American blue chips have been the backbone of many investors' portfolios for the past century. In fact, Schering-Plough (NYSE:SGP), Hershey (NYSE:HSY), and General Mills (NYSE:GIS) were three of the best stocks from 1957 to 2003, according to research by Wharton professor Jeremy Siegel. For some, these stocks helped build sizable fortunes.

Undoubtedly, domestic dividend payers will continue to play an important role in our portfolios into the 21st century.

But restricting yourself to just American blue chips going forward would be like entering a prizefight with one hand tied behind your back. To capitalize on the benefits of this century's best dividend-paying stocks, you need to look outside our borders.

Stamp your passport
Over the past decade -- especially the past six years or so -- the global economy has grown remarkably. And that growth will only continue as more capital is invested abroad -- not only into emerging markets like China and India, but also into more developed markets like Japan and Ireland.

What's more, you're likely to find more companies paying higher dividends abroad. The dividend yield of the U.K.'s FTSE 100, for example, is 5.4% -- about 50% higher than the S&P 500 at 3.7%. Moreover, the NZX 50 index in New Zealand pays an average dividend yield of nearly 7%.

It isn't even close
Foreign cash cows have been beating up their American counterparts since 2003. A screen on Capital IQ for companies capitalized at greater than $1 billion, with a current dividend yield exceeding 2%, illustrates the profound disparity quite nicely.

Despite the global market downturn, which in many countries has been far worse than here in the U.S., about 39% (89 of 228) of foreign dividend-paying stocks that trade on a U.S. exchange have more than doubled in the past six years. Included in this group are British American Tobacco (NYSE:BTI), up 238%, and Turkcell (NYSE:TKC), up 536%.

On the other hand, only 24% (128 of 525) of U.S. companies that meet these criteria have more than doubled since October 2002. Some of the stocks on this list include ConocoPhillips (NYSE:COP) and Plum Creek Timber (NYSE:PCL).

Achtung, baby
There are always added risks to consider (politics, currency, etc.) before investing abroad, but dividend-minded investors stateside will want to note two things in particular:

1. Dividend regularity
Or lack thereof. Foreign-company dividends may be larger, but they're often less regular in timing and amount. Companies abroad like to pay out a target percentage of earnings instead of a certain dollar value every year. Don't knock it: Freed from the pressure to lowball their payouts, these companies can pay you more over the long haul.

2. Dividend taxation
Foreign countries (the U.K. is an exception) will scalp your scratch by their going rate. Still, most countries in which you're likely to invest have tax treaties with the United States (Google "IRS publication 901" for the complete list), meaning you can claim a credit for the tax withheld. Here's the rub: Because a credit offsets taxes you would have otherwise paid, it's smart to hold foreign stocks in a taxable account. In other words, skip the IRA if you're going abroad.

Feeling overwhelmed, but don't want to pass up the double benefit of foreign growth potential and dividends? I urge you to consider a free examination of the Motley Fool Income Investor service, and join us in our quest to find the world's best dividend payers.

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This article was first published June 28, 2007. It has been updated.

Todd Wenning is split on whether Achtung Baby or The Joshua Tree is the best U2 album. He does not own shares of any company mentioned. Turkcell Iletisim Hizmetleri AS is a Motley Fool Global Gains recommendation. The Fool's disclosure policy pays dividends daily.