Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

The 5 Riskiest Stocks in the S&P 500

By Dan Caplinger - Apr 6, 2013 at 11:30AM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

These stocks are highly volatile, which could make them vulnerable in a crash.

The S&P 500 (^GSPC 0.28%) includes 500 of the largest U.S. corporations in the stock market, many of which are leaders in their respective industries. Yet not every company in the S&P 500 is equally safe as an investment, and owning the wrong stocks can leave you exposed to massive losses if the market turns against you.

A couple of weeks ago, we looked at a metric called beta, which represents one way of measuring the risk of a stock. Beta looks at a stock's rises and falls in response to changing market conditions in the past. Using S&P Capital IQ's data on beta as our guide, let's look at the five riskiest S&P 500 stocks over the past five years.

A trio of insurance stocks
Topping the high-beta list are three insurance companies: AIG (AIG 0.05%), Genworth Financial (GNW 0.25%), and Hartford Financial (HIG 0.07%), all of which weigh in with betas above 3. Unfortunately, most investors are far too familiar with the risks that caused AIG's downfall in 2008, as extremely high derivatives exposure left the company overexposed to the mortgage meltdown. Similarly, a combination of poor investment returns and liability for guarantees made to policyholders on annuities and variable life insurance policies brought Hartford to the brink during the financial crisis, while Genworth's mortgage-insurance business created massive potential liability when home prices plunged.

Yet all of these companies have taken steps to reduce their risk lately. AIG has cut its derivatives exposure and sold off many of its assets to focus on its core insurance businesses, and improving business conditions have sent its book value soaring. Genworth has benefited from home prices having hit bottom as well as from new financing activity boosting its mortgage-insurance business. Hartford has arguably made the most dramatic steps, having taken steps to concentrate on property-casualty insurance by choosing not to write new annuities and selling off its retirement plan and individual life insurance businesses. Concentrating on areas of strength should help all three companies going forward, and rebounds in their share prices express investors' confidence in the moves.

2 other risky plays
Rounding out the top five are Marathon Petroleum (MPC 1.10%) and Wyndham Worldwide (NYSE: WYN), with betas of 2.97 and 2.94, respectively. For Marathon, the figure reflects its entire roughly two-year history as a spun-off refinery business, and over that time, spreads between prices of cheap U.S.-produced crude oil and more expensive refined products have sent shares soaring. But as its recent drop shows, the threat of environmental regulation and higher costs looms large over the industry, and if spreads return to normal levels, a reversal could come quickly for Marathon.

Meanwhile, Wyndham was another victim of the financial crisis, as investors believed commercial real estate would plunge just as much as home prices did. When the worst didn't occur, Wyndham began an incredible run that has tripled its share price since early 2008, before the worst of the downturn hit. As with the insurance companies above, more recent risk levels have dropped for the company.

A warning about beta
As I mentioned before, beta has limited usefulness in making forward projections of risk because it purely looks at past stock movements. In particular, given how big a role the financial crisis played in the decline and subsequent recovery of the three insurance stocks on the list, their betas may overstate their risk going forward. Still, with some analysts not having taken the potential for a future financial crisis off the table, understanding the risks involved still has some value in helping you prepare for whatever the future brings.

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Stocks Mentioned

S&P 500 Index - Price Return (USD) Stock Quote
S&P 500 Index - Price Return (USD)
^GSPC
$3,911.55 (0.28%) $10.76
Marathon Petroleum Corporation Stock Quote
Marathon Petroleum Corporation
MPC
$96.81 (1.10%) $1.05
Genworth Financial, Inc. Stock Quote
Genworth Financial, Inc.
GNW
$3.97 (0.25%) $0.01
The Hartford Financial Services Group, Inc. Stock Quote
The Hartford Financial Services Group, Inc.
HIG
$67.48 (0.07%) $0.04
American International Group, Inc. Stock Quote
American International Group, Inc.
AIG
$57.93 (0.05%) $0.03

*Average returns of all recommendations since inception. Cost basis and return based on previous market day close.

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning service.

Stock Advisor Returns
331%
 
S&P 500 Returns
115%

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 05/20/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.