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Johnson & Johnson (JNJ 2.58%)
Q4 2021 Earnings Call
Jan 25, 2022, 8:30 a.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good morning. Welcome to Johnson & Johnson's fourth quarter 2021 earnings conference call. All participants will be in listen-only mode until the question-and-answer session of the conference. This call is being recorded.

If anyone has any objections, you may disconnect at this time. [Operator instructions] I would now like to turn the conference call over to Johnson & Johnson. You may begin.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Good morning. This is Jessica Moore, vice president of investor relations for Johnson & Johnson. Welcome to our company's review of business results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2021 and our financial outlook for 2022. Joining me on today's call are Joaquin Duato, chief executive officer; and Joe Wolk, executive vice president, chief financial officer.

A few logistics before we get into the details. This review is being made available via webcast accessible through the investor relations section of the Johnson & Johnson website at investor.jnj.com, where you can also find additional materials, including today's presentation and associated schedules. Please note that today's presentation includes forward-looking statements regarding, among other things, our future operating and financial performance and the anticipated separation of the company's consumer health business. We encourage you to review the cautionary statement included in today's presentation, which identifies certain risks and factors that may cause the company's actual results to differ materially from those projected.

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In particular, there is significant uncertainty about the duration and contemplated impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and other marketplace dynamics. This means that results could change at any time, and the contemplated impact of COVID-19 on the company's business results and outlook is a best estimate based on the information available as of today's date. A further description of these risks, uncertainties and other factors can be found in our SEC filings, including our 2020 Form 10-K and subsequent Form 10-Qs, along with reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures utilized for today's discussion to the most comparable GAAP measures. These materials are also available at investor.jnj.com.

Several of the products and compounds discussed today are being developed in collaboration with strategic partners or licensed from other companies. This slide acknowledges those relationships. Moving to today's agenda. I will review the fourth quarter sales and P&L results for the corporation and the three business segments and additionally full year 2021 results for the enterprise.

Joe will provide some additional business commentary, insights about our cash position and capital allocation deployment and our guidance for 2022. Joaquin will close the call by sharing his perspective on the healthcare environment and his strategic priorities as the new CEO of Johnson & Johnson. The remaining time will be available for your questions. We anticipate the webcast will last up to 90 minutes.

Now, to recap the fourth quarter. Worldwide sales were $24.8 billion for the fourth quarter of 2021, an increase of 10.4% versus the fourth quarter of 2020. Operational sales growth, which excludes the effect of translational currency, increased 11.6% as currency had a negative impact of 1.2 points. In the US, sales increased 3%.

In regions outside the US, our reported sales growth was 18.5%. Operational sales growth outside the US was 21.2%, with currency negatively impacting our reported OUS results by 2.7 points. Excluding the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures, adjusted operational sales growth was 12.3% worldwide, 3.1% in the US, and 22.4% outside the US. I would like to remind everyone that our 2020 fiscal year included additional shipping days which negatively impacted 2021 fourth quarter growth by approximately 400 basis points and full year growth by about 100 basis points.

These impacts can be roughly applied across all segments but were more heavily skewed to the US Turning now to earnings. For the quarter, net earnings were $4.7 billion and diluted earnings per share were $1.77 versus diluted earnings per share of $0.65 a year ago. Excluding after-tax intangible asset amortization expense and special items for both periods, adjusted net earnings for the quarter were $5.7 billion and adjusted diluted earnings per share were $2.13, representing increases of 14.4% and 14.5%, respectively, compared to the fourth quarter of 2020. On an operational basis, adjusted diluted earnings per share increased 17.2%.

For the full year 2021, consolidated sales were $93.8 billion, an increase of 13.6% compared to the full year of 2020. Operationally, full year sales grew 12.2% with currency having a positive impact of 1.4 points. Sales growth in the US was 9.3%. In regions outside the US, our reported year-over-year sales growth was 18.2%.

Operational sales outside the US grew by 15.3%, with currency positively impacting our reported OUS results by 2.9 points. Excluding the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures, adjusted operational sales growth was 12.8% worldwide, 9.5% in the US and 16.6% outside the US Net earnings for the full year 2021 were $20.9 billion, and diluted earnings per share were $7.81 versus diluted earnings per share of $5.51 a year ago. 2021 adjusted net earnings were $26.2 billion and adjusted diluted earnings per share was $9.80, representing increases of 22.2% and 22%, respectively, versus full year 2020. On an operational basis, adjusted diluted earnings per share increased by 20.2%.

Beginning with consumer health, I will now comment on business segment sales performance for the fourth quarter, highlighting items that build upon the slides you have in front of you. Unless otherwise stated, percentages quoted represent the operational sales change in comparison to the fourth quarter of 2020 and therefore exclude the impact of currency translation. While not part of the prepared remarks for today's call, we have provided additional commentary on our website for the full year 2021 sales by segment to assist you in updating your models. Worldwide consumer health sales totaled $3.7 billion and grew 1.8%, with growth in the US of 1.3% and 2.1% outside the US Excluding the impact of acquisitions and divestitures, worldwide adjusted operational sales growth was 2.9%.

Consumer health was negatively impacted by the 2020 additional shipping days' worth approximately 400 basis points, which can be roughly applied to all franchises, as well as industrywide external supply constraints, primarily due to raw material availability and labor shortages largely reflected in our skin health and beauty business worth approximately 360 basis points. Adjusting for these items, solid results were primarily driven by above-market growth in OTC. E-commerce continues to have strong double-digit growth. Finally, when comparing to 2019, consumer health grew approximately 4% in the quarter.

When adjusting for acquisitions and divestitures, sales growth was closer to 5%. Over-the-counter medicines globally grew 15.8% due to increased incidence in US adult and pediatric fever and worldwide category recovery in cough, cold and flu and digestive health. The US also saw share gains primarily in Tylenol and Motrin. Strength was seen across multiple areas in the portfolio, including analgesics, upper respiratory, digestive health, naturals, and anti-smoking aids.

The skin health and beauty franchise declined 7.1%, driven by external supply constraints, primarily in Neutrogena and OGX and divestitures worth approximately 230 basis points, primarily due to Sedona, the salon-based portion of Dr.Ci Labo in Asia Pacific. Declines were partially offset by market recovery and e-commerce strength. Oral Care declined globally 6.5% as compared to strong double-digit growth in the prior year, driven by the floss divestiture worth approximately 170 basis points and category declines in EMEA. Declines were partially offset by successful brand building and promotional campaigns in Asia Pacific.

The baby care franchise declined 0.8%, with US declines of 7.5% and growth of 1.3% outside the US Declines were driven by prior year retailer stocking and external supply constraints in the US, partially offset by e-commerce growth of AVEENO Baby in Asia Pacific. Wound care declined 6.4%, primarily due to the divestiture of the professional tape business worth approximately 150 basis points, partially offset by strong performance of BAND-AID brand adhesive bandages in the US Women's health grew 1.3%, driven by market recovery in Latin America. Moving on to our pharmaceutical segment. Worldwide pharmaceutical sales of $14.3 billion grew 17.9%, enabled by strength in all regions, with US sales increasing by 4.2% and OUS sales increasing by 36.9%.

Worldwide sales included a $1.6 billion contribution from the COVID-19 vaccine. Excluding the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures, worldwide growth was 18.6%. Our strong portfolio of products and commercial capabilities has enabled us to deliver the tenth consecutive full year of worldwide above-market adjusted operational growth. Our immunology therapeutic area delivered global sales growth of 7.1%, driven by strong performance of TREMFYA and STELARA, offset by declines in REMICADE due to biosimilar competition.

TREMFYA was up 82.8% worldwide, with continued share growth and additional penetration into the psoriatic arthritis indication. US share increased nearly three points in both the psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis indications. STELARA grew 5.1% worldwide, driven by strong share gains in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, with increases of roughly four points and roughly six points, respectively, in the US Current quarter growth was impacted by a negative prior period rebate adjustment and reserve adjustment recorded in Q4 2021 in the US worth approximately 700 basis points on worldwide growth for the quarter versus the prior year. Our oncology portfolio delivered another robust quarter with worldwide growth of 12.3%.

DARZALEX continued its double-digit performance with 33.4% growth in the quarter, driven by share gains, increased penetration of the subcutaneous formulation in the US and EU and continued launches globally. DARZALEX grew share across all lines of therapy with nearly eight points of share growth in the US this quarter. ERLEADA grew 61.3% worldwide, driven by strong share uptake, increased market penetration in the US and new launches outside of the US IMBRUVICA maintained its market leadership position, however, declined 3.1% worldwide due to competitive pressures from novel oral agents. US decline was partially offset by growth in all regions outside of the US Neuroscience grew 7.1% worldwide driven by the paliperidone long-acting portfolio posting market and share growth due to increased new patient starts, strong persistency globally and the launch of INVEGA HAFYERA in the quarter.

The cardiovascular, metabolism and other business declined 13.8% worldwide due to competitive pressures in INVOKANA and biosimilar competition for PROCRIT. Our pulmonary hypertension portfolio was roughly flat, driven by COVID-19 market constraints and generic entrants in other pulmonary hypertension, offset by US share uptake in both OPSUMIT and UPTRAVI. I'll now turn your attention to the medical devices segment. Worldwide medical devices sales were $6.9 billion, growing 5.3%.

Excluding the net impact of acquisitions and divestitures, primarily the divestiture of ASP, adjusted operational sales grew 5.6% worldwide. The medical devices market continued to be impacted by COVID-19, with the Omicron variant contributing to a softening of recovery trends in medical and surgical procedures, especially late in the quarter. Consistent with prior COVID-19 surges, impacts were more acute in areas deemed to be more deferrable in nature, including spine and knees. Comparing to 2019, medical devices grew about 4% on an adjusted operational basis.

On a full year basis, medical devices growth versus 2019 was just over 4.5%, building on the pre-COVID growth momentum. Interventional solutions continued to demonstrate strong performance, delivering another quarter of double-digit worldwide growth at 15.3% driven by market recovery, successful penetration of new products and commercial execution across both electrophysiology and CERENOVUS. Advanced surgery grew 7.6% worldwide, driven by market recovery, expansion into tier two and three hospitals in China, and performance of newer products, such as ENSEAL X1 in energy, ECHELON+ in endocutters and SURGICEL powder in biosurgery. MONARCH system orders in the fourth quarter marked the highest number of orders in any quarter since launch.

And more importantly, as a positive indicator of MONARCH technology adoption in patient treatment regimens, we continue to see strong growth in the number of MONARCH-enabled bronchoscopy procedures with total procedures since launch exceeding 12,000. In fact, 2021 MONARCH procedures more than doubled those performed in the prior year. General surgery grew 1.7% worldwide, led by wound closure, primarily due to market recovery, coupled with innovation penetration. Inventory dynamics in the prior year negatively impacted wound closure US results by about 350 basis points and positively impacted results outside the US by about 250 basis points.

Worldwide orthopedics declined 0.7% versus prior year, reflecting the continued impact of COVID-19 on procedures. Worldwide trauma delivered growth of 2%, driven by continued market stabilization and the success of recently launched products, partially offset by competitive pressures in China. The positive impact on growth from prior year inventory contractions in China was primarily offset by the additional shipping days in 2020. Worldwide hips grew 2.7%, driven by continued strength from our portfolio, including the ACTIS stem and technologies such as VELYS Hip Navigation, sustaining our leadership in the anterior approach.

Growth in the outpatient surgery channel in the US and market recovery outside the US were additional contributors to growth. Worldwide knees was relatively flat with a decline of 4.2% in the US and growth of 6.5% outside the US The US market was negatively impacted by COVID-19 and healthcare resource constraints on procedures. These impacts were partially offset by strong growth in the outpatient channel and positive momentum from recently launched products, including the VELYS Robotic-Assisted Solution and our ATTUNE portfolio. Growth outside the US was driven by market recovery and success of products such as ATTUNE Revision.

Lastly in orthopaedics, worldwide spine declined 9.4%, primarily driven by a deceleration in procedure volumes related to COVID-19 and health system resource constraints. Partially offsetting this decline are the positive impacts from the continued success of new products, such as X-Pac, CONDUIT, and SYMPHONY, and prior year inventory reductions in China contributing approximately 360 basis points to worldwide growth. Worldwide vision grew 11%. Contact lens and other grew 7.1% worldwide.

US growth of 9.4% was driven by successful commercial campaigns and adoption of recently launched ACUVUE OASYS MULTIFOCAL for presbyopia. US growth was impacted by inventory fluctuations in both the current and prior year worth about 550 basis points. Growth outside the US of 5.8% was driven by market recovery, coupled with strength of new product launches such as ACUVUE DEFINE FRESH. Surgical vision grew 22.1% globally, with both the US and OUS businesses growing double digits.

These positive results were driven by market recovery and share gains from recent differentiated product launches across all surgical vision product lines, including TECNIS Eyhance and TECNIS Synergy intraocular lenses used in cataract surgery. Now, regarding our consolidated statement of earnings for the fourth quarter of 2021, I'd like to now highlight a few noteworthy items that have changed on the statement of earnings compared to the same quarter last year. As reported earlier, our adjusted earnings per share of $2.13 reflects a reported increase of 14.5% and an operational increase of 17.2%. Cost of products sold leveraged by 270 basis points, primarily driven by favorable mix within the pharmaceutical business, a reduction in prior year COVID-19-related costs in the medical devices business, and favorable mix within the enterprise, with a larger portion of sales from the pharmaceutical business.

Selling, marketing, and administrative margins remained relatively flat, driven by increased brand marketing expense in the consumer health business, mostly offset by expense leveraging in the pharmaceutical business. We continue to invest in research and development at competitive levels, investing 19% of sales this quarter. This was higher than the fourth quarter of 2020 by 110 basis points, driven by portfolio progression in the pharmaceutical business and higher investment in the medical devices business. The other income and expense line is a net expense of $9 million in the fourth quarter of 2021 compared to net expense of $2.4 billion last year.

This was driven by lower litigation expenses. Regarding taxes in the quarter. Our effective tax rate increased to 2.1% compared to a benefit of 5.5% in the fourth quarter of 2020. This increase was primarily driven by the prior year tax benefit associated with litigation expenses, partially offset by onetime tax benefits in the fourth quarter of 2021.

Excluding special items, the effective tax rate was 10.4% versus 11.4% in the same period last year. I encourage you to review our upcoming 2021 10-K for additional details on specific tax matters. Lastly, I'll direct your attention to the boxed section of the slide, where we have also provided our income before tax, net earnings and earnings per share adjusted to exclude the impact of intangible amortization expense and special items. Let's now look at adjusted income before tax by segment.

In the fourth quarter of 2021, our adjusted income before tax for the enterprise as a percentage of sales increased from 24.9% to 25.6%, primarily driven by the COVID-19 recovery. The following are the main drivers of adjusted income before tax by segment: Medical devices improved by 160 basis points, driven by recovery of prior year COVID-19 production-related slowdowns and related inventory impacts; consumer health margins declined by 460 basis points, primarily driven by increased brand marketing expenses and inflationary pressure, partially offset by supply chain efficiencies. The improvement in pharmaceutical margins of 110 basis points was primarily driven by favorable product mix and selling, marketing, and administration leverage. This slide provides our full year consolidated statement of earnings.

As reported today, our full year 2021 adjusted earnings per share of $9.80 reflects a reported increase of 22% and an operational increase of 20.2%. The growth is primarily related to COVID-19 recovery realized predominantly in our medical devices business. Lastly, I direct your attention to the boxed section of the slide, where we have also provided our income before tax, net earnings, and earnings per share adjusted to exclude the impact of intangible amortization expense and special items. Moving to the next slide.

Our full year 2021 adjusted income before tax for the enterprise improved by 170 basis points versus 2020. Looking at the adjusted pre-tax income by segment, medical devices improved by 870 basis points to 25.7%, primarily driven by recovery of prior year COVID-19 production-related slowdowns and related inventory impacts. Pharmaceutical margins declined by 150 basis points to 40.5%, primarily driven by R&D portfolio progression. Consumer health margins were flat at 23.8%, driven by increased brand marketing expense and inflationary pressure, partially offset by supply chain efficiencies.

We continue to advance our strong pipeline of innovative medicines and products. This progress is supported by our commitment to investment in R&D that have increased $2.6 billion or 21% on a full-year basis. In the quarter, we received approval by the European Commission for the long-acting injectable antipsychotic therapy, BYANNLI, for the maintenance treatment of schizophrenia in adult patients. This approval makes BYANNLI the first twice-yearly treatment for adults living with schizophrenia, providing the longest available dosing interval for an antipsychotic medication to be approved in Europe.

Additionally, RYBREVANT received conditional marketing authorization in EMEA. RYBREVANT, a bispecific therapy targeting both EGFR and cMET, is the first treatment approved for patients with non-small cell lung cancer with EGFR Exon 20 insertion mutations after failure of platinum-based therapy. Finally, we submitted a biologics license application to the US FDA seeking approval of teclistamab for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and, as aligned with our strategy to expand treatment options for multiple myeloma patients. Teclistamab is an investigational off-the-shelf T cell-redirecting bispecific antibody targeting both BCMA and CD3.

Consistent with our disciplined approach to portfolio prioritization, we are discontinuing the SELECT phase three study assessing the efficacy and safety of selexipag as an add-on to the standard of care therapy in patients with inoperable CTEPH as the study did not meet its primary endpoint. Medical devices announced a strategic collaboration with Microsoft to further develop a secure and compliant digital ecosystem with the goal of connecting devices across the entire portfolio. This collaboration will help enhance the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in order to generate insights leading to smarter, less invasive and more personalized solutions across the entire patient care continuum. This concludes the sales and P&L highlights for Johnson & Johnson's fourth quarter and full year 2021.

I am now pleased to turn the call over to Joe Wolk.

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Jess, and thanks to everyone for joining us to discuss our fourth quarter and full year 2021 results and our outlook for 2022. We continue to manage the implications of COVID-19 globally, but it is encouraging to see the resilience of our business, driven by the dedication of countless healthcare professionals and the 136,000 Johnson & Johnson colleagues around the world. Their collective commitment and focus on providing healthcare solutions enabled us to deliver another year of strong financial performance. Our pharmaceuticals segment delivered a tenth consecutive year of above-market adjusted operational sales growth.

Medical devices continued to manage through the ongoing impact of COVID-19 to experience a partial recovery, and consumer health grew competitively while navigating industrywide supply constraints. All of this culminated in Johnson & Johnson posting adjusted operational sales growth of 12.8% and adjusted earnings-per-share growth of 22% for the year while also investing in our business for the future. We are well-positioned as we head into 2022. Before we recap our year-end cash position and guidance for 2022, I'd like to touch on the announcement we made in the fourth quarter regarding our intent to separate our consumer health business to create two market-leading companies.

As independent companies, the new Johnson & Johnson and the new consumer health company will each be better positioned to exercise more focused strategic and capital decisions. We intend for each company to possess compelling financial profiles that reflect the strengths and opportunities of each business, enabling each company to be in a position to enhance the strong results that you've come to expect. As far as where we stand in the process, we have established a very strong, largely separate team focused on advancing the separation, and the financial and operational work streams are well underway. As conveyed in November, the board of directors' intent is for the planned separation to occur through the capital markets, and there are multiple capital market separation pathways being considered.

Depending on the pathway, there are different SEC requirements that must be adhered to. In order to preserve optionality on the various separation pathways, we cannot, at this time, disclose specific consumer health financial information not previously disclosed or that which is associated with the separation. As such, you can expect that consumer health, as well as the rest of our business will be reported as it has been reported previously for the entirety of 2022. We can, however, provide a high-level timeline for some nonfinancial items which may be of interest.

In the first half of 2022, we anticipate announcing key executive leadership appointments for the new consumer health company, with plans to provide the new company name and headquarters location around the middle of this year. In the second half of 2022, we plan to provide the updated path forward and applicable financial information, such as refined standup cost estimates and potential short-term dissynergies. Finally, consistent with our previous communications, we expect to execute the separation in 2023. You have our ongoing commitment, working within the regulatory framework to provide transparent updates for material decisions on a timely basis.

Let's now discuss our 2021 year-end cash position and future capital allocation priorities. We generated free cash flow for the year of nearly $20 billion. At the end of 2021, we had approximately $32 billion of cash and marketable securities and approximately $34 billion of debt for a net debt position of $2 billion. We are pleased that 2021 was another record year in terms of R&D investment at $14.7 billion, a 21% increase over our previous all-time high recorded in 2020.

We recognize that investment in innovation is critical to our future growth profile and remains a top priority from a capital allocation standpoint. Given that we are at our lowest levels of net debt in almost five years, progressing toward a net cash position, we anticipate leaning in on some of our other capital allocation priorities beyond internal R&D. This includes building upon the 59 consecutive years of annual dividend increases. It also includes, as Joaquin has mentioned in recent forums, utilizing our cash to complement the current portfolio with acquisitions that build upon our capabilities, address portfolio gaps and play in higher-growth markets while yielding solid financial returns.

We will assess opportunities of all sizes. However, our preferred option is tuck-in deals, which typically offer greater value creation. It is also important to note that should we find the right opportunities; the consumer health separation work stream will not prevent us from forging ahead. And finally, with respect to capital allocation, modest share repurchases may be evaluated as part of our capital deployment actions.

Let me provide a few comments regarding our guidance for full year 2022, which encompasses expectations for our three business segments. In our pharmaceuticals business, we will continue to drive innovation and market-leading sales growth with continued expansion of existing brands, such as DARZALEX, TREMFYA, STELARA, ERLEADA, and the recently launched RYBREVANT for lung cancer. We are particularly excited about the anticipated FDA approval for CARVYKTI, our BCMA CAR-T therapy for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. We believe this medicine is best-in-class, showing unprecedented results in clinical trials.

In our medical devices business, we expect COVID-19 and hospital staffing to continue to be a dynamic variable, likely more impactful in the first half of 2022 as we cycle through Omicron. Our 2022 guidance assumes continued medical devices market recovery, but it also assumes, as you have heard us say previously, enhanced competitiveness. Almost all of our priority platforms are holding or gaining share based on third quarter 2021 year-to-date information, illustrating the positive business momentum versus 2019, when only about 50% of our platforms were holding or gaining share. This improved market performance enables us to maximize the value of recently launched products.

In consumer health, we are confident that our well-balanced portfolio positions us well. Consistent with current global macroeconomic trends, we are experiencing the impact of inflationary pressures, including higher input costs across our business and more significantly with respect to consumer health. These external challenges include availability and cost of certain commodities, labor and transportation. Similar to competitors, we are instituting price increases across our consumer health portfolio in 2022, enabling us to remain competitive as we continue to deliver the products that consumers love and trust.

So with that backdrop, let's get into the details for the full year 2022 guidance for you to consider in updating your models. Starting with sales. We expect operational sales growth for the full year 2022 between 7% and 8.5%. This guidance is provided on a constant currency basis, reflecting how we manage our business performance.

We estimate the negative impact from net acquisitions and divestitures to be negligible, and thus, are comfortable with your models reflecting the same range as adjusted operational sales growth in the range of 7% to 8.5% or $100.3 billion to $101.8 billion. Our 2022 sales guidance includes approximately $3 billion from our COVID-19 vaccine. The majority of this volume is outside of the US for low and middle-income countries corresponding to previously signed advanced purchase agreements. As you know, we do not predict currency movement.

But for context, utilizing the euro spot rate relative to the US dollar as of last week at 1.14, there is an estimated negative impact of foreign currency translation of approximately 150 basis points, resulting in an estimated reported sales growth of between 5.5% and 7% or 6.2% at the midpoint compared to 2021, representing a range of $98.9 billion to $100.4 billion for 2022. As done in the past, I will provide a few qualitative comments related to quarterly phasing, starting with consumer health. The supply constraints that were mentioned as part of Jess' commentary for the quarter will continue into 2022. We estimate that the majority of that impact will be experienced in the first half of the year, primarily in the first quarter and primarily in skin health/beauty.

We therefore expect second half performance to outperform the first half. In medical devices, we expect some COVID-19 headwinds and hospital staffing shortages to continue into 2022 but anticipate market recovery as global health systems treat new patients and work through procedure backlogs. Given this, we expect market recovery to improve as the year progresses and greater contribution from the new products launched in 2021 for an overall better second half. Finally, in pharmaceuticals, we anticipate our market-leading performance will be fairly stable throughout the year, with perhaps some modest adjustments for timing of events associated with alliance revenue or tenders.

We are monitoring reports surfaced by large insurers that recent office visits are slightly down in both primary care and specialists. I'll continue to go through the items on our P&L, starting with operating margin. We expect 2022 adjusted pre-tax operating margin to improve by approximately 50 basis points, driven by operating expense leverage, partially offset by continued inflationary pressures in cost of goods sold. Regarding other income and expense, the line on the P&L where we record royalty income, the return on assets and actuarial costs associated with certain employee benefit programs, as well as gains and losses related to the items such as investments by Johnson & Johnson Development Corp., litigation and write-offs.

We expect this to be between $1.2 billion and $1.4 billion for 2022, consistent with 2021 levels. Finally, we are comfortable with you modeling net interest expense of between zero $100 million. We are also projecting a higher effective tax rate for 2022 in the range of 15.5% to 16.5% based on current assumptions for geographic mix and certain international tax legislation changes for research and development expenses in 2022. Considering all these factors, we are guiding adjusted earnings per share in the range of $10.60 to $10.80 per share on a constant currency basis, reflecting operational or constant currency growth of approximately 8.2% to 10.2% or 9.2% at the midpoint.

While not predicting the impact of currency movements, assuming recent exchange rates previously referenced, our reported adjusted operational earnings per share for the year would be negatively impacted by approximately $0.20 per share, resulting in adjusted reported earnings per share in a range of $10.40 to $10.60 or $10.50 at the midpoint, reflecting growth of 7.1% versus the prior year. We expect the company's COVID-19 vaccine to contribute approximately an incremental $0.20 to earnings per share in 2022. That concludes my prepared remarks. I'm now thrilled to welcome Joaquin Duato to his first earnings call as the CEO of Johnson & Johnson.

Joaquin, as a colleague who has worked alongside you for the past several years, it's clear that healthcare and providing good health for everyone, everywhere is not just your business, but a passion. I am excited to welcome you in your new capacity and look forward to continuing to partner with you, the executive committee and our colleagues across the globe in our mission to change the trajectory of health for humanity. Over to you, Joaquin.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Joe, and good morning, everyone. It is a pleasure to join you all for my first earnings announcement as CEO of Johnson & Johnson. We appreciate everyone tuning in today and thank you for your interest in our company. Despite continued and evolving impact from COVID-19 globally, Johnson & Johnson delivered another strong year of sales and earnings growth.

Full year Johnson & Johnson adjusted operational sales growth of 12.8% reflects the tenth consecutive year of adjusted operational above-market growth from pharmaceuticals, the ongoing positive growth momentum from medical devices and continued competitive growth in consumer health. These strong results contribute to my confidence in our ability to achieve 2022 operational sales and earnings-per-share growth in the high single digits, with EPS growth that is higher than sales despite macroeconomic factors such as inflation. This, coupled with our differentiated portfolio of pipeline innovation, further strengthens my confidence in our long-term growth potential. In recent months, I have been busy meeting and listening to our customers, partners and members of the Johnson & Johnson family around the world.

As part of these conversations, I have thought about the underlying constant of our business, the secret ingredient to our success. It is our people, their dedication, and their eagerness to ask the toughest questions and seek the boldest and bravest answers. I'm deeply optimistic about our future, and I feel energized about the potential for our business. In the last two years, COVID-19 has changed global perceptions and attitudes toward healthcare.

It has shown us that there is significant opportunity for change and improvement in order to better serve patients, customers and communities around the world. The global response to the pandemic has also created a renewed sense of optimism about the power of science. Around the world, people are focused on personal and societal health in new and urgent ways. And importantly, people are demanding that companies deliver on their promises and act with purpose.

Johnson & Johnson will continue to answer that call. We strongly believe the future ahead of us looks brighter and healthier for every patient and consumer. We are determined to achieve this future, grounded by the same mission and credo that always guided us. In 2022, we will run our business as we always have, with these segments maximizing opportunities for each individually.

And I would like to share a bit about our near-term priorities as we focus on successfully creating a new independent consumer health company, as well as continuing to build on our individual global leadership in pharmaceuticals and medical devices while enhancing synergies which uniquely position us to accelerate growth and bring differentiated therapies that span both segments. At the end of last year, I laid out my top three priorities for a new era for Johnson & Johnson, and those priorities remain unchanged. These priorities are equally important for our success and include driving medical devices to become a best-in-class performer. We continue to focus on improved execution as evidenced by market share momentum, as well as our improved cadence of innovation and organic and inorganic expansion into higher-growth markets and market segments.

We have 11 platforms in medical devices which are over $1 billion. And as we have shared previously, we are gaining or holding share in almost all of this. This includes building upon our global market-leading positions in areas like electrophysiology, biosurgery and contact lenses, and gaining market share in areas where we have been more challenged like surgical vision. The team has also launched over 20 new products during 2021, including the VELYS Robotic-Assisted Solution in orthopaedics and two new intraocular lenses in surgical vision.

Next, delivering on our pharmaceutical business commitments and long-term growth goals. We are continuing to build upon our promising pharmaceutical pipeline, which we expect to continue to deliver above-market growth rates and are focused on our previously announced long-term goal of growing to a $60 billion segment by 2025. We are continuing to maximize the value of our existing medicines with 13 marketed medicines across six therapeutic areas, each to exceed $1 billion in revenue by 2025. We expect to file 36 significant line expansions for these 13 products through 2025.

Here, it is important to note that these expansions are largely derisked because the products are in the market today, so there is good insight into their overall profiles. In addition, we expect 14 novel therapy filings through 2025, each with the potential to exceed $1 billion in revenue and five of this with the ability to exceed $5 billion. We remain confident in our ability to manage through the potential patent expiries as we have done in the past and continue to grow at above-market rates. And finally, ensuring the successful creation of the new consumer health company.

In the coming year, we will take the steps necessary to be in a position to separate our consumer health business from our pharmaceuticals and medical device businesses during 2023. This will advance more targeted business strategies, accelerate growth and deliver improved outcomes for both patients and consumers, which ultimately will deliver greater value to shareholders. Our consumer health business is competitive in terms of growth, and over the past few years, has made significant progress improving the margin profile. And as we advance toward a successful new stand-alone consumer health company, we will continue to drive this business with the same focus we always have.

Our best-in-class team is delivering science-backed innovation across OTC, skin health and our Specialty business with a focus on digital, consumer-centric solutions and seamless end-to-end customer experience. As Joe noted, we continue to believe that a fit-for-purpose corporate structure and a dedicated capital allocation strategy will provide the consumer health business with the agility and flexibility to continue to grow its iconic portfolio of brands and innovate new products in the fast-paced consumer market. And we expect this new and independent company, with nearly $15 billion in 2021 sales, will continue to be a global leader in the consumer health industry. And the new Johnson & Johnson, at nearly $80 billion in sales in 2021, will continue to be the largest, most diversified healthcare company in the world and will retain the benefits of scale.

We'll enhance our ability to be more focused with our operations, making the new Johnson & Johnson poised to bring integrated and comprehensive care to patients through the use of new technology and innovative science. As we continue to focus on our three sectors today, we have no intention of sitting on the sidelines. Our strong financial position, along with the clear priorities we have for our business, position us well to deliver near-term financial expectations and invest for the long-term value creation. We'll have the flexibility to continue to invest in innovation and maintain our track record of growing our dividend while aspiring to be bolder with strategic value-creating acquisitions that will enhance the new Johnson & Johnson in higher-growth markets.

At this critical time for healthcare and our global society, we understand the significant role we play, and we accept the responsibility and challenges of the future. I hope you will all join us as we step forward into this new era. Thank you. And with that, let me turn it back to Jess to open the Q&A.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Joaquin. We will now move to the Q&A portion of the webcast. Rob, can you please provide instructions for those on the line wishing to ask a question?

Questions & Answers:


[Operator instructions] Your first question comes from Louise Chen with Cantor.

Louise Chen -- Cantor Fitzgerald -- Analyst

Hi. Thank you for taking my question. So I wanted to ask you about M&A. Do you think certain M&A targets look more interesting to you given the significant pullback in biotech valuations? Or do you still think some of these good assets are overvalued? And do you think companies and boards of mid-cap biotechs have capitulated to valuation resets, or will that take more time? Thank you.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you. Thank you for the question. As we commented, our strong financial performance in 2021 is enveloped in a very strong financial profile, giving us the latitude to manage both for the long term while meeting the short-term expectations of the financial community. As Joe commented, too, we are about to turn from a net debt to a net cash position for the first time in over four years.

So we'll have the flexibility to continue to grow our dividend, be bolder in strategic acquisitions and enhance the new J&J position in higher-growth markets. And if warranted, we also would consider share repurchase programs. I believe that these priorities position us well for the future. And I think it's important to consider that when we get into 2022, we'll continue to manage the business as a three-sector one.

The separation and the creation of the new consumer company, it's not going to slow us down off any priorities. So we continue to think about how we are going to opportunistically deploy cash for both organic and inorganic initiatives. And in other words, I wanted to make clear that if the right opportunities are there, both in med tech and in pharmaceuticals, the work stream of the separation won't held us back from forging ahead. When it comes to pharmaceuticals, as you mentioned, we presented our outlook for the business in our November R&D review.

And we explained to you that we were anticipating -- we are anticipating above-market growth rates, reaching $60 billion by 2025, growing every single year there. So when we think about those results, it's important to remember that we do not factor there any future acquisitions or collaborations and that we are confident to reach those goals without inorganic activity. That said, one of the pillars of our success has been our agnostic view related to innovation and our desire to lean in, for the new Johnson & Johnson, for opportunities to build our current portfolio and our current portfolio, both in pharma and med tech, remains there. And we need to look for that to enhance our growth profile.

In fact, over the past five years, our investments in organic R&D and externally sourced innovation have been about equal. We continue to look to opportunities to be able to enhance our pharmaceutical portfolio, and we have been very proficient in identifying opportunities that have a high probability of success very early on as we have done, for example, with Legend. And also, we have been good looking at the post proof-of-concept opportunities like we did with Momenta. In the future, we'll continue to look for all types of opportunities early on, post proof-of-concept.

And we also will look at other opportunities of largening size, that we'll have to fulfill a higher bar from a financial perspective, given the higher operational complications that these opportunities may take. But yes, we are constantly looking at M&A as a key source of growth for our business. Our position in cash today makes us a bit more aggressive in that area. And we'll continue with our focus on tuck-in acquisitions, but not excluding, if the situation is granted, to look at medium-sized also opportunities.

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, Louise. Thanks for the question. This is Joe. I would just say, maybe to further elaborate on Joaquin's points with respect to your question on valuations.

It's really hard to say whether there's been a capitulation or a recognition that values have come down. I think we probably need to see a little bit longer period of that. I don't think things are out there necessarily on sale, but I will say that it really just takes two parties to agree on a valuation that makes sense. And a lot of times, the valuation is driven by the capabilities, the skills, the scientific expertise that we have that maybe that potential partner or acquired asset does not have at that time.

So that's the kind of the way we look at it. Again, I don't think there's a capitulation. But we are seeking to use some of the cash on the balance sheet in a very disciplined, responsible way, that compensates shareholders for the risk that we're bearing on their behalf, where we can create great value.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thanks, Louise. Next question, Rob.


Your next question is from Larry Biegelsen with Wells Fargo.

Larry Biegelsen -- Well Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Good morning. Thanks for taking the question. Joe or Joaquin, can you help us think about device growth in Q1? How has January '22 trended relative to January 2021? And how are you thinking about med tech market growth in 2022? Previously, I think you expected about 4% to 5% growth. Is that still the case with Omicron? And J&J's growth relative to that, how are you thinking about that?

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yes, Larry, thanks for the question and your interest. I would say it's somewhat a tale of two cities. If you look at surgical procedure volume in the fourth quarter, it eroded over the months of October, November, December. I would say it was roughly flat in the early part of the quarter relative to 2019, which we think is a more appropriate comparison, to down about 5%.

The most pronounced area was clearly orthopaedics, which is the most elective segment of our portfolio. However, there's probably some reason for optimism if you look at diagnostic volumes in the fourth quarter. So that averaged roughly, let's call it 7%. It was a little bit stronger in October than it was in December, but still very positive relative to levels that were experienced in 2019.

So we think there is a backlog that is potentially building of diagnosed cases that have yet to be scheduled. That being said, as you've heard from a number of outlets at this point, it really is about the hospital staffing and being able to accommodate surgeries from that perspective. We are seeing reduced cases with respect to Omicron, and we think that will play favorably. The first couple of weeks in January, and probably limiting this to a week, maybe two, saw a little bit of a bleed-over from what we experienced in December around surgical procedures.

But I do think that's going to improve with each passing month and with each passing quarter as the year goes on. And then, as you heard from Joaquin, as well as Jess, we are favorably positioned to capitalize on a much more stable market, given our improved competitiveness from where we were just a few years ago, in addition to the enhanced pipeline. Last year, we introduced over 20 products, same expectation for this year as well. So once the market gets to be a little bit more stable, hopefully no more future variants, and hospital administrators, who have done a great job through the pandemic, continue to modify their plans to ensure appropriate staffing, we think we will be in a very good position to not only approach market growth but hopefully exceed it.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. I would continue building up on Joe's comment that as the Omicron surge resolves, we anticipate that the markets will continue to improve as the year progresses. It is very difficult to predict when Omicron is going to peak, but we are beginning already to see cases decreasing in areas where the surge began, like for example in the UK, and some regions in the US already nearing peaks. So while COVID-19 may temporarily delay necessary medical and surgical interventions, the vast majority of these procedures cannot be ignored completely.

And at the same time, hospitals, as Joe was referring, are getting better at dealing with these situations. So while the path is not going to be linear, we expect an improvement as the year starts to go on. And the fundamentals of the med tech market remain intact with disease prevalence and the need for surgery unchanged. So we believe we are optimistic of the value of the market in the long term, and we are optimistic about our med tech business and its ongoing recovery and improvement in the overall competitive position.

So when we are facing 2022 on the med tech side, both from a market perspective and also from a Johnson & Johnson perspective, we look at it optimistically. And we think that the situation will clearly improve as Omicron surge resolves and the year progresses.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Larry. Rob, next question, please.


Your next question is from Josh Jennings with Cowen.

Josh Jennings -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Hi, good morning. Thanks for taking the questions. Joaquin, some of your recent public commentary implies that you -- or not implies, but you relayed that you have a focus on medical device unit success. I wondered if you could just kind of bracket, I guess, your goals.

Is it to sustain like mid-single-digit organic revenue growth trajectory for the unit? Or potentially accelerate toward six or even north of six? What would you consider success as we look out on a multiyear horizon? And then just in terms of your priorities for investment, or your team along with Ashley's for the medical device unit, are you going to prioritize investments in areas where there's a higher weighted average market growth rate? Or would you be balanced in thinking about a unit like spine, that's been an anchor unit? I mean, would you -- are you going to balance your investments both internally and externally to a lower performer to enhance the competitiveness despite kind of a low-single-digit market growth rate? Or will the focus be on adding assets and investing in businesses that have that higher growth rate? Thanks for taking the questions.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Joe. So overall, as I have commented in our pharmaceutical analyst day and also in the different conferences that I have participated, med tech, it's going to be a key priority for me in my tenure. I see med tech and pharmaceuticals being the core of the new Johnson & Johnson that, as Joe commented, will remain the largest and more diversified healthcare company. So clearly, med tech, it's going to be a key area of focus for us in every aspect.

When it comes to med tech and its market performance, I have to highlight that we have seen a very clear ongoing recovery in our med tech performance. We went from 1.5% growth in 2017 to nearly 4% in 2019, and we are ending the year at 4.6%. And when you adjust for the 53rd week, we are in about 5%, too. So we are clearly improving our performance in the med tech space, driven by some market segments which are really delivering in a very strong way.

For example, in interventional, our growth ending the year was 15.3%. Our in vision, our growth in the year was 11%. So we have clearly outstanding performance there. And in most of the platforms that we participate, we are gaining share or maintaining share, improving our position.

It's difficult for me to bracket exactly what the growth is going to be and when it's going to happen. But our goal clearly is to make our med tech sector a best-in-class performer. So that's going to be a defining element of my tenure, and we are going to be working toward that. We are going to be improving our commercial execution as we are doing today.

We'll continue to invest in our organic pipeline that is delivering. We have had the highest level of innovation in our med tech business in 2021 ever, and our pipeline today has the highest value as measured by net present value that we have ever had. And also, we recognize that we need to do and we need to continue to be active in external innovation in order to be able to participate in markets where growth is occurring that we are not participating today or to build upon adjacencies our existing businesses that are going to further our growth. So as in any business, when it comes to their business allocation, we'll continue to drive our winners, and we'll try to efficiently manage the areas in which we are more challenged.

And we'll continue to look for opportunities externally that will complement our portfolio and will enable us to enter into higher-growth markets. Overall, our past acquisitions suggest that we have been good in managing smaller deals and tuck-in deals, and that is our base case. But at the same time, we don't have an artificial ceiling in our deal size. We are always looking for any opportunity that exist in the marketplace.

But as I said before, when I was commenting about pharmaceuticals, we do know that larger deals are much harder to make work, both financially and operationally, and they will always have a higher bar. So very important for us and for the new Johnson & Johnson, the focus in our med tech business and how much we are going to prioritize this area of our business.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thanks, Josh. Rob, next question, please.


Your next question comes from Chris Schott with JPMorgan.

Chris Schott -- JPMorgan Chase and Company -- Analyst

Great. Thanks so much. Just two quick ones here. First, on operating margin leverage, you're talking about 50 basis points in '22.

But as I think about longer term, I think about J&J, they got a broad pipeline of assets to invest in. Can we think about the company continuing to leverage its P&L over the next few years, I guess, particularly as you head into the STELARA LOE? Or should we think about a window of time, longer term, where some of the top line growth is maybe reinvested back in the business and margin expansion kind of is a bit more muted for a few years? And then, Joaquin, just following up on the M&A in medical devices, I just want to make sure I'm clear. As we think about business development and the role it's going to play within that division, should we be thinking about something very different than in the past? Or is this more about a tweak in the approach and the strategy from what you've been seeing recently? So is this a lot more deals? If they're smaller or something bigger? Or again, is it just kind of accelerating maybe a bit from what you've been doing in the last few years?

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Thanks for the question, Chris. With respect to operating margins, I think the 50 basis points is probably something that is reasonable to expect this year given some of the inflationary pressures that we've outlined likely to be experienced in the first half of this year. That being said, given the size of our company, we do think we can always improve kind of the infrastructure, our operating model, to find some leverage in the P&L.

I won't commit to any -- to say it's each and every year. I think that's going to be very much dependent upon the opportunities that are presented to us in any given year. And if we've got an opportunity to invest disproportionately in R&D, on a particular asset, we will do that, and we just have to size up that opportunity. But I do think, as a general rule, given the size of our company, that we should find some opportunity to operate where we can leverage.

I would like to see us, as we separate the company, maybe be relabeled as more of a growth company, and therefore, we may reposition that, taking that top line growth and putting that back into the business. But as you can see, even in recent years, we've had, I would say, significant operating margin improvement, but we have not starved investment. R&D was up over last year's record-setting year by $2.6 billion or 20%, as Jess mentioned. So we feel that we're finding that right balance, and we'll continue to do so moving forward.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you. And when it comes to your question, Chris, about M&A in the med tech business. Our aspiration in med tech is to be the first or the second in the markets that we participate. And if we are in markets that -- if we are not in markets that are growing, also have a path to get there, right? Recently, we have divested some of the businesses, like diagnostics, pens, diabetes, where we came to the conclusion that it was difficult to get into this No.

1, No. 2 position, and that was better to sell that business in order to create value. So given the recent divestment activity, what I want to emphasize, and I have alluded at the outset, is that my priority now is to be more on the acquisitive side and to be more aggressive on the acquisition side, identifying products that complement our portfolio but play in higher-growth markets or market segments that we are today. So that's the change in outlook that you are noticing.

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

And Chris, my job will be to keep him disciplined, right? But he's going to conduct that anyway.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Wonderful. Thank you, Chris. Next question, Rob.


Next question is from Joanne Wuensch with Citibank.

Joanne Wuensch -- Citi -- Analyst

Good morning and thank you for taking the question. There are a lot of factors that go into, I'm thinking about 2022. Obviously, COVID, staffing shortages, foreign exchange, freight, inflation. And in certain areas, external supply.

When you put together your guidance, how did you weight all these? And is there a lower-end, higher-end range? How do we think about all of these different factors as we think about the start of the year?

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

It's a great question, Joanne, and thank you for it. And it certainly has been a moving target as we had certain thoughts as '22 would shape up in the beginning of December to where we are actually ending up today. We've tried to address all the risks that are appropriate based on the information that we have as of January 26. And so, we've taken into account, I think, a favorable outlook and an improving trend in medical devices, but also the fact that it's going to be a slower start to the year for some of the factors that we mentioned.

The same type of position was taken with consumer and some of the supply constraints from some of our suppliers. So I think it's the right balance for where we stand today. We know from the last two years that things will likely change, and we'll adjust accordingly. In pharmaceuticals, there's really not much of a change there.

We expect that to be pretty stable. We enjoyed our tenth consecutive year of above-market growth, and we're planning for an 11th year in 2022. We did take note of some of the larger insurers who commented last week during their earnings calls about reduced office visits, so we'll continue to monitor that. But given the portfolio in pharmaceuticals and various severe diseases that we address with our products, we don't see much change there.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

I would add to that that just we take into consideration some of the headwinds related to the pandemic and also macroeconomic headwinds like inflation, and that's something that we take into consideration when we build our guidance. At the same time, we remain very optimistic in multiple fronts. We remain optimistic on the fact that -- as I commented before when I was talking about med tech, the strong underlying demand for healthcare is there. And there's still lots to do in multiple diseases in order to address suffering and death there.

So there's a strong underlying demand for medical care. And at the same time, both in med tech and in biopharmaceuticals, you see significant opportunity for science progress in terms of new treatment modalities that will give us the opportunity to enrich our pipelines and get to more patients. So we are optimistic about the underlying fundamentals of the new Johnson & Johnson. If you combine that with our scale and diversification, that gives us more confidence on being able to provide a consistent, solid volume-based revenue growth in 2022, as we have described, and at the same, time, being able to have EPS growth which exceeds our revenue growth.

All that is underpinned by a strong investment in R&D. It's important to underline what Joe commented before, we had that record year of investment in R&D in 2021 with close to 21% increase. This is not going to be every year like that, but we are really betting on the future and on the underlying fundamentals when we are thinking about 2022 and beyond.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Joanne. Rob, next question, please.


Next question is from Matt Miksic with Credit Suisse.

Matt Miksic -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Hey, good morning and thanks for taking the question. So I have one follow-up on just the topic you were touching on, Joaquin around R&D investment, and then a follow-up for Joe, if I could, on inflationary pressure. So you mentioned a couple of times the investments in R&D and in particular in med devices. I'm wondering if you could talk a little bit about which one of your -- ones of your programs you're sort of seeing the most investment? And then also in particular, either through R&D investment or M&A, how you see sort of digital playing a role in your sort of organic and strategic investments this year.

And the follow-up for Joe is just on inflation. It's a topic that I think everyone is struggling with how to understand, the ways that this is impacting margins and businesses. Joe, you mentioned a couple of things about the way that you're offsetting some of these pressures in consumer, perhaps labor and supply costs. I was wondering if you could maybe just touch on the different ways it's affecting your different businesses and how you're managing through that.

I'd appreciate that.

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Yes. So Matt, let me start with some of the inflationary pressures that we're seeing and how we're offsetting those. So in consumer, there's, I would say, select products within the portfolio, think skin health and beauty, as mentioned in the prepared remarks, where lubricants and things of that nature are in shorter supply. There are some, I'd say, probably increased labor costs with respect to third-party manufacturers, and we're obviously seeing heightened transportation costs.

We are, like the competitors in the consumer space, offsetting some of those costs with select price increases in our portfolio, where we can still provide those trusted brands and products to people without really impacting the elasticity or the demand of those products overall. We think we can strike that right balance as others have. In medical devices, I would say it's around the labor input costs and some of the staffing related to COVID-19, I would say in the sense of overstaffing to some degree. But those are costs that are clearly managed.

Theirs, much like pharmaceuticals, are not prices that we can increase. And then, in fact, the stellar performance that you saw in pharmaceuticals was the sixth consecutive year where we actually had negative price. So the growth that you see is more than 100% of volume due to the innovation and the ability to address unmet medical needs. And then, with medical devices, most of those, specifically in the US, are contractual by nature, so there's limited opportunity there as well.

So where we can, specifically in consumer, we're looking to pass some of those cost increases on. In other spots, we continue to have supply chain initiatives, manufacturing initiatives that have been in place really for a number of years as part of our overall cost management program.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you. So going into med tech, R&D and med tech innovation, let me start by the fact that during 2021, we launched over 20 significant products across each segment of the medical device business. Some examples of that. For example, in electrophysiology, we had a limited launch of our QDOT MICRO in Europe.

QDOT is a first-in-kind smart micro-catheter which is designed to deliver about two to three times the amount of energy, and at the same time, reduce the total patient exposure and provided exposure to fluoro and reduced total procedure time. And that's helping us in driving our position in electrophysiology. In orthopaedics, we continue our enhancements in orthopedic knees, both with the differentiated next-generation VELYS Robotic-Assisted system. And at the same time, we had the introduction in December of the ATTUNE Cementless fixed bearing base.

So these introductions are making us more competitive in the knee space, in the knee arena. In advanced surgery, we have some augmentations to energy -- to our energy portfolio with our ENSEAL X1 Curved Jaw Tissue Sealer. And in Vision, we introduced our ACUVUE OASYS MULTIFOCAL contact lenses. And in Surgical Vision, our intraocular lenses, TECNIS Eyhance and TECNIS Synergy.

So great innovation which is driving our better performance in market performance. When it comes to our pipeline, there are a number of exciting things coming up. For example, our next-generation diagnostic catheter in electrophysiology and also a potential solution in pulse field ablation. So all these areas make us believe that we're going to remain extremely competitive in electrophysiology.

We continue to prioritize the expansion of our VELYS digital surgery potentially into the hip space and also foot and ankle solutions in orthopaedics. And specifically, to your question on digital surgery, That's a very important area for us. We have a bold ambition there, and we are already making progress. The first launch was our MONARCH robotic system.

Our MONARCH robotic system, it's enabling in endoluminal bronchoscopies. And we have already launched it in the US, and it's progressing really well. And we are also studying our MONARCH robotic system to deliver energy and also a payload of pharmaceuticals for being able to do local treatment of early lung cancer lesions. At the same time, we have also submitted a 510(k) expansion of MONARCH for a potential treatment in kidney stones that will give us an expanded market in this area.

I commented on our successful launch of our robotic system with VELYS, and we recognize that we will have to continue to be committed to developing Ottava and entering into the general surgery market with a highly competitive offering. And we are working through that as soon as possible and we will provide updates as we progressed.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Matt. Rob, next question.


Next question is from Danielle Antalffy with SVB Leerink.

Danielle Antalffy -- SVB Leerink -- Analyst

Hey, good morning, everyone. Thanks so much for taking the question. And Joaquin, welcome to your new position. Good to hear you on the call.

Just a question on M&A. I mean, that seems to be a hot topic. It seems to be a more aggressive stance there. And specifically, in medical devices, just thinking about the commentary around preference on tuck-ins.

But you have some larger players with a broader presence in areas where you guys actually have pretty significant gap. And these players do have the one or two position in most of these markets, albeit it's a mix of some higher-growth versus some lower-growth markets, but certainly gives you the scale that seems like is the direction that the market might be moving in. Just curious if you can comment on sort of how you're balancing the approach to building out further a competitive Medical Device portfolio versus sort of getting it with scale or doing a bunch of tuck-ins that ultimately get you there maybe five, 10 years down the line. Just wanted to see if you guys could comment on how you're thinking about that.

Thanks so very much.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you. And as I have commented in the past occasion, Danielle, our preference is clearly, both in med tech and in pharma, to look for earlier-stage deals or smaller tuck-in deals in which we can deploy our own capabilities in development, manufacturing and commercialization in order to create value. And that's where we have been successful, and we are always trying to look for opportunities in that context in market segments that are going to enable us to enter into higher-growth areas or to complement through adjacencies our existing portfolio. So that is the way we have been creating value in a very significant way, both in pharma and in med tech.

While our past history always suggests smaller deals, as I said before, we don't have an artificial ceiling as far as deal size. It has to be something that has to be workable financially and in terms of value-creating for shareholders. And typically, larger deals are harder to make work both financial and operationally. So that's where we make it more of an emphasis in areas where we have a higher chance of creating value.

We are open to midsized and larger deals, and we have demonstrated that we have done that in the past, like we did, for example, with Actelion. But we tend to prefer this small new molecule, new device that we can, as I said before, apply a lot of our scientific technology, regulatory expertise and ultimately create this $1 billion platform that we have, both in med tech and in pharmaceuticals. So that's our preference. That's our strategy, but we always remain open to investigate any opportunity or possibility that may be out there.

It just has a higher bar from a financial and operational perspective.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Danielle. We have time for one last question. Rob, last question, please.


That question is from the line of Chris Shibutani with Goldman Sachs.

Chris Shibutani -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Great. Thank you very much. And Joaquin, welcome. A question on STELARA, the loss of exclusivity obviously coming up in September of 2023.

Can you update us on your thinking about what the erosion curve could look like? I think that there's some underpinnings in terms of different indications that have been growing. A major competitor with a similarly year-ed major blockbuster product in the I&I category has that. And they said that they could update the thinking perhaps toward midyear. Is there a similar update that you might be able to provide? How can we learn more about what the STELARA biosimilar erosion could look like?

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Let me take this opportunity also to express how optimistic we are about the future of pharmaceuticals, and we express in our pharmaceutical R&D day that we are very confident of being able to continue to deliver above-market growth through the STELARA patent expiration in the US And we are also very confident on the strength that we are showing also in immunology, for example, with TREMFYA growing 88% and really exceeding expectations. We are very confident on the potential of TREMFYA, which has exceeded already $2 billion in sales and has gained share both in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. So very, very positive about the future of our pharmaceutical portfolio and also about the strength of STELARA in the immunology market. Regarding the erosion of STELARA, we are going to provide you updates as time goes by.

We'll see how things play out with the competitor that is going to go off-patent. We'll also learn from our experience with REMICADE, which will be a very good proxy for us. And have no doubt, as we approach 2023, we'll be able to provide you a more accurate guidance of what we expect. As I said, we remain optimistic that we'll be able to deliver growth during the STELARA patent expiration every single year.

Chris Shibutani -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Got it. Appreciate that.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Chris.

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Thank you, Chris. And thanks to everyone for your questions and your continued interest in our company. We apologize to those we couldn't get to because of time, but don't hesitate to reach out to the investor relations team as needed. I will now turn the call back to Joaquin for some closing remarks.

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, everyone, and thank you for your comments and questions today in this, my first call as CEO of Johnson & Johnson. Every day, as I get into this job, I am reminded of the importance of our mission to continue to work in changing the trajectory of health for humanity. And it's a purpose that energizes everyone at Johnson & Johnson, the 140,000 employees of Johnson & Johnson. We are proud of our performance in 2021 and believe we are extremely well-positioned for 2022.

We look forward to keep you informed throughout the year. And until then, please be well. Thank you very much.


[Operator signoff]

Duration: 88 minutes

Call participants:

Jessica Moore -- Vice President, Investor Relations

Joe Wolk -- Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

Joaquin Duato -- Chief Executive Officer

Louise Chen -- Cantor Fitzgerald -- Analyst

Larry Biegelsen -- Well Fargo Securities -- Analyst

Josh Jennings -- Cowen and Company -- Analyst

Chris Schott -- JPMorgan Chase and Company -- Analyst

Joanne Wuensch -- Citi -- Analyst

Matt Miksic -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Danielle Antalffy -- SVB Leerink -- Analyst

Chris Shibutani -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

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