Everyone would love to find the perfect stock. But will you ever really find a stock that gives you everything you could possibly want?

One thing's for sure: If you don't look, you'll never find truly great investments. So let's first take a look at what you'd want to see from a perfect stock, and then decide if Annaly Capital Management (NYSE: NLY) fits the bill.

The quest for perfection
When you're looking for great stocks, you have to do your due diligence. It's not enough to rely on a single measure, because a stock that looks great based on one factor may turn out to be horrible in other ways. The best stocks, however, excel in many different areas, which all come together to make up a very attractive picture.

Some of the most basic yet important things to look for in a stock are:

  • Growth. Expanding businesses show healthy revenue growth. While past growth is no guarantee that revenue will keep rising, it's certainly a better sign than a stagnant top line.
  • Margins. Higher sales don't mean anything if a company can't turn them into profits. Strong margins ensure a company is able to turn revenue into profit.
  • Balance sheet. Debt-laden companies have banks and bondholders competing with shareholders for management's attention. Companies with strong balance sheets don't have to worry about the distraction of debt.
  • Money-making opportunities. Companies need to be able to turn their resources into profitable business opportunities. Return on equity helps measure how well a company is finding those opportunities.
  • Valuation. You can't afford to pay too much for even the best companies. Earnings multiples are simple, but using normalized figures gives you a sense of how valuation fits into a longer-term context.
  • Dividends. Investors are demanding tangible proof of profits, and there's nothing more tangible than getting a check every three months. Companies with solid dividends and strong commitments to increasing payouts treat shareholders well.

With those factors in mind, let's take a closer look at Annaly.

Factor What We Want to See Actual Pass or Fail?
Growth 5-Year Annual Revenue Growth > 15% 35.9% pass
  1-Year Revenue Growth > 12% 43.2% pass
Margins Gross Margin > 35% 100% pass
  Net Margin > 15% 85.1% pass
Balance Sheet Debt to Equity < 50% 600.1% fail
  Current Ratio > 1.3 0.02 fail
Opportunities Return on Equity > 15% 11.7% fail
Valuation Normalized P/E < 20 14.18 pass
Dividends Current Yield > 2% 15.4% pass
  5-Year Dividend Growth > 10% 8.9% fail
       
  Total Score   6 out of 10

Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard and Poor's. Total score = number of passes.

With a score of 6, Annaly is clearly doing some things right. As hard as high unemployment and stubbornly slow economic growth have been on people across the nation, they've helped Annaly's business model, which relies on low short-term interest rates for borrowing and healthy spreads to the longer-term rates on the mortgage securities it owns.

The entire mortgage REIT industry is enjoying boom times right now. American Capital Agency (Nasdaq: AGNC), Anworth Mortgage Asset (NYSE: ANH), and MFA Financial (NYSE: MFA) all sport double-digit dividend yields like Annaly. But what many don't realize is that because they're REITs, these stocks have to pay out nearly all of their profits as dividends. That leaves their yields little room for error, and as investors discovered in 2005 and 2006, their dividends can dry up in a hurry.

As long as rates stay low and mortgage reform doesn't change the dynamics of the mortgage market, Annaly will likely continue to see strong profits. But with its highly leveraged business model, expect big swings when interest rates finally start to move higher.

Keep searching
No stock is a sure thing, but some stocks are a lot closer to perfect than others. By looking for the perfect stock, you'll go a long way toward improving your investing prowess and learning how to separate out the best investments from the rest.

True to its name, The Motley Fool is made up of a motley assortment of writers and analysts, each with a unique perspective; sometimes we agree, sometimes we disagree, but we all believe in the power of learning from each other through our Foolish community.

Fool contributor Dan Caplinger doesn't own shares of the companies mentioned in this article. The Fool owns shares of Annaly Capital Management. Try any of our Foolish newsletters today, free for 30 days. The Fool has a disclosure policy.