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Companhia de saneamento Basico Do Estado De Sao Paulo-Sabesp (SBS 0.81%)
Q2 2021 Earnings Call
Aug 17, 2021, 1:00 p.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Mario Azevedo de Arruda Sampaio -- Head of Capital Markets and Investor Relations

Good afternoon, everyone, and welcome to SABESP video conference to discuss the results for the second quarter of 2021. My name is Mario Sampaio. I am the Head of Capital Markets and Investor Relation. Let's us start by informing all participants that this video conference is being recorded. The presentation, followed by slides, is being transmitted over the Internet through the website, www.sabesp.com.br and through the MZiQ platform. The presentation will be available for download on the same portal as well as the results release. We remind you that questions will be accepted to the speakers only through the videocast platform.

But before proceeding, we would like to clarify that any statement that may be made during this conference relating to the Company's business prospects, projections and operational and financial goals constitute the beliefs and assumptions of SABESP's management as well as information currently available for the Company.

Future considerations are not guarantees of performance. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions as they refer to future events and, therefore, depends on circumstances that may or may not occur. Investors should understand that the general economic conditions, industry conditions and other operating factors may affect the future results of the Company and may lead to results that differ materially from those expressed in such forward-looking statements.

Now let's open the image. I would like to present the participants today, starting with Mr. Benedito Braga, our Chief Executive Officer; Mr. Osvaldo Garcia, Chief Financial and Investor Relation Officer; Luiz Tiberio, Executive Assistant; Marcelo Miyagui, Head of Accounting; Agnaldo Pacheco, Controller; and Marcel Sanches, Head of Regulation.

Now I would like to pass the floor to Mr. Braga. Mr. Braga, for your opening please.

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Benedito Pinto Ferreira Braga Junior -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you. Thank you, Mario. Good afternoon, good morning, good evening to everybody connected in this call. First of all, I would like to introduce to you Osvaldo Garcia, the new superintendent of financial and economic matters and relation with investors of SABESP. We recently have -- had them -- had him at our environment. He is a engineer with a degree in engineering and has been the Director, President of Caixa Participacoes and National Secretary of Sanitation in the Ministry of National Integration in Brasilia and has a long experience in the sanitation area. We are very happy to have him with us as the Superintendent of this very important directory of SABESP.

I would like also to take this opportunity to bring to your attention that we have taken some measures to improve our regulatory framework and our relations with the regulatory agency. In the past we had the regulation in two different areas in SABESP, the tariffs and costs in the directory of finances and economic affairs and the regulation and the communication with the regulatory agency with contracts and also with fiscalization with the area in the presidency of SABESP. Now these two areas are joined in one single superintendent headed by Marcel Sanches who is with us today. And this will give us a much, much better dealing with regulatory affairs in the Company. By the way, this has been tried in the past since a very good time. And finally, we are able to have these two areas together under the supervision Mr. Osvaldo Garcia.

Now, we also have created a superintendency to deal with the new business and expansion of our sanitation market. This is something very important for us due to the opportunities that we have under the new regulatory framework approved recently law 14,026 of 2019. Also a decree has been promulgated to regulate Article 10 of law 14,026. And this is a decree that establishes the rules for the [Indecipherable] economic capacity -- financial and economic capacity of the service providers -- public service providers. We are happy with what has happened. We understand that some companies may have some difficulties in complying with the established dates and deadlines of March next year. However, we are OK in this respect because most of our contracts are OK under this new regulatory framework. We also report to you that a state law has been promulgated, law 17,383 on the rationalization of the sanitation areas. This is something that was in the federal law and states are responsible to promulgate this law. And we have -- the state's assembly has defined four regions for the state. And the Southeast-Southwest region is the one that complies 370 municipalities that -- where we operate. So one of the regions is exactly the area that is serviced by SABESP in the state. We are very happy with this situation because it gives us the situation of not having to make any change in our contracts, our current contracts. So these are two good news in the legislative area.

We have excellent news also in the financial and economic areas. Mario Sampaio will detail that for you. But I would say that we have reverted a very inconvenient situation we went through due to exchange problems last year when we had some deficit in our balance. And now we will show to you a very good result, BRL773 million of excellent results for the second quarter of the year.

So -- also, I would like to report that the life medic [Phonetic] and hydrologic situation is under control. You may have heard some news that we may have some problems of energy in Brazil due to lack of water in our hydroelectric power plants. But this is something that relates to the federal government that is in charge of this sector, the energy sector in Brazil. And here, as you know, municipalities and the state are the ones responsible for providing the sanitation -- water and sanitation. And I want to report to you that situation is under control. With the infrastructure that we have built in the last years, we came to a very resilient situation. And we have faced already difficult times during the last two years, but we had no problem in providing the service. This infrastructure, together with the new behavior of our consumers, has given us this very calm situation in a very complex environment that we are going through with pandemic of COVID and this climatic situation in the Southeast of Brazil.

With this, I would be available for any questions that you may have. And I'll give the floor to Mario Sampaio to detail the financial situation and also the implications of the new regulatory framework in our business. Thank you.

Mario Azevedo de Arruda Sampaio -- Head of Capital Markets and Investor Relations

Okay. So thanks. Let's get started then and let's start by taking a moment to welcome once more Marcel Sanches, who, as you heard, was already the Head of the Regulatory Superintendency for Regulatory Affairs and now joins the finance team to the new and expanded regulation area.

With the changes, as you saw, Luiz Tiberio who was the former Head Superintendent of Cost and Tariffs, will now be Osvaldo's executive assistant, kind of Chief of Staff, increasing his attribution and supporting the CFO in all matters related to the area. As for the position of Head of Superintendent of New Businesses, Marcelo Batista Gomes is joining our team this week to lead these activities and will be introduced to everyone in the near future.

Before moving on to the slides and providing details on the quarterly results, we would like to highlight the following points. In May with the conclusion of the third ordinary tariff review, we applied an average increase of 7% in our tariffs, noting that the amount reflects specifically a 7.6% increase in the residential and non-residential categories and a 1% reduction in the social and favela category and a 5.45% increase in wholesale. In this sense, the effects from this average 7% adjustment -- tariff adjustments will only be fully reflected in the coming next quarters, which will allow us at the time to have a better assessment of the impacts on our revenue.

Note that the application of the tariff adjustment this year gave start to the implementation of new tariff structures with a definition of differentiated readjustments by category where by the end of '24 we will have a more balanced distribution of tariffs by category, resulting in a more predictable recurring revenue than we have today.

In the second quarter of 2021, we saw increase -- an increase in revenues and expenses compared to the second quarter of '20. As a result of these increases, adjusted EBITDA decreased by BRL128 million. However, if we exclude the non-recurring effects presented in the second quarter of '20 with emphasis on the agreement with the municipality of Maua of BRL181 million, the adjusted EBITDA shows actually an increase of BRL66 million. A similar effect occurred with the average tariff when estimated considering net revenues without construction revenues, divided by the total billed volume, which in this quarter when compared to the second quarter '20, resulted in an increase of 3%. In this case, if we disregard the non-recurring effects of Maua, the average tariff increased by 9.2%. And if we also disregard the second quarter '20 volume of the residential social Favela categories which were exempt for payment for a certain period of last year, the average tariff still increases by 4.3%.

As for foreign currency exposure, we continue in the process of managing its reduction. Foreign exchange, as you will see, decreased from 34% last quarter, that is second quarter last year, to 19% in this quarter. And that was mainly due to the refinancing with reais with the local -- with local debt issuance of the US dollar bond maturing last year. This reduction, obviously, was also benefited by the 12.2% and 12.6% appreciation of the real against the dollar and the yen respectively, which also contributed to the Company's more favorable result this quarter as we will comment further on.

Okay. So now let's move on to the slides. Let's start with Slide 3. Okay. In the second quarter of 2021, our total billed volume increased by 1.6% over the same period last year being 0.7% in water and 2.7% in sewage when the municipality of Maua and the transitory effect of the exemption granted to the social, residential and favela categories that actually occurred precisely between April and August last year. When we disregard this, the increase rises to 7%. Although our main goal or main segments increased quarter-over-quarter, volumes for the commercial and industrial categories, which have the higher tariffs, are still not back to the pre-pandemic consumption levels and impacting our average tariffs.

Next slide. Here we see that revenue from sanitation services grew by 6% in the period from BRL3.7 billion in the second quarter '20 to BRL3.9 billion in the second quarter '21, an increase mainly due to the authorized tariff readjustments in the period of 3.4% in August 2020 and 7% in May this year.

Next, net revenue went from BRL4.4 billion to BRL4.6 billion following the growth in service revenues. Construction revenue remained stable compared to the second quarter of '20. Costs and administrative and commercial expenses, including construction costs, increased by 10.4% from BRL3.4 billion in the second quarter of '20 to BRL3.7 billion this quarter. The main increases were in general expenses and materials, electricity and provisions for doubtful account. The 8.1% drop in adjusted EBITDA from BRL1.6 billion to BRL1.5 billion is explained by the greater pressure on costs and expenses and by the non-recurring results obtained in the second quarter of '20 with the signing of the agreement with the municipality of Maua with a net effect of BRL267 million on the result. Remembering that, as already mentioned, if we exclude the non-recurring's effect, the variation is positive by BRL66 million. Nevertheless, net income grew significantly from BRL378 million last year to BRL773 million this year. This increase of 104% was pushed by the financial results, mostly driven by the appreciation of the real against the dollar, as mentioned.

Next slide. Cost and expenses were all fueled by the strong increase in inflation of 8.3% in the period. Comparing quarter-on-quarter, including construction costs, the increase was 10.4%. Excluding construction costs, the increase was 14.6%. Personnel expenses increased 3%, well below inflation. This result was possible despite the salary increase granted in May this year of 7.8%. This is due to the effects of our retirement plan. We call that Knowledge Retention Program that was concluded by the end of 2020 which resulted in a reduction of 1,125 employees or 8.2% of the total number of employees compared to the second quarter of '20. All this despite the increase observed in medical expenses this quarter which compared to 2020 when they were exceptionally lower due to social isolation. So it was very low quarter 2020 because of isolation. Now we're back on track.

The 59.3% increase in general expenses was mainly due to lawsuits and a higher provision for municipal funds. General materials grew by 35.7% due to higher maintenance activities in the water, sewage systems and networks. Expenses with electric energy grew 22.3% due to the increase in the consumption and regulated tariffs, which today corresponds to approximately a little over half of our consumption. There was also an increase in provisions for doubtful accounts of 23%, mostly due to a worsening in the delinquency level in the period.

Let's go to Slide 6. The financial performance graph starts at BRL378 million, recorded profit in the second quarter of 2020 and shows the main variations that led to the results in the period. Net operating revenue grew by BRL163 million due to tariff adjustments. Cost and expenses added with construction cost increased by BRL347 million. Other operating income and expenses, including equity income, had a negative variation of BRL109 million due to non-recurring events related to agreements with the municipality of Maua, as mentioned, and with Companhia de Saneamento de Alagoas called CASAL. The financial results showed a positive variation of BRL924 million, mainly due to the appreciation of the real against dollar and the yen in the second quarter '21 compared to the devaluation observed last year.

Income tax and social contribution had a negative variation of BRL236 million, mainly due to the increase in taxable income. All this resulted in a net income of BRL773 million in the first quarter of 2021.

Well, having finished the slides, we still have two points that we would like to comment briefly. First and continuing with our commitment to keep the market informed about the aftereffects of the approval of law 14,026 that changes the sector's guideline, on June 1st federal government published decree 10,710 and with it established a methodology for verifying the economic financial capacity of public controlled water and sewage service providers to fulfill its program contracts. According to the decree, service providers must carry out this methodology in two steps. The first step is to meet minimum economic financial reference indicators such as cash sufficiency, net margins and indebtedness. The following step requires companies to demonstrate through feasibility studies that their business and funding plan are adequate to meet the full coverage targets by 2023 as it was established by the new framework.

SABESP already meets the minimum indexes established by the decree and is now working on the preparation of the feasibility studies and evaluating obviously the step and the phases established by the law for sending information to assess by December 31 this year. An important step that was established required by the federal law has already been met at the state level with the approval by the State Assembly on July 5th of state law 17,383 which addresses the breakdown of basic sanitation in the state, within the state, the breakdown in regions. There were four regions created what we called URAEs. It's units for the supply of drinking water and sewage service, basically they are blocks, in which the unit one named Southeast is comprised of the 370 municipalities currently operated by SABESP and that have already program contracts signed and in effect or they have this and are located in a metropolitan region. These municipalities, they still have until January 5 of 2022 to voluntarily join the regional units which then the units will become the decision-making body for water and sewage services in that region and all together the four in the state of Sao Paulo.

Last, I'd like to highlight, refers to the 28th debenture issuance carried out on July 16 and the total amount of BRL1.2 billion in three series of three, five, seven years at a cost of CDI plus 1.2%, CDI plus 1.44% and CDI plus 1.6% respectively. The proceeds from the debenture will be used to refinance maturing debt, especially the 25th debenture issuance in the amount of BRL1.45 billion that is fully maturing this October, upcoming October.

That concludes these remarks. Now, let's open for questions and answers.

Let me just check here. Checking. Just a second. Okay. Let's wait a little bit more. If no questions -- in this case, no questions, we will conclude. And we always will be eventually available for direct questions on our IR team -- with the IR team.

It seems that there is -- there are no questions.

Benedito Pinto Ferreira Braga Junior -- Chief Executive Officer

It looks like Mario that you have done a very good job.

Mario Azevedo de Arruda Sampaio -- Head of Capital Markets and Investor Relations

Good. So thank you. But I would then will ask Mr. Braga to then conclude because we don't have any other questions. I just got the information. So maybe we can conclude. And Mr. Braga, so I pass on the word for you for the last remarks.

Benedito Pinto Ferreira Braga Junior -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you. Thank you very much. It was very -- very pleasure for us to have this call with you. As Mario rightly said, we are at your disposal to any questions, any more specific information that we may share with you. Mario will be the contact person for you to make any request regarding the results of the second quarter of 2021.

We are very optimistic amid this very crazy political and economic and pandemic and climatic situation because regardless of the outside world, the Company is doing very well. It's moving forward, is connecting more and more residences to our sewage collection and treatment system.

I forgot to mention that at the onset of this meeting, but I will say now that the new Pinheiros River project is moving very, very well. We have this month came to 368,000 residences connected to our sewage collection and treatment system. This is something like a city of the size of Varulus [Phonetic] in simply 1.5 years. So the Company is doing very well this universalization of sanitation in its network. So good news. I hope you have enjoyed the presentation from Mario and look very much forward to seeing you in three months' time. Thank you.

Questions and Answers:

Duration: 31 minutes

Call participants:

Mario Azevedo de Arruda Sampaio -- Head of Capital Markets and Investor Relations

Benedito Pinto Ferreira Braga Junior -- Chief Executive Officer

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