This article was originally published on June 17, 2017, and updated on Nov. 26, 2017.
The bull market might be 8 years old, but the "FANG stocks" -- Facebook, Amazon, Netflix, and Alphabet's Google -- continue to outperform the S&P 500, which rose 18% over the past 12 months. Alphabet rallied 35%, Facebook and Amazon climbed over 50%, and Netflix surged nearly 70%.
It might be tempting to chase these stocks at their record highs, but growth investors can also consider investing in China's equivalent of FANG, the so-called "BAT stocks" -- Baidu (NASDAQ: BIDU), Alibaba (NYSE:BABA), and Tencent (NASDAQOTH:TCEHY) -- which form the core of China's growing internet market.
Baidu, commonly called the "Google of China," controls about 80% of the country's search market and handles about 3.3 billion searches per day. The company benefited from Google's exit from the Chinese market in 2010, and has since expanded its ecosystem with a wide range of portals and cloud-based apps.
Shares of Baidu rose more than 50% over the past 12 months, as previous concerns about its sales growth and rising expenses waned. Those concerns stemmed from a regulatory probe regarding its advertising practices last year. That blow, along with Baidu swapping its stake in online travel agency Qunar for a comparable stake in its rival Ctrip, caused its revenue to rise just 6% in 2016 -- compared to 35% growth in 2015. But with those headwinds now in the rearview mirror, analysts expect Baidu to post 20% sales growth and 59% earnings growth this year.
Baidu has been increasing its investments in O2O (online-to-offline) services to counter Tencent's WeChat, a mobile messaging app which has become a dominant mini-platform for deliveries, payments, games, and other services. It's also been investing heavily in next-gen technologies like artificial intelligence and driverless cars to expand its ecosystem.
Alibaba is often called the "Amazon of China," but it actually resembles both Amazon and eBay. Its Tmall marketplace uses the same B2C (business-to-consumer) model as Amazon, but its Taobao marketplace runs on a C2C (consumer-to-consumer) model like eBay. Tmall controls over half of the B2C market in China, and Taobao controls over 90% of the C2C market. Those two platforms enable Alibaba to control over 80% of the entire e-commerce market in China. Like Amazon, Alibaba is also investing heavily in cloud platforms and digital media to evolve into a diversified tech giant.
Alibaba's stock more than doubled over the past 12 months thanks to impressive top- and bottom-line growth after its IPO last June. Its revenue rose 56% annually in fiscal 2017, as triple-digit gains in cloud computing and digital media complemented the high double-digit growth of its marketplace business, and analysts anticipate 53% growth this year. The company also recently reported record Singles' Day (China's equivalent of Black Friday) sales of over $25 billion in mid-November.
Alibaba's net income fell 42% last year due to higher investments in the expansion of its digital ecosystem, but its adjusted earnings are expected to rebound 42% this year as those investments pay off.
Tencent is often compared to Facebook, since its mobile messaging apps dominate the country's social networking market. Last quarter, its flagship app, WeChat, hit 980 million monthly active users (MAUs), its older QQ messaging app reached 653 million MAUs, and its Qzone social network had 568 million MAUs.
But that's not all. Tencent is also the biggest video game publisher in the world, and its portfolio of blockbuster games include esports favorite League of Legends and the mobile hits Honor of Kings and Clash of Clans.
Tencent's stock has surged nearly 120% over the past 12 months, fueled by robust growth across its social networking and gaming businesses. The growth of WeChat as an all-in-one "super app" is making it a top stop for internet advertisers (much to Baidu's chagrin), while hit Chinese games like Honor of Kings and Dragon Nest Mobile are holding its domestic rivals at bay.
Tencent's revenue and earnings respectively rose 48% and 42% in fiscal 2016. Looking ahead, analysts expect its revenue to rise another 58% and for its earnings to climb 57% this year -- which are incredible growth figures for an 19-year-old company.
Should you buy any of the BAT stocks today?
The BAT stocks, like the FANG stocks, aren't fundamentally cheap. Baidu trades at 32 times earnings, Alibaba trades at 54 times earnings, and Tencent has a P/E of 64. But those premiums could be justified, since the three companies respectively lead the search, e-commerce, and social markets in China. China's internet penetration rate is still at 52% -- compared to 89% in the U.S -- indicating that all three companies could have plenty of room to grow.
However, investors should be aware of the risks that the BAT stocks also face. Tighter regulations on internet content could throttle their growth, a slowdown in China's domestic economy could reduce ad budgets, and pricey attempts to expand their ecosystems could hurt their bottom-line growth. But if you believe that the potential rewards outweigh these risks, you should consider adding the BAT stocks to your portfolio.
Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool's board of directors. Leo Sun owns shares of Amazon, Tencent, and Baidu. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Alphabet (A shares), Alphabet (C shares), Amazon, Baidu, eBay, Facebook, and Netflix. The Motley Fool recommends Ctrip.com International. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.