We'd all like to invest like the legendary Warren Buffett, turning thousands into millions or more. Buffett analyzes companies by calculating return on invested capital (ROIC) to help determine whether a company has an economic moat -- the ability to earn returns on its money above that money's cost.
ROIC is perhaps the most important metric in value investing. By determining a company's ROIC, you can see how well it's using the cash you entrust to it and whether it's actually creating value for you. Simply, ROIC divides a company's operating profit by how much investment it took to get that profit. The formula:
ROIC = Net operating profit after taxes / Invested capital
(We have more details on this formula, if you're curious.)
This one-size-fits-all calculation cuts out many of the legal accounting tricks, such as excessive debt, that managers use to boost earnings numbers, and it provides you with an apples-to-apples way to evaluate businesses, even across industries. The higher the ROIC, the more efficiently the company uses capital.
Ultimately, we're looking for companies that can invest their money at rates that are higher than the cost of capital, which for most businesses is between 8% and 12%. We prefer to see ROIC above 12% at a minimum, along with a history of increasing returns, or at least steady returns, which indicate some durability to the company's economic moat.
Let's look at Dominion Resources
1 Year Ago
3 Years Ago
5 Years Ago
Source: Capital IQ, a division of Standard & Poor's.
Dominion Resources' returns on invested capital have gradually increased over the past five years, suggesting that its competitive position is growing stronger. NextEra Energy and Entergy have also seen slight increases in their returns over the past five years, while Duke Energy has seen slight declines in its returns.
Businesses with consistently high ROIC show that they're efficiently using capital. They also have the ability to treat shareholders well, because they can then use their extra cash to pay out dividends to us, buy back shares, or further invest in their franchise. And healthy and growing dividends are something that Warren Buffett has long loved.
So for more successful investments, dig a little deeper than the earnings headlines to find the company's ROIC. If you'd like, you can add these companies to your Watchlist.
Jim Royal, Ph.D. owns shares of Dominion and Duke. The Motley Fool owns shares of NextEra Energy. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Dominion Resources. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools don't all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.
More from The Motley Fool
Hate Checking Your Portfolio? Try These 2 High-Yield Stocks
If you agree with the notion that boring is good, then check out this energy company and this petroleum pipeline operator.
Which Utility Is the Best Dividend Stock?
One utility stock stands above the rest due to its faster-growing income stream.
These 2 High-Yield Dividend Stocks Went Crazy This Week (Which Makes 1 an Even Better Buy)
SCANA and Dominion Energy went in opposite directions after announcing that they’ll be combining forces.