With five decades of burger-slinging experience behind it, Sonic (NASDAQ:SONC) enjoys an unsually strong position in the drive-in restaurant niche. It's a brutally competitive segment of the fast food industry, though, and that means the chain must constantly innovate with its menu, marketing, and pricing in order to keep revenue chugging higher.

Heading into its fiscal second-quarter earnings report, investors were looking for Sonic to announce modest sales growth and improving margins thanks to a shift toward its fully franchised operating model. The company fared well on that profit target but came up well short with respect to revenue gains.

Here's how the headline results stacked up against the prior year period:


Q2 2018

Q2 2017

Year-Over-Year Change


$88 million

$100 million


Net income

$19.6 million

$11 million


Earnings per share




Data source: Sonic financial filing.

What happened this quarter?

Sales growth decelerated from the prior quarter to fall just short of management's guidance. The slowdown implied minor market share losses as rivals ramped up their promotions and as the overall industry slowed.

A tray golding an empty glass and a bowl of pudding on a car window at a drive-in.

Image source: Getty Images.

Highlights of the period included:

  • Comparable-store sales declined by 3% compared to a 2% drop in the previous quarter. Management again blamed the weather for most of the revenue decline and estimated that, absent the impact of winter storms in January and February, comps would have been flat for the period.
  • Overall revenue fell 12% due mainly to a planned reduction in company-owned store locations. Sonic maintained 222 drive-ins at the end of the quarter, compared to 233 a year ago. Franchisees operated 3,365 of its locations.
  • The shift toward franchise-based revenue pushed operating margin up by less than half of a percentage point.
  • Sonic spent aggressively on stock buybacks, with 2.8 million shares purchased over the last six months equating to 6% of the chain's outstanding share count.
  • After adjusting for benefits from tax law changes, non-GAAP earnings ticked up to $0.17 per share from $0.15 per share in the year-ago period.

What management had to say

While blaming "unfavorable weather and continued aggressive discounting by the competition" for the comps decline, executives said they were optimistic about their latest growth initiatives. "We continued to support a simplified everyday value message via the Drive-In Duo in December and January," CEO Cliff Hudson said in a press release.

"These types of broadly appealing value offerings," he continued, "provide a compelling price point and highlight Sonic's quality differentiation." Management also expressed confidence about a stepped-up marketing plan, both online and on television, that should support popular new product introductions like its Signature Slinger and Pretzel Twist.

A weaker 2018 ahead

Yet Sonic still lowered key aspects of its 2018 operating outlook. Rather than projecting comps growth of between 1% and 2%, that core metric is now expected to be roughly flat this year. Operating margin should come in between 15% and 15.5%, or a bit worse than the 15.1% to 15.7% range executives issued in early January. Finally, the company now plans to open between 55 and 65 new drive-ins this year rather than the 70 to 80 it had initially targeted.

Its comps downgrade fits with management's explanation that winter weather led to a small slowdown in the industry over the past few months. Its reduced expansion plans, meanwhile, suggest that Sonic expects these challenging sales conditions to continue pinching results and likely lead to a second straight year of lower comps and reduced profitability.

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