guidance we previously provided. Within the $170 million, there are several large multiyear projects. First, the $100 million hot-strip mill being constructed on our Reading, PA campus.

This investment will be completed next fiscal year and will enhance our soft magnetics portfolio and increase capacity. Second, we have substantially completed the capacity expansion projects for our Dynamet titanium business allowing us to capture emerging growth for high-value titanium solutions in the medical market. Finally, we completed our emerging technology center, which demonstrates and drives the commercialization of new technologies supporting the company's growth programs. I'll talk a little bit about our future capex plans, as well as our liquidity on the next slide.

As we move to Slide 13, our liquidity position remains solid, which is critical in today's environment. As of the close of the current quarter, we had $317.1 million of total liquidity, including $93 million of cash. I should note that during the third quarter, given the significant uncertainty as the COVID-19 situation unfolded, we drew $50 million from our credit facility as a preventative measure in the event there were any potential issues with our ability to access our credit facility as needed. We did this purely as a precaution, and we remain in regular contact with our banking group participants.

We are confident in our banking group's ability to meet the funding commitments under our credit facility. It is also important to note that we are well within requirements for compliance with the covenants under the credit facility. As I mentioned numerous times already, our focus clearly has shifted to preserving liquidity in response to the uncertainty created by the pandemic. Although our current liquidity is strong at $317 million, we are continuing to execute plans to increase cash flow.

First, as I mentioned, we are rigorously evaluating our production schedule and related inventory levels to ensure we are aligned with our customer needs. We believe inventory represents a significant cash flow lever for us over the next several quarters. Second, we are actively managing our cost structure. We have already taken actions such as production and maintenance workforce furloughs and a global hiring freeze.

Also, given that we are finished with the bulk of our spending on growth projects, we expect to be able to reduce capital expenditures for fiscal-year 2021 by 25% to 30% or $40 million to $50 million. In addition, as I mentioned, we've taken strategic steps to rationalize our business and facilities portfolio. We've initiated plans to exit Amega West and idle two powder facilities. Again, these strategic actions are anticipated to save $15 million to $20 million annually based on current run rates.

We've identified additional levers available to us in the event the situation worsens. We have evaluated various scenarios and believe even in scenarios where demand is meaningfully depressed for an extended period of time, we have ample liquidity. Although we have no near-term maturities, we will continue to actively evaluate options to access the capital markets as necessary to ensure the strength of our balance sheet and continue to execute against our disciplined capital allocation philosophy. The actions we have taken over the last several years to ensure the strength of our balance sheet and financial position have put us on solid footing even as we face the current uncertainty.

With that, I'll now turn the call back over to Tony.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Tim. Let's move to Slide 15 in a more detailed market outlook. Let me give you a bit more color on how we see our markets for the coming quarter and into our fiscal-year 2021. In our aerospace and defense end-use market, we see the next quarter as we pause and a reset quarter.

Clearly, the near and mid-term demand profile has changed and no one yet understands what the final demand profile will be. We're going to use this time to strengthen our relationship with our customers to maximize our share and work directly with them as they were processing large updates to the COVID regions almost daily. We believe we will show more resilience than our competitors as we are seeing a few struggle with COVID-related operating disruptions. Assuming we have some macro return to normalcy in our fiscal-year 2021 first quarter, and some are now projecting, the industry could begin firming up its ramp up and needs.

That in turn could allow us and our customers higher confidence and visibility into the future. Turning to our medical end-use market. Although states are currently beginning to reduce restrictions on elective surgery, we do expect destocking efforts to continue in the fourth quarter at both end user OEM customers, as well as distributors supporting the medical device market as the market adjusts to the change in demand initiated in the third quarter. These destocking efforts are expected to continue to affect our orthopedic and dental markets. We expect the return of elective surgeries to continue to the first quarter of our fiscal-year 2021, mostly in orthopedic markets.

We expect end user OEMs and distributors will replan from the previous stocking levels and begin to attract [Inaudible]. Although they represent a small percentage of our total sales, we have enjoyed some success in the transportation end-use market where we supply high-value solutions. For fiscal-year 2020, fourth quarter, we expect this market will be extremely challenged as North America, Europe and South America have been effectively closed in the month of April. As we move into fiscal-year 2021, we do expect some stabilization but at a much lower level.

For our energy end-use market, we see a continuation of a slowdown in oil and gas, with the rig count in North America reducing to historic lows. We expect oil and gas will remain at the current level with further scale back in the U.S. to the level of around 200 at the end of calendar-year 2020. This forward outlook, coupled with the continued disruption resulting from COVID-19 is what supported our decision to exit the Amega West business.

In summary, it is no surprise, we have a subdued outlook over the next several quarters. For Carpenter Technology is in advantage, and in fact approximately 70% of our total sales is originated in the aerospace and defense and in medical end-use markets, both markets that are supported by long-term macro trend. In addition, we have invested in emerging technologies, such as additive manufacturing and soft magnetics that could be accelerated due to changes caused by this pandemic. Let's move to Slide 16 and our closing comments.

As I said in my opening comments, the first priority is to protect our employees who have demonstrated another level of dedication and commitment during the challenging times. We are safeguarding our employees and facilities, delivering on customer material needs, working diligently to ensure our supply chain is functional and taking decisive actions to manage our cost structure and strengthen our financial position. We executed from both a commercial and manufacturing perspective to deliver a strong quarterly performance of $0.82 per share. And that includes $5.5 million negative impact due to COVID-19.

Today and certainly as you know, we are well suffice with liquidity. At Carpenter Technology, we have a path forward to successfully navigate the near-term disruption caused by COVID-19. We have an impressive manufacturing system that includes unique assets, capable of producing products that only a few in the world can match. We produce highly specialized products, several proprietary that are focused on innovative solutions that our customers require.

Our customer relationships are strong and growing. Over the last several years, those relationships have resulted in meaningful share gain. During these challenging times, we have demonstrated our resiliency and that has won our customers relationship. Our strong balance sheet may be underappreciated in the past is now critical to our customers and shareholders.

And as Tim mentioned, we have multiple cost reductions and cash-generation actions available to us that will allow us to remain in a cash positive position even in the extreme market downturn. In addition, our leading position in aerospace and defense and high-value product offerings in our medical market account for approximately 70% of our total sales. With the exit of the Amega West business, we induce our presence in a volatile energy market to just 3% of total sales, and preserve an estimated $15 million to $20 million operating income in the upcoming annual period. Over the last several years, we have consistently delivered quarter-over-quarter earnings growth.

We've also made investments in critical emerging technologies, including additive manufacturing and soft magnetics that will enhance our long-term sustainable growth profile. Carpenter Technology has led in many market advantages and difficult operating environment with [Inaudible] 130-plus years experience. Like the previous challenges we have faced, we will navigate this crisis with a unified approach to safety, serving our customers, supporting the foundation of our business and delivering value to our shareholders. We are already looking to the future to envision what's the new normal will look like once we defeat COVID-19 and our markets eventually recover.

We are working on strategic goal to capture opportunities and build on our long-term growth potential. We will emerge from this crisis with an even stronger safety culture, stronger relationships with our customers and business well-positioned to excel in a new normal economy. Thank you for your interest, and I'll turn it back to the operator to field your questions.

Questions & Answers:


Thank you. [Operator instructions] And our first question will come from Gautam Khanna of Cowen. Please go ahead.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Hi. Good morning, guys.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Gautam.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Wanted to just explore on the decision to exit Amega West and to shut the two powder facilities down, are there any cash costs associated that are onetime in nature?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

There are some cash costs, Gautam, that's primarily around the shipments that we will pay on receiving, so the majority of the charge would be noncash. It will be the property and asset writedowns and in lease obligations we have in the portfolio.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

OK. Any sense for how much that is in aggregate, the cash-related costs?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

The majority is on the noncash side, I can say that.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

OK. And then the 50% decline anticipated at SAO sequentially, I'm just curious, what is sort of the visibility around that. Have you already received orders that reflect the new announced build rates at Airbus and Boeing you mentioned? I'm wondering if it shouldn't get worse sequentially as we move into the back half of the calendar year. Normally, there's seasonality that's down sequentially second half versus first half, but then we're also transitioning to lower rates.

I wonder how long does it take to actually get those orders to Carpenter to reflect what is actually going to be the ongoing OEM production rates. So do you see like a much bigger step-down than a normal deal in the second half of the calendar year on top of what you're expecting in calendar Q2?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

It's the No. 1 question right, Gautam, and I think maybe our old models that we've used in the past as far as seasonality or cyclicality in the aerospace business -- industry, it might not be very useful anymore because we see such major shifts. So as opposed to seeing a downturn maybe in the first half, you could see some little change in the OEM ordering pattern just because you have such a low level now. So I don't know if we can use the same method as we've done in the past.

To answer your first question, certainly, it's a moving target. We feel comfortable with -- let's get comfortable as you can get with the guidance, it is moving around every day as our market leads are talking to our customers. The other piece of that guidance is we really made the decision to take out more inventory than we normally would. I mean, we had a strong balance sheet, we will carry some inventory.

We're going to take a step back on that and say, now is not the time to do that. So we're really sacrifice some operating income next quarter to pick up a substantial amount of cash. And we think that's the right decision to make. It's probably not the best time to be reducing inventory just because raw material prices are lower.

But again, I think the focus here should be on the cash side. And we'll look at a bit on the operating income side to do that. I hope that answers your question.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Yeah. No, I guess, I'm trying to frame out maybe this year's almost over for Carpenter at this fiscal year. I'm trying to frame out the following year and perhaps the year after. I mean, we've had announcements now from Boeing and Airbus, wide-body rates somewhere near down 50%, slightly less and single aisles at Airbus down a third, and probably ramping much more slow than we had hoped for just three months ago.

So in that kind of environment, do you think the operating income at SAO, does it sort of follow that production down kind of 40% blended in terms of operating profit relative to what maybe calendar '19 arise? Is that sort of the right -- is that how you're thinking about where things are going to be?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Listen, it's an absolutely right answer. But as you know, I mean, the vision that we have going forward is where needed, and it's tough to take very high level assumptions because every customer is different. And honestly, they are changing from day-to-day. Now this quarter for us, the first one, will be a bit more subdued than normal because we're going very aggressively on it, we think that's the right thing to do.

So if we would have taken a step back and be more conservative on the income reduction, so you know what, let's just kind of manage the way we usually do, you would see a quarter that would be materially better. The effect of inventory is valued significantly in this quarter. So it's going to be a little bit difficult, Gautam, for us to kind of go quarter to quarter because we're really making some significant changes in the way we do business. I think we'll all going to have to be -- work together and kind of do the same for the economy.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

And then just one last one for me, Tony. In these downturns in the past, how have competitors responded with pricing to capture emerging demand or just get more share on existing contracts where there may be some flexibility with the customers as to what the share is, if it's in a band? And do you think customers are going to be coming back to Carpenter and asking for those kind of price concessions? What do you anticipate happens just based on like normal cyclical downturns?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Again, it's a good question, and we have seen that in limited areas inside of our industry. That's why I took a little extra time early on in my presentation to talk about the really detailed actions we took to keep our plants running safely. And often, you know that there's a lot of operations out there across many industries that have had to shut down, not necessarily because the demand wasn't there. It's because they could not safely put their employees to work.

They might have had an outbreak that they had to shut them. That's really important for our customers. And I would say, more importantly than a temporary price decrease, that they know they're working with the company that values the safety of their workers, number one, we're going to take those productivities that we did in the third quarter, it still had record SAO results. And that's the company that they want to go with long term as opposed to shaping a price for a short period of time.

In fact, we've had customers come to us just because of that and want to increase the business they do with us or increase their share just because of our ability to operate in this environment. So there are some trade-offs that can, which thoroughly did not price. If you're in a market that you think had long-term positive macro demand is going to be there, which will pass, and you want to be partnered with a company that's always going to be resilient and reliable one to supply.

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Thanks for the candor. I appreciate it. And keep healthy, and good luck.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Thank you, Gautam. Hope you stay healthy, too.


Our next question will come from Josh Sullivan with Benchmark. Please go ahead.

Josh Sullivan -- Benchmark -- Analyst

Hey, good morning.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning.

Josh Sullivan -- Benchmark -- Analyst

If we just think about the Carpenter operating model you put in place the last couple of years, is there any way to quantify how it would have helped in previous downturns just maybe what's operationally different versus 2014 or 2008 overall? Just trying to understand from a comparison perspective how Carpenter has evolved as that's been put in place over the last couple of years.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good question. Hard to quantify because there's so many moving parts right now. But I think as a company and as a workforce, we're blessed to have this Carpenter operating model because it's become -- even though I have said many times, Josh, I think we're still in early innings. I still believe there's a lot more we can do with this operating model.

It's not always easy or everyone would do it. So I do believe there's still a lot more left in the tank. But as we moved in as the pandemic became worse and worse, having that DNA in Carpenter, my most site leaders have been absolute superstars to have that type of grounding in the way they move so quickly to go to this modularized pod systems, that is massive. And I can tell you, there's a lot of operating locations not doing that.

To be able to put that in so quickly, they leaned on their Carpenter operating model, in space, they're still new to leader standard work, flow, communication. And I would tell you, having that we have practiced back in the last five years is critical to us to be able to provide the quarter that we did this time. Comparing to the past, it's tough to give you an exact number, but I would tell you that it's significant our ability to respond quickly because we have that DNA kind of baked in right now. It's a great question.

Thank you.

Josh Sullivan -- Benchmark -- Analyst

Got it. And then just thinking about the balance of work that you can shift between Athens and the legacy facilities, I know you want to talk about it as one operating system, but at one point, Reading was almost redlined on certain areas that heavily qualified with aerospace. But just given the overall reduced demand, is there a way to balance more of the work in Athens, which may have a lower cost structure just because it's a newer facility?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

I believe as we go through with the depress moment, we're going to need Reading and Athens. We are very -- I'm very [Inaudible] to the workforce that we have in those locations, and I think it's a great time for me to say, we understand we have lower volume. We understand we need to flex our labor. What we're doing is some rolling furloughs that can shorten workweeks as opposed to having permanent layoffs because we want to keep those employees.

We've invested in them. They care about Carpenter Technology. So we'll have individuals go off on a furlough for two to three weeks. We'll help them work on whatever benefits they have available to them.

We continue to supply them medical benefits. We're not going to take away that when they're on this rolling furlough. And in two, three weeks, we can bring them back, and we'll have another set of employees go off. So we keep everybody working, we keep everyone insured.

And in some plants, it might be more beneficial for us if this is rolling furloughs to go from a 40-hour week to a 32-hour week. And that's just a better way to keep everybody involved in various tough time. Everybody has an opportunity to support their family. So that's our approach.

It's not about let's go 100% dark and move it all down to Athens. We want to have a balanced approach to keep as many employees viable as a team.

Josh Sullivan -- Benchmark -- Analyst

Got it. And kind of related to that, just keeping the structure in place for an eventual recovery. What do you think the red herring is going to be for a recovery for you? Are we going to see it in the distribution side, auto? What vertical do you think we'll see first as eventual recovery takes hold?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

That's a good question. I mean, from our standpoint is that, you heard a couple of times now, 60% is aerospace and defense. And then you add in defense -- I mean, you add in medical and then on our industrial consumers by adding semiconductor and the high-end consumer electronics, it's up in 80-plus percent of our business. So that's really our focus.

And now when you talk about other verticals like energy, that we're going to be less than 3% in the energy market, that volatility in the energy market is not going to impact Carpenter Technology going forward. And in transportation, we have great customers, and we've done a good job of really going after and gaining share in a high level, but again, it's 5% or 6% of our markets. So when you look at [Inaudible] going than aerospace, defense, medical, those are our primary verticals.

Josh Sullivan -- Benchmark -- Analyst

All right. Thanks for your time.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, thank you.


[Operator instructions] Our next question will come from Phil Gibbs with KeyBanc. Please go ahead.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hey, good morning, Tony and Tim.

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Phil.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

First question just on the powders side, where from an end market standpoint or application standpoint is a lot of that going? And I guess, why did you feel that you need to idle some of that -- some of those facilities given some of that may be going into your future growth plans in additives?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, great. I'll start with Rhode Island. Rhode Island is a small facility for us. It's a little itemizer.

These primary things are powder [Inaudible] market, like an uneven market for us. We get a very large order and then not to be able to utilize, it is not a money making facility for us. And as we go through this period of time, looking at a focus on interest, it just gives us space for us to stay in that market. It's very applicable to having offshore producers because they are definitely low cost.

And that's just not our strategy. So at this point, we've been thinking about it and at the same time trying to move the market [Inaudible]. So what to do with the facility is a little different. That is a titanium powder facility.

So we still believe the titanium powder is going to be extremely strategic for the additive market going forward. Unfortunately, when we brought online our West Virginia facility, there were many others that brought on titanium powder capacity, so that is in an oversupply position right now. So we'll idle that. I would assume that that will come back in that facility in a period of time.

And we can still offer a full portfolio to customers on the active side, titanium powder we can source that from some areas. So hopefully, that's something that t going in the future that we would bring back if the market continue to mature. And because of this, I think what's very important, when we have a critical event like this happen. Everybody can see the phase that need to cut, cut cost, cut R&D, cut innovative ideas, but the companies that will emerge better and stronger are the ones that are measured in what they cut.

They still look at their R&D and they spend money on critical projects, additive and soft magnetic, I think there is going to be two of those. So we still have very forward-thinking companies that now is the time we're looking at a couple of those areas and saying, we want to go faster than what we did before because we see huge numbers within that. Hope that answers your question.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

No, it does. And just from a capital allocation standpoint and liquidity, I just wanted to clarify, Tim, did you say that you drew out of the revolver out of caution? And then secondarily, do you have every intention right now as a company to maintain the dividend?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

OK. So I'll take the first two things -- the second two things and then I'll turn it over to Tim. That's a good question from the dividend. We at Carpenter Technology is very fortunate.

We have a very experienced board, and we have a very detail-oriented board. So at our last board meeting, we spent the majority of the time with our board going through all of the different key areas. 20% down, 30% down, 50% down. What does that mean? What are all the cost levers we have, right? We have things that are really higher as we deal with.

Of course, there's so many other things we can do. And after looking at that detailed analysis, the board was very comfortable to saying -- to approve this dividend payout. With regards to the pandemic, the dividend is approved on a quarterly basis. So the board looks at our position every quarter.

They will continue to do that. But I think it just speaks very positively that the board did a lot of homework, looked at all the scenarios and felt very sensible to pay dividend this time. And I don't want to go out and take a look at that every quarter. That we have laid out a pretty strong plan that based on extreme downturn, we just stay cash positive without being active with none of those cost inputs.

Tim, I'll turn it over to you to discuss the first two questions.

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yeah. Phil, in my comments, I mentioned we drew down to the level of about $50 million in the quarter. So when you see our balance sheet, we've got a little bit more cash on the balance sheet than we typically have. That was purely a precaution given in the early days of this as it unfolded, just at a really preventative measure, but we're generally comfortable with our banking group, and I don't believe we'll have any issues accessing to that credit facility.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Tim, that $50 million, is that in the March quarter? Or are you saying you went after the quarter, I'm sorry?

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes, in the March quarter.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK, got it. And then, lastly from me is just on the jet engine business. Tony, you typically give us a read in terms of what that business did? Any thoughts on what that was year on year from a growth standpoint?

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Aero was up 11% year over year and 9% sequentially. So still a pretty good quarter there, even though you have some of this, obviously, building of demand, we have a very strong backlog. So we're working very hard putting some of that backlog in and there's still customers that would like to do to pull that order up.

That was for the first time, I think, in about 13 quarters, you saw our backlog decrease 6% to 7%. But it's still a historic record. So we are able to put some product in and the decrease the demand.

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

OK. Appreciate it.


This concludes our question-and-answer session. I would like to turn the conference back over to Brad Edwards for any closing remarks. Please go ahead, sir.

Brad Edwards -- Investor Relations

Thank you, operator. And thanks, everyone, for joining us today for our third-quarter conference call. We look forward to speaking with all of you on our year-end call during the summer. Take care, and have a great rest of your day.


[Operator signoff]

Duration: 51 minutes

Call participants:

Brad Edwards -- Investor Relations

Tony Thene -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Tim Lain -- Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Gautam Khanna -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Josh Sullivan -- Benchmark -- Analyst

Phil Gibbs -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

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