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ADMA Biologics Inc (ADMA) Q1 2020 Earnings Call Transcript

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ADMA earnings call for the period ending March 31, 2020.

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ADMA Biologics Inc (ADMA 1.02%)
Q1 2020 Earnings Call
May 6, 2020, 4:30 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good afternoon, and welcome to the ADMA Biologics First Quarter 2020 Financial Results Conference call on Wednesday, May 6, year 2020. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. There will be a question-and-answer session to follow. Please be advised that this call is being recorded at the company's request and will be available on the company's website approximately two hours following the end of the call.

At this time, I would like to introduce Mr. Sam Martin, Managing Director at Argot Partners, ADMA's Investor Relations firm. Please go ahead.

Samuel Martin -- Managing Director, Argot Partners

Welcome everyone, and thank you for joining us this afternoon to discuss ADMA Biologics' financial results for the first quarter 2020. I'm joined today by Adam Grossman, President and Chief Executive Officer; and Brian Lenz, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer.

During today's call, Adam will provide some introductory comments and provide a corporate update, and then Brian will provide an overview of the company's first quarter 2020 financial results. Adam will then provide some brief summary remarks before opening up the call for your questions.

Earlier today, we issued a press release detailing the first quarter 2020 financial results. The release is available on our website at

Before we begin our formal comments, I'll remind you that we will be making forward-looking assertions during today's call that represent the company's intentions, expectations or beliefs concerning future events, which constitute forward-looking statements for the purposes of the Safe Harbor provisions under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All forward-looking statements are subject to factors, risks and uncertainties such as those detailed in today's press release announcing this call and in our filings with the SEC, which may cause actual results to differ materially from the results expressed or implied by such statements. In addition, any forward-looking statements represent our views only as of the date of this recording and should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. We specifically disclaim any obligations to update any such statements. We refer you to the disclosure notice section in our earnings release we issued today and the Risk Factors section of the annual report on Form 10-K for a discussion of important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements.

With that, I would now like to turn the call over to Adam Grossman. Adam?

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Sam. Good afternoon everybody and thank you for joining us on this afternoon's call. So the first quarter of 2020 has been unprecedented due to the global COVID-19 pandemic. Faced with seemingly insurmountable challenges, many of us have adapted, changed our behaviors and have reflected on what is meaningful to ourselves, our loved ones and our community. We see that as long as we can modify our behaviors, there are solutions to be found to ensure we continue to make progress in our lives and not let bumps in the road stop us from achieving our goals.

I'm proud to report that the staff of ADMA has been adaptable, problem-solving and resilient during these times, while also managing their personal lives, like all of us participating on today's call. I would be remiss if I didn't express our sincere gratitude to our dedicated, hardworking staff for continuing to give of themselves to ensure ADMA's plasma-derived polyclonal antibody products are available to patients in need. I would like to commend and express our sincere gratitude for the dedication of our country's first responders, physicians, nurses, scientists, government agencies and the global healthcare community for coming together united to develop a prevention and cure for COVID-19.

We are proud to play a small role in supporting the worldwide effort to combat this terrible infectious disease, and have pledged our support and knowledge to the combined efforts of the COVID-19 Global Plasma Alliance led by CSL and Takeda as contributors. We are proud to be included with these great companies working together to fight COVID-19 with the promise of immune globulin therapy. Alliance members will contribute specialists, advisory expertise, technical guidance and/or in-kind support to contribute to the alliance's goal of accelerating the development of hyperimmunoglobulin as a potential treatment option for COVID-19 infected patients.

The success of the COVID-19 alliance program leans heavily right now on the support of people across the world to donate plasma. We encourage those who have recovered from COVID-19 and who are interested in contributing to our development program or to any other company's development program by donating their plasma. Even if you have not had COVID-19, your plasma is useful and is needed by many patients today. We encourage our fellow citizens to find a plasma center near you by visiting and donate your plasma to help save lives. All your plasma donations make a difference, and we thank you.

We at ADMA understand that patients are counting on us and we must keep our commitments. With that said, we are very proud of the overall steadiness we experienced during the unforgettable first quarter of 2020, and we can report that there have been no significant impact to ADMA's operations or staff during this period due to the COVID-19 pandemic. During the early part of 2020, as previously disclosed, we invested in our supply chain robustness strategy and continued to make progress with reinforcing our commercial infrastructure by building on our sales force and medical affairs teams, while generating encouraging first quarter total revenues of $10.2 million, which represents a 189% increase over the same period in 2019.

BIVIGAM and ASCENIV commercial launches continue to progress and we, like other commercial companies, are implementing new programs and enhancing our virtual engagement offerings as we adapt in this evolving healthcare, prescriber, consumer environment. Like many other drug companies, we have been experiencing certain impacts from the COVID-19 pandemic due to restrictions placed on travel, social distancing and other government enforced policies and laws, which include reduced in-person field force meetings and commercially focused opportunities resulting from medical conference cancellations, along with a decrease in customer site visit opportunities at hospitals and other medical institutions due to shelter in place orders across the country. As such, we are developing and have successfully implemented a number of virtual engagement initiatives with prescribers, key opinion leaders and other healthcare professionals to facilitate the ongoing commercial rollout.

We continue to operate at our Boca Raton, Florida production facility without any significant impact from the COVID-19 crisis. Production timing is generally on schedule and in line with our internal forecasted ramp up of immune globulin manufacturing throughput for our three commercial products and intermediate fractions. We continued to build our inventories to support the overall increasing market demand for immune globulin and to support the continued sales growth and market penetration of our commercial plasma products. While we are not experiencing any significant decreases in our plasma collection operations to date, there have been reports that other plasma collection organizations are experiencing noticeable declines in their collections. We continue to closely monitor the global COVID-19 situation and are pleased to report again that we are not experiencing any material impact to our supply chain or operations at this time.

Before I turn the call over to Brian to review the financial highlights, I'd like to take a moment to touch on a few noteworthy achievements and important activities completed so far in 2020. The most important point of my statements today is that our supply chain robustness trend [Phonetic] remains on schedule and the expansion of our manufacturing facilities capacity remains on track. We believe these projects are key to the future success of ADMA and are expected to enable the company to achieve profitability faster with a lower cost of goods while enhancing the end-to-end control of our supply chain, the raw material sourced plasma through testing, production, fill finish and ultimately final packaging.

We are very proud to announce that during the quarter, we've taken delivery and had a new state-of-the-art aseptic filling machine installed in our facility in Boca Raton. Site acceptance testing has been completed and validation and qualification is well under way. This project currently remains on schedule and we are hopeful to begin filling batches for potential FDA submission and review during the second half of 2020.

Another historic milestone the company achieved is the successful completion of conformance batch bulk drug substance production for BIVIGAM at an increased plasma pool scale. This increase to the plasma pool volume for BIVIGAM will allow us to produce more products faster and at a reduced cost intended to accelerate the company's path to profitability. Additionally, we anticipate the total volume of intermediate fractions that we produce will grow in line with the increased production capacity, providing further benefits from these investments into our IG manufacturing process. Once these new systems and processes are in place and we receive any and all required regulatory approvals, we believe we will have the ability to ramp up total overall plant production capacity by approximately 50% and potentially more.

We continue to remain on target with the expansion efforts of our plasma collection center business unit. During the quarter, we commenced the build out of additional plasma centers and secured additional locations and leases, as planned. The expansion of our plasma collection center network is designed to enhance our control over the valuable raw material source plasma used to produce our immunoglobulin products.

These three substantial objectives increased raw material plasma collection, expanded production capacity and aseptic filling capability are anticipated to change the forward looking outlook for ADMA in many positive ways, including potentially lowering costs, improving gross margins, providing more flexibility width and a reduction to batch production cycle time, which ultimately will get ADMA additional visibility and end-to-end control previously reserved for only the largest plasma fractionators.

Along with these primary supply chain activities and investments into the company's infrastructure, the company continues to improve other aspects of its operations including our testing assays. During the quarter, we have been working to bring additional tests in-house and are identifying additional vendors to limit the number of sole source suppliers we work with across our operation. We are improving processes throughout the organization and are excited for the upcoming calendar quarters and keeping our shareholders apprised of our progress, growth and achievements.

In February, we strengthened the balance sheet through the successful completion of an underwritten public offering of ADMA's common stock, which resulted in net proceeds for the company of $88.7 million. This capital is important because it allows us to grow operations and execute on our 2020 stated objectives. We continue to procure the raw materials needed to manufacture BIVIGAM, ASCENIV and Nabi-HB, conduct the ongoing commercial rollout of our products, expand the manufacturing capacity of our Boca Raton facility, including adding certain important supply chain functions, and to further bolster our supply chain by allowing us to expand our plasma collection facility network.

We are grateful to our shareholders for your trust and thank you for your commitment to plasma derived antibody products. Before they were mainstream use and dinner table conversations, your investment in ADMA Biologics is making a difference in the lives of countless patients who require immune globulin and other plasma derived therapies. We thank you for your support and trust.

I would like to touch on the recent filing of our proxy statement. In April, we nominated a new director for election, Ms. Martha Demski to the ADMA Board. Martha is an experienced Board member, who if elected will bring more than 35 years of biotech, manufacturing, operations and financial experience to ADMA's Board of Directors. In her most recent full time position, she served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Ajinomoto Althea up until her retirement in 2017. She currently serves as Chairman of the Board at Chimerix as well as a Director at Adamas Pharmaceuticals and Equillium, Inc. We believe that Martha brings great operational, manufacturing, supply chain and public company accounting and governance experience to our rapidly growing company, especially as we enhance our supply chain and increase our potential contract manufacturing capabilities. We encourage our shareholders to vote their proxies according to the company's recommendations.

In March, we announced strengthening of our intellectual property estate further protecting ASCENIV. We received a notice of allowance from the US Patent Trademark Office for a patent extension application covering immune globulin plasma pool compositions used in the manufacturing of ASCENIV. The patent extension is expected to publish during the first half of 2020. And finally, in early January, we entered into a five-year manufacturing and supply agreement with a new customer to produce and sell plasma derived intermediate fractions from our FDA approved immune globulin manufacturing process. This agreement is expected to add approximately $5 million to $10 million per year in annual revenues for 2020 and 2021 and approximately $10 million to $20 million per year for 2022 through 2024. We are able to potentially recognize revenue from these intermediate fractions more rapidly than the typical production cycle seen with finished IVIG products.

And with that, I will now turn the call over to Brian for an overview of the first quarter financial highlights.

Brian Lenz -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Adam. Since we issued a press release earlier today outlining our first quarter of 2020 financial results, I'll just review some of the highlights. To begin with, our total revenues for the first quarter of 2020 were $10.2 million compared to $3.5 million for the first quarter ended March 31, 2019, and this represents an increase of approximately $6.7 million or 189%. The higher revenues are mainly attributed to our multiple revenue lines, increased sales and production throughput of $6.4 million of our immunoglobulin plasma products generated by our manufacturing operations at our Boca facility, and a $300,000 increase in plasma revenues generated by our plasma collection facility in 2020 as compared to the same period in the prior year. Our increased revenues for the first quarter of 2020 compared to the first quarter of 2019 were largely a result of the FDA approvals of BIVIGAM and ASCENIV on May 9, 2019 and April 1, 2019, respectively, along with the long-term manufacturing new customer supply agreement we entered into in January 2020 to produce and sell intermediate fractions.

Our consolidated net loss for the first quarter of 2020 was $19.2 million or $0.26 loss per basic and diluted share. This was compared to a consolidated net loss of $13.1 million or $0.28 loss per basic and diluted share for the first quarter of 2019. The increase in net loss of $6.1 million was primarily due to the increase in cost of product revenues of approximately $7.4 million. This increase was mainly a result of the manufacturing of BIVIGAM's conformance lots at an increased plasma pool production scale, and this pertains to our planned capacity expansion and other production enhancement initiatives and investments at the Boca facility.

The additional increase in net loss during the first quarter of 2020 is also attributed to higher selling, general and administrative expenses of $2.3 million. This is mainly due to increases in our commercialization efforts for BIVIGAM's relaunch and ASCENIV's launch, employee headcount compensation in addition to increased interest expense of $1.2 million, mainly due to accessing additional debt during the second quarter of 2019. Along with higher research and development expenses of $400,000 related to a study we commenced for ASCENIV to potentially extend its approved and labeled expiration dating. Included in the net loss for the first quarter of 2020 were non-cash expenses of approximately $1.9 million for stock-based compensation, depreciation, amortization and non-cash interest expense.

At March 31, 2020, ADMA had cash and cash equivalents of $101.2 million and accounts receivable of $7.1 million, and this is compared to cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable of $26.8 million and $3.5 million, respectively at December 31, 2019. ADMA's net working capital as of March 31, 2020 was $151.6 million and that's compared to $71.8 million as of December 31, 2019. As Adam mentioned earlier, in February 2020, we completed an underwritten public offering of approximately 27 million shares of our common stock at a public offering price of $3.50 per share, which resulted in net proceeds of $88.7 million after deducting underwriting discounts, commissions and other offering expenses.

With that, I'll now turn the call back over to Adam for closing remarks.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Brian. The first quarter of 2020 demonstrated to me that our team at ADMA is adaptable and willing to accept changes without hesitation. Our team has risen to the occasion time and time again to do whatever it takes in the face of challenges and adversity to keep the company on track to meet its goals and objectives. To my team listening on the call today, first, I thank you for listening. Secondly, I'm proud of you for continuing to make progress and maintain high productivity levels during this uncertain time. Due to the strong foundation we have built, we believe that we are well positioned to weather the current macroeconomic market challenges, while continuing to execute on our future growth plans.

In closing, I would just like to highlight that we remain deeply committed to successfully navigating the ongoing commercial rollouts of BIVIGAM and ASCENIV and bringing each product to patients with life-threatening immune deficiencies. We look forward to sharing ADMA's continued progress with you all as 2020 progresses and we wish you all continued health and safety.

And with that now, operator, we'd like to open up the call for some questions.

Questions and Answers:


Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Anthony Petrone from Jefferies. Your line is now open.

Anthony Petrone -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Thanks. And congratulations on the quarter. I hope everyone is staying safe. Maybe, Adam, I'll start with a few questions on the more recent trends where we're getting updates from a number of companies just on how March -- trends in March were exiting the last few weeks of March and then any updates in April specifically, I guess both on the source plasma side in terms of collection volumes but also just anything notable on the infusion clinic size? Are you seeing any impacts in terms of scheduling for IG appointments and things like that? And then I have a few follow ups.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Anthony, I can speak to ADMA and our operations and then I can speak to some of the things that I hear through my participations at the PPTA Board level and just through conversations that I've had. First and foremost, ADMA -- we are experiencing very, very minimal collection interruptions if you will. It's plus or minus 5%. We've not seen any significant impacts to our internal collection operations. Additionally, our plasma supply contracts, they are completely in full force and we are receiving all the deliveries. There's no outs [Phonetic] for our collectors. They have to manage the inventory themselves. So from ADMA's perspective, there is no impact to our raw material chain at this time.

With respect to IG again, BIVIGAM is selling, BIVIGAM is being utilized, it's being pulled through the channel. We have not heard any significant issues with respect to BIVIGAM during the quarter. What I can comment on with respect to things that we just know, there's some other companies out there that have reported between 20% to 30% declines in collections. Now, it varies upon region, it varies by collector, so it's really hard for me to speak specifically about each individual competing plasma company out there. But the overall sentiment that I'm hearing is that it probably was a three week to five week period between March and maybe the beginning of April where the industry saw a substantial decrease, 20% to 30% decrease. However, it was for a very, very short, a finite period of time and I actually listened to a conference call the other day from company like Humanatics and they were saying how they already seen volumes come back to normal as early as mid-April. So from my perspective, I think that there probably had been some patients that may have missed infusions during this March-April time cycle. I don't think that it significantly impacts BIVIGAM's utilization in any way, shape or form. But I have heard reports that there are some patients that have received approvals from payers for some subcutaneous IG administration, but overall I don't believe that there's going to be a substantial disruption from this short downturn in collections.

And in fact, if I carry it forward and if I use my crystal ball, Anthony, if we can rewind again to 2008/2009 when the economy was not healthy, if you go back and dig through some of the mainstream media news articles, there were pictures of people at plasma centers and the lines were wrapped around the block. I saw something this morning that the jobs report on the unemployment numbers they are forecasting is going to be one of the worst ever. I hate to say that that bodes well for plasma collection, but if people aren't working and if they're able to move around based on their local government's rules and regulations due to COVID, I think that we could start seeing additional people who normally would not be donating, donating and as well I think you heard in my talk that there is a plea out there I think because plasma and plasma donation is becoming more of a household conversation these days, at least in my house it's certainly all the rage to talk about, but I think that what we're going to see is it used to be that altruism when people were typically only giving of their blood altruistically and I think that we may see some outpouring of our society now looking at plasma donation differently. I think that it really is a wonderful gift that we can give. It's giving the gift of life by donating plasma. So I think all these things together I think ultimately what we're going to see is a stronger plasma collection community, which ultimately is going to help support the tightness of IGIV supply that's out there and that hasn't changed, Anthony.

Anthony Petrone -- Jefferies -- Analyst

And just two follow ups, one for you Adam, one for Brian, in terms of development of a hyperimmune IG product for COVID, what are your high level views on that program in terms of timing when we could see a hyperimmunoglobulin, will that be a seasonal product? And exactly what is ADMA's role on the Plasma Alliance?

And then for Brian, can you just quantify what will happen to the working capital cycle when you take the three initiatives the company has invested in raw material, production and aseptic filling, where is the working capital cycle now in terms of months and where can it go once those are all fully in place? Thanks, again.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Brian, since we're not in the same room today, I'll take the first part first.

Brian Lenz -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer


Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Sure. So, Anthony, I can -- not to sound like a broken record, but plasma supply is by far the largest rate limiting factor with respect to the development of a hyperimmune for COVID-19. Collecting plasma, getting people to feel like they're ready to go out of the house and go and donate, this is really something that the alliance, the PPTA, the President himself had been advocating for.

So I think trying to make a product is really dependent upon how quickly the Plasma Alliance can work to collect the raw material plasma that we need. As you know, there's no vaccine to stimulate antibody. And as you know, it's -- even though it's a major problem and it's taking over our lives, there are still in this scheme of our total population very few people infected. We have a population of about 340 million people and there's only a few million people that have tested positive. So that's why we're encouraging anyone to go and donate plasma right now because the asymptomatic people who never had a test, they don't know. Number of plasma centers across the country have already implemented the use of antibody detection tests that are now commercially available over the last couple of weeks, and I think that that is really what's going to drive the timing.

I'm not a spokesperson for the alliance, Anthony, so I'm going to have to direct you to them for comment with respect to how quickly that they can bring the product to market. But it really right now is all dependent upon the supply of raw material plasma. And one of the key activities that ADMA is going to be contributing is obviously any COVID positive donors, we're going to be sharing that inventory with the alliance to help increase the amount of supply that they have available to make hyperimmunoglobulin for investigation.

Our role with the alliance is also to support them through rather scientific and advisory means. As you know, we are pretty knowledgeable with respect to microneutralization assays that they pertain to a respiratory viral pathogens and we've extensively studied the role of immune globulin in treating certain respiratory viral infections. And we think that we have the ability to provide some knowledge, know-how and insight to help collaborate with these larger plasma companies. And quite frankly we were asked to join because I believe that these other companies believe that we do add value to the industry and that we do have certain knowhow and technology that could be valuable in the development of our specific hyperimmune against COVID-19. So hopefully that answers your question. Brian?

Brian Lenz -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Sure. Okay, thank you for your question Anthony, regarding working capital and cycle times. If we recall in our corporate presentation, we discussed the timeframe it takes to manufacture one lot of an FDA approved product and that ranges anywhere from seven months to 12 months, it could be longer. We view the investments that we've made here in the first quarter the filling machine, the capacity expansion of the BIVIGAM plasma pool scale up, these investments are imperative to undertake the successful achievement for the company from approved margins providing our products to market faster. This will also provide obviously improved inventory terms, inventory to sales cycles metrics. Again, it will essentially improve overall working capital and putting cash back into the business faster and on our way to a path to profitability.

So when you're kind of thinking about the seven months to 12 months and now seeing once we get the filling machine and capacity expansion process approved, we'll see a reduction in product production batch cycle times and this will give ADMA additional end-to-end control obviously of our approved product manufacturing process and it could reduce our working capital timeframe of outlay of inventory to receiving cash from the sales by -- we would believe somewhere maybe two months to three months, it could be even more.

Anthony Petrone -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Anthony.


Your next question comes from the line of Elliot Wilbur from Raymond James. Your line is now open.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Elliot.

Elliot Wilbur -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Hi, there. Thanks for taking the questions. Good to hear from you guys. First question for Adam, I guess with respect to BIVIGAM and ASCENIV just in the context of COVID-19 and plasma therapy which obviously have kind of moved fund to share now in terms of mainline therapeutic options. Obviously that's been focused more on convalescent plasma and the prospect for a hyperimmune, but I guess we're starting to see sort of an emerging body of discussion regarding the use of traditional IVIG therapies in the treatment of COVID-19.

I know there's a couple of studies in China that have kicked off in recent weeks, there's one at Sharp Memorial in San Diego looking at open label use of IVIG in [Speech Overlap] dependent COVID-19 patients. Then we've seen some recent case reports of this unusual sort of pediatric inflammatory condition being reported in New York City and [Speech Overlap]. So it seems like there may potentially be a role for IVIG in treatment of COVID-19. Just wondering what you're hearing there and whether or not there's been any discussion as far as either participating in the trial or some sort of open label studies with investigators.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Sure. You know I can tell you Elliot, that both BIVIGAM and ASCENIV are commercially available. I don't have insights into all the diagnoses and the reasons why docs are using one product or another in particular patients. A lot of -- is also protected under HIPAA rules and regulations. We have not made any public disclosures yet about any patients being treated with ASCENIV for COVID. If and when there is an appropriate amount of data that we are able to generate and work with clinicians on, certainly we will make that public.

I can tell you that just from the thought process about IVIG and what I know about COVID, again, we're not experts in COVID. We've never designed or developed our products to treat an unknown respiratory pathogen like COVID-19. So what we do know about the virus is that the cytokine response that is triggered once a patient is infected is quite substantial. And just being that I'm a student of immune globulin for many, many years and the immune system, one of the unique mechanisms of actions of IVIG is the ability of the product and itself to just down regulate the cytokine storm, as they call it and as people may have heard on the news. So I think that it certainly makes sense to consider IVIG as a potential add-on to the existing standard of care that docs are using. IVIG supports the immune system.

One interesting fact, Elliot, I'm sorry, that we've uncovered and that we see in the data is that one out of every five COVID-19 infected patients is co-infected with some other respiratory pathogen. So I think that that speaks to the fact that these patients are not typically just infected with COVID. They may have some other underlying bacterial infection or viral infection and that's where IVIG also, because of its broad spectrum polyclonal antibodies, makes a lot of rational sense to use. But now let's talk about some of the other considerations that I think some of the medical emphasis and some of the PNC committees and medical directors at institutions are dealing with. There's a tightness of supply of IG already for the existing patients who need it in order to, if you will, live outside of the bubble or to live without certain types of chronic illnesses. And I think that there is a shift where people are looking at this for some severely high-risk patients with COVID, maybe elderly population those with comorbidities, diabetes, heart disease, other pulmonary conditions. But I think overall I think that there's more data that we need to see. I think ultimately with any of these types of infectious diseases, you are going to see some IG being used in some institutions and some institutions are not going to use IG. I do think that it certainly can't hurt. I think immune globulin supports the immune system of an ill patient, plain and simple. It down regulates the cytokine response. It supports and can help fight against any other bacterial or viral co-infections that patients may have. And ultimately the drug is fairly safe if it's administered according to the labeled recommendation. So hopefully that answers your question.

Elliot Wilbur -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Yes, thanks. Then perhaps for Brian I guess with respect to the expense tied to production of BIVIGAM's conformance batches in the quarter. Can that actually -- did those conformance batches, can those actually be commercialized at some point and give you the ability to recover those costs or not?

Brian Lenz -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Absolutely, Elliot. That's a great -- Elliot, that's a great question. I'm glad you brought it up. The capacity expansion that we've gone through for the conformance batches for this increased scale level, if you will, while we had to expense these production batches during this quarter, it's in accordance to generally accepted accounting principles, these batches once we submit and receive FDA approval, we will be able to sell those batches at essentially 100% margin. So while we took the investment charge in the first quarter, those was multiple batches, let's call it, will be able to produce 100% margin later this year or sometime in the first half of 2021 depending on timing of FDA approval.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

And if I can Elliot, I just want to add. We used the term investments because, look, we understand the accounting rules, we understand where this has to go and we don't want shareholders and our analysts to have tremendous concerns because the net loss was higher. What I can say is that we are investing into the infrastructure and ultimately we are going to have a better, stronger and have more control over our process to ensure that the forward-looking revenue generation opportunity and path to profitability is solidified for us after we make these continued investments.

So we're really proud of the work that we've done and we really hope that everyone sees this. As we are growing this business, we are not letting COVID stop us and we are pushing this forward to ensure that we can deliver the needed products to patients as we've seen demonstrated by this COVID-19 crisis. Plasma derived antibodies are good and they save lives and we're going to make more of them.

Elliot Wilbur -- Raymond James -- Analyst

Sure. Just one final question maybe considering the level of investment, just maybe detail the timeline and the remaining gating factors before you can actually commence commercial production --?

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

With increased scale? Sure. So while I'm all excited that we've actually got an expanded process that will potentially double maybe even more our throughput capacity and while we have the ability now with fill finish machine in the building, that was so cool to watch them get a hole in the outside of the building and bring this thing in with this crane, it was great. You get to do a lot of fun things in my job. And I can tell you what we've said publicly in my talk is that we believe that we should have the applications to FDA filed in the second half of this year. So before December 31, we should have the appropriate applications on file.

Again, depending upon the level of work, depending upon our conversations with FDA, I assume it's going to be a prior approval supplement which can come with a four month to six month review time. But we are fairly confident that we should have these applications on file this year and that we would be commercial sometime during 2021 with product coming off the line with our increased production scale volume and fill finish capabilities coming from Boca Raton. So it's a little early for us to give clear guidance on the timing, but you figure by the end of the year we should be on file with FDA and then we'll let you guys estimate when FDA is going to have the time, effort, energy and bandwidth to review all of our applications. But we expect it should be sometime -- the approvals in 2021.

Elliot Wilbur -- Raymond James -- Analyst

All right. Thank you for taking the questions.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you very much, Elliot. We appreciate it all.


Ladies and gentlemen, this will conclude our question-and-answer portion of the call. I'd like to turn it back over to Adam now for additional closing remarks.

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Sure. I just want to say thank you everybody. Someone sent me a text. It is National Nurses Day, so we do want to thank all of our great nurses out there who help us. And look, we appreciate it and we look forward to keeping our investors and shareholders apprised of our growth and developments as they progress.

Thanks for taking the time to listen to us today. And please everybody follow the rules of your government. Please stay healthy and safe and please go out and donate plasma and help us save lives. Take care, everybody.


[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 43 minutes

Call participants:

Samuel Martin -- Managing Director, Argot Partners

Adam S. Grossman -- Founder, Director, President & Chief Executive Officer

Brian Lenz -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Anthony Petrone -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Elliot Wilbur -- Raymond James -- Analyst

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