Just down the road from the Googleplex, Netflix
The first Netflix Prize served to improve the company's movie recommendations by a significant margin, and seems well worth the $1 million cash prize to the best of a highly engaged worldwide research community. But you could also look at the study's supposedly anonymous sample data and figure out who rented what.
This brought lawsuits from privacy hawks and concerned customers, as some feared that their movie tastes might reveal personal secrets. Legal documents discussing the "Brokeback Mountain Factor" tell some of that story, but religious beliefs, family planning activities, and more have also been fingered as sensitive areas. Google recently showed us how a few Web searches can tell a love story, and rental histories can do the same.
That first data batch contained nothing but anonymous movie ratings, and the second prize would have added information like the viewer's ZIP code, gender, and age in an effort to better understand how these nuances affect a Netflix customer's movie selections. But pre-emptive lawsuits hand in hand with a query from the Federal Trade Commission have motivated Netflix to withdraw the second prize contest. The company will look at other ways to involve independent research in its operations.
It's a shame because I really do believe that these contests gave Netflix a tangible business advantage. You could argue that those rental habits would be just as public when you browse the shelves at your local Blockbuster
But I can also appreciate how Netflix wants to stay out of unnecessary trouble. The resources it would have spent on handling FTC investigations and multiple privacy lawsuits would add to the cost of just running the contest, and at some point it's just better to back off.
As a Netflix customer and investor, I'm sad to see the Netflix Prize go. If an opt-in program would keep the legal wolves at bay, I'd gladly sign up. In the coming years, analyzing customer data and then presenting the best movie-picking experience possible will become the bread and butter for Netflix, TiVo