Energy companies are at increasing risk from the pernicious effects of climate change. Among these, the reinsurance industry has identified increased "heatwaves, droughts, thunderstorms and – in the long run – tropical cyclone intensity." Energy companies – being both partly responsible for and largely susceptible to these changes – face significant operational risk in the years to come. A group of shareholders is pushing for five electric power utilities to make better choices. The investors have filed shareholder resolutions related to the companies' energy use and water management.
"The electric power sector is facing a range of risks, from strong storms to drought to stricter controls on greenhouse gas emissions. In each case, shifting more resources to clean energy and efficiency will help reduce risk to utility customers and shareholders alike," said Mindy Lubber, director of the Investor Network on Climate Risk and president of Ceres, which helped to coordinate the filings. "Utilities are expected to spend $2 trillion on infrastructure over the next 20 years, and investors want to ensure that money is spent wisely."
Navigant Consulting warns that "changes under way in the 21st century electric power sector create a level and complexity of risks that is perhaps unprecedented in the industry's history."
New York State Comptroller Thomas P. DiNapoli, trustee of the $150 billion New York State Common Retirement Fund, led filings pushing Ameren (NYSE:AEE), DTE Energy (NYSE:DTE), FirstEnergy (NYSE:FE), and SCANA (NYSE:SCG) to report on their efforts to increase energy efficiency and renewable energy use. All four firms derive more than 50% of their energy generation from coal, and generally perform at the bottom half of their peer group in measures of emissions intensity.
"As long term shareholders, we are invested in the sustainability of our portfolio companies," said DiNapoli. "Given the current regulatory climate, an excessive reliance on coal can create serious risk to shareholder value. Companies should take proactive steps to increase energy efficiency and promote renewable energy sources."
The filings pointed to the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) recent integrated resource plan as a positive example. TVA employed a sophisticated approach to risk management to determine that the cheapest, lowest-risk strategy is to increase investments in energy efficiency and renewable energy to diversify TVA's resource portfolio.
Water for life
In additional filings, As You Sow is pushing Ameren and FirstEnergy and Calvert is urging Cleco (NYSE: CNL) to manage water-related risks more effectively. The resolutions with Ameren and FirstEnergy call for the companies to reduce water use by such mechanisms as switching to less water-intensive energy sources such as photovoltaic solar and wind. Calvert wants Cleco to improve transparency by way of a detailed sustainability report that includes an analysis of material water-related risks.
The Department of Energy notes that "there is agreement among climate models that there will be a redistribution of water, as well as changes in the availability by season. As currently designed, power plants require significant amounts of water, and they will be vulnerable to fluctuations in water."
Sustainability-related shareholder resolutions in context
Shareholders are filing an increasing number of resolutions on sustainability-related topics every year. According to the Sustainable Investments Institute, investor activists now file about 50% more shareholder proposals on social and environmental issues than they did 10 years ago. There has not been as dramatic an increase in the number of proposals voted on, although this is partly because proponents have withdrawn an increasing number of their proposals, usually after reaching agreements with management. All of this points to the growing influence of sustainability-related investor activism.
An excellent Bloomberg article covering this trend quotes Allie Rutherford, associate director of the corporate governance group at Ernst & Young LLP, as saying that "environmental and social resolutions accounted for more than 40 percent of all shareholder resolutions submitted in 2012, up from 30 percent in 2011." Although sustainability-related shareholder resolutions rarely receive a majority vote, they can and do prompt action at targeted companies .
Risk reduction for utilities
If this trend continues, then it's just one more reason why companies should take such non-traditional risks as climate change into account. The mechanisms for doing so are not a mystery. In 2012, Ceres issued "Practicing Risk-Aware Electricity Regulation," a report analyzing the costs and risks of meeting the power needs of the U.S. through various strategies. The report concludes that the cheapest energy option with the lowest level of risk is energy efficiency. Other cheap, lower-risk energy options include onshore wind, geothermal, and biomass co-firing.
As regulators are increasingly pressed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, I'm looking for companies that are excelling at shifting away from energy mixes that generate high emissions. I think 2013 is the year for renewables, and I'm not the only one: Warren Buffett is moving strongly in that direction too. Resilient companies and investors should do the same.