Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

Not Even AWS Could Save's Bottom Line

By Evan Niu, CFA - Jul 28, 2017 at 2:08PM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

The best defense is investing heavily.

For a moment there, Jeff Bezos was the richest man in the world. But then (AMZN 2.07%) reported earnings, and Bezos had to hand the crown back to Bill Gates. Shares are down today after the company's bottom line missed analyst expectations by a mile. Total revenue in the second quarter jumped 25% to $38 billion, but net income fell by nearly 80% to $197 million, or $0.40 per share, as the company aggressively reinvested in the business (as usual).

Analysts had been expecting the company to report $37.2 billion in sales and $1.41 per share in profits, a full $1 per share higher.

Stylized visualization of a data center

Image source: Getty Images.

Amazon Web Services also missed

The company's cloud infrastructure business, Amazon Web Services (AWS), also fell short of expectations. AWS brought in $4.1 billion in revenue, enough to generate $916 million in operating income (good for a 22% operating margin), but the Street was hoping for closer to $1 billion in AWS operating profits. For years, the much more profitable and rapidly growing business has been helping stabilize Amazon's consolidated results as the company reinvests in expanding core e-commerce operations around the world.

Those reinvestments aren't limited to e-commerce, either. Amazon continues to build up AWS infrastructure, which caused some modest margin contraction even as sales increased sequentially to the highest level ever. CFO Brian Olsavsky noted that AWS gross margin expanded by 130 basis points, so investments are what's taking a toll on operating margin.

A lot of this is coming in the form of capital leases, according to Olsavsky:

I'll also point out that the strong usage growth at AWS has led us to a step up in infrastructure in the form of capital leases. We've built capital leases in the trailing 12 months. They've increased 71% through the end of Q2 versus last year. That is servicing -- accelerating usage in our largest AWS services as well as geographic expansion. So that's additional factor sequentially in the quarter year-over-year.

Property and equipment acquired under capital leases jumped 92% to $2.7 billion during the quarter. Unlike an operating lease, where the leased asset is not accounted for on the lessee's balance sheet, a capital lease is effectively a purchase, so the underlying assets do get recorded on the lessee's balance sheet.

When asked again about AWS margin contraction, Olsavsky replied:

Those margins, as we say frequently, are going to fluctuate quarter-to-quarter and always going to be a net of investments, price reductions and cost efficiencies that we drive. So I would say the biggest impact in the margin that you're seeing in Q2 is really around the 71% increase in assets acquired under capital leases. Most of that is for the AWS business. So we've really stepped up the infrastructure to match the large usage growth and also the geographic expansion, and that is showing up in tech and content. On the marketing, if you look under the marketing expenses, they are also up and that is driven by the increases we're seeing in the sales team, both in AWS and advertising. So I would point to those two as probably larger-than-normal impacts on Q2 operating margin.

Alphabet subsidiary Google continues to push higher in the cloud with its Google Cloud platform, thanks in part to scoring one of the biggest cloud customers out there, Snap. (AWS is a secondary provider for Snap.) Microsoft's commercial cloud annualized run rate is now over $15 billion as the software giant also steps up the competition. But AWS remains the market leader, and Amazon intends to keep it that way by investing heavily in the cloud.

Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool's board of directors. Teresa Kersten is an employee of LinkedIn and is a member of The Motley Fool's board of directors. LinkedIn is owned by Microsoft. Evan Niu, CFA has the following options: long January 2019 $20 puts on SNAP. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends GOOG, GOOGL, and Amazon. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Stocks Mentioned, Inc. Stock Quote, Inc.
$143.55 (2.07%) $2.91

*Average returns of all recommendations since inception. Cost basis and return based on previous market day close.

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning analyst team.

Stock Advisor Returns
S&P 500 Returns

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 08/15/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.