While Fools should generally take the opinion of Wall Street with a grain of salt, it's not a bad idea to take a closer look at particularly stock-shaking upgrades and downgrades -- just in case their reasoning behind the call makes sense.
What: Shares of National-Oilwell Varco (NOV -0.12%) slipped slightly in pre-market trading Monday after Goldman Sachs downgraded the oil-field services giant from buy to neutral.
So what: Along with downgrade, analyst Waqar Syed lowered his price target to $85 (from $90), representing about 13% worth of upside to Friday's close. So while contrarians might be attracted to the stock's year-to-date slump, Syed's call suggests strengthening bearishness on Wall Street over its near-term turnaround prospects.
Now what: According to Goldman, National-Oilwell's risk/reward trade-off is pretty balanced at this point. "As competition increases between new rigs entering the market and older rigs coming due for re-contracting, we see dayrates declining and hence lowering the incentive for companies to order new rigs at this point," noted Syed. "NOV has a high degree of leverage to this newbuilding cycle, and we prefer to stay on the sidelines as inbound orders will likely slowdown in 2014, and book-to-bill falls below 1.0 in 2H 2014." Of course, with the stock off about 12% from its 52-week highs and sporting a cheapish forward P/E of 11, those short-term concerns might be giving energy-savvy Fools with a solid long-term opportunity.