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Civeo Corp (NYSE:CVEO)
Q1 2020 Earnings Call
May 7, 2020, 12:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day and welcome to the Civeo Corporation First Quarter 2020 Earnings Call. Today's conference is being recorded.

At this time, I would like to turn the conference over to Regan Nielsen, Director, Corporate Development and Investor Relations. Please go ahead, sir.

Regan Nielsen -- Director of Corporate Development and Investor Relations

Thank you, and welcome to Civeo's First Quarter 2020 earnings conference call. Today, our call will be led by Bradley Dodson, Civeo's President and Chief Executive Officer; and Carolyn Stone, Civeo's Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer.

Before we begin, we would like to caution listeners regarding forward-looking statements. To the extent that our remarks today contain information, other than historical information, please note that we're relying on the safe harbor protections afforded by federal law. Any such remarks should be read in the context of the many factors that affect our business, including risks disclosed in our Form 10-K, 10-Q and other SEC filings.

I will now turn the call over to Bradley.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Thank you, Regan. And thank you all for joining us today on our first quarter earnings call. We hope that you and your families are staying safe and healthy. Given how dramatically, the world has changed in recent weeks due to the COVID-19 pandemic and a simultaneous implosion the global oil markets, we'll devote less time to discussing our first quarter 2020 results in favor of updating you on what we are seeing in our business today and our plans to navigate the current environment.

Let me start by saying that, at Civeo, the safety and well-being of our employees, guests and contractors is always our top priority. Accordingly, over the last several months as the COVID-19 pandemic has evolved, we've been working in close consultation with medical professionals, government health authorities, third-party experts and our customers to implement enhanced safety measures at all of our facilities.

Crisis management plan, which we successfully used during the Fort McMurray in 2016 and have since revised and refined enabled us to quickly and effectively put in place protocols to manage the situation. We will remain in continuous dialog with these stakeholders during the duration of the pandemic and we extend our profound gratitude to our employees, guests, customers and vendors for their continued vigilance as we work through this together in this very difficult time.

The highlighted key takeaways from today's call, they are as follows. Our first and foremost important priority in this tumultuous time is to protect the health and well-being of our employees and guests. Despite the economic disruption and subdued activity in March in North America, the Company still delivered improved year-over-year financial and operational results for the first quarter of 2020. This significantly reduced our leverage to 2.54 times as of March 31, 2020 from 3.98 times at year-end 2019. We expect that the remainder of 2020 will bring reduced EBITDA as a significant drop in oil prices has impacted our oil sand lodges' occupancy and overall activity in the US. However, we believe the Company's diversified geographic and commodity end-market footprint coupled with our relentless focus on positive free cash flow generation will help us manage through this period of uncertainty.

We are focusing on factors within our control as we navigate the challenges ahead, including previously announced cost containment initiatives. As we announced on April 14 in our Business Update, we have withdrawn our 2020 Guidance. Lastly, we expect to remain free cash flow positive in 2020 and continue to pay down debt.

Now, for some overall comments on the business, I'll provide a brief summary of our performance for the quarter and a business update, as we contend with the COVID-19 pandemic and the dislocations in the global commodity markets. Carolyn will then provide a financial and segment-level review and I conclude with some directional commentary on our expectations for the second quarter before we move into the question and answer portion of the call.

Our team has performed admirably under rapidly evolving circumstances during the quarter. Civeo's first quarter results were punctuated by a significant reduction in our leverage ratio and year-over-year occupancy gains, both in Canada and Australia, despite a significantly weaker Canadian activity in March. We generated revenues of $138.8 million and adjusted EBITDA of $20.3 million and $18.3 million of free cash flow during the first quarter of 2020.

Turning to our balance sheet, our leverage ratio declined 2.54 times at the end of the first quarter from 2.98 times at the end of the year 2019. Maintaining a healthy balance sheet and liquidity profile will continue to be among the top priorities in 2020, as we can confront the challenges ahead.

Let me take a moment to provide a business update on our three segments. Our business in Canada is continuing with headwinds related to the pandemic and an exceedingly difficult oil price environment. Most customers are limiting their employee and contractor head counts to essential personnel only, resulting in reduced occupancy in Canada. Although work continues on the oil sands and LNG projects there, our customers are proceeding at a noticeably slower pace than the first two months of the year.

Moving to Australia, COVID and commodity price related disruptions to our business thus far have been less pronounced than we've seen in Canada [Indecipherable] in part -- in large part to the more constructive underlying fundamentals for metallurgical coal and iron ore than there are for oil right now. Occupancy was better than expected in the first quarter and has remained relatively buoyant in April. And we are pleased to report that since the beginning of 2020, Civeo has been awarded four contracts, three Western Australia mining customers for Action Catering business. These contract terms vary from one year to three years and have anticipated aggregate revenues totaling AUD36 million, that will extend through 2023.

The environment in our US business is far more challenging than we expected coming into 2020. Our E&P customers are facing an unprecedented period of oil demand destruction due to the global economic recession caused by COVID-19 against the backdrop of a highly contentious OPEC Plus alliance. The industry's collective response in the US has been meaningfully reduced -- has led to meaningful reduced drilling and completion capital spending activity.

Occupancy levels across our US onshore portfolio have declined from already-subdued levels and this has compelled us to temporarily shuttered certain lodges and move toward consolidating our wellsite district locations. As we navigate this difficult and uncertain environment, our priorities are to keep our employees and guests safe, the most safe as possible, maximize our free cash flow generation, preserve our financial flexibility and reduce our costs without compromising our service quality.

With that, I'll turn it over to Carolyn.

Carolyn J. Stone -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Thank you, Bradley. And thank you all for joining us this morning. Today, we've reported total revenues in the first quarter of $138.8 million, with a net loss on a GAAP basis about a $146.5 million or $0.87 per share. The net loss included a goodwill impairment charge of $93.6 million in our Canadian reporting unit, as well as asset impairment charges totaling $38.1 million in Canada and $12.4 million in the US. During the first quarter, we generated adjusted EBITDA of $20.3 million, operating cash flow of $20.8 million and free cash flow of $18.3 million.

Turning to the first quarter results for our three segments. I'll begin with a review of the Canadian segment performance compared to the performance a year ago in the first quarter of 2019. Revenue from our Canadian segment was $79.3 million as compared to revenues of $66.8 million in the first quarter of 2019. Adjusted EBITDA in Canada was $11.4 million, an increase from $10.2 million in the first quarter of 2019. Revenues and adjusted EBITDA for the quarter were both impacted positively by year-over-year billed rooms growth.

During the quarter, billed rooms in our Canadian lodges totaled 708,000, which was up 13% year-over-year from 626,000 in the first quarter of 2019. This was due to increased billed rooms from our expanded Sitka Lodge serving LNG activity in British Columbia, as well as increased oil sands activity in January and February, partially offset by the decline in Canadian occupancy in March. Our daily room rate for the Canadian segment in US dollars was $93, essentially unchanged year-over-year.

Turning to Australia, during the first quarter, we recorded revenues of $49.1 million, up from $28.4 million in Q1 2019. Adjusted EBITDA was $16.2 million, up from $9.9 million during the same period of 2019. These results were positively impacted by the acquisition of Action Catering in July last year as well as increased village occupancy, partially offset by a weakened Australian dollar. Billed rooms in the quarter were 472,000, up from 383,000 in the first quarter of 2019, due to continued improvement in met coal activity across the Bowen Basin. The average daily rate for Australian villages in US dollars was $69 in the first quarter, down from $74 year-over-year, primarily due to the weakened Australian dollar.

Moving to the US, revenues for the first quarter were $10.3 million as compared to $13.4 million in the first quarter of 2019. The US segment adjusted EBITDA was $400,000 in the first quarter, down from adjusted EBITDA of $2.8 million during the same period last year. These year-over-year declines were primarily due to broadly lower drilling and completion activity, coupled with the expiration of our Acadian Acres contract in June 2019.

On a consolidated basis, capital expenditures were $2.7 million in the first quarter, down from $9.7 million in the first quarter of 2019 due to expenditures related to the Sitka Lodge expansion last year. Our total debt outstanding on March 31, 2020 was $314.9 million, which represents a $44.2 million decrease since December 31, 2019. The decrease consisted of $14.2 million in debt payments during the quarter, some free cash flow generated by the business as well as a favorable foreign currency translation impact of $30 million.

As Bradley mentioned, our leverage ratio for the quarter was reduced to 2.4 times as of March 31, from 2.98 times as of December 31, 2019. And as of March 31, we had total liquidity of approximately $149.6 million, which consists of $144 million available under our revolving credit facilities and $5.6 million of cash on hand. Due to historically low oil price levels and the resulting impact on our North American operations, it is likely that we will not remain in compliance with our leverage ratio, particularly beginning with the period ending December 31, 2020 when our maximum leverage ratio under our credit agreement reduces to 3.5:1.

In order to avoid violating this covenant, we intend to pursue an amendment to our credit agreement to increase that maximum leverage ratio for several quarters. We believe it is probable that we will be able to obtain an amendment to our credit agreement or alternative solutions such as a waiver or replacement financing. However, we can give no assurance that we will be able to obtain such amendment waiver or placement financing on favorable terms or at all.

Despite the economic disruptions we are facing, we will continue to maintain the financial discipline that has seen us difficult environments in the past. As we disclosed in our April 14 Business Update, we have already implemented several cost containment initiatives, including salary and total compensation reductions of between 10% and 20% for the Board of Directors, our Executive Leadership team as well as other senior management.

Headcount reductions in North America of 25% have been made in the last few weeks and an approximate 25% cut to our 2020 capital spending program has been implemented. We expect to incur costs of between $1.5 million to $3 million in the second quarter related headcount reductions.

Bradley will now provide some closing commentary and discuss our outlook for the remainder of the year. Bradley?

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Thank you, Carolyn. As we indicated in our April 14 Business Update, the dual impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the severe downward pressure on oil prices have begun to negatively impact our financial performance, primarily in Canada and to a lesser degree in the US. Due to rapidly evolving market environment, we have withdrawn on our previously announced 2020 revenue and EBITDA guidance and are lowering our full-year 2020 capital expenditure guidance to approximately $15 million.

Moving to the segments. In Canada, oil sands region has been noticeably affected as customers began to announce reduced capital spending and operating budgets in late March. To illustrate this, at beginning of March 2020, we were serving about 8,600 guests per day in Canada. By the end of March, we're serving roughly only 3,000 guests per day. Although we continue to host essential personnel at our lodges, occupancy has declined markedly in recent weeks. We are not anticipating recovery in oil sands occupancies for the rest of the year. We did open our lodges to approximately 1,100 evacuees from the Fort McMurray town, as that was flooded this week and continue to work collaboratively with local officials to assist the community in its recovery efforts.

In Canada, our LNG directed work should be more resilient in -- this year on our Canadian portfolio. While the LNG Canada related workforce has also gone to essential personnel, we expect the activity in personnel levels to normalize in the second half of 2020 as the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic retreat.

Moving to Australia, Civeo's business has been remarkably resilient in recent weeks, which is the trend we expect to continue in the second quarter. The diversification of our portfolio across different geographic and commodity markets is a key element of Civeo's strategy. And although the global oil markets are in turmoil, our metals and mining customers are staying active in Australia. However, in this difficult environment, we anticipate our customers to delay any growth projects until 2021. With metallurgical coal and iron ore prices remaining relatively strong and the emerging Asian economies slowly coming back online from the worst of the corona outbreak, we are cautiously optimistic about the 2020 outlook for our Australian business.

The outlook in our US business is considerably less constructive, as has been well-documented US independent E&P industry is continuing with a meaningful Financial distress. Physical onshore storage is a [Technical Issues] oil future prices have unthinkably gone well into negative territory at times and dozens of companies across the oil and gas supply chain are already immersed in financial restructurings. Challenges stemming from these conditions that are well beyond our control or not unusual for our US business in recent years. Although, the drilling and completion activity across the major tight oil plays has been volatile in the wake of the 2015 downturn, our team has made significant strides to reduce fixed costs, allocate capital efficiently and relocated assets into more active regions.

During the second quarter, these initiatives, along with further cost reductions should mitigate the negative impact from the dramatic reduction in upstream spending. These are extraordinary times, where our team will apply the lessons we've learned from prior downturns to navigate the challenges ahead. Our focus will continue to be on matters over which we can control and our key priorities will remain as follows. We prioritize the safety and well-being of our employees, guests and vendors; we will manage our cost structure in line with the current occupancy outlook; and we allocate capital prudently to maximize free cash flow generation and financial flexibility.

With that, those are the end of our prepared comments and we're happy to take questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] And we'll take our first question from Kurt Hallead with RBC.

Kurt Hallead -- RBC -- Analyst

Hey, good morning everyone and hope your respective families are safe and well.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Thank you, Kirk.

Kurt Hallead -- RBC -- Analyst

Bradley, I appreciate the color and commentary and kind of reticent to provide any kind of specific levels of specific guidance, given the uncertainties at play, so maybe I just ask you to give us some directional context. Maybe start off on the Canadian front, as you had mentioned a significant drop-off in residency during the course of -- from the end of March and for where we kind of are today in our recovery, so we can kind of get a sense of the magnitude on that and LNG expect to be a little bit more resilient. So when you're going to put them into a shake and bake bag and kind of throw them on to a table? What kind of overall kind of directional decline in Canadian revenue could we expect, maybe, as we get into the second quarter? And then, if you can give us some general sense, again, just broadly directionally, whether or not the second quarter could mark the low point for the full year for Canada? That'd be very helpful, thanks.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Sure, happy to do that, Kurt. As we outlined in the prepared comments, occupancy in Canada went from about 8,600 guests per day in early March to close to 3,000 and a little bit below. And in April, it's bounced back up, as we're taking care of the evacuees from Fort McMurray. I don't think that that's going to last very long. As we mentioned and you highlighted in your question, in Canada we do expect the LNG Canada project will start to ramp back up in the second half, back to initially planned levels that were in our original guidance. But at this point, our current forecast, we're not assuming that oil sands occupancy improves from where we are today. Maybe a little bit, but not materially.

So to put that in perspective, in total Canada last year had about 3.1 million room nights. I expect that number is going to be under 2 million room nights in total, that's both the oil sands LNG and LNG-related. So that will produce materially lower revenues and EBITDA out of Canada and that quite frankly is the crux of the difference between our original guidance, which is about $100 million and while we're not giving guidance today, while we're expecting significantly lower EBITDA year-over-year.

That being said, the other major assumption in our outlook right now is that Australian occupancy remains at levels that it is today. We're not expecting any sort of hockey stick increase in occupancy in Australia, but we are expecting it to stay at current levels. If we receive that change, then that would be a downside for us. I think, the US team has done an admirable job over a multi-year period, but certainly in the last 60 days to 90 days in addressing their cost structure and so while it's not material to us, I think they've done a very good job in mitigating what would otherwise be a significantly negative market for us, as we see rig count falling to close to historic levels as of last week and expected to go to historically low levels in the future and completion activity in the US to effectively come to a halt.

So that's kind of the picture we have today. I would say that upside for us would be likely if we're overly conservative or pessimistic around Canada. We've seen a couple of operators who are starting to look at bringing forward their turnaround and maintenance work in their oil sands region. Imperial has publicly announced it and we're working with several other customers were contemplating it, that would not be in our guidance numbers of the commentary I just gave. So, that's the picture that we have today and happy to answer any follow-on questions.

Kurt Hallead -- RBC -- Analyst

No, that's great color. I really appreciate going through that detail. My follow-up question would be on the leverage ratio and I appreciate the candor about the risk of tripping that come in the fourth quarter of this year. I do know that you have a number of adjustments -- bank adjustments that are related to EBITDA and just kind of curious as to what that level of adjustments might be for the -- maybe on a full-year basis or as the rest of the year and kind of plays out. You do our baseline EBITDA calculation and I know that sometimes we don't always capture kind of capture what those additional adjustments are, so any color on that would be helpful.

Carolyn J. Stone -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Sure, Kurt. I'll take that. With respect to our bank adjusted EBITDA, the most significant adjustment is for non-cash stock-based compensation, so it's approximately $10 million-ish a year that we add back to reported adjusted EBITDA to get to bank EBITDA. And there was and there is an adjustment for acquisitions, where we pro forma in the historical. So for -- currently, we're pro forma-ing in the Action EBITDA on periods prior to owning them, that obviously once we get to the third quarter, there no longer will be that adjustment, because we'll have included their results for our full year in our results. So that growing -- the stock-based comp is the big one.

Kurt Hallead -- RBC -- Analyst

I appreciate that detail. And then on the stock-based comp, so despite the recent events and stock price dynamics and everything else, that's a pretty -- that stock-based comps are pretty static number.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Well, we're -- we have not issued any shares this year, so it'd all be grants that are still amortizing. It is as we disclosed in the proxy, the Board is not taking any shares, they've reduced their comp and they're taking all of the comp and cash and I don't expect on a go-forward basis at least for the rest of 2020 that we'll see any shares issued. So it's a long-winded way of saying, yes, it will start to go down, but I don't think it will go down materially from where it is right now. For the next 12 months, you will start to see the impact of not issuing any shares in 2020 in kind of 2021, 2022.

Kurt Hallead -- RBC -- Analyst

Okay, great, thanks for that. Appreciate it.

Operator

And next, we'll move to Stephen Gengaro with Stifel.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thanks. Good morning, everybody. Hope everybody is well.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Thank you, Stephen. Good morning.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thanks. So, in follow-up to Kurt's question, you guys have a history over the years, I think, of managing lower occupancy levels pretty well and maintaining a positive EBITDA contribution for really, really -- clearly since you guys spun out of Oil States, but even before them. While thinking about the margin degradation, what looks like a second quarter room count, which is down 50% in Canada or more, can you stay EBITDA positive in Canada in 2Q? Are there enough variable cost to get you there or how should we be thinking about that, just in a general sense?

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

I think, Canada in second quarter will be close to breakeven, plus or minus. That will be after COVID-related costs and some restructuring costs. But I think in total, right now, I think Canada is plus or minus breakeven. The US will be slightly negative and Australia, prior to the two biggest variables, are holding on the occupancy and what the currency is going to do. Thus far, they've been kind of our bedrock to keep us going.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thanks and then, you mentioned the Australian room count being pretty stable from these current levels. Is it currently at around where the first quarter was or has it been a drop off since the end of the first quarter?

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

It stayed relatively consistent. There are certainly from time to time customer-specific issues that will influence things, but generally speaking, Australia feels like it's in line with our expectations in April.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

And then, just as a final one from me for now and we can sort of triangulate where we all flow out from an EBITDA perspective, which I know is tough. But when we -- when I think about the models and the EBITDA contribution, your capex is about $15 million, your interest is about $25 million, maybe a little bit less. So that's about $40 million. So if you do $50 million or $60 million in EBITDA, you're going to be $10 million to $20 million free cash flow positive, plus some working capital. Am I thinking about that right and how should we think about working capital?

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

That's spot on. I'll ask Carolyn to give some overview comments to confirm the numbers, but that feels right. capex is $15 million, interest expenses is $25 million, plus or minus and so that's $40 million and then working capital should move in our favor here in the second quarter, presuming the baseline assumption is that we'll [Phonetic] have some recovery in Canada, all LNG related in the second half of the year. But in total, I expect about $14 million, $15 million worth of cash flow coming from working capital, specifically in the second quarter.

Carolyn, any corrections or adjustments?

Carolyn J. Stone -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

No. Spot-on.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Okay.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

All right. Great, OK, thank you.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Thank you, Stephen.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] And we'll hear a follow-up from Steven Gengaro with Stifel.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thanks. So I'll jump back on. So one more, the Action acquisition has seemingly gone very well, since you guys closure in middle of last year. Can you give us an update on what you're seeing there and sort of the -- I know it's tough market right now, but kind of the expectations for that business over the next sort of three to six quarters and how it's evolving and how the deal is done?

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Sure. So we closed the Action Industrial Catering business in July of 2019. Just as a backdrop for the balance of the people on the call, Action provides management service -- integrated services to customer owned rooms in Western Australia, predominantly serving iron ore customers, but also serving gold, lithium and other customers there. It's a service-only business, a lower-margin business, but the business which has been growing significantly since we acquired it. We had four nice renewals, the contract renewals we mentioned in our prepared comments were all Action related. There are three wins and one renewal. We're working very closely with our customers on a couple of material renewals that will happen in July of 2020, but I would say in general, EBITDA coming out of Action is going to be about doubled to triple what we are initially anticipating out of the business.

We've seen business continue to grow and iron ore prices are holding in there quite nicely. They are in the $80 range and that's where they started the year. The two major commodities that we serve in Australia, iron ore with Action and met coal with our legacy business and those both go into steel manufacturing and so, we're very, very -- watching very closely in the global steel demand and how things are coming back, but thus far, things have stayed relatively buoyant in Australia, so we're optimistic that continues for the rest of the year.

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

Great, thank you.

Operator

And, that will conclude today's question-and-answer session. At this time, I would like to turn the call over Mr. Bradley Dodson for any additional or closing remarks.

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Thank you everyone for joining us today. These are incredible times we have to manage through. I do want to say thank you to our team. As you can imagine, we're all dealing with a lot of anxiety. For our frontline workers, our operations team, the protocols and our safety team has put in place to keep people safe and to mitigate the impact of the COVID-19 virus in our locations has been unbelievable and I can't possibly thank them enough.

Thank you to our global office staff, who have be working from home for close to two months. It hasn't been easy, but you've done an incredible job, to our finance team, who closed the quarter, in a completely remote environment that was incredible. And so, thank you to everyone and we'll get through this together. Thank you.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 35 minutes

Call participants:

Regan Nielsen -- Director of Corporate Development and Investor Relations

Bradley J. Dodson -- President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Carolyn J. Stone -- Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Kurt Hallead -- RBC -- Analyst

Stephen Gengaro -- Stifel -- Analyst

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