Cisco Systems (Nasdaq: CSCO) is tapping an all-star cast of investment banks to arrange fresh loans. The networking giant will sell an undisclosed bunch of senior debt notes, then use the proceeds for "general corporate purposes" -- which could mean anything.

At the same time, we know that the company plans to start paying dividends. This new debt will get dumped right into that effort, or else used to refill the coffers after the dividend payments take their toll. Either way, it's a pretty direct move to restructure Cisco's balance sheet and keep the dividend flows healthy.

Our little networker is growing up!

Who are you calling "little?"
All kidding aside, loading up on debt while borrowing is cheap is an eminently traditional move. Doing so can fuel expensive expansion plans, like acquisition sprees or building new bricks-and-mortar locations. The strategy can also pump up dividend streams as the company becomes less concerned with keeping low-debt cash reserves on hand. Look at fast-food giants McDonald's and Yum! Brands to see two fine examples of all of these components in the debt-powered leverage strategy.

Fellow tech titan Microsoft (Nasdaq: MSFT) set the standard for this tactic by raising its first $3.8 billion while debt financing was cheap in 2009. Mr. Softy evidently got a taste for debt papers; it now carries a debt load of $9.7 billion, against cash equivalents and short-term investments adding up to roughly $40 billion.

Cisco is no stranger to big loans, however. Its acquisition habit can get costly, and Cisco already has $12 billion of loans to service. The bank is also holding some $40 billion of Cisco's cash and investments, much of it spread out across the globe and difficult to get back home without paying dearly when the tax man comes a-knocking. Rather than pay a potential 35% tax hit on most of that foreign cash, Cisco's relying -- much like Microsoft -- on raising cheap debt to fuel a healthy dividend. That's life in megabig business.

Moving on, growing up
Some giants prefer squeaky clean balance sheets with no debt at all, including market darlings Google (Nasdaq: GOOG) and Apple (Nasdaq: AAPL). They, too, will grow up one day, probably start paying dividends and possibly taking on loans of some kind to make it a painless experience. Not counting really old-school techies, Microsoft got its AARP card first, and now Cisco is following suit.

None of this takes away from Cisco's value -- it just makes the stock into a different class of investment. CEO John Chambers won't be caught dead admitting that his days of heady growth are over, but the stock is clearly moving out of high-growth territory and firmly into the value side of things.

If the dividend turns out to be both strong and supportable, it might even become a favorite of income investors. Imagine that.

Yeah, let's imagine that!
Here's how that income-generation thing could play out.

Cisco tends to generate about $9 billion of free cash flow a year. To achieve a respectable 2% yield at today's prices, Cisco would have to pay out about $0.35 per share, or $2 billion a year, which doesn't sound terribly onerous, given that enormous cash machine at Cisco's back and its ability to raise cheap debt if need be.

The Standard & Poor's ratings bureau has already assigned a solid A+ rating (a perfect one would be AAA) to Cisco's new loans, under the assumption that the company will keep $10 billion-$15 billion of net cash on hand (after considering that costly 35% repatriation tax).

Assuming that Cisco's end markets stay healthy for the foreseeable future, which seems perfectly reasonable to me, you'd end up with a fat lump sum to get started, followed by strong, safe, and presumably growing regular payouts for a very long time.

Cisco and Microsoft might even join the much-vaunted list of Dividend Aristocrats, finally putting some tech-industry mojo on that list. Today, the closest thing to a high-tech business you'll find there is credit-card processor Automatic Data Processing (NYSE: ADP). To make that hallowed list, companies must simply keep growing those dividends, without fail, for 25 years or more.

Whatever Cisco ends up doing with its borrowings, and however the dividend play unfolds, you can follow it all in high-definition detail by adding Cisco to your Fool watchlist. Adding your first stock to that list also gives you immediate access to a free report and some other goodies. Get going right now -- it's free!

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.