Many investors unwittingly abide by Wall Street's rules of engagement, thinking it's the only way to make money. But the Wall Street Wise actually guarantee Average Joe investors like you and me only one thing: that our interests matter less than their profits.

Wall Street is where the big dogs play. But they play a game that's designed to give their banks all the money, leaving you holding an empty wallet.

The wingtip crowd has a long track record to support that claim. For instance:

  • They focus on the big money and do whatever they can to support those relationships. Their attention and research is geared toward deep-pocketed institutional clients, not average Americans with their retirement cash. When they overwhelmingly gave Texas Instruments (NYSE:TXN) a "strong buy" rating right before the tech bubble went pop, the Street crowd was hoping to make the institutional folks some fast cash. But when the bubble burst, we were the ones who suffered.
  • They maximize their own returns at the expense of individual investors. Wall Street firms make enormous profits from their venture-capital departments. So when they invest in a small, high-growth company, they'll often delay the IPO to get in on the action before they actually open the company up to the public. They tried to do this with Overstock.com (NASDAQ:OSTK) but the company withstood the pressure. Instead, Overstock management -- in what was described as a maverick and foolhardy move -- issued the IPO via a Dutch auction, which leveled the playing field for small investors.
  • They can make markets. There is a supposed wall between research and investment-banking departments at the Wall Street firms, but if you look closely, you'll see the fine print. Even on analysts' research reports, you'll often find that a company "makes a market in this security." By recommending positions in stocks in which they make a market, the Wall Street firms make money -- and analysts get higher bonuses. Remember that the next time you see recommendations for Google at valuations that rob even the biggest investors. Yes, the company has emerged as the leader in paid search, but is it really going to grow at its current rates long enough to justify the expectations that are baked into its current $147 billion market cap? Many of the Wall Street banks want you to think so, but they get money no matter what you do.

Unless you're among the minority of Americans with "high net worth," you're Wall Street's last priority.

Don't play by those rules
Understand that analyst recommendations are focused on the short term and geared toward big investors. Because analyst performance is measured on a quarterly basis, they need to predict only three to nine months into the future.

Take a look at the analyst antics for a popular stock like SanDisk. You'll see that many of the banks flip-flopped back and forth on their recommendations, even over a short time horizon. In the case of SanDisk, one firm went from "buy" to "hold" to "sell" and back to "hold" in fewer than six months, with the price now below where it was on July 12. Shouldn't the company -- if you're confident in its prospects -- be a better buy now than it was back then? Moreover, if you already sold the stock, how can you now hold it?

Date

Research Firm

Action

From

To

Oct. 23, 2006

Matrix Research

Upgrade

Sell

Hold

Sept. 6, 2006

Matrix Research

Downgrade

Hold

Sell

August 18, 2006

Matrix Research

Downgrade

Buy

Hold

July 12, 2006

Matrix Research

Upgrade

Hold

Buy

All analyst opinion data from Yahoo! Finance.

This phenomenon is visible in other stocks throughout diversified industries, with analyst recommendations for NVIDIA (NASDAQ:NVDA), TD Ameritrade (NASDAQ:AMTD), DirectTV (NYSE:DTV), and Valero Energy (NYSE:VLO) changing in fewer than six months.

My investing timeline is longer than that, particularly when I consider the commissions associated with rapid trading. I hope yours is, too.

Be contrarian
It's difficult to buy in the face of a downgrade. We all fear losing money. But your portfolio will thank you if you can escape the short-term Wall Street cycle. One way to do this is to buy stocks that Wall Street doesn't even bother following.

Fool co-founder David Gardner did this when he recommended Marvel Entertainment to Motley Fool Stock Advisor subscribers in the July 2002 issue -- when not a single analyst was covering the stock. Since then, Marvel has returned more than 700%. Take that, Wall Street!

Guarantee yourself better returns
The only way to guarantee better returns is to invest your money with a person you trust completely. Many times, that person is yourself.

That's why we at The Motley Fool advocate that you take control of your own investing destiny. If you'd like you get started on this path and want a few stock ideas, be our guest at the Motley Fool Stock Advisor newsletter free for 30 days. You'll find ideas that directly contrast the Wall Street state of mind: a long-term investment horizon, full disclosure, and discussion boards that give you the courage to be contrary. Those ideas are earning subscribers of Stock Advisor a pretty hefty profit -- an average return of 68% compared with the market's 29%.

This article was originally published March 3, 2006. It has been updated.

Fool sector head Shruti Basavaraj guarantees that they don't have Cake Day, a monthly Motley Fool occurrence, on Wall Street. She does not own shares of any company mentioned above. NVIDIA is a Stock Advisor recommendation. Overstock.com is a former Rule Breakers recommendation. The Motley Fool's disclosure policy is guaranteed.