At Apple's (NASDAQ:AAPL) Worldwide Developers Conference, the company announced new versions of its iPad Pro tablets. Replacing last year's 9.7-inch iPad Pro is a 10.5-inch iPad Pro, and the late 2015 iPad Pro with a 12.9-inch display finally saw a much-needed update. 

Powering these two tablets is a chip called the A10X Fusion. The chip, as is usual for Apple's A-series processors, is quite a powerhouse. 

Apple's iPad being used with a keyboard.

Image source: Apple.

Let's take a closer look at what Apple has said about the chip, what it means for the latest iPad Pro models, and what the design decisions of the chip might tell us about Apple's thinking about future iPad Pro devices. 

It's basically the A10, but bigger
Per Apple, the A10X includes three high-performance processor cores and three high-efficiency cores. These are almost certainly the same cores in the A10 chip found in last year's iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus smartphone. The main difference seems to be that while the A10 chip has two of each type of core, the A10X includes three. 

Apple claims that the processor performance of the A10X is up 30% relative to the processor performance of the A9X found in the last-generation iPad Pro devices. 

According to Apple, the A10X includes 12 graphics cores. The A10 boasts six graphics cores, so it looks as though the A10X is simply twice an A10 in this regard. Apple also claims that the A10X delivers 40% better graphics performance than the A9X (which also includes a 12-core graphics processor). 

Sensible design decisions
The A10 does an excellent job of powering the iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus and is easily one of the most, if not the most, robust smartphone chips in the market today. 

Scaling the A10 up to build the A10X makes a lot of sense considering that a typical iPad Pro use cases are probably much more CPU and graphics intensive than typical iPhone 7/iPhone 7 Plus use cases. 

Indeed, the A10X needs to drive displays that refresh their contents 120 times per second. The A10, on the other hand, needs to only drive displays that update their contents 60 times per second. On top of that, the A10X drives much higher resolution displays than the A10 does, which creates more work for the A10X. 

It's little wonder, then, that the A10X is endowed with a substantially faster graphics processor than the one found in the standard A10.

Additionally, the iPad allows for much more aggressive multitasking than the iPhone does, and with the upcoming iOS 11 release, it seems that the iPad will gain even more robust multitasking capabilities. In support of the more robust capabilities of the iPad, it makes sense that Apple would add more processor cores to cope with the potentially increased workload. 

Glimpsing the future of the iPad
Apple has made it quite plain that it wants the iPad to evolve beyond a simple content consumption device; it really seems to want the iPad to replace the traditional notebook for most users. 

Like the A9X before it, the A10X is a serious chip that isn't just aiming to be a best-in-class tablet processor, but instead a best-in-class computer processor. Indeed, Apple makes a point to highlight in its marketing materials for the new iPad Pro models that they are "more powerful than most PC laptops." 

Given what we know about the performance levels of the A9X and the A10, I have every reason to believe Apple's marketing claims. The coming years will show us if the iPad Pro can take a sizable bite out of the traditional notebook personal computer market. 

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.