Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corp (AGM) Q3 2020 Earnings Call Transcript

By Motley Fool Transcribers – Nov 9, 2020 at 11:30PM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

AGM earnings call for the period ending September 30, 2020.

Logo of jester cap with thought bubble.

Image source: The Motley Fool.

Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corp (AGM 1.39%)
Q3 2020 Earnings Call
Nov 9, 2020, 5:00 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good day and welcome to the Farmer Mac Third Quarter 2020 Investor Conference Call. [Operator Instructions]. After today's presentation, there will be an opportunity to ask questions. [Operator Instructions].

I would now like to turn the conference over to Brad Nordholm. Please go ahead.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good afternoon everyone, I'm Brad Nordholm, and I'm very pleased to welcome you to the third quarter 2020 investor conference call. We have an exciting report for you today, but before I begin, I'd like to first ask Steve Mullery, our General Counsel to comment on forward-looking statements that management may have today as well as Farmer Mac's use of non-GAAP financial measures. Steve?

Stephen P. Mullery -- Executive Vice President-General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

Thanks, Brad. Some of the statements made on this conference call may be forward-looking statements under the securities laws. We make these statements based on our current expectations and assumptions about future events and business performance, and we may not be obligated to update these statements after this call. We caution you that forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties.

Actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. In evaluating Farmer Mac, you should consider these risks and uncertainties as well as those described in our 2019 annual report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC in February as updated in our quarterly report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC today.

In analyzing its financial information, Farmer Mac sometimes uses measures of financial performance that are not presented in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States, also known as non-GAAP measures. Disclosures and reconciliations of Farmer Mac's non-GAAP measures can be found in the most recent Form 10-Q and earnings release posted on Farmer Mac's website,, under the Financial Information portion of the Investors section. A recording of this call will be available on our website for two weeks starting later today.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks Steve, and good afternoon everyone and thank you very much for joining us. We hope that you and your families remain safe and healthy during the pandemic. Amidst continuing uncertainty on many fronts, Farmer Mac delivered a quarter of record earnings growth, strong net effective spread, stable operating expense ratios and healthy credit metrics. Our performance reflects the strength of our disciplined approach, our resilient business model, as well as our focus on a sector of the economy that is among the most essential, Agriculture and the food that sustains us.

Core earnings were a record $27.7 million, reflecting an 18% year-over-year growth. Net effective spread was 96 basis points in the third quarter and 92 basis points year-to-date, a modest increase compared to prior periods as we benefited from excellent funding and asset liability management and we're beginning to see a shift in the composition of our portfolio toward some higher spread loan purchase products.

We're also pleased with our overall credit quality, as we have maintained our consistent and conservative underwriting guidelines for credit approvals and we're continuing to closely monitor the impact of COVID-19 on the portfolio. Since March, we have approved 465 payment deferral --deferment requests from borrowers related to COVID-19 that was through October 30th, and that's with a total principal balance of $454 million or 1.7% of total outstanding credit.

As of October 15th, $4.6 million of Farm & Ranch COVID deferments have been repaid in full, and another $153.3 million and that's compared to that $454 million of Farm & Ranch deferments or 35% of loans deferred have ended their deferral period and they are not delinquent. This is a positive trend. We continue focusing on serving the needs of our customers and are challenging ourselves to find more efficient and effective ways to provide our customers with a flexibility and assistance that they need to serve their borrowers in this new normal. Although the environment remains particularly fluid, we will remain steadfast in our commitment to maintain the availability and flow of credit to American agriculture and rural communities.

Turning to business volume, we provided $1.3 billion in new credit to rural America in the third quarter of 2020. This is a gross number. However, maturities and repayments in our Institutional Credit line of business and net pay-downs of loans under long-term standby purchase commitments modestly outpaced new business this quarter, and our outstanding business volume decreased by $52 million from the second quarter to just under $22 billion at quarter end.

We continue to see very strong Farm & Ranch loan origination volume, largely attributable to our continued focus on being proactive and reaching out to our customers and retaining their business. We provided $741 million in gross new Farm & Ranch loan purchases in the third quarter and $1.8 billion year-to-date. This compares with $761 million in the first nine months of 2019. Put another way, we purchased nearly as much Farm & Ranch loan business in this quarter as we did in the first three quarters of 2019.

The exceptional growth in our Farm & Ranch and Rural Utilities loan purchase business over the last year builds upon our already strong foundation for growth and bodes well for the future as we continue to execute on significant growth objectives identified in our strategic plan. Two noteworthy examples from this quarter that reinforce our focus on our long-term strategic plan are the completion of two transactions. First, Farmer Mac completed a syndication of a new purchased agricultural loan and second, we completed our first wind project financing as part of our renewable energy project finance initiative.

These two transactions highlight our efforts to broaden and deepen our market share and are expected to be significant growth opportunities for us over the long term. I'm extremely proud of our business development team's dedication and execution of our mission and the strategic objectives and all of this volume, especially in this challenging time.

Before I turn it over to Zach, I do want to take this opportunity to reiterate my thanks and appreciation to all the employees at Farmer Mac who have worked tirelessly and have shown immense dedication and determination in unprecedented circumstances. They have focused daily on executing on our strategies, delivering exceptional service to our customers and carrying out our multi-year strategic plan.

When you consider the volume of Farm & Ranch this last quarter, equal to the first three quarters of 2019, I think that puts in perspective just how much work has been required to deliver what we have reporting today. Our Board and management are united around the opportunities that are ahead of us and our culture is growing in a healthy way that will only make us stronger in the years to come.

And now I'd like to turn it over to Zach, our Chief Business Officer to give you an update on customer and market developments. Zach?

Zachary N. Carpenter -- Executive Vice President-Chief Business Officer

Thanks, Brad. Our team delivered solid results during the quarter despite the headwinds of the current environment. We have remained focused on moving forward key elements of our strategic plan as loan purchase volumes continue to grow and our capabilities line up well with the market trends and opportunities. As Brad mentioned, business volume modestly decreased $52.8 million to $22.0 billion in the third quarter of 2020.

It is important to note that a driver of our quarterly volume decrease reflects continued decreases in certain pass through securitization and off balance sheet products, specifically long term standby purchase commitments and loans held in trusts of a combined $177.6 million. Changes in quarterly volumes pertaining to these products are generally driven by market conditions and reflect our customers' needs to manage concentration levels of their asset base and certain loan origination activity levels.

In addition, given the fee-based income Farmer Mac receives on these products, the impact in quarterly volume changes does not affect our net effective spread and generally does not affect core earnings with the same degree as our higher spread loan purchase products. Turning to our on-balance sheet loan purchase products, net volume growth was up $480.3 million during the quarter driven by significant growth in our core loan purchase products in Farm & Ranch, USDA Securities and rural infrastructure. The sequential quarter and year-to-date growth rates in net loan purchases in these lines of business were 5.6% and 20.3% respectively.

This strong net volume growth overcame a large decrease in AgVantage securities of $335.3 million, which I will discuss in more detail later. Loan purchase net volume growth in our foundational Farm & Ranch line of business was $399.5 million during the quarter, over three times greater than the same period in 2019 and as Brad mentioned, the single quarter exceeded the net volume growth during the first three quarters of 2019 combined by over $160 million.

On a year-to-date basis, loan purchase net volume growth in our Farm & Ranch line of business was $905.3 million compared to $239.0 million in 2019. The consistent growth we've seen in Farm & Ranch loan purchases over the last 12 months reflects the success of our customer acquisition and retention initiatives, our ability to provide competitive interest rates across our product set and our efficient and effective execution in the loan approval and purchase process.

Additionally, our strong business volume growth over the last year has outpaced the broader agricultural credit markets, specifically Farmer Mac's agricultural mortgage loan portfolio grew 21.1% over the last 12 months compared to the year-over-year growth rate of the total agricultural mortgage loan market of approximately 3.5% through June 2020. As part of our efforts to invest in infrastructure in order to become a more commercial organization, we added a new capital markets function to help facilitate capital flows across our customers.

This team is responsible for developing and managing the syndication functions for our commercial lines of business, which also includes cultivating, enhancing strategic relationships with the Farm Credit System. As Brad mentioned, the team completed a milestone for Farmer Mac this quarter completing a $15 million syndication of a newly purchased $59.2 million agricultural loan.

This syndication sell down was made to a key partner in the Farm Credit System. While the team is still ramping up in integrated into our business model, we are excited about the prospects of broadening our relationships across the agricultural and rural utilities lending spectrum. Turning to our USDA Securities line of business, we achieved record gross loan purchase volume this quarter of $225 million resulting in net volume increase of $73 million.

The year-to-date net volume growth of $188.9 million reflects our focus on customer acquisition and retention strategies, the consistent and reliable liquidity, we're able to provide and the increased USDA loan limits authorized by the 2018 Farm Bill. Net loan purchases in our Rural Utilities line of business increased modestly by $7.8 million during the quarter, reflecting $62.3 million in new loan purchases offset by scheduled amortization and maturities.

As part of our renewable energy project finance strategic initiative, Farmer Mac purchased a $10 million loan in connection with a wind project financing. The pipeline in the renewable energy sector remains strong as our Rural Utilities team has been doing an outstanding job of enhancing our foundation and infrastructure to build its reputation as a key player in the renewable energy market.

Our Institutional Credit line of business experienced a net decrease of $335.3 million during the quarter. A large part of the decrease reflects the unwinding of incremental liquidity provided to counterparties during the first quarter of 2020 due to the significant volatility experienced in the capital markets.

As the need for incremental liquidity has lessened as markets have returned to a less volatile state, these counterparties chose to let bonds mature. We continue to see significant liquidity [Indecipherable] in the market, which is a direct result of the Federal Reserve's action to continue to facilitate the functioning of the capital markets. As such, investment grades credit spreads for large financial institutions remain at historically low levels.

Looking ahead, our pipeline remains strong for the remainder of the year. Although some financial institutions may have paused capital deployment to the sectors we serve, given the impacts associated with the pandemic, which has helped facilitate increased volume growth for Farmer Mac, the core agricultural and Rural Utilities lenders continue to compete for transactions, which in many cases is causing competitive pressures in terms of price, structure and execution.

We will continue to work alongside our growing customer base and build upon our more dynamic and responsive business model that has led to improved customer satisfaction, volume retention and penetration in existing and new markets and transform the way we deliver upon our mission. During this pandemic, where travel and face-to-face interaction is limited, Farmer Mac has benefited from the investments we've made in our infrastructure, product set, and relationship strategies in an effort to continually assess enhancement [Phonetic] that will better support our customers.

I'm proud to say, we recently launched the doubling of the eligible loan size that sellers can offer their borrowers for our AgXpress scorecard product from $750,000 to $1.5 million. AgXpress is our flagship scorecard product with a simplified application in underwriting process as well as generally same day credit decision. Since this enhancement launched we have seen a record month of AgXpress application volume with an increased average loan size.

Lastly, we continually survey our customers to better understand how we as an organization can enhance our products, processes and interactions. I'm thrilled to say that our most recent customer survey indicated record results pertaining to Farmer Mac's customer and relationship focus as well as processes and product enhancements.

We believe our focus on becoming a more relationship-oriented institution is helping drive these significantly positive results and we look forward to continuing to integrate that focus into our business model. I'm proud of the results of this quarter and optimistic about the many opportunities before us. We are focused on executing a straightforward, customer-focused strategy, and we believe continued execution of this strategy will enable long-term growth, profitability and create value for all of our stakeholders.

With that, I'll turn it back to you, Brad.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Zach, thank you very much for that. And now I'd like to turn to Jackson Takach, our Chief Economist here at Farmer Mac. Jackson is going to provide you with an update on current economic and credit conditions. Jackson?

Jackson Takach -- Chief Economist

Thanks, Brad. While general uncertainty remains elevated, many economic indicators improved in the third quarter. Improving consumer spend and increases in inventories helped to boost inflation adjusted third quarter U.S. gross domestic product or GDP at historic pace of 33.1% on an annualized basis.

The strong quarter put the U.S. on track to close the year approximately 4% below 2019 levels, according to data released by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the national unemployment rate improved to 6.9% in October and continuing unemployment claims fell across 49 states in the four weeks leading up to their October 16th data release. Finally, data from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis indicates that financial credit spreads have stabilized since July 2020, a time that financial stress is more muted in the second half of the year.

COVID-19 continues to create a haze around current and future economic conditions as the widespread and maintained resurgence of the coronavirus could unwind some of the ceiling that was experienced in the third quarter. Furthermore, a lack of clarity on additional fiscal stimulus adds to the uncertainty heading into the fourth quarter. Conditions in the agricultural economy also improved during the quarter led by improvements in grain commodity prices.

The USDA data shows that overseas commitments for corn, soybean and wheat purchases increased significantly over the summer driving up grain prices in August and September. U.S. consumers continue to spend at food and beverage stores at levels 10% above 2019 levels. Protein processing plants are operating at typical pre-pandemic levels and the major -- and of the major industries tracked by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the agricultural industry exhibit the lowest increase in unemployment between October 2019 and October 2020 which further demonstrates the essential nature of the U.S. food sector and its millions of employees across the rural landscape.

Once again, although conditions have improved, the rural economy is not without challenge. COVID-19 case rates have resurged in counties with high levels of farm output and food processing and the restaurant industry has yet to fully recover from the dark of outside the home dining. To combat these unique challenges, farmers, ranchers and rural electric cooperatives have had access to several stimulus programs throughout 2020 continuing into the fourth quarter.

The USDA distributed over $10.3 billion in direct payments to farmers and ranchers from June to October through its first Coronavirus Food Assistance Program or CFAP1 and the small business administration has distributed more than $8.1 billion in paycheck protection program or PPP loans to businesses involved in agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting.

In September, USDA announced a second round of CFAP payments and through October 25th, the USDA has distributed an additional $7.6 billion in payments across the country of their allocated $14 billion set aside for this program. The patchwork of government support is one of the reasons that the USDA forecast an increase in net cash farm income and stable land values in 2020.

Credit quality in Farmer Mac's loan portfolio continues to be strong with no realized losses generated during the quarter. Loans past due by 90 days or more increased in the third quarter of 2020 to 1.07% of the outstanding Farm & Ranch portfolio or 0.4% across all four lines of business.

The increase is typical of the seasonal patterns and scheduled loan payments as most loans have a July 1st payment due date and the end of our third quarter marks 90 days from that payment date. There were no delinquencies in any of the other lines of business. Individual loan risk ratings held steady in the third quarter of 2020 with substandard loans totaling $326 million across all loans and guarantees.

This volume is spread across 50 different commodities and over 200 counties in 38 states. These metrics remain at historical averages as a percentage of Farm & Ranch as well as total loans and guarantees. The American food, fuel and fiber supply chain remains stalwart in the face of heightened ambiguity. Historically, the Food and Rural Infrastructure sectors have been supported in all political and economic climates, a testament to the critical nature of the industries that we are here to support.

With that, I'll turn it back to you, Brad.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks. Jackson. Now, I'd like to turn the call over to Aparna to discuss our financial results in more detail. Aparna?

Aparna Ramesh -- Executive Vice President-Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Thank you, Brad and good afternoon everyone. We're pleased to report another quarter of strong earnings growth accompanied by stable credit performance and uninterrupted access to debt capital markets in the face of the pandemic. Our earnings this quarter were extremely strong and driven by growth in higher spread business volume, continued disciplined expense control and substantially lower funding costs.

Our access to capital markets has remained strong. We have issued debt on the daily basis and continued to maintain our disciplined asset liability management policies and practices. We continue to issue debt across all price points and tenants and our spreads are within historical ranges of other GSE issuances.

Callable debt funding costs have also dropped significantly over the past few months and we have been effective in using our callable debt instruments to mitigate the ongoing rate of prepayments that have resulted from the low rate environment and thereby we've maintained or actually widened our overall spread in our net effective spread.

This approach of using callable debt allows us to continue a very disciplined match funded approach to the portfolio while selectively giving us an opportunity to increase spreads on an opportunistic basis. We continue to maintain spreads in the range of 90 basis points plus or minus a few basis points.

We remain well capitalized with strong liquidity and maintained a total cash position of over $900 million as of September 30th. You will also note that we've enhanced our capital position once again this quarter through the issuance of $120 million of non-cumulative perpetual Series F preferred stock. We used $60 million of the net proceeds to redeem the outstanding non-cumulative Series A preferred stock that had been outstanding.

This issuance strengthened our Tier 1 capital position, which increased in total by 83 basis points going from 13.42% to 14.25% and positions us well for our various growth initiatives, but also buffers us in case of unforeseen stress. Due to the timing of the preferred stock issuance, Farmer Mac incurred dividends on both Series A and Series F preferred stock for 30 days during the third quarter and recognized deferred issuance costs of $1.7 million related to the redemption of the Series A preferred stock.

Turning to financials, core earnings increased $4.3 million to $27.7 million for third quarter 2020 as compared to $23.4 million in third quarter 2019. Our net effective spread was $51.8 million in third quarter 2020 compared to $42.5 million in the same period last year. Net effective spread in percentage terms of 96 basis points this quarter exceeded our previously disclosed target range of plus or minus 5 basis points of 90 basis points, and this is primarily due to a decrease in funding cost and from higher spread business volume.

The increase in core earnings was primarily due to a $7.4 million after-tax increase in net effective spread and this was partially offset by a $1.7 million increase in preferred stock dividends, a $0.8 million after-tax increase in operating expenses and a $0.5 million after-tax increase in the total provision for credit losses. Operating expenses increased by 7% in third quarter 2020 compared to third quarter 2019.

And this was primarily due to increased compensation and benefits expenses that were related to increased headcount through the year to support our growth. This increase though was offset by lower General and Administrative or G&A expenses related to the lower travel and training that we incurred related to the current pandemic environment. There were also other lower variable costs such as printing, utilities, and deferments of consulting fees for certain projects.

However, this reduction in expenses this year is temporary and we do expect that these will normalize in the future. We plan to continue such investments as I noted for the foreseeable future. And this will be primarily to modernize our infrastructure, enhance our technology platforms to support our revenue strategies and we also plan to add relevant talent to fill gaps across the organization.

We are a lean organization and as we enter new markets, we need to also grow and modernize our capabilities. These investments will also enable Farmer Mac to more efficiently meet and exceed customer needs and thereby enable greater revenue retention over time. All this said, going forward, we expect operating expenses to increase commensurately with revenue growth even as we make these investments, we plan to keep our expenses to revenue ratios within the range that is consistent with our historical averages.

Now turning to the provision for loan losses. The provision this quarter for loan losses of $1.2 million was largely attributable to continued net growth in the rural utilities portfolio and credit downgrades in the Farm & Ranch long term standby purchase commitment portfolio. The increase was partially offset by improving economic factors that uniquely impacted the Farm & Ranch portfolio as well as scheduled maturities in the AgVantage portfolio.

The economic factors that positively impacted the Farm & Ranch portfolio were improving commodity prices and lower expected volatility in land values. Turning to our sequential results, our core earnings increased by $1.3 million on an after-tax basis, compared to second quarter 2020. This increase was driven by higher net effective spread of $4.2 million after tax, and this was partially offset by $0.9 million after-tax increase in the total provision for credit losses, a $1.2 million increase in preferred stock dividends, and a $0.4 million after-tax increase in operating expenses.

The higher net effective spread was attributable to net volume growth in the Farm & Ranch loan purchases accompanied by substantially lower funding costs in the third quarter. As I mentioned previously, we continue to remain extremely well capitalized. Farmer Mac's $984 million of core capital as of September 30th, 2020 exceeded our statutory requirement by $314 million or 47%. This compares to $916 million of core capital as of June 30th, which exceeded our statutory requirement by $248 million or 37%.

This brings our Tier 1 capital ratio to 14.25% from 13.45%, an increase of 83 basis points from the prior quarter. The increase in capital from the prior quarter is primarily due to the previously mentioned issuance of Series F preferred stock as well as a $10 million increase in retained earnings in the third quarter of 2020. Our liquidity remains extremely strong and we are far exceeding our regulatory requirements. As we head into the fourth quarter, we will continue to maintain a higher than required level of cash and liquidity. We believe that this elevated position will allow us to weather any unexpected cash flow shocks given the continuing economic uncertainties.

It will also adequately fund the [Indecipherable] to meet customer needs, but it will also allow us to retain the flexibility that we need to maintain lower, but ample levels of liquidity as market conditions change. In conclusion, Farmer Mac's underlying fundamentals reflect a well-capitalized balance sheet, stable core earnings and disciplined asset liability management. Our capital markets access at competitive levels, our use of callable bonds positions us to successfully continue to deliver and expand our mission.

We have strong liquidity and capital positions as I previously mentioned and these should enable us to navigate these uncertain times very effectively. More complete information about Farmer Mac's third quarter 2020 performance is in the 10-Q we filed today with the SEC.

And with that Brad, I'll turn it back to you.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Aparna. In closing, we remain well positioned for success in the current economic environment as we've built upon a resilient business model with increased focus on our customers and their needs. We have generated consistent, strong core earnings against not only a tough COVID backdrop, but also amid an investing environment with benchmark interest rates around the world at near 0%.

While the timeline and trajectory of an economic recovery remains somewhat uncertain, I remain very optimistic about the future, even these uncertain times and that's primarily because of the abilities of our team, the strength of our balance sheet and the power of our core operation. We will continue to remain diligent, strategic and focused on the future. As I've said on prior calls, Farmer Mac was created in response to a crisis and is intended to be a resource for financial institutions serving rural America and this is especially true during these times of economic pressure and uncertainty.

And so now, I'd like to see if we have any questions from anyone on the line today. Operator?

Questions and Answers:


Speakers, your lines are now open. We will now begin the question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions]. Our first question today will come from Greg Pendy with Sidoti. Please go ahead.

Greg Pendy -- Sidoti & Company -- Analyst

Hi guys, thanks for taking my questions. Just a couple. First of all, can you just touch on the wind -- the wind deal that you did? And is that similar to solar where you can lock-in [Phonetic] a spread? I believe that's something that was attractive maybe a 20-year type spread. And then second, could you just kind of give us, I guess some context just on the 90-day delinquencies as well as the deferred loans? I mean, is this something that you think will kind of rise over 2021 as there still is some delinquencies outstanding?

How should we be thinking about that, I guess, as we look at year-out? Thanks.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Hey Greg, Brad here, and thanks very much for joining us today, Greg. I'll have Jackson give you some additional color on the delinquencies and deferred, but it's important to recognize that right now the deferred loans are not included in the delinquency numbers, so they are separate. I think it's also important to note that we've had a large slug between 25% and -- between 33.33% [Phonetic] of those loans on deferment schedules that have gotten back on schedule already. A lot of the remaining ones are scheduled to resume payments after the first of the year, but we'll give you some more color on that.

As it relates to wind and solar, yes, the revenue contracts for wind projects have a fixed pricing. They also in many cases have production tax credits. Those are both a function of production, the more wind there is, the more revenue from fixed price power purchase contracts as well as the tax value of the PTCs goes up. And conversely, the wind blows less, it goes down.

What you'll find over a multi-year period of time is that those projections are fairly level and fairly consistent, although candidly not quite as consistent as solar, so there is less variation with solar production than there is with wind. But this is a portfolio of operating projects. So we had the payment history, it wasn't -- performance history wasn't based so much on projections as historical operating performance and they were underwritten on that basis.

So we have a high degree of uncertainty -- we have a high degree of certainty of the cash flow and the ability of those projects to cover their very well padded debt service coverage ratios. We're excited about that. Going forward, just an additional comment, we do have a good pipeline of solar deals. Looking out over the next year, I think we probably anticipate that we'll be doing more of solar than we will be doing wind and that's just because while wind has become incredibly economic in many places in the U.S., particularly kind of Texas through the Dakotas in the Midwest.

These use of project finance debt for solar projects is more common and so we expect both opportunities, but probably more from solar going forward. So going back to where we are with kind of delinquency trends as it relates to overall portfolio performance, Jackson, could you add a little bit of color there?

Jackson Takach -- Chief Economist

Sure. I'm happy to. The delinquency trend tend to follow seasonal pattern. So we've got that pop in the third quarter following the July 1st payment. There is typically a lot of carrying that will happen out of that in the fourth quarter. That's a very typical seasonal pattern in the payments.

This year there is some additional U.S. government funds coming out in throughout the fall, so the CFAP 1 and CFAP 2 payments are helping to offset some of the disruption to the markets throughout the year. You've also got good commodity prices heading into the end of the year. So fourth quarter commodity prices are elevated compared to prior parts of the year. So there's a lot of market supports and traditionally we do see a drop in the fourth quarter delinquency rates.

But it's a highly volatile period, we've got coronavirus still in the backdrop so we can't say with any certainty what if the fourth quarter will follow that seasonal trend, but it is a highly seasonal trend. And one of the data point that we released, that I'll kind of just point you to is just a high percentage of loans that are coming out of that deferral period that are paying and making their payments and coming off and not being transitioned into delinquency speaks very well about the quality of those assets and their ability to continue playing once they're through that deferral period.

Greg Pendy -- Sidoti & Company -- Analyst

Great. That's helpful, thanks a lot.


Our next question will come from Gary Gordon [Phonetic] with Gary Gordon Investors. Please go ahead.

Gary Gordon -- Gary Gordon Investors -- Analyst

Hi, thank you. Thanks for taking my call. A couple of questions, one, at least my calculation is that your charge-offs were actually zero this quarter and $400,000 year to date. So, I hear the delinquency trends, but am I right in calculating that they didn't result in a single loss in the third quarter?

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, that's correct, Gary and -- Brad here, very nice to hear your voice. We do quite a bit of migration analysis, what -- when does the 30-day delinquency become a 90-day, when does the 90-day become our real estate owned and when does the real estate owned become a loss. You're correct. There is absolutely statistically insignificant amount of loans migrating from those 90 day delinquencies to real estate owned and to charge-offs, we really have none to speak of.

Gary Gordon -- Gary Gordon Investors -- Analyst

Okay. Good. Thanks. On the capital ratio you said now it is about 14.3% in your sort of target range for the capital ratio, does this current ratio does that fall sort of in the middle, at the high end, at the low end?

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

That's at the high end of the range. And I'll let Aparna jump in here with some comments about how we think about our minimums, our regulatory minimums, our Board minimums and our overall target range. But it's at the high end right now and when we had an opportunity to do the preferreds, a few months ago, retired more expensive one that was a pretty easy financial decision, but to put a little additional capital on the balance sheet recognizing there is a cost to doing that, we did so in recognition of the fact that we're in the middle of the pandemic, while our performance is remarkably consistent. There is still though additional level of uncertainty out there.

We also did so recognizing that we have been hitting some solid growth numbers and we want to make sure that our growth does not dilute our target capitalization ratios below that which we want. And so, when the markets are wide open as they have been for us, the preferred markets, putting a little additional on our balance sheet to create a capitalization cushion to support growth has been an important consideration.

Aparna, maybe you can add to that though on talking a little bit more about our ranges and where we are with our excess regulatory capital and how we're thinking about that.

Aparna Ramesh -- Executive Vice President-Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Yeah. No, absolutely, Brad, you covered it in terms of some of the reasons why we undertook this as it was opportunistic. It was the right timing and we really were able to get additional capital, but also call more expensive capital. So really on a net basis we added about $50 million extra, and then we were also able to self-capitalize at a pretty good clip. So all of that really resulted in that 83 basis points increase from the second quarter to the third quarter that we -- that we highlighted.

But just as we think about our statutory minimum capital and where we need it to be, you know, just in dollar terms that needs to be at about $670 million and we've far exceeded it with $984 million, so we're almost $300 million-plus above that statutory minimum. So that puts us in a pretty good position both as Brad noted to make sure that we don't dilute our capital as we continue to grow. And secondly, we're still in a fairly uncertain economic environment. And while our credit remains extremely strong, we think it's the right thing to do both from a liquidity standpoint as well as from a capital standpoint to be pretty well capitalized.

The level that we really target for is somewhere between 12% to 14%, that's really an internal metric and we certainly can't go below 10% on Tier 1 capital. So those are -- those are some additional comments and I hope that's helpful.

Gary Gordon -- Gary Gordon Investors -- Analyst

Yes, thanks. Okay, one last question. It sounds like you're trying to migrate your asset mix more toward the Farm & Ranch loans and the renewable energy loans. My impression is, those are higher yielding wider spreads and maybe a little more credit risk, net-net, how does what you would view as the return on equity of a Farm & Ranch loan compare to let's say the Institutional business?

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. A couple of comments on this Gary and I do want Zach to jump in here on this too. But, Farm & Ranch is a very important definition of what Farmer Mac does and why we're here, providing that first mortgage agricultural loans secondary market to the ranchers and farmers large and small all across the United States.

So we've put a huge amount of emphasis on that over the last year, because it is so core to our mission of why we exist, it also is accretive. It is profitable and above average profitability for what we do. So Zach provided a couple of highlights of what we're doing to improve customer service, make our products more flexible, more competitive, and he may be able to elaborate on that a bit more for you.

Renewable energy, we do see that as also being kind of accretive to our overall returns. It's about 18 months ago that we announced that we're going to start making commitments to purchase loans, solar and wind as we just talked about in the market and slowly but surely we're getting off to a good start there.

I think for this year, we thought maybe we could do about $100 million, I think we're going to probably come in the $80 million, $90 million, something like that. But then can we maybe double that every year for the next couple of years? I think that's our expectation, and as we do, it could help drive some incremental accretion to earnings.

And also what Zach talked about, the lower margin, some of the lower margin institutional business, especially when that -- when those customers have alternative cost of borrowing, particularly with the Fed's intervention in the debt capital markets that may be even lower than in the past, we're asking ourselves a question, if we choose not to roll over this bond, if we choose not to renew this deal going forward, does it hurt our relationship with this important customer? Does it hurt our mission? And if the answers to those are no, we're willing to let that business go with the expectation that some of it will come back once we get past this period of Fed intervention in the debt capital markets.

Zach, maybe you can add some more color here Zach, and kind of round out how we're seeing this -- the slightly changed mix in assets.

Zachary N. Carpenter -- Executive Vice President-Chief Business Officer

Yeah, absolutely, Brad. And I think this quarter highlights a relative shift in many instances market forces kind of drove that shift as Brad indicated our AgVantage securities had a fairly sizable decrease this quarter and that was primarily attributable to the incremental liquidity that was put on earlier this year and we saw some significant volatility in the capital markets, so as things have somewhat improved, we've seen a reversal of that. Hence the decline, which were slightly down on a year-to-date basis in AgVantage but it's more notable this quarter given the unwinding of that liquidity.

In addition, I made comments in the prepared remarks about our pass through securitizations and standby purchase commitments. Again market driven, a lot focused on concentration risks and if those come down, it really makes it noticable that the increase this quarter was loan purchases on our own balance sheet. And I think Brad highlighted a couple of key points in terms of us focusing on broadening our seller base -- broadening our product base as well. I noted in there that we did a syndicated transaction with the Farm Credit System partner, problem is those products and markets that we're in does help diversify our product base, our risk base and our return base, and I think that's starting to make more important impact on our balance sheet and income state going forward.

Gary Gordon -- Gary Gordon Investors -- Analyst

Okay, thanks a lot.


This will conclude our question-and-answer session. I'd like to turn the conference back over to Brad Nordholm for any closing remarks.

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Certainly, operator, thank you. And thanks to all of you for jumping on, it's 5 O'clock on a Monday evening, spent quite a day in the markets today for financials and really across the board. So I hope that you've been on the right side of this rapidly moving market. But thanks again and as always the case, if you have follow-on questions please get in touch with Jalpa. We want to be very responsive to you and to your questions and are happy to jump on a call impromptu or scheduled in the next days to follow up with additional questions that you might have.

That said, I'm very proud of how things are going at Farmer Mac. I'm very pleased with how things are going at Farmer Mac, I hope you can hear in the voices of the executives from the team who were on this call today that there is both confidence and excitement about what's going on and we are -- we'll be doing our very, very best to keep this going and are very optimistic that we will.

So thank you.


[Operator Closing Remarks].

Duration: 50 minutes

Call participants:

Bradford T. Nordholm -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Stephen P. Mullery -- Executive Vice President-General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

Zachary N. Carpenter -- Executive Vice President-Chief Business Officer

Jackson Takach -- Chief Economist

Aparna Ramesh -- Executive Vice President-Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

Greg Pendy -- Sidoti & Company -- Analyst

Gary Gordon -- Gary Gordon Investors -- Analyst

More AGM analysis

All earnings call transcripts

AlphaStreet Logo

This article is a transcript of this conference call produced for The Motley Fool. While we strive for our Foolish Best, there may be errors, omissions, or inaccuracies in this transcript. As with all our articles, The Motley Fool does not assume any responsibility for your use of this content, and we strongly encourage you to do your own research, including listening to the call yourself and reading the company's SEC filings. Please see our Terms and Conditions for additional details, including our Obligatory Capitalized Disclaimers of Liability.

Motley Fool Transcribers has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.