It's important to do your research before making an investment. It's easy to go in making assumptions that may not hold any truth. With that said, a look at the latest form 10-K and proxy of snack and beverage giant PepsiCo (NASDAQ:PEP) yielded five interesting things that may challenge your assumptions about the company.

1. PepsiCo beats rivals in the U.S. liquid refreshment category.
You may assume that beverage giant Coca-Cola (NYSE:KO) holds the No. 1 spot in terms of retail sales in the U.S. liquid refreshment category, but according to a chart in PepsiCo's form 10-K, that's not the case. Rival Dr Pepper Snapple Group (NYSE:DPS) comes in at a distant No. 4 with 9% of U.S. retail sales. Coca-Cola actually holds the No. 3 spot with 21.4% of U.S. retail sales. PepsiCo holds the No. 2 spot with 24.4% of U.S. retail sales. The No. 1 spot belongs to a catchall "other" category.

2. It's also the king of salty snacks.
PepsiCo holds the No. 1 position in the U.S. savory snacks category, defined by a variety of snacks such as potato chips and crackers that make up 36.4% of U.S. retail sales. The company actually commands a strong presence in both snacks and beverages. This means when you pick up a bag of potato chips or crackers, it most likely originated with PepsiCo or one of its affiliates. 

3. Its CEO is a strategy expert.
PepsiCo's CEO, Indra Nooyi, has extensive experience in corporate strategy. According to the company's latest proxy, she has held various executive roles there, such as "Vice President of Corporate Strategy and Development" and "Senior Vice President, Strategic Planning," and prior to joining PepsiCo she served as Vice President and Director of Corporate Strategy and Planning at Motorola. PepsiCo needs a global executive with a strategic mind-set to navigate consumer behavior changes in the beverage business and to navigate the expansion of its snack business in conjunction with its overall strategy. 

4. It distributes competitor's products.
Like Coca-Cola, Pepsi operates under license to distribute the products of rival Dr Pepper Snapple Group. In a restaurant soda dispenser you may see a Dr Pepper or Orange Crush dispenser along with Pepsi or Coca-Cola products. Apparently, Dr Pepper makes up for distribution deficiencies by making deals with larger beverage companies. 

5. It's closing its Iranian office.
Interestingly, PepsiCo, through a foreign subsidiary, maintained a small three-employee presence in Iran, where the company provided "sales support to independent bottlers in connection with in-country sales of foreign-owned beverage brands." PepsiCo is currently in the process of closing this sales office. It disclosed this fact due to the requirements under the "Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012." While the transactions aren't significant enough to move the overall needle of the company's financials one way or another, finding this fact represents a good example of why you should research an investment prospect. Understanding the businesses you own is crucial.

Foolish takeaway
A broad and diverse product portfolio will serve PepsiCo and its shareholders well over the long term. PepsiCo can lean on snacks, non-sparkling beverages, and the strategic acumen of its CEO to move the company forward in the face of declining demand for carbonated beverages. Right now PepsiCo's shares trade at around 19 times earnings, which means it's fairly valued. Investors can await a correction or buy now to enjoy a 2.7% dividend yield while waiting for the stock price to rise.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.