Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

Duke Realty Corporation (DRE) Q3 2021 Earnings Call Transcript

By Motley Fool Transcribers – Oct 28, 2021 at 11:01PM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

DRE earnings call for the period ending September 30, 2021.

Logo of jester cap with thought bubble.

Image source: The Motley Fool.

Duke Realty Corporation (DRE)
Q3 2021 Earnings Call
Oct 28, 2021, 3:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Duke Realty earnings conference call. [Operator Instructions] I'd now like to turn the conference over to your host, Ron Hubbard, Vice President of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.

10 stocks we like better than Duke Realty
When our award-winning analyst team has a stock tip, it can pay to listen. After all, the newsletter they have run for over a decade, Motley Fool Stock Advisor, has tripled the market.* 

They just revealed what they believe are the ten best stocks for investors to buy right now... and Duke Realty wasn't one of them! That's right -- they think these 10 stocks are even better buys.

See the 10 stocks

*Stock Advisor returns as of October 20, 2021

Ronald M. Hubbard -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thank you, Sean. Good afternoon, everyone, and welcome to our third quarter earnings call. Joining me today are Jim Connor, Chairman and CEO; Mark Denien, Chief Financial Officer; Steve Schnur, Chief Operating Officer; and Nick Anthony, Chief Investment Officer. Before we make our prepared remarks, let me remind you that certain statements made during this conference call may be forward-looking statements subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations.

These risks and other factors could adversely affect our business and future results. For more information about those risk factors, we would refer you to our 10-K or 10-Q that we have on file with the SEC and the company's other SEC filings. All forward-looking statements speak only as of today, October 28, 2021, and we assume no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements. A reconciliation to GAAP of the non-GAAP financial measures that we provide on this call is included in our earnings release.

Our earnings release and supplemental package were distributed last night after the market closed. If you did not receive a copy, these documents are available in the Investor Relations section of our website at dukerealty.com. You can also find our earnings release, supplemental package, SEC reports and an audio webcast of this call in the Investor Relations section as well. Now for our prepared statement, I will turn it over to Jim Connor.

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Ron, and good afternoon, everybody. The fundamentals in our business continue to be the best we've ever seen. I'll share a few highlights for the quarter and then turn it over to the rest of the team. We now have had three successive quarters of demand at or near all-time records, and projected market level rent growth has risen from the 10% range to the mid-teens percent nationally and in some submarkets as high as 35%. During the quarter, we began roughly $350 million of new developments with expected strong value creation and IRRs, and we raised our full year guidance on starts once again.

Cap rate compression and rent growth continued to outpace material cost increases, allowing us to drive improved margins. The margins on our development pipeline are now over 60%, and our core portfolio achieved record rent growth of 22% on a cash basis from second-generation leasing activity. These quarterly results and our improved outlook for the balance of the year resulted in our raising key components of our 2021 guidance, including year-over-year core FFO growth now expected to be at 13.8% and growth in AFFO per share of 11.6%.

Based on these results and our optimism about the balance of the year, we have raised the dividend by almost 10%. Mark will go over these changes in detail momentarily. Now let me turn it over to Steve to cover the real estate operations in more detail.

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Thanks, Jim. I'll first cover market fundamentals and then review our overall operational results. Industrial net absorption registered 121 million square feet, which is only one million square feet less than the all-time record. This was more than enough to offset the new supply as completions came in at about 79 million square feet. This positive net absorption over deliveries for the quarter reduced vacancy down to 3.6%, setting yet another record low. The strong fundamentals increased nationwide asking rents during the third quarter by 10% compared to the previous year.

CBRE now projects demand for the full year in the mid-300 million-square-foot range and likely to break the all-time 2016 record of 327 million square feet. Completions for the year are projected to be about 270 million square feet. National asking rents for the full year are expected to be in the mid-teens with some markets like Northern New Jersey and Southern California likely to see increases of 30% to 35%. The reaction to supply chain bottlenecks continues to be in the early stages of a long-term boom for our sector, with CBRE reaffirming roughly 1.2 billion square feet of projected aggregate demand over the next five years.

Increasing inventory levels, safety stock, consumer spending and online shopping trends are driving much of this demand. Demand by occupier type remains broad-based with e-commerce and logistics services companies continuing to make up roughly 60% of our activity, with the e-commerce contribution about 10% lower compared to 2020 and the 3PL contribution about 10% higher than this time last year. It is also noteworthy that Amazon's share of demand this year is about 10% of overall total demand compared to 18% of demand in 2020.

Turning to our own portfolio. We executed a very strong quarter by signing 9.5 million square feet of leases. The strong lease activity for the quarter resulted in continued growth in rents within our portfolio as we reported 35% on a GAAP basis and 22% cash, notably, with only 25% of our transactions occurring in coastal Tier one markets. We now project our mark-to-market on a GAAP basis within our portfolio to be 28%. We started $349 million of new development totaling two million square feet that consisted of six speculative projects and two build-to-suits in the quarter.

80% of this volume was in our coastal Tier one markets. Our team has continued to lease our speculative projects successfully as evidenced by stabilizing seven new developments during the quarter and increasing the development pipeline to 60% leased. To put our track record of leasing speculative projects in context, the $897 million of projects that we placed in service this year through September 30 increased from 39% leased when the construction started to 90% leased when they were placed in service.

For all of our speculative developments we've started since the beginning of 2019, our average lease-up time is less than two months from the dates the projects were placed in service. Our team's continued ability to quickly lease up speculative development projects will be a key contributor of our future growth. Sticking with the development pipeline. At quarter end, we totaled $1.1 billion with 86% of this allocated to Tier one markets and 60% preleased. We now expect value creation from this pipeline of over 60%, which is primarily due to rapid appreciation of rents and land.

We are also very proud to remind everyone that we target only developing the lead certified standards. We expect the lead percent of our total NOI to trend toward 25% by the end of 2022. On the construction cost side of things, our teams have taken steps to mitigate schedule risk related to materials such as contracting for steel nearly a year out, and we've only had minor delays in a few of our projects. The outlook for new starts is strong and is reflected in our revised guidance of our midpoint being up $175 million.

On a longer-term basis, we either own or control land, primarily in coastal infill markets that can support roughly $1 billion of annual starts over the next four years if the supply/demand picture remains robust, which we believe it will. It is also important to note the market value of the land we own is about 2 times our book basis, and on average, we've only owned this land for about two years. Land we control and will be closing over the next few quarters is also well below market.

The favorable land value, we will continue to support high development margins and very good IRRs long term. And overall, we believe we are very well positioned to continue to lead the sector and grow through new development. I'll now turn it over to Nick Anthony to cover the acquisition of disposition.

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

Thanks, Steve. For the quarter, disposition proceeds totaled $738 million, including outright sales and contributions to joint ventures. The outright sales comprise our entire remaining portfolio in St. Louis, three buildings in Indianapolis and one building in Chicago. The activity also included the first two tranches of the Amazon property contributions to our newly formed joint venture with CBRE Global Investors. The pricing in aggregate was at an in-place cap rate of 4.8%, which was inflated a bit by a high 5% cap rate for the St. Louis portfolio in which pricing was impacted by expected rent roll-downs on looming tax abatement expirations.

We acquired one facility in the third quarter totaling $24 million, a 63,000-square-foot facility in the San Gabriel Valley submarket of Southern California. This third quarter activity has further shifted the geographic position of our portfolio on an NOI basis to approximately 40% in the coastal Tier one market. Let me also note that just after quarter end in very early October, we closed on the sale of a 517,000-square-foot Amazon facility in Columbus, Ohio. This sale represents our final property disposition for the year. I will now turn our call over to Mark to discuss our financial results and guidance update.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Nick. Core FFO for the quarter was $0.46 per share, which represents 15% growth over the $0.40 per share from the third quarter of 2020. AFFO totaled $151 million for the quarter compared to $135 million in the third quarter of 2020. Same-property NOI growth on a cash basis for the three and nine months ended 2021 compared to the same periods of 2020 was 3.8% and 5.3%, respectively. The growth in the same-property NOI for the third quarter of 2021 compared to the third quarter of 2020 was mainly due to rent growth, partially offset by an 80 basis point decrease in occupancy in our same-property portfolio due to an extremely high occupancy comp of 98.6 in 2020.

Our balance sheet is in great shape with plenty of dry powder to fund our growth. We had $273 million of sale proceeds in 1031 escrow accounts at the end of the quarter that will be used to fund near-term building and land acquisitions. We finished the quarter with reduced leverage as a result of the significant disposition activity during the quarter, but intend to return to recent leverage levels by the end of the year as we continue to grow through development. As a result of our continued strong operating results, we announced revised core FFO guidance for 2021 in a range of $1.71 to $1.75 per share compared to the previous range of $1.69 to $1.73 per share.

The $1.73 midpoint of our revised core FFO guidance represents a nearly 14% increase over 2020. For same-property NOI growth on a cash basis, we have increased our guidance to a range of 5% to 5.4% from the previous range of 4.75% to 5.25%. We continue to outperform our underwriting assumptions for speculative developments, both in the timing of lease-up and in the rental rates we're achieving, while we have maintained a solid list of build-to-suit prospects as well as land sites in various stages of due diligence and entitlements.

Based on these prospects, our revised guidance for development starts is between $1.3 billion and $1.45 billion compared to the previous range of $1.1 billion to $1.3 billion. We've updated a couple of other components of our guidance based on our more optimistic outlook as detailed in a range of estimates exhibit included in our supplemental information on our website. I'll now turn it back to Jim for a few closing remarks.

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Mark. In closing, I'm incredibly proud of our team's execution in leasing, capital deployment and development starts. We started the year with very solid growth expectations and have exceeded every one of them, resulting in a nearly 14% growth in core FFO at the revised midpoint. Our shareholders should be very pleased with our dividend increase of $0.025 per share. This 9.8% increase marks our seventh straight year of annual dividend increases, representing a growth of over 65% over that period.

Looking out to the next few years, our operating platform is perfectly positioned to take advantage of the numerous growth drivers benefiting the logistics sector. These drivers, combined with the undersupply of new available warehouse product, will allow us to maintain our high occupancy rates and rent growth while creating substantial profit margins on our $1 billion-plus development pipeline. The net result of these factors is our belief we can continue to grow earnings at approximately 10% pace for the foreseeable future. With that, I want to thank you for your interest and your support of Duke Realty. We will now open it up for questions. [Operator Instructions] Sean will now open it up and take our first question.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. We're going to take our first question from the line of Dave Rodgers. Please go ahead.

Dave Rodgers -- Baird -- Analyst

Good afternoon. Steve, I think you alluded in your comments to about $1 billion of potential development starts over the next four years on owned land, and that might have just been a nice average. But maybe the question for you or Jim is, you'd historically said you wanted to limit the size of the development pipeline in terms of kind of your internal capacity. Now it's pushing 50% above that. So how do you feel about that? Have you added people? Is it just more dollars? Can you give us some more color on that, please?

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Dave, it's Jim. I'll start out. I would tell you that as prices have grown on these projects, there's some internal organic growth on the development pipeline. But given the success that we're having, leasing up spec development virtually before it comes in service has allowed us to ramp up the spec development pipeline. That combined with the build-to-suit pipeline, which continues to remain healthy, is going to allow us to operate at these elevated levels that we're seeing today. So Steve, do you have more color on that?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes, Dave. We've averaged over the last four years somewhere around $1 billion of starts. We see that pace continuing. We've got land either owned on our books or under control or option or covered land plays to continue to do that as long as the market bears. And as Jim said, our preleasing in that pipeline remains best-in-class. And as long as we're achieving that, we grow through development.

Dave Rodgers -- Baird -- Analyst

Yes. And I guess maybe I just want to make sure I understand. The point is we're not necessarily expecting a slowdown. So when you say $1 billion, that's just more an average over that period of time. Given where you sit today at 60% preleased, we should anticipate that this momentum is continuing for your 2022 kind of -- yes.

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes. Yes. I guess I didn't -- I guess maybe I didn't understand your question. We are not slowing down. We are -- given the market conditions and our teams and what we control out there, we like where we stand. This year, obviously, we raised our guidance, and we don't see that changing in the foreseeable future.

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Dave, I think just to finish that point, without giving 2022 guidance as Mark is kicking me under the table, I think we like where our elevated development pipeline is, our ability to keep that preleasing percentage high. And that's one of the key contributors to our being able to drive this high level of growth, 10% plus, for the foreseeable future.

Dave Rodgers -- Baird -- Analyst

Great. I appreciate you clarifying that answer. And then maybe just the second was just other market exits now that St. Louis is gone. As I said -- I heard you guys say no more asset sales this year after the most recent Amazon sales. But I guess as you look to next year, do we kind of reup that pipeline of disposition?

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

Yes, Dave, this is Nick. There's no specific other markets we plan to exit. We will continue to strategically prune assets to improve the overall portfolio. But I wouldn't expect us to see -- in fact, I would actually expect disposition volume to level off after this year to be at more moderate levels going forward because we just don't have that many assets that we're looking to prune.

Dave Rodgers -- Baird -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Blaine Heck. Please go ahead.

Blaine Heck -- Wells Fargo -- Analyst

Great, thanks. Good afternoon everyone. Mark, I wanted to ask about cash same-store NOI this quarter. Obviously, it dipped a little bit from what you guys have been used to. Number one, was that all due to tougher occupancy comps from last year? And then number two, how should we think about the fourth quarter in that respect as it looks like the occupancy comps could be tough again, but you also increase full year guidance? So just trying to reconcile those two factors.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Yes. Sure, Blaine. Yes, it's mainly just a tough occupancy comp. And I got to be careful to make it sound like we lost a bunch of occupancy. We're 80 basis points lower this quarter than last quarter, but our occupancy is obviously very healthy, pushing 98%. But this time last year, we were at 98.6%. So that 80 basis point change in occupancy cost us about 1.2% to 1.3% of NOI. So if you would have just had a level occupancy, we would have been closer to 5% this quarter. You're right, we did raise guidance on our occupancy. I think that we've got some momentum going into the rest of the year here that you'll see a little bit of an increase -- such that even though we do have that tough occupancy comp in the fourth quarter again, I think we won't lose the 80 basis points. So we'll be closer to flat in the fourth quarter. And then if you just average the quarters out, that would infer close to a 5%, give or take, growth rate in the fourth quarter to get to our five/two midpoint.

Blaine Heck -- Wells Fargo -- Analyst

Great. Very helpful. Jim, there's a recent article I've read about Amazon kind of shifting from leasing buildings to purchasing properties themselves. Obviously, Amazon still leases way more than they own, and nothing is going to happen overnight. But do you see that as a trend that could become more of a risk to the demand side of the market in the future? Or is it a little sensationalized at this point?

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Blaine, I would tell you, I think it's a little sensationalized because, historically, they've chosen not to own anything. They're very good partners of ours. We're very active. Of the Amazon assets that we have sold outright or contributed to the joint venture, they have not exercised any of their rights to acquire those. So I don't think it's going to be nearly as big a trend as some people might like to make it out to be. The other thing I'll just comment is, as Amazon continues to mature in the markets, I think this is probably just a natural progression where they'll start to control some of their larger key facilities. From our perspective, we've really slowed down doing the big build-to-suits for them out in a lot of the secondary markets. Most of our Amazon activity today is infill. And it's really spec leasing or preleasing of land we have controlled and under entitlement that we're not willing to sell to Amazon or to investors. So I don't think it's going to impact our business with Amazon at all.

Blaine Heck -- Wells Fargo -- Analyst

Great, very helpful. Thanks guys.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of John Kim. Please go ahead.

John Kim -- BMO -- Analyst

Thank you. The cash leasing space you had were a historic high. It sounds like you're not really favoring pushing rents too hard to get occupancy down necessarily, but just wondering if that commentary you made on occupancy is going to hold through until next year. And the second part of that is, is there a big difference between the new and renewal cash rent spreads that you had this quarter?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes, John, this is Steve. Thanks for the question. I think it's something we deal with on a daily basis with our teams and our tenants, our clients. The rent dynamic going up is happening rapidly, and it's something we keep pushing on and trying to push the market on. So I feel optimistic about where we're headed, but it's a balance, right, of losing occupancy versus retaining tenants. We feel -- markets go up 30%, 35%. So we'll keep swinging and pushing rents where we can.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. And John, your question on the difference between new and renewal, we're really not seeing much of a difference. It's not like our tenants that are in the space coming up for renewal or getting any kind of bargains at all. The spreads are pretty consistent whether it's new or renewal.

John Kim -- BMO -- Analyst

Okay. And then you mentioned having success on leasing spec developments. I imagine some of your competitors are having a similar amount of success. Are there any markets where you're concerned that there's too much spec development that's being started today?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes. I mean I think the supply picture is getting some headlines about how much under construction projects are out there, 65% of the -- whatever you want to call it, $450 million in the under construction pipeline, 65% of that is in markets that we don't own property in. So you look at Phoenix is getting a lot of headlines. We're not in Phoenix. Some of the markets around Fort Worth. We're not in Fort Worth. So I'd say the supply picture in the markets we're in remains very much in balance as evidenced by the vacancy rates and the rent growth numbers. But.

John Kim -- BMO -- Analyst

Very helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Next, we're going to go to the line of Caitlin Burrows. Please go ahead.

Caitlin Burrows -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Hi everyone, good afternoon. You mentioned that you've been outperforming your underwriting assumptions for speculative developments. I was wondering, given increasing costs, maybe land materials, labor, do you think your development yields can stay in the mid- to high 6% range?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes. Caitlin, this is Steve. Thanks for the question. I do. I think our -- a couple of [Technical Issues] to that one. As I mentioned, our land that we have on our books today is well below fair market value. Our teams are doing a nice job of replenishing that land and being in the markets they're able to find good deals that help us prop up some of those margins with our land basis. Rent growth has been through the roof to the markets. We're doing [Technical Issues] has more than offset it. So I think as we look out into our pipeline, I think you'll see [Technical Issues] margins probably more importantly, I think margins have been expanding for the last number of quarters for us to get 62% margins right now in our development pipeline.

Caitlin Burrows -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Great. And then also, I mean it seems like speculative development is a great opportunity right now. But could you just talk a little bit about build-to-suit activity? Are potential partners there just more impatient and the activities going to speculative? Or is the build-to-suit activity also going strong?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes. The build-to-suit activity for us is still good. I think to your point, this construction material issue that we're dealing with when you think about the lead times for steel and for precast, steel is out almost a year right now, tapering effect on what traditional build-to-suit has been. I think what we're starting to see with some of our clients is them adjusting their specs to take more [Technical Issues] things that are ready to go. And I think -- so you'll probably see that trend, I think, until some of these timing issues on materials begin to level out.

Caitlin Burrows -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Got it, thanks.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Emmanuel Kortman. Please go ahead.

Emmanuel Korchman -- Citi -- Analyst

Hey guys. Jim, I think in your remarks, you broke down the demand from e-commerce and 3PLs. I was just interested to hear that 3PLs have increased their business so much when their inventories are probably the hardest for them to get, especially quickly, and that's in the business that a lot of them are in. So are they taking space hoping that the supply chain for their own inventories ramps? Is it just not affecting their business? Or am I just misthinking what their business is today?

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

You got to remember, the 3PLs are only taking space when they've got contracts for customers. And the material is their customers' material. So whether they're doing 3PL work for a pure [Technical Issues] Amazon, who does use 3PLs outside of their own supply chain, or a traditional retailer. They're fighting much the same struggles. They've got labor issues. They've got the flow of product that's been somewhat disrupted. But they're -- like everybody else, they're managing through as best they can.

Emmanuel Korchman -- Citi -- Analyst

And one for Mark. Maybe, Mark, if we go back to discussion on future growth. Any change in the way you plan to fund that, especially with development seemingly becoming a bigger piece of that growth?

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Manny, you cut out. Could you repeat that, please?

Emmanuel Korchman -- Citi -- Analyst

I said is there any -- are you thinking about future funding in any different way to sort of match that bigger growth profile that you're now talking about?

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

No. I think that what I tried to point out is if you look at our balance sheet at the end of the quarter, our leverage levels were really low. We've been running right around, call it, 5.0 on debt-to-EBITDA, and we're down more like 4.4. I was just trying to point out that's more of just a short-term timing blip sitting on a lot of 1031 escrow money that will get redeployed here in the fourth quarter. You'll see that leverage level by the end of the year probably get back up to 5.0 on debt to EBITDA and then just kind of stay at that level going forward. And we'll fund our business the way we've been funding it all along. There'll be a -- first and foremost, free cash flow, which were up to over $200 million a year now on free cash flow. And any additional beyond that will be a combination of debt equity and sale proceeds. But always maintaining that kind of 5.0 longer-term run rate on debt to EBITDA.

Emmanuel Korchman -- Citi -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Vince Tibone. Please go ahead.

Vince Tibone -- Green Street -- Analyst

Hi, good afternoon. You mentioned only 25% of third quarter leasing was in the Tier one coastal markets. Was that an outlier versus other quarters this year? And then if you could provide some color on the 2022 lease roll as well in terms of the mix of the Tier one coastal markets, that would be really helpful.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, Vince. Actually, the 25% is really not much of an outlier this year. We've been doing 20% to 25% of our role in the coastal Tier one markets for really the last 1.5 years or so. What we're really just trying to point out, it is an outlier versus our total portfolio. That's closer to 40%. So we're newer in those coastal markets. So we haven't experienced the level of role in those markets commensurate with our exposure in those markets, if that makes sense. So looking out beyond this year. Next year, we'll probably look a lot like this year, kind of in that 20% to 25% range rolling in the coastal markets. You got to get up to about 23, 24. That's when we'll start really seeing an uplift in our rollover coming in those coastal markets. So I think we're still very bullish about our ability to keep putting up rent growth numbers right around where we've been doing. And then looking out past [Indecipherable], that's when you can really see an uplift and get even better based on the coastal market role getting higher.

Vince Tibone -- Green Street -- Analyst

That's really helpful. One more for me. I mean you mentioned that Southern California, New Jersey are the leading markets in terms of rent growth, which is no surprise. But in what coastal -- or excuse me, in what noncoastal markets are you seeing the best rent growth today? And how much lower is that growth compared to some of the best coastal markets?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes, Vince, this is Steve. And I would tell you, you really need to dive into submarkets. When I look at the airport market in Dallas, that's been a great market for us. Chicago, around the airport, has had some really strong rent growth as well as the -- corridor. There are some markets in Cincinnati where we've had huge rent growth in our portfolio. So you really need to dive into the weeds to look at those. But obviously, it seems to be good in most places. It's just levels of how far you can push it in different submarkets.

Vince Tibone -- Green Street -- Analyst

That makes sense. That's helpful. Just -- are you seeing north of 20% rent growth in some of the submarkets you just mentioned?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes.

Vince Tibone -- Green Street -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Nick Yulico. Please go ahead.

Nick Yulico -- Scotiabank -- Analyst

Thanks. So I just wanted to talk about cap rates a little bit. You did reduce the cap rate on your development page this quarter. I think it was about 20 basis points. Can you just talk about what you're seeing in terms of cap rate compression in your markets? And as well, how we should sort of think about the numbers you cited on that page, which are specific to your development pipeline, versus the rest of the portfolio where you have some below-market rents, and presumably, cap rates could be even lower in some cases.

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

Yes. Nick, I'll start and then others can jump in. But yes, we continue to see cap rates compress. It's a little tough to sort of draw broad conclusions because we've seen so much volatility in rents, it has such a large impact on the cap rates. And so the assets, depending on when the leases have been signed or when they're being signed and so forth and when we originally underwrote them, they can change quite a bit. But yes, we continue to see the cap rate compression, and it's really in all the markets. In fact, we've seen the other major markets, the gap between them and the coastal Tier 1s to actually decline to more narrow levels than what they have been historically. So it's been pretty broad based.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes. And Nick, the only thing I would add to that, and I think you were alluding to this, is that three six two cap rate that's disclosed in our development portfolio, you got to keep in mind, that's based on market rents because it's still under development. So the rents will be or at market. I think if you took and looked at our operating portfolio, we would expect a even lower cap rate because they're way below market. So you're going to get a lower cap rate because you got below-market rents in our operating portfolio.

Nick Yulico -- Scotiabank -- Analyst

Right. That makes sense. And second question is just going back to, I guess, somewhat related, but in terms of acquisitions. I mean last earnings call, you did talk about a sort of bigger acquisition pipeline. I think you were saying it was almost $1 billion deep, but you didn't get much done in the third quarter. How should we just think about -- I mean acquisitions, have they now become more tougher -- have they become tougher because of the decline in cap rates? I mean how should we think about that aspect of the business?

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

The acquisitions have been tough for a while. The deals that we're pursuing are not the fully marketed assets. Typically, we're trying to find lightly marketed or off-market transactions. I would say I wouldn't read too much into just the low activity in the third quarter. We still have a pretty good pipeline. We're working on diligence on several transactions. In fact, we raised our midpoint guidance and acquisition about $50 million to $500 million this quarter. So we continue to find deals, but it's difficult.

Nick Yulico -- Scotiabank -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thanks everyone.

Operator

Our next question will come from the line of Rich Anderson. Please go ahead.

Rich Anderson -- SMBC -- Analyst

Hey good afternoon everyone. So turning back to the supply chain disruptions, we all know what's going on. Everything is costing more, containers, vessels and rents for warehouses. And I'm curious on where the rubber meets the road for you in warehouses. How impactful is that to your rent growth? I don't know if you can quantify this at all. But we obviously have great demand from e-commerce and 3PLs going on. But is there another layer of growth that's actually more than just a rounding error that's coming from the disruptions?

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Rich, it's Jim. Let me start and then Steve can jump in. The supply chain has gotten a lot of ink lately, a lot of airtime. I would tell you that's a separate and distinct issue from the growth drivers that we're seeing. We've talked in investor meetings and in our material about the five main drivers of our business today, and that has nothing to do with supply chain. That's growth in e-commerce sales, reverse logistics, near-shoring and on-shoring, safety stock. That's what our -- that's what's driving our customers' need for more space. If you go back and look at the IS ratio today, which has historically been between 1.4 and 1.5, sits at 1.1. So what that means effectively is our customers need to bring in another $1 trillion of inventory into the U.S. Occupancies are at historic highs in the portfolios.

Utilization rates within ours and our peers' portfolios are at historic highs. So that's what's driving this projected demand over the next five years of a huge, huge amount of space. So it really doesn't have a whole lot to do with the supply chain disruption. It really is driven by growth in sales, need for a lot of new facilities and a lot of different facilities than the traditional. We've talked in the past about the need for modern buildings for fulfillment centers, for infill development for last-mile facilities, and our customers need a lot more of that.

Rich Anderson -- SMBC -- Analyst

Okay. And then -- so obviously, a lot of those incremental costs -- sorry, sticking with the supply chain theme now. Marketing passed on to consumers these days, and we'll see the longevity of inflation. But we get a GDP print of 2% growth for the third quarter. And perhaps there's some risk that the fed could start to think about tightening to restore some order between the balance of consumer demand and just the supply of goods. Is this at all worrisome to you? In other words, everything is great, but do you have your finger on the pulse of all of those factors? Because if the consumer breaks down, you could argue that something gives -- is given back in terms of your business.

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Rich, I would love to tell you, I have my pulse on all of those things. I don't know how close I am. But the reality is if -- I think we all expect prices to go up. I think we expect to see some inflation. The level of which, we'll see when we get to the end of the year. I think the fed has indicated that they're comfortable with some slightly elevated levels for a few quarters before they really react. So I think we can expect what we're experiencing to be with us for the foreseeable future. And we'll have to see. But as you look at consumer spending, today out there, it's driving a great deal of business for us.

Rich Anderson -- SMBC -- Analyst

Okay, thanks.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Michael Carroll. Please go ahead

Michael Carroll -- RBC -- Analyst

Thanks. Nick, can you provide an update on the CBRE joint venture? Is the third tranche still on track to close in early 2022? And is there a desire both from you and/or CBRE to add to this joint venture in the near term? Is that something that could be announced as we go into 2022 also?

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

Yes, Michael. The first two tranches have closed. And then we've got a third tranche that consists of three assets that will close in January of next year. We push it there for tax reasons. There are no existing assets that are definitely going into the joint venture right now, but we are talking about a couple of them. And I would expect that to happen over time. And as far as the relationship, we've got a long-term relationship with CBRE Global. We've had other joint ventures with them in the past. And the relationship's still very good. And they're looking for assets, and we're looking to identify assets that fit the profile that we want to put in this joint venture.

Michael Carroll -- RBC -- Analyst

Okay. Great. And then obviously, industrial cap rates have compressed fairly meaningfully. I mean is there a risk, especially for the properties that have long leases with these investment-grade tenants, that those cap rates could rise if interest rates or inflation rise if that ever happens? Or do you just not see that given the demand for industrial just overall?

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

I would tell you that, obviously, interest rates matter, but also, rental rate increases matter, too. And that's been a large piece of it driving down these cap rates. Yes, that could happen. I would tell you that we've priced some stuff recently, and I know rates really haven't moved that much, but they have moved a little bit. And we have -- we've continued to see compression despite that. So we haven't seen anything happen yet.

Michael Carroll -- RBC -- Analyst

And then just real quick on -- what about the properties that have 10-year type leases? Obviously, you're not going to be able to reprice those for the next 10 years. Does it mean cap rate is still pretty sticky and potentially compressing even for those types of properties?

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

They're still very good. We just priced a 15-year deal recently and exceeded expectations. In fact, I would tell you, over the last 12 months, our dispositions have exceeded the midpoint broker guidance by more than 10%, which is kind of unusual because they're usually very aggressive trying to win the business, obviously.

Michael Carroll -- RBC -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thank you.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Brent Dilts. Please go ahead.

Brent Dilts -- UBS Securities -- Analyst

This is -- for Brent Dilts. Could you walk us through your expectation on recapturing your mark-to-market lease spread closer to historical averages over the next year or two? Is this something you can keep up with? Or do you expect that 20% spread to widen further?

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, I'll take that one. The 28% mark-to-market that we quoted, I would tell you, you got to keep in mind that, that includes every lease in our portfolio. It includes the leases we just signed that are at or close to market. So if you -- I would tell you that what's coming at us over the next few years, we expect it to be quite a bit better than 28%. So just look at this year, we're posting 35% GAAP growth this year in kind of high teens on a cash basis. I would tell you that's what we would expect looking forward over the next couple of years on our portfolio. And we do expect, if market rents continue to move in the direction they've been moving, even if they're not as moving as fast as they had last year, that, that 28% will grow. That our overall mark-to-market will do nothing but get higher. And we'll gradually -- as those leases churn, we'll get very good FFO and cash growth from those.

Brent Dilts -- UBS Securities -- Analyst

Okay, great. Thank you.

Operator

Next, we go to the line of Jamie Feldman. Please go ahead.

Jamie Feldman -- Bank of America -- Analyst

I was just wondering your latest thoughts on getting at some of your early expirations early next year. So beyond kind of what's scheduled to expire. Do you think you can -- how much of the 23, 24 leases you think you can get early renewals on?

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, Jamie. So I think a good way to think about it is if you look at what we did this year, if you would have looked at our supplemental at the end of 2020, I think it said we had 7% of our leases rolling in 2021. We're going to do about 11% in 2021. So that's a combination of -- and I'm not talking way early pull forwards. We disclosed in our supplemental, in the early renewals, we do beyond the year out. But I think that as we sit here today looking at 2022, we have 7% rolling in 2022. And I would expect at this time next year that we're going to be sitting here talking that we rolled 10% to 11% in 2022, not 7%

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Jamie, this is Steve. I'll add that I think we're starting to see more customers approach us on as well. With the tightness of the market and supply chain issues, I think brokers are advising their clients to get in front of landlords earlier. And given what's happened in the markets for rent growth, these are good conversations to have.

Jamie Feldman -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Okay. And you think that trend's accelerating?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes.

Jamie Feldman -- Bank of America -- Analyst

So do you agree with the 10% to 11%? Or do you think you could actually do more?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Sitting here today, I'd tell you, I think it's -- we'll see, right? As we look at what's happened to the markets and how tight the markets are and what's going on with rents, we don't want to leave money on the table either. So it won't be -- it won't -- it would not materially differ from what Mark laid out.

Jamie Feldman -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Okay. And then just thinking about the types of products you'll be building. When you think about that, whether it's $1.2 billion over the next five years of total demand, I mean what are you guys thinking now in terms of good -- the right building size? And I assume you're trying to go with infill as been told you can, but I'm just curious how you think that might change.

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

I'll start. Jamie, I think we look for the right opportunities in the market. I know, obviously, people think of us as a larger box company. We've got buildings under construction as small as 40,000 feet. So it really depends on the opportunities we can find in the marketplace. For us, I will tell you that the sweet spot is a larger building in an infill market. Those are really, really hard to find and get through entitlements and produce. So we build everything from 30,000, 40,000 feet up to over one million feet and put it in the right place.

Jamie Feldman -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Operator

Next, we'll go to Ronald Kamdem. Please go ahead.

Ronald Kamdem -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Hey. Just two quick ones for me. Just the first is just on the leasing. 9.5 million feet in the quarter and you talked about sort of the new development that's leasing up in two months. Obviously, a lot of that's reflected in the rents you're getting. But is there anything different about the lease structure, higher bumps or anything to call out maybe over the last two to three years as this demand is just accelerating?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Yes. I'll jump in here. I would tell you, I think the biggest change we've seen outside of the headline rent growth that our sector is experiencing, escalations have -- with what you're seeing going on in inflation, and I think all of us at high occupancy levels, there's definitely a push in taking what was traditionally probably a 2% to 3% escalation and pushing that north of 3%. So call it 3% to 4% escalations are becoming standard in the marketplace.

Ronald Kamdem -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Got it. That's helpful. And then I just wanted to dig in into the comments -- at the opening comments about sort of mitigating, I guess, schedule risk and so forth. So when you're thinking about construction, obviously, owning the land, having control of the land over the next four to five years is really helpful. But any more color in terms of -- so you're buying materials a year out early, but what are you doing maybe different over the next three to five years in terms of labor, for example? And are you going to continue to sort of buy sort of deliveries a year ahead of time as you're building out this pipeline? So just more color on mitigating that scheduling risk on the material and the lease...

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Ron, I would tell you a couple of things. I think with the elevated levels of development going on across the country, I think we'd all like to believe that material supply will get caught up, and this is not a challenge that we're going to be dealing with for the next five years. If it is, I think we're one of the better ones positioned. First of all, we have the balance sheet. We have the ability to commit the dollars to these projects on land that we control so that we can secure the development in the time period that we want to put the project into production. We have the expertise with our construction and development teams to get these projects designed earlier and allow us to secure the construction materials in advance and keep our development pipeline at the high level it is.

We've talked in the past couple of months about having everything in the 2020 pipeline secured. Then Steve's teams moved into the first half of 2022, we've now got all of that secured, and we're working on securing the second half of 2022. So it's an ongoing battle for us, one that we'd like to believe that we'll get back to some level of normalization. But in the foreseeable future, it's going to stay high pricing and extended delivery times, and we're managing our way through it.

Ronald Kamdem -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Helpful, thanks. Congrats on a great quarter.

Operator

Next, we'll go to Ki Bin Kim. Please go ahead.

Ki Bin Kim -- Truist -- Analyst

Just wanted to clarify something you said earlier. I think you mentioned that you can do $1 billion of development. Did you -- per year for the next four years, did you mean off of the land that you own and control? Or was that just like larger -- longer-term appetite?

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

That would be off of the land that we own and control. And I think it's important looking back over the last four years, Ki Bin, we've acquired about $300 million a year, and we've monetized about $300 million a year. And I think our assumptions would be on a go-forward basis that whatever that dollar amount is, we're going to continue to be able to do that.

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Yes. I think, Ki Bin, the other color I would add is the difference is you see what's on our books, the land that's on our books, which has been in the high $200 millions to mid $300 millions. And we've got land under contract. We've got land under options that's not on the books yet. And in a perfect world, we're entitling that and putting that into production in the same quarter. So it actually never hits the books. And that's what Steve's guys have gotten really good at is efficiently managing that land portfolio. And so as we look out over the next few years, we look at what we've got under control, entitled an option plus what we have, and we're comfortable we can maintain that level of development.

Ki Bin Kim -- Truist -- Analyst

Got it. In your supplemental, in the land bank section, I mean you guys control about 300 acres owned. And then there's about 575 acres that are under option, but I think all in Columbus, Ohio. So I mean, obviously, you're not going to do all Columbus, Ohio construction going forward. So how does that configure into...

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

--

Ki Bin Kim -- Truist -- Analyst

Right. You'll be the king of Ohio. So how does that configure into your development thoughts, especially given that a lot of the acreage is in Columbus?

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

I think that's just -- that's a residual joint venture agreement that we have with the airport authority where we control an enormous amount of land. Most of the land that I'm referring to are covered land plays, both short and long term, and land that we have under contract that we're working through the entitlement zoning design process.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

And that's -- coastal markets, Ki Bin, that other land that Jim just mentioned.

Ki Bin Kim -- Truist -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

Operator

Next, we'll go to the line of Mike Mueller. Please go ahead.

Mike Mueller -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

I just have a quick one at this point. It looks like in the quarter, you had a small restructuring charge. I'm just curious what that related to.

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Yes, Mike. We basically move some folks around to better align our construction group, construction and development group with where we're doing development now. So our development now is predominantly in those coastal markets and then some of the other Tier one markets. And we had a lot of people that weren't sitting in the right place, quite honestly. So that's what those charges were.

Mike Mueller -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Got it. Thanks.

Operator

[Operator Instructions] We're going to go to the line of Bill Crow. Please go ahead.

Bill Crow -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

Good afternoon, thanks. It's pretty clear the tenants are price-takers at this point. What are the tenant reps asking for, aside from base rents and bumps? Is there anything that they're looking for as a win for the tenants? Are they trying to negotiate anything that's nonmonetary that they can go back and tell the tenant, they won something?

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Mercy. That's what they're asking. Mercy. I'm kidding, Bill. Look, good brokers are our best friend because they educate their clients on what the state of the market is. So when Steve talks about engaging customers 12 to 24 months in advance, they come to the table with a very good understanding of what the landscape is. How little opportunities there are in the market in terms of other vacant space, what the cost of new construction is, what the cost of relocation is. So as you've seen from us, and I'm sure from some of our peers, you've seen rents continue to climb. Concessions are at very, very low levels. Obviously, we're still paying commissions in new condition. We've got what I would call very normal amounts of TI to build that space. But the days of free rent, the days of outside tenant finish as an enticement for above-standard improvements, amortization of tenant improvements, material handling, equipment racking and things like that, that's all gone by the wayside.

Bill Crow -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

Appreciate it, thank you.

Operator

And at this time, I have no further questions in queue

Ronald M. Hubbard -- Vice President of Investor Relations

Thanks, Sean. We'd like to thank everyone for joining the call today. We look forward to engaging with many of you at the NAREIT conference in a few weeks and into the early part of next year. Operator, you may disconnect the line.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 56 minutes

Call participants:

Ronald M. Hubbard -- Vice President of Investor Relations

James Connor -- Chairman & Chief Executive Officer

Steve Schnur -- Executive Vice President & Chief Operating Officer

Nick Anthony -- Executive Vice President & Chief Investment Officer

Mark Denien -- Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

Dave Rodgers -- Baird -- Analyst

Blaine Heck -- Wells Fargo -- Analyst

John Kim -- BMO -- Analyst

Caitlin Burrows -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Emmanuel Korchman -- Citi -- Analyst

Vince Tibone -- Green Street -- Analyst

Nick Yulico -- Scotiabank -- Analyst

Rich Anderson -- SMBC -- Analyst

Michael Carroll -- RBC -- Analyst

Brent Dilts -- UBS Securities -- Analyst

Jamie Feldman -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Ronald Kamdem -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Ki Bin Kim -- Truist -- Analyst

Mike Mueller -- JPMorgan -- Analyst

Bill Crow -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

More DRE analysis

All earnings call transcripts

AlphaStreet Logo

This article is a transcript of this conference call produced for The Motley Fool. While we strive for our Foolish Best, there may be errors, omissions, or inaccuracies in this transcript. As with all our articles, The Motley Fool does not assume any responsibility for your use of this content, and we strongly encourage you to do your own research, including listening to the call yourself and reading the company's SEC filings. Please see our Terms and Conditions for additional details, including our Obligatory Capitalized Disclaimers of Liability.

The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.