A buyer and a seller are involved in every stock trade. Each one has access to roughly the same information, yet each chooses to make polar opposite decisions about a stock. If you want a shot at winding up ahead of the pack, you have to accept that fact.

To succeed, you must intuit what the person on the other side of your investment is thinking. Why is he selling when you're buying? Why is he willing to buy the shares you're trying to unload? If you can figure that out, you'll be light-years ahead of the competition.

Go! Fight! Win!
There's simply no such thing as a perfect investment. If there were, investors would soon bid its price up to a point where it was at least as risky as any of its alternatives. As a result, there are always two legitimate sides to any given analysis. To drive home that point, The Motley Fool runs a regular "Dueling Fools" feature, where analysts square off against each other on opposing sides of a stock.

While most investors look to buy stocks, the bear side of the duel points out the opposite side of the story -- reasons to consider selling shares. Quite often, the bear rightly predicts problems ahead -- ones that were visible to an outside observer, but not yet priced into the stock.

As this chart shows, failure to heed a warning can prove costly:


Duel Date

Total Return
Since Duel

Return vs. SPDRs

Mentioned Warning Signs

Electronic Arts (Nasdaq: ERTS)





Advanced Micro Devices (NYSE: AMD)




Wrong end of a price war

Bed Bath & Beyond (Nasdaq: BBBY)




Poor store layout, limited selections, stiff competition

New York Times (NYSE: NYT)




Competition, changing consumer demographics





Expiring patents, weak pipeline

Vonage (NYSE: VG)




Slowing growth, rising churn, cheaper alternative products





Slowing growth, better values elsewhere

All returns as of market close, 2/22/08; all returns adjusted to reflect splits and dividends.

Since their duels, each of these companies has underperformed the SPDRs -- an exchange-traded fund that tracks the S&P 500. Worse yet, they've all lost their investors' money. The risks were well known, in public, for all who wanted to pay attention.

Protect your money
Because there is no such thing as a perfect investment, and because there are always two sides to every analysis, any given stock will move up and down quite frequently. As our dueling bears have shown, even great businesses can easily become overpriced and head for a fall. On the flip side, however, there are times when the worrywarts take full control of a stock, sending it plummeting to well below its true worth. That's when value investors, like those of us at Motley Fool Inside Value, get interested in buying those same great businesses.

Always considering both sides of the story makes it that much easier to see the times when the market is driven to excess. Too much optimism? We sell. Too much pessimism? We buy. That's the simple truth of how we've managed to beat the market since our launch in 2004.

Make sure you're considering both sides of any potential investment. If this article has taught you to be skeptical enough not to buy blindly, congratulations -- you've mastered the first step to becoming a successful value investor. As your prize, we'll give you a 30-day trial of Inside Value, free.

This article was originally published Nov. 22, 2006. It has been updated.

At the time of publication, Fool contributor and Inside Value team member Chuck Saletta did not own shares of any company mentioned in this article. The Motley Fool owns SPDRs, as well as shares of Bed Bath & Beyond. Bed Bath & Beyond and Electronic Arts are Motley Fool Stock Advisor selections. Bed Bath & Beyond and Pfizer are Inside Value picks. GlaxoSmithKline and Pfizer have been chosen by Motley Fool Income Investor. The Fool has a disclosure policy.