Well, it sure looks like the bear market is over, doesn't it?

We can't be sure just yet, though investors in companies such as RAIT Financial Trust (NYSE: RAS), China Armco Metals (AMEX: CNAM), InfoLogix (Nasdaq: IFLG), and Zanett (Nasdaq: ZANE) are likely convinced. Each of those stocks is up more than 100% over the past month.

But some analysts, including PIMCO's Mohamed El-Erian, believe that the rally is over, and that "valuations are ahead of fundamentals." Most of the top economists at the recent Davos convention -- including Nouriel Roubini -- agree that meaningful economic growth will be extremely slow.

It's safe to say that negativity still abounds
The late Sir John Templeton called scenarios like the one we've been experiencing "points of maximum pessimism." He also taught that times of maximum pessimism are the best time to buy -- and he practiced what he preached.

When World War II began, and stocks started to fall, Templeton borrowed $10,000 and invested it in 104 companies whose shares were trading for less than $1 -- including 34 that were in bankruptcy. Four years later, he sold his positions for $40,000, booking a 300% gain on stocks the market thought were doomed.

With his example in mind, I believe the pessimism still lurking around continues to signal a buying opportunity.

Stocks to profit from pessimism
We should be buying stocks that, like Templeton's initial bet on pessimism, could become double- or triple-baggers in the four or so years coming out of this bear market.

We know that the top stocks since the last recession began were mostly small caps -- albeit with a few mid-cap rock stars like Apple mixed in. Among other things, small companies can more quickly and efficiently cut costs and streamline operations than their larger peers, which maintain employees and resources scattered throughout the country and the world.

But which companies have outperformed since the end of that bear market? I ran a screen to see what kinds of companies were double-, triple-, or even-better-baggers as the recession receded. And sure enough, the best-performing companies over the following four years were all small caps:


4-Year Return
From Oct. 9, 2002

Oct. 9, 2002, Market Capitalization
(in Millions)

American Tower






Research In Motion






WESCO International






Crown Castle International






Coldwater Creek



McDermott International



Data from Capital IQ, a division of Standard & Poor's.

This list merely shows the top 10, but it's also true that small caps as a whole outperformed their larger brethren coming out of the last bear market -- and this phenomenon wasn't unique to that situation. According to T. Rowe Price research, small-cap stocks led the market out of the past 10 recessions, posting an average 28% gain, versus the 19% gain for large caps in the year following the market's recovery.

Given this data, I also ran a screen to see which small caps were dirt cheap right now -- and possibly poised to outperform as the market recovers. I looked for companies whose stocks were down over the past month and trading with price-to-earnings ratios below that of the S&P 500 -- qualities I believe could make for Templeton-sized gains over the next four years. And to filter out the stocks that deserve to be down and might therefore be "value traps," I looked for companies with an Altman Z-Score of more than 3, indicating that the company is not in severe, near-term financial distress.

Here are three companies from that screen. Though they are not formal recommendations, they are good places to begin further research.


Market Capitalization

P/E Ratio

China Sky One Medical (Nasdaq: CSKI)

$281 million


Fuel System Solutions (Nasdaq: FSYS)

$522 million


Shanda Games (Nasdaq: GAME)

$1.9 billion


Data from Morningstar and Capital IQ, a division of Standard & Poor's.

All in the family
So if, like me, you're looking for the best stocks to carry your portfolio out of this bear market and into wealthy pastures in four years' time, you need to look for small, cheap companies like those above -- and like those we search for in our Motley Fool Hidden Gems portfolio.

Hidden Gems is outperforming the market substantially since inception -- and now, advisors Andy Cross and Seth Jayson are building a real-money portfolio of their best small-cap ideas. If you'd like more insight into our favorite small-cap stocks right now, try out the service with a 30-day free trial. Click here to get started -- there's no obligation to subscribe.

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This article was originally published Sept. 5, 2008. It has been updated.

Adam J. Wiederman owns no shares of the stocks mentioned above. Apple is a Motley Fool Stock Advisor pick. The Motley Fool's bold disclosure policy is here.