What happened

On Friday, Brazil's state development bank said that the massive South American country's top three air carriers accepted an aid package worth 4 billion reais ($683 million) in total. There is some confusion about this: Subsequent to the announcement, all three denied they had given their assent.

Regardless, as negotiations on the matter were dragging for weeks, news of its possible closing came as a big relief to investors. The no. 3 out of that trio, budget carrier Azul (NYSE:AZUL), saw its shares climb by almost 33% higher on Monday.

An Azul Airlines plane in flight.

Image source: Azul SA.

So what

The parties might be at odds over bailout amounts and conditions, but what's indisputable is that the industry badly needs the help.

Even after reducing its planned capacity by 87% when the coronavirus outbreak started to hit, Azul saw serious drops in its April metrics. Revenue passenger kilometers (RPKs) dived by 90% year over year, while load factor (essentially the occupancy of its planes) dropped to 68.8%; in April 2019 this was 84.4%.

The coronavirus stalled Azul's operations. In its Q1, it actually managed to grow its revenue from the same period a year ago, although it flipped to a net loss largely due to its considerable investment in peer carrier TAP Air Portugal. 

Now what

Any bailout money will strengthen Azul's defenses against the economic damage caused by the coronavirus. The company has furloughed workers and cut many other expenses, but like every airline, it's still vulnerable because of the near-shutdown of its industry.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.