The decline detracted from an otherwise solid year for the credit card giant's shareholders, as the stock ended up modestly outperforming the market in 2018 with just a 4% loss.
December's swoon wasn't due to any company-specific data. Instead, the company joined most of its finance-focused peers in slumping last month as investor fears spiked over a potential global growth slowdown in the works. Such a drop would impact American Express' business because revenue is highly dependent on consumer spending patterns.
American Express stock jumped along with that of its rivals in early January, which shows just how much its short-term stock movements will be driven by shifting investor attitudes about the broader global growth picture. However, the company has a chance to take back control of its narrative when it reports fiscal fourth-quarter earnings results on Jan. 17. Its last outing showed healthy growth in loans and overall revenue while expenses stayed modest. Another positive report like that could send shares higher this month and erase much of December's downturn.