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3 Realistic Paths to a Millionaire Retirement

By Selena Maranjian – Sep 13, 2021 at 8:00AM

Key Points

  • A nest egg of $1 million or $2 million may be within your reach.
  • It will take dedication and aggressive investing.

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Becoming a millionaire may be much more achievable than you thought. Here's how to do it.

Some pipe dreams are never likely to come true, such as getting drafted to play on a professional sports team or winning a lottery jackpot. Other pipe dreams are much more achievable than you might think -- such as retiring with a million dollars.

Here are three ways to get to that million. For best results, if possible, act on all three.

A finger is pointing to the word millionaire.

Image source: Getty Images.

1. Start early

The sooner you start investing for your future, the better -- even if you're only, say, 20 years old. The longer your money has to grow, the more it can grow for you, so your earliest invested dollars are your most powerful ones.

Check out the table below, which shows the power of time with a single $1,000 investment (not $1,000 per year). It assumes an average annual growth rate of 8%, which is a bit conservative, as the average stock market return over long periods is close to 10%.

Over This Period...

$1,000 Will Grow to:

5 years


10 years


15 years


20 years


25 years


30 years


35 years


40 years


45 years


50 years


55 years


60 years


Calculations by author.

A clock is sitting atop a field of U.S. currency.

The more time you have, the more money you can amass. Image source: Getty Images.

2. Invest aggressively

You're probably not going to average 8% annual growth if you're socking away lots of dollars in a bank account or certificates of deposit (CDs), or even most bonds because interest rates these days are extremely low, often well below the rate of inflation. There's a chance that interest rates will rise and stay at high levels for much of your investing time frame, but don't count on that.

Instead, count on the fact that, overall, stocks have outperformed bonds over most long periods. According to the research of University of Pennsylvania professor Jeremy Siegel, stocks outperformed bonds in 96% of all 20-year holding periods between 1871 and 2012, and in 99% of all 30-year holding periods.

It's also important to invest relatively large sums regularly, for best results. The table below shows how much you might amass if you do.

Growing at 8% for

$10,000 Invested Annually

$15,000 Invested Annually

$20,000 Invested Annually

5 years




10 years




15 years




20 years




25 years




30 years




Calculations by author.

3. Stay inspired and stay the course

Finally, once you start socking away money for your future, it's critical to keep doing so. It's very easy to get distracted or discouraged if you don't see big results right away. And you most likely won't see big results right away. Check the tables above, and you'll see that the big growth happens in later years -- but you have to put in the earlier years to get to the later ones.

Becoming much wealthier is very likely within your reach, especially if you have many years until retirement. But even if it's just a decade away, you may be able to improve your future financial security to a meaningful degree.

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