It's easy to look back on the tech bubble at the turn of the 20th century with a sense of nostalgia. Unlike the greedy financiers of late, the decade preceding Y2K was marked by naive 20-somethings intent on changing the world with a newfangled form of communication called the Internet.
It was a time when dated and musty ideas like revenue, profit, and margins were shunted aside in favor of "stickiness" and "eyeballs." An era when a company like Pets.com could go public to wide market acclaim even though it lost money on virtually every sale it made and went bankrupt less than a year after its IPO.
Indeed, the late 1990s were truly the heyday of initial public offerings. In the decade prior to 1999, the market averaged 547 IPOs a year. It's averaged 192 since.
Yet underneath the innocence and ingenuity of Silicon Valley, there lay a more sinister force responsible for the artificial inflation of IPOs and the resulting $5 trillion in wealth that evaporated virtually overnight when the tech bubble burst on March 20, 2000.
The Global Analyst Research Settlement
In what came to be known as the Global Analyst Research Settlement of 2003, 10 of the county's biggest financial firms -- including Goldman Sachs
"The banks did this," said Eliot Spitzer, the New York Attorney General at the time, "because of the conflicts of interest woven into their business model. They were underwriting the very stocks they were also touting, making the investing public dupes helping the banks generate enormous fees."
The behavior of Piper Jaffray
As a result of the settlement, in addition to paying nearly $900 million in fees and disgorgement, at the time a historic amount, the financial firms agreed to physically and operationally separate their research and investment banking departments. Known in the industry as Chinese walls, the purpose was to help ensure that the latter didn't continue to improperly influence the independent judgment of the former.
More recently, it's been reported that Facebook's
IPOs at any cost
The JOBS Act removes many of the investor protections that Wall Street agreed to in the Global Settlement. While it does so under the auspices of job creation, one must wonder whether boosting IPOs at the likely expense of fraud is really the most effective means to achieve this end. We don't think it is.
Let the SEC know how you feel about the JOBS Act by following this link. Simply tell them you're an individual investor and feel free to share your concerns or suggestions.
Fool contributor John Maxfield does not have a financial stake in any of the companies mentioned above. The Motley Fool owns shares of Citigroup and JPMorgan Chase. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended buying shares of Goldman Sachs. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days.