Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

2 Dividend Stocks to Stay Away From -- and 1 Worth Buying

By Reuben Gregg Brewer - May 25, 2016 at 8:37AM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

When you're looking at a troubled industry, it's best to stick with the best.

Some Nucor team members going to work. Image source: Nucor.

The steel industry has been hard hit by an oversupply of the metal. That's left industry giants like ArcelorMittal SA (MT 1.28%) reeling and sent the shares of iconic companies like United States Steel (X 0.00%) into a tailspin. Some recent strength in the industry has lifted the prospects, and the share prices, of these companies. But I still wouldn't buy these dividend payers. Nucor (NUE 1.18%) is a much better option.

A little bit troubled

ArcelorMittal is one of the world's largest steel makers. It's vertically integrated, means means it's also a large mining operator as well. In other words, when commodity markets started to sink in 2011, the company felt the heat on two fronts. On the steel side, Arcelor has significant exposure to blast furnaces. This is an older and more expensive method of making steel, leaving its costs high relative to competitors with a focus on more modern electric arc furnaces. The company has bled red ink for four consecutive years. Sure, it yields around 3.2%, but there's still a lot of risk with the dividend despite what appears to be a strengthening steel market.

United States Steel, meanwhile, is an industry icon, but falling steel prices put a great deal of pressure on the company's business model, which is heavy on blast furnaces. Add a hefty slug of debt to that picture (long-term debt made up a touch over 60% of the capital structure at the end of the first quarter), and you can see why investors sold first and asked questions later when steel prices hit the skids. The company has lost money in six of the last seven years. U.S. Steel's yield is just 1.4% after cutting its dividend at the tail end of the 2007 to 2009 recession, and with so much debt, it's not out of the woods yet, either.

Steel, the old way. Image source: ArcelorMittal.

There are a number of big-picture issues with both ArcelorMittal and U.S. Steel, ranging from company specifics like generally expensive operations to industrywide problems like oversupply. To be fair, both are doing the right things to adjust, including closing mills, cutting costs, and dealing with debt. But, in the end, neither is operating from a position of strength, which is why these are two dividend stocks to avoid. That's true despite the recent price advances so far this year.

Standing tall

However, not all steel stocks need sunny days to do well. For example, Nucor has been in the black in nine of the last 10 years. The last time it posted a loss was at the tail end of the deep 2007 to 2009 recession. And it has increased its dividend each year for over 40 years. Both are a testament to the company's strength. The current yield is around 3.1%. But what is this strength built on?

For starters, Nucor has a heavy focus on electric arc furnaces. These mills tend to be less expensive to run and are more flexible production wise, so it's easier to, keeping it simple, turn them on and off. That allows Nucor to adjust to market conditions more quickly.

Nucor, however, also has flexibility built in with its employees, too. That's because its pay system is designed to reward employees during the good years, but it asks them to share some of the pain during the lean times. So, its salary expense goes down exactly when it's most beneficial. Many of its competitors have much more restrictive labor agreements in place.

Nucor is also pretty conservative in terms of debt. For example, at the end of the first quarter, Nucor's long-term debt was just under 40% of the capital structure. In fact, with its strong balance sheet, the company has a history of investing during downturns so it comes out the other side a stronger company. It's been doing the same thing this time around, with ground-up construction and targeted acquisitions.

MT Chart

MT data by YCharts.

I'll take the leader, thanks

In other words, while companies like ArcelorMittal and United States Steel have been retrenching, and their shareholders have been suffering through long periods filled with red ink, Nucor has been showing off its inherent strengths. Sure, when the steel market finally starts a sustained rebound, U.S. Steel and Arcelor will benefit -- likely more than Nucor. But Nucor is a stronger business that won't cause you sleepless nights. Add in a dividend yield that's competitive with Arcelor and much higher than U.S. Steel's, and the story is all the more compelling.

And that's why Arcelor and U.S. Steel are two dividend-paying companies to avoid, and Nucor is one worth buying.

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Stocks Mentioned

United States Steel Corporation Stock Quote
United States Steel Corporation
X
$17.91 (0.00%) $0.00
ArcelorMittal Stock Quote
ArcelorMittal
MT
$22.89 (1.28%) $0.29
Nucor Corporation Stock Quote
Nucor Corporation
NUE
$105.64 (1.18%) $1.23

*Average returns of all recommendations since inception. Cost basis and return based on previous market day close.

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning analyst team.

Stock Advisor Returns
311%
 
S&P 500 Returns
110%

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 07/01/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.