The past year has been especially good for Visa
But it was not to be. Shortly after the announced settlement with retailers, there were squawks of protest from business groups such as the National Retail Federation and the National Association of Convenience Stores, claiming that the settlement didn't go far enough to ameliorate Visa and MasterCard's
Now, the EU Competition Commission has slapped a charge on Visa Europe, Visa's licensee that processes card payments across the pond. The complaint says that cross-border interchange fees are too high, squelching competition between European banks and inflating costs for retailers and consumers. This is not the first time Visa Europe has been castigated for sky-high fees: The company agreed to reduce debit card fees less than two years ago to settle accusations in that quarter, too.
If the complaint sticks, the EU commission may levy fees of up to 10% of Visa Europe's annual sales. Since more than 40% of debit and credit cards currently circulating in Europe are Visa-branded, that could take a sizeable bite out of its profits. The company could try to appeal the charges, as MasterCard has done; the first appeal was denied, and MasterCard vows to continue the fight. In the meantime, however, the credit issuer has decided to lower fees to avoid penalties.
As for the problems at home, both credit card companies would like to see the current settlement jell, since analysts note that it doesn't ramp up competition or stop the companies from increasing swipe fees as they see fit. The agreement needs to be sanctioned by a judge, however, who may see the opposition of heavy-hitters like Target and Wal-Mart as salient, putting the deal in jeopardy.
It's even possible that the issue could go the route of debit card fees, which the Durbin Amendment ended up capping. Banks turned around and started trying to make up lost revenue in other areas, which may be a more difficult scenario for card issuers, since the products they offer are much more limited.
Depending on how legal challenges to the debit duopoly shake out, future years may not be as kind to Visa as the last one was.
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