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ClearPoint Neuro, Inc. (CLPT) Q1 2021 Earnings Call Transcript

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CLPT earnings call for the period ending March 31, 2021.

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ClearPoint Neuro, Inc. (CLPT -8.44%)
Q1 2021 Earnings Call
May 11, 2021, 4:30 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Greetings. Welcome to ClearPoint Neuro Inc.'s first-quarter financial results conference call. [Operator instructions] Please note, this conference is being recorded. Comments made on this call may include statements that are forward-looking within the meaning of the securities laws.

These forward-looking statements may include, without limitation, statements related to anticipated industry trends, the company's plans, prospects, and strategies, both preliminary and projected, and management's expectations, beliefs, estimates, or projections regarding future results of operations. Actual results or trends could differ materially. The company undertakes no obligation to revise forward-looking statements for new information or future events. For more information, please refer to the company's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020, which has been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the company's quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2021, which the company intends to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission on or before May 17, 2021.

All the company's filings may be obtained from the SEC or the company's website at I would now like to turn the conference over to your host, Mr. Joe Burnett, chief executive officer. Thank you.

You may begin.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Dennis, and thank you to all of the investors and analysts on the call today for being a part of the ClearPoint vision and journey. We are here to help restore quality of life to patients and their families who are suffering from some of the most debilitating neurological disorders imaginable. In the first quarter of 2021, we made substantial progress across all four of our pillars of growth, including functional neurosurgery navigation, biologics, and drug delivery, ClearPoint-owned therapeutic products, and achieving global scale. Importantly, we made this progress in our portfolio against the backdrop of record revenue in the quarter, the resumption of elective procedures at the majority of our hospitals, and the addition of multiple pharma partners to our growing list of active customers.

The significant infusion of capital that we closed in the quarter also supports not only the expansion and acceleration of our product portfolio but also our geographic and quality system expansion to a more global scale. I will now turn the call over to Danilo, our CFO, to review our financial performance in the quarter, after which I will add some additional detail to our four-pillar growth strategy. Danilo?

Danilo D'Alessandro -- Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Joe, and thank you all for joining us today. Looking at the first-quarter 2021 results, total revenue was $4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, and $3.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, which represents an increase of $0.9 million or 29%. Our revenue is made up of three components, functional neurosurgery navigation and therapy, biologics and drug delivery, and capital equipment. Functional neurosurgery navigation revenue, which consists of disposable products commercial sales related to cases utilizing the ClearPoint system, increased 10% to $1.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, from $1.7 million for the same period in 2020.

This increase reflects the resumption in the three months ended March 31, 2021, of elective surgical procedures, which were postponed or canceled over the past months due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Case volume increased each month in the quarter. Biologics and drug delivery revenue, which includes sales of disposable products and services related to customer sponsored clinical trials utilizing our products, increased 61% to $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, from $1 million for the same period in 2020, due primarily to the resumption of clinical trial activities that led to increased sales of biologics and drug delivery products. Capital equipment and software revenue, consisting of sales of ClearPoint reusable hardware and software and of related services increased 31% to $0.5 million for the three months ended March 31 from $0.3 million for the same period in 2020.

While revenue from this product line historically has varied from quarter to quarter, we believe that the increase represents the partial resumption of hospitals' capital equipment acquisition activities following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. While hospital budget constraints caused by the pandemic continue to be a real headwind, the current funnel of potential installs is very healthy. Gross margin for the three months ended March 31 was 65% compared to 70% for the same period in 2020. This decrease was primarily due to a greater contribution in the first quarter of 2020 to total sales of service revenue, which contribute higher gross margins in comparison to other product lines.

And a portion of overhead allocated to cost of revenue resulting from larger production output volume during the three months ended March 31, 2021, relative to the same period in 2020. Research and development costs were $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, compared to $0.8 million for the same period in 2020, an increase of $0.8 million or 91%. Sales and marketing expenses were $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, compared to $1.3 million for the same period in 2020, an increase of $0.3 million or 21%. Both these increases reflect additions in key areas to our team as it builds the infrastructure necessary to expand product line, launch new indications, and comply with global standards as we plan our international expansion.

General and administrative expenses were $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2021, compared to $1.3 million for the same period in 2020, an increase of $0.4 million or 30%. This increase was due primarily to increases in insurance, occupancy costs, and incentive-based and share-based compensation. At March 31, 2021, we had cash and cash equivalents totaling $64.9 million as compared to $20.1 million at March 31, 2020, with the increase resulting primarily from the completion of a public offering of the company's common stock in February 2021. I will now turn the call back to Joe.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Danilo. As mentioned, our commercial team enjoyed a record quarter, supported by recovering electives case volume, new biologics partners added to the funnel, and even capital sales and service agreements. Let's break down that progress into our four growth pillars. First, functional neurosurgery navigation continued to rebound with 214 cases covered by our specialist team in the quarter versus our prior estimate of 190 to 200.

The deviation versus our earlier expectation came in the last few weeks of the quarter as many of our hospitals that had halted elective procedures in January and February returned to action. It is encouraging that March was our highest month of the quarter and gives us confidence that U.S. case volume is returning to pre-pandemic levels. From a development standpoint, we continued progress across our portfolio and solidified budgets, schedules, and team members using the capital infusion in the first quarter.

Importantly, we achieved FDA clearance for our Array navigation system and are in the process of starting our limited market release for the product. As a reminder, the Array is designed to not only streamline the workflow and reduce time but is also the first product designed by ClearPoint to be used in both the MRI suite and the operating room. This is an important step in our strategy of becoming a true neurosurgery platform that can be used with multiple imaging modalities and not only the MRI. We expect first cases to be performed here in the second quarter and the limited market release to extend throughout the second half of 2021.

We have continued development across the rest of our pipeline as well, including the 2.1 ClearPoint software, the Maestro Brain Model, the Orchestra multi-trajectory head frame, our co-developed MER system in collaboration with Blackrock, and our robotics-assisted system, which was announced yesterday, and we are building in partnership with D&K Engineering. We feel that we have an exciting cadence of new and improved products over the next few years, which will continue to demonstrate ClearPoint as one of the true innovative companies in the neurosurgery space. With our additional funding, we are now better able to communicate estimated timelines for the first human cases with each of these products. For example, we expect first cases of SmartFrame Array in 2021, ClearPoint 2.1 and Maestro in 2022, and Orchestra, MER, and the robotic platform in 2023.

Second, our biologics and drug delivery team continue to add additional partners and capabilities to the team in the first quarter. By the end of Q1, we hit the threshold of 30 active customers in the biologics space, adding an additional indication and shots on goal in gene therapy and cell delivery programs. As a reminder, it is common that each customer or partner has a drug platform of their own, meaning they are not planning to use their drug only for one indication. Our decision to expand into Europe has already helped us to win additional European-based pharma business and academic researchers.

We plan to continue adding partners and still believe that initial current commercial gene therapy approval for neuro could take place in 2022. It is also important to note that the majority of our investment into the navigation system mentioned in pillar one applies also to biologics and drug delivery. That is the beauty of the platform strategy as much of this investment is applied across many indications in both biologics and medical device navigation. For our third pillar, which is our own therapeutic products, are primarily development activities today.

The laser program in concert with CLS in Sweden and IGT in France continues to make progress as we prepare for an FDA submission in the second half of 2021. We expect first clinical cases with the complete neuro system in 2022. After laser, our biopsy and smart biopsy programs continue to progress, and we expect first clinical uses of these products in 2022 and 2023, respectively. Finally, our fourth pillar of achieving global scale has made progress as well.

Most substantially, the new European MDR guidelines are meant to go into effect later this month. Our project to update our quality system to ensure compliance with the new directive has been successful, and we fully expect to meet these new guidelines. This is a tall order for many companies. And while the investment into our quality system has been extensive, we believe the fact that we made and will continue that investment, that creates another barrier where many companies have decided not to continue in Europe for certain product lines.

We want to be there to fill the void for hospitals and patients that need ClearPoint. We also obtained CE mark for our 4 French, 5 French, and 7 French accessory kits, showing that we continue to demonstrate the capability of getting new products CE marked, even in this challenging environment. As many of you are aware, the pandemic has continued to rage in Europe across the first quarter, so our case volume and installation schedule was put on pause. However, we are encouraged by the more aggressive vaccination distribution across Western Europe, which is our next focus for expansion.

As it appears elective case volume is rebounding and some of our pharma partners have resumed clinical trial work, we are more comfortable providing a forecast for the full year of 2021. We believe revenue will be in the range of $16 million to $17.5 million for the year and case volumes supported by our clinical team will be in the range of 900 to 1,000 cases. While we are encouraged by the return of cases, the wider than usual range is primarily driven by two things. First, the timing of capital.

While we do expect the resumption of a number of evaluation systems being installed in the second half of 2021, the timing of turning an eval into a formal purchase order has slowed, and there is a chance that sales might cross over into 2022. Second, the timing of the initiation of new pharma trials. We are encouraged that the number of our partners continue to progress through the FDA protocol review and internal hospital IRBs. However, the comprehensive review of protocols, delivery, drug manufacturing, and storage are all hurdles that certainly need to take place beforehand.

With that, I would like to open up the call to any questions.

Questions & Answers:


[Operator instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Andrew D'Silva with B. Riley Securities. Please proceed with your question.

Andrew D'Silva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

Good afternoon. Congrats on the progress and thanks for taking my questions. So I just opened up your 10-Q and I was actually surprised, on the biologics and drug delivery side of the business, that the strength really looked like it was almost completely tied to the disposable side of the business. Can you give a little color on why that had such a big uptick? I didn't see any commercial activity that would drive that.

Was it just up with new partners? Or anything there would be useful from a color standpoint.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I mean, the one -- thanks for the question, Andrew. I think the one comment I'd make on this topic is that we still enjoyed a significant part of that revenue being service-based. So I think that did continue.

What we slightly added is, as you pointed out, the resumption of some of these clinical trials that have started to take place again, and some of the preclinical work that often happens behind the scene. So, you know, where we saw, I think, an increase here in the first quarter was many of the toxicology studies that might be done at certain preclinical labs and CROs, those started to return both based on new customers, as well as existing customers as well. So I think the primary uptick there and change to the mix was a number of smart flow cannulas, for example, or custom cannulas that were delivered to these labs to perform these preclinical tests prior to, you know, submission to an FDA for a new protocol.

Andrew D'Silva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

OK. And with your guidance as it relates to the biologics and drug delivery disposable side of the business, is your guidance kind of figuring 1Q numbers are fairly stable for the remaining three quarters as it relates to disposables? Or is there other kind of variances in there that we should be thinking about?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I mean some of the Biologics revenue often comes in sort of buckets similar to capital deals closing. So for example, we might hit a milestone for a development revenue for a project in one corner. So for example, if we're making a custom device for one of our partners, we might get a significant milestone payment in one quarter, but then we won't cross a milestone in the next quarter.

So that one would be zero or vice versa. So that can be a little bit choppy. Similarly, you know, these large orders that you can sometimes see for toxicology studies could be a $200,000 order because they're ordering 100 catheters or so, and they're doing all of that testing in the quarter. But the next quarter, it might just be protocol writing preparing for an FDA submission.

So as we continue to add partners, I think those numbers will absolutely be stabilized. But, you know, for the time being, as we're still early with some of these new partners, you know, it can be a little choppy quarter to quarter.

Andrew D'Silva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

OK. Great. I got one more on the biologics and drug delivery and then one on DBS. So I think you touched on this in your prepared comments, but I'm assuming you're still preparing for a potential commercial launch by the end of this year or early next year for your first drug delivery partner.

And if that's correct, can you just give us a little color on how the infrastructure readiness is going as it relates to some of the international and domestic needs for the translational services that you intend to offer there?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So to answer your first question, yes, we are still in preparation and supporting multiple partners on their first commercial release. I believe PTC said on their earnings call last week that they have delayed the U.S. BLA application by about three months as related to, you know, sort of some of the COVID delays that we're all experiencing.

But, you know, as I touched on, you know, certainly we at this point believe that things are on track for a 2022 commercial release sometime hopefully in the first half of the year is sort of what we're thinking. But we're still putting a lot of energy into the preparation of getting ready for that. And some of that preparation can be identification of potential patients, communication with pharmacy, all those different things. And to be clear, these are not things that we do alone.

You know the much larger pharma companies that we partner with have teams associated with it as well, and we're trying to handle as much of the device training and education that we possibly can when necessary. So I think that's kind of one side on the Biologics side. I'm sorry, Andrew, what was the second question? I didn't quite get it.

Andrew D'Silva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

No, you answered it. I was actually going to have a DBS follow-up. And it just related to where you are in the sleep procedure protocols as far as either your partners running tests or you having to start a clinical trial. I'm just really curious where you are in getting the sleep procedure label and what the next steps are?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I mean, in some ways, we're -- it's sort of twofold. One, there's preparation work that we can do and are doing, organizing all of the clinical evidence that supports both awake and asleep procedures. Again, this is really up to the surgeon on how they want to pursue treating an individual patient.

So we support them in either manner. That being said, we're also developing the rest of the portfolio that would support these types of procedures as well. So some of the products that I mentioned in my prepared remarks around MER, around the Array system that can be used in the operating room, around the Maestro Brain Model. You know, it's all of these tools together that are going to create an excellent workflow, both for awake procedures and asleep procedures.

But, you know, as we continue to see, you know, a higher percentage of the sleep procedures being done, it's quickly becoming sort of -- I don't want to say be standard of care, but certainly an accepted practice at this point. And as that progresses, I think that helps. You know, as we shared before, you know, we have an indication for MRI-guided lead placement. So that's what we particularly do, but because we are not the DBS company itself, you know, we kind of rely on the specific labeling of the DBS companies.

And I think you can see from a number of communications from DBS companies that image-guided placement of DBS systems is certainly becoming more and more prominent in the training and education. And as that continues to evolve, you know, we will certainly be evolving with it. To answer one of your questions though, at this point, you know, we don't believe that a clinical trial of any kind would be, or at least a prospective clinical trial would necessarily be required to get the sort of indication for some training materials. We think there's significant data already out there that shows the safety and efficacy of these procedures.

Andrew D'Silva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

Right, right. I remember you talked about that a little bit last quarter. That's useful context. Thank you very much for all the color and best of luck going forward.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

All right. Thanks, Andrew.


Our next question comes from the line of Frank Takkinen with Lake Street Capital Markets. Please proceed with your question.

Frank Takkinen -- Lake Street Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hey, guys. Thanks for taking my questions and congrats on the progress this quarter.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Frank.

Frank Takkinen -- Lake Street Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yep. Starting with FDA clearance of SmartFrame Array, I was hoping you could just take us a little bit deeper on the importance of that SmartFrame. I heard your comments about a little bit of a limited launch throughout this year. Maybe you could talk to how you anticipate this scaling in further out years? And then just kind of explain the importance of the increased automation and enabling software and how this could more broadly expand your TAM in this area?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, happy to. You know, as a quick reminder, you know, we currently really do not do any DBS work in Europe or outside of the U.S. And even in the U.S., we have less than 10% market share today of total DBS procedures. So really what that means is, less than 10% of the procedures are done in the MRI, and more than 90% today are still done in the operating room using optical navigation, our CT guidance or EM navigation, something other than the MRI.

So we'll kind of put it that way. So really, what this tool allows us to do is, instead of only focusing our efforts on taking a customer that's used to doing an operating room procedure for the past maybe 20 years and trying to convince them of an entirely new workflow in the MRI suite. This is a tool that will allow us to offer them a tool designed for the operating room as well. Where we can sit there with that customer, we can say look, we know, you know, ClearPoint has worked to develop incredible algorithms, navigation tools, very precise movements on our disposable frames.

In the past, you could only experience that in the MRI suite, now we've got something that you can try in the operating room as well. So that's really the power of what this product is. And again, if 95% of the workflow and the navigation steps and the preplanning and the importation of different data infusion, if that can all be the same between both environments, it becomes much more likely that once our system is in the operating room that some of the surgeons at that hospital would be willing to give it a try in the MRI suite as well. So that's really the primary part of the strategy.

But from a platform standpoint, it's crucial to what we want to do because we don't want to be known as only the MRI company, we want to be the neurosurgery platform company, the therapy enabling company. And this just gives us, I think, a very powerful toolset to do it. Your second comment was sort of around the scaling of this. You know, with anything with neurosurgery, we want to be incredibly careful because the stakes are incredibly high.

So, you know, we planned on taking kind of a metered approach as we roll this out. First, in labs that want to do the procedure in the MRI, where we learn and we have plenty of experience as well. After that, procedures that are in more of a hybrid workflow where they can actually transition in an interoperative MRI from the operating room to the MRI with that same patient and our system in place. And then the final step of that would be to do an operating-only procedure, where the entire navigation would be done both either by obstacle navigation or CT or something like that.

So there's a progression in the rollout of this, and we're going to do it in an organized fashion, which allows us to create white papers, to create case reviews, training materials, etc., for a more broader rollout early of 2022.

Frank Takkinen -- Lake Street Capital Markets -- Analyst

Got it. That makes sense. And then sticking with functional neurosurgery just wanted to ask in a little bit more depth about the D&K Engineering partnership you guys announced. Can you talk to exactly what pieces of the procedure you're looking to roboticize and exactly what this could do for a surgeon as far as patient throughput or procedural times and how impactful that could be once that's launched in a few years?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, I'm happy to. So there's a couple of different phases that we're sort of rolling out. And to be very clear, we – you know, this is not the most ambitious robotic system. We are not attempting to build the da Vinci robot for the MRI suite.

That's not the intent here. It is really the automation of some of the more mundane parts of the procedure that, as you pointed out, can certainly save some time and save some improved precision and accuracy as well. So I try not to go into too much detail, but, you know, I know you've been following us and you've seen the technology. You know, what we're trying to do is, one of the steps of our procedure that delivers our precision, is that you make a fine-tune adjustment with our thumbwheel and then you take an additional image.

And then the image would be taken, our software will automatically calculate how much more you need to adjust those turns, and then the surgeon would stand up, walk over to the MRI suite, make those turns and then take another scan. So it's this repetitive process that allows you to continuously get closer and closer and closer to your target, which is how we are so precise. You know, the reality of what a surgeon experience is sometimes they have to get up, you know, three or four times for each trajectory and run three or four scans for each trajectory and each scan could be a minute to two or three minutes, as an example. So if you add all of those up, we're probably spending on a simple procedure, maybe 15 to 20 minutes on this navigation stuff, and on a more complicated multi-trajectory drug delivery case, we could be spending one hour to one and a half hours on that particular step.

So you enter the robotics platform, and it does a few things for you. Number one is that the surgeon doesn't have to get up anymore to make those adjustments, they can do it from the control room by -- with a simple push of a button. So that limits a few annoying parts of the procedure you could say. The second step and improvement that it makes is that a human being trying to turn a thumbwheel one-eighth of a turn is not going to be quite as precise as a robotic motor that can turn it in exacting amount.

So we think the number of times that the surgeon or fellow sort of overestimates the turn or underestimates the turn, we think that will be resolved so there'll be fewer adjustments that need to be made. And the third step is actually to communicate directly with the scanner itself. So what that means is that instead of making the adjustment with the robotic system and then manually having to take an additional scan, the computer and the scanner will talk to each other so that the surgeon will inevitably be able to just simply push a button. And then five, 10 minutes later, all of the adjustments and additional scans will already have taken place.

So the surgeon will simply have to come back into the room, sort of confirm that final trajectory before insertion, and then everything will be lined up. So there's kind of a series of phases here that are both hardware on the robotics side and software navigation that are important to the project. And that's really where D&K's expertise is. So they're sort of a supplement to our existing team to kind of accelerate the program, as we said.

Frank Takkinen -- Lake Street Capital Markets -- Analyst

Got it. That makes sense. And then just the last one for me, hopping over to the Biologics side. And maybe this came up on previous calls, but I think it's worth revisiting given the approval from PTC is in the near to intermediate term, we'll call it.

Once PTC is going through the approval process, are they specifically writing into the documentation that the delivery is required to be done so with either a SmartFrame or a smart flow cannula? Or how does the documentation look for a partner's asset once it's approved on the market?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

So that's a good question. You know, I don't want to go into details on the PTC sort of exact example. You know, I think that's -- we want to make sure we're protecting their documentation and strategy, too. I'm sure you can ask Sue, she might answer for you.

But, you know, if I were to speak in generalities as we look across all of our partnerships and sort of what we expect is going to be commonplace, is that you know, number one, there's, as you pointed out, there's two parts of our procedure and how we add value. The first one is the navigation system itself. And I think it's common that companies will submit a protocol that provides sort of an open-ended part for navigation, you know, where it would be common to say any commercially approved neuronavigation system can be used to deliver the device. OK? And whether the FDA agrees with that or regulatory bodies agrees with that, in some cases, they might say, yes, that's appropriate because of the level of precision that you want.

In some cases, they might say, you know, we appreciate you want an open-label, but you actually, you know, enrolled every single patient in your trial using something like ClearPoint under MRI guidance. So it remains to be seen exactly what decision the FDA makes. You know, and in between, in many of these trials that would certainly benefit us, is if the FDA were to say, you can use any MRI-guided navigation system. Because obviously, that would be a less crowded market and one that we are kind of the dominant player in today.

So that's one side of the navigation. On the cannula side, it's incredibly common that as a company goes through the regulatory process, they are doing an extensive number of flow tests and toxicology tests and preclinical testing, benchtop flow rates, infusion rates, everything else you can imagine, a lot of these clinical services that we are now offering today. If you submit that to the FDA, it's very common that you would say we plan and are using the smart flow cannula manufactured by ClearPoint Neuro in Irvine, California, and that does get in fact written into the protocol. And in many cases, that's a benefit to the pharma companies because it allows them to get through the FDA review quicker because the FDA has already seen our cannula so many times in prior protocols, that they've already reviewed it and they kind of understand where that fits.

It's not a surprise, we're not a new device that they then have to review independently. So I think that's the benefit. So, you know, if you think about a co-labeled or co-registered device to the drug itself, I would say that the likelihood that that happens with our cannula is very high and higher than it would be from a navigation standpoint. But again, you know, nothing has been approved yet.

So whatever the company actually puts into the labeling doesn't necessarily mean that the FDA or the European notified bodies is going to deliver the same information.

Frank Takkinen -- Lake Street Capital Markets -- Analyst

Got it. Perfect. Thanks for taking all my questions.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Thanks, Frank.


Our next question comes from the line of Bjorn Ng with 10x Capital.

Bjorn Ng -- 10x Capital Pte Ltd. -- Analyst

Hey, Joe, congrats on a great quarter. I think that you are an amazing CEO. The growth pillars you have set up for ClearPoint to achieve is very well thought out. I'm looking forward to the continued growth of ClearPoint under your leadership.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Bjorn Ng -- 10x Capital Pte Ltd. -- Analyst

Yeah. Hey, Joe. So, during the last earnings call, you pointed out that you have identified 75 additional potential customers for the biologics and drug delivery growth pillar. Could you share some updates on the progress, on the kind of conversations, and what we are doing with them? And was the five new biologics partner from these 75 additional potential partners?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. So, thanks for the question. Really appreciate it, and I think it's an important one. So, you know, the way that we measure partnerships I think is important to think about.

You know, effectively, we've said, you know, who is an active customer who has purchased products and services from us in recent history, let's say, in the last 12 to 18 months, that sort of thing. So we try to keep this common count. But it's also possible that we have a partner that comes in that only orders five cannulas to do initial testing. That's not something we would count as a partner or a customer because it's just a tiny little entrance into a relationship.

Similarly, in some cases, a company might acquire -- that we're working with might acquire another company, in which case, you have two platforms inside one company, which has happened as well. So we don't want to give an exacting count because we don't want to on a weekly basis, be saying, oh, we added two and subtracted one, because it gets a little tricky. So, you know, whereas in the past, we said 25 active accounts, in the first quarter of this year, we crossed that 30 threshold, which is why we sort of updated that number. I think it's a very fair statement that you made in that these additional five partners would have come from the 75-plus additional targets that we had in our funnel.

So we plan to continue to add biologics customers to the top part of the funnel and then continue to convert customers already in the funnel to a formal partnership after we at least have some significant agreement or a master services agreement or something in place that kind of justifies that transition.

Bjorn Ng -- 10x Capital Pte Ltd. -- Analyst

All right, thanks a lot, Joe, got it. I just want to touch a little on the functional neurosurgery side. So it's great to see that our cases are rebounding nicely and that we have been successful in attending certain cases via pilot support program. So given our current headcount, how many procedures do you think we are able to do on a yearly basis should COVID-19 get lifted off? And how would you think the remote support program would help to increase the number of cases we can attend to moving forward as well?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Yeah, I mean, if you simply did the math across our entire team of folks that are either hired or positions that we are openly recruiting for, you know, that math would say that we have the capacity to do let's say about 3,000 procedures, right? That's the number that we're sort of built to do. And as I mentioned in our forecast, we're planning on doing about 900 to 1,000 this year. So we are building excess capacity, not just for, you know, a full return to elective procedures after COVID, but also because we are planning on adding these new products to our portfolio like Array, like MER, like the robotics platform.

Some of these will expand our presence in an individual hospital into multiple rooms. So, you know, we're going to continue to hire sort of ahead of the curve there. The pilot program we're doing for remote support is designed to solve a couple of needs. Number one is that there are certain situations where we simply – you know, the procedure is a very quick procedure, a biopsy possibly, for example, for a relatively large target.

It's very common that the surgeons discuss what the need is with our team prior to that surgery taking place. And I think it's very likely that in some cases, the surgeon would say, yes, this is going to be a quick procedure, we actually don't need the ClearPoint person to be here. This gives us a chance to cover that remotely and not have to pay the expense of flying someone in, in some cases, etc. So that's one reason for the pilot program.

The second reason for the pilot program is that, in some cases, we do get something added on in the last minute. You know, as I mentioned in our remarks, you know, the last three weeks of March led to a significant increase in case volume. And in some cases, we found out about a case the night before. So in those circumstances, if it's in a more remote hospital and it's difficult for us to get to, in that case we might be able to offer this remote service where to say, sorry we couldn't get there in person, it was so last notice, but, you know, you're not going to be alone for this procedure if you do need, if it's a challenging one and you do need some help.

So those are really the things that we can do. The third part that the remote system offers us is the ability to bring new clinical specialists up to speed quickly. So, you know, you -- one of the value propositions of our team is having someone there to help you troubleshoot. And that's not something you can learn in a textbook.

That's something where you really need to see cases, you need to see how different surgeons respond to challenges so that you can share other surgical experiences with folks. What this would allow you to do is that instead of only attending actual live cases, you would be able to sort of beam into additional cases for your education, too. So there's really three reasons that we're piloting that program, and we think it will become a bigger part of our future.

Bjorn Ng -- 10x Capital Pte Ltd. -- Analyst

Great. Thanks a lot, Joe. So I just got one last question. I've listened to the -- one of the podcasts where Jacqueline Keller, our VP of Marketing, spoke about how she got to know you and how capable you are as a leader.

So could you just share with us about the culture you are building at ClearPoint?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

That's a wonderful question. Thanks for asking. You know, a culture is something that I think a CEO can help put guardrails on, but it's up to the company to actually build it. It's not something that, you know, you want to be totally top-down by any stretch of the imagination.

It really has to come from the ground up. So it really starts with number one, attracting just some of the top talent that you can imagine, people that are self-motivated and want to win and share that common purpose. And I think that's something that I think was already here at MRI Interventions before we became ClearPoint and certainly had become more prominent as well. So I think that's a very important part of it.

And the other one is really an element of trust as well and understanding how you can rely on your fellow teammates to come through when you need to and share in that excitement and that sense of responsibility, too. And I think the thing that really unites us all is that common purpose that we talk about all the time, which is we recognize the people we are helping that the stakes are incredibly high, and these people are truly -- these patients are truly suffering. And, you know, that's something that we absolutely all have in common is that we want to help those people. And we recognize every day that we waste is another patient that we could have helped and maybe didn't.

So that's the common element, I would say.

Bjorn Ng -- 10x Capital Pte Ltd. -- Analyst

All right. That's awesome, Joe. Thanks a lot for sharing. I have no doubt that ClearPoint will be the standard go-to option for neurosurgery in the future.

It's a privilege to be your shareholder and we are supporting you all the way. Thank you for all your hard work.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.


[Operator instructions] Our next question comes from the line of Michael Litka with Citi Small Cap. Please proceed with your question.

Unknown speaker

Hey, Joe, it's good to talk to you again. I had a question about the general counsel that you had hired. Is that related to negotiating any kind of royalty agreements? I know you had discussed that in the last conference call? Sorry. And then have you done any -- have you guys negotiated any royalty or milestone agreements with any your trial partners?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Got you. It's a great question. I would say, Ellisa, our general counsel, was hired because she's amazing, not just for that one topic. So while I think she has that expertise, and she certainly has a network to call in when we were encountered with something that we haven't seen before, not just on the device side, but on the pharma side, that's the type of resourcefulness that she certainly shows.

So I have no doubt that we have added that capability here. You know, to date, I would say we're still in the exploration phase of exactly what you described. And, you know, part of it becomes the type of partner that we're dealing with. You know, if it's a customer with a market cap, you know, over $10 billion, maybe even higher, certainly higher than that, they have a different appetite for the spending they can provide relative to the development versus the way that they would protect royalties on the other end or milestones.

You know, you compare that to many other start-up companies that we work with that have zero revenue, have significant funding, but would still like to share the risk in some fashion in which I would say that we're prepared to do. So we have certainly had exploratory conversations on these. But, you know, at this point, I wouldn't point to any substantive agreements that we have in place just yet. I'll put it that way.

Unknown speaker

OK. And then a little bit bigger picture, I wanted to see if you guys have any targets in mind about let's say the next two to four years for revenue and EBITDA margins, anything that we could kind of model out?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. We're in a tough spot where we're not quite prepared to do that. I just got over the hump with my board to do guidance or forecast for this year, so I've got to work slowly at that. I think we absolutely have our internal budgets, but I think like you see from maybe some of the analyst reports or some of our prior comments as well, is that we've got two ways to look at our business.

The way -- one way is to really say, look, we've got a base business based in navigation where we can continue to place new sites. We can continue to grow utilization a little bit each year. And those things together will continue to grow that base 15% to 20% over the next five years, right? So that's sort of kind of the known predictable element of the business itself. What becomes a little trickier is when you have these potentially much larger revenue-driving milestones that can sort of flip a switch and make us move faster.

So the approval of a laser system or the approval of one or two-gene therapy commercial partners or the addition of one or two significant phase three clinical trials or these new products getting approved for MER or biopsy or smart biopsy needles and things like that. So we've got a number of different things that are a little bit harder to predict exactly when those have and what year, but would certainly add to that sort of base business. So without getting into the questions around when exactly is this going to hit in 2022, and therefore, when does that revenue hit? We're just not -- we're not quite prepared or sophisticated enough from that planning standpoint to understand that timing perfectly.

Unknown speaker

OK. And then I guess on EBITDA margins and just overhead costs in general, do you have any like frame of reference for let's say if you hit $50 million or $100 million, what we could expect for those? I'm just trying to figure out, as you scale, what does the SG&A look like?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I mean, I think of it as a few different buckets. So number one, the two primary investments that we're making right now after the infusion of capital we had in February, number one is on the product development side of things, both through partnerships like D&K, which you already saw, as well as internal hiring. So the way we think of it is because we brought that extra $46 million into the company and our investors clearly want us to put that capital to use, what we're doing is we're almost planning to spend to bring in that sort of steady-state from an R&D standpoint, a couple of years faster than we would have otherwise.

So instead of waiting and slowly hiring 2021, 2022, 2023, this gives us a chance to hire a bolus of really good people here in the latter half of 2022 and then kind of ride that team for the next few years. So again, accelerating hiring. And then similarly, to do where we can't hire the expertise or don't want to build that capability in-house because it could be massive, we do a deal like with D&K where we can leverage their company. Or do a deal like we did with Philips, where we don't have to hire an entire artificial intelligence machine learning team, we can tap into the Philips team through a joint development effort.

So, you know, those are the types of things on the development side that we're investing in. Similarly on the clinical specialist side, as we continue to grow and add products, we need to increase our capacity for a couple of reasons. Number one is simple case volume, right? You have to do the math and figure out how many cases the clinical can cover in a given year, and how do you make sure that there's extra time left over for PCO and maternity and paternity leave and things like that. So that's more of a math problem.

The other one is a development problem, as well as we want to make sure that as clinical specialists join our team, they have a place that they can grow and they're not expected to sort of be a clinical for 20 years. So that's something as well. We're doing our best to cycle our clinical team into other functional parts of the company and then replenish that team and some of that case volume with new folks that are very excited to join. So that's a long-winded answer to your question, but it's really meant to show that the capital that we're using, we are going to increase our spending here over the next 18 months or so, but it's not something that kind of lives on forever as far as the speed of that growth.

And I think you start getting to 2023, 2024, and certainly, by the time we get to a $50 million revenue ramp, by then we would certainly be in the black. Mike, one other comment I would make there, too, is an important one is, again, a big part of our strategy is not try to be in 1,000 hospitals around the world. Because we don't we don't see that as a future of neurosurgery. We see it concentrated into more select centers where patients are willing to travel to, to get these procedures done.

So what that means is that where we do need a strong and incredibly talented clinical specialist team, it does not necessarily mean that we need a massive sales organization. So for example, if you're calling on 100, 150 sites around the world, you certainly don't need 100 salespeople to do that. You need a smaller group of organized competent folks that leverage the clinical team who's there and is their eyes in the room. So I think all the money we would save instead of hiring a massive sales team allows us to reinvest that money either into supporting R&D and clinical specialists or into EBITDA margin.

Unknown speaker

OK. And then the last question I had was about the Maestro. What's the general purpose of this? And is it to speed up surgery times? And then could you maybe give an example of how it would work in a procedure and what the revenue model or margins might look like on those?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, I'll do my best. So the one part I can definitely answer is how it works and what's it going to do, so I'll start there. The Maestro is designed to really be the engine of our navigation system in the future. So instead of really relying on 2D and 3-dimensional images that are ported over from the CT scanner or from the MRI side, what we can do is take those images and just make them all much more informative and add applications to it.

So what I mean by that is with a push of a button, being able to take a 3-dimensional MRI image and turn that into a tool that has all 22 of the subcortical structures already identified, sort of defined from a shape and volume standpoint so that the surgeon can actually see what they're doing in a much more detailed fashion and not having to use their own eyes to figure out exactly where the boundaries of the structures are. So that's sort of the base element of what the tool will do. The applications that we can add to that are much more significant, right? So what we're able to do, for example, is not only highlight the primary structures of the brain. But, for example, be able to add the sub-nuclei, which are the targets that you would go to from a deep brain stimulation standpoint.

This is really what the surgeon is looking for. This is sometimes difficult to identify on MRI and certainly difficult to identify on CT. Being able to automatically find those for you, call out the boundaries and later confirm that your lead is actually in the subthalamic nucleus as an example, is something that I think will be very beneficial and something that will speed up procedures. One of the other very important aspects and tools that we're working on is sort of an infusion finder for our drug delivery partners.

So what I mean by that is it's incredibly common that when you write a protocol for a gene therapy or a stem cell infusion, you say that your goal is to achieve 50% or 60% or 80% coverage of a particular structure of the brain. Well, as a surgeon, how are you actually going to calculate that during that procedure and ensure that you know you've achieved what the protocol demanded? So what the brain model can do is not only identify the structure that is your target, but it can provide an envelope around the infusion itself and be able to give you a calculation saying you're at 21%, you're at 27%. Greenlight, you're at 60%, you did what you set out to do as a surgeon, now you can go ahead and close up that patient and send them home. So it's -- that has so much importance across a number of different reasons, not just for a successful clinical trial, but imagine you have this very expensive gene therapy that you're commercializing, and you have a patient that did not respond to the treatment.

And now you're talking to an insurance company and trying to figure out, well how am I going to justify payment for this patient that didn't respond? How important is it to have a complete patient record that shows your trajectory, the safety of the approach, the tip of the infusion cannula at the target, the complete infusion, measured and calculated, and the successful close. As a surgeon, you can then show that exactly all of that detail to anyone who wants to know and say, look, I did everything I possibly could for this patient. So the documentation that the brain model can offer is another incredibly significant part of our strategy.

Unknown speaker

Right, that makes sense. So then on the revenue model, I guess is this something that's running throughout the entire procedure? Or are there kind of like stop points where it runs a scan?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

There would be -- it depends on certain use cases. But what's I think, as far as I know, unique about our system and what it's designed to do is the speed of which the calculation takes place. There are similar Atlas type technologies that can certainly be used and can identify individual box holes and create boundaries, but those are commonly requiring much larger, more powerful computers. And in many cases, they can take eight, 10, 12, 15 minutes for each calculation.

And if that's the case, it obviously is not really a periprocedural tool that could be used during the case. It would just be taking too long. We think we can get these calculations down into the sub-15, maybe sub-20 seconds range, in which case, now every time you run a scan with ClearPoint, you could be plugging it into the model and the model could be adjusting as well. So those are the types of things.

But like I said, it depends on the use case for pharmaceutical, drug delivery infusions. That's something you absolutely want to continue to update during the procedure. For something like a DBS procedure where everything is static the whole time, it really doesn't make sense to constantly do the updates, you really just want to do kind of a pre and post from the confirmation standpoint.

Unknown speaker

OK. And then would this just be like an added fee to the total procedure revenue?

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, there's a number of -- so it could be a combination of capital and sort of single-use software. Or it could be an addition to the ASP of the disposables used in the procedure. Or, and there's some situations, so imagine a pharmaceutical trial and you're trying to track an individual patient over time to see how they're responding to drugs. And, you know, forget about surgery for a second, you know, this is just a drug-based therapy to treat a patient with traumatic brain injury or whatever it happens to be, you know, having a brain model that can calculate everything in the exact same way on that same patient longitudinally to show change caused by the drug or the placebo.

You know, that's another way it could be used where it might not necessarily have our disposable in that particular element. So there's a number of different ways and different circumstances where we think this tool can be used. And then the commercial model might change based on what it is we're trying to accomplish.

Unknown speaker

All right. Great. Yeah, I'll hop off. Thanks so much for answering my questions.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure thing.


Ladies and gentlemen, we have reached the end of our question-and-answer session. And now I would like to turn the call back over to Mr. Burnett for any closing remarks.

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

All right. Well, once again, thank you to everyone interested in being a part of our team story here at ClearPoint. We believe we are doing very important work, and we'll continue to put the patient and their family first as we take on greater and greater responsibility for their treatment across our portfolio. Good night, everyone.


[Operator signoff]

Duration: 57 minutes

Call participants:

Joe Burnett -- Chief Executive Officer

Danilo D'Alessandro -- Chief Financial Officer

Andrew D'Silva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

Andrew DSilva -- B. Riley Securities -- Analyst

Frank Takkinen -- Lake Street Capital Markets -- Analyst

Bjorn Ng -- 10x Capital Pte Ltd. -- Analyst

Unknown speaker

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