If you've done any reading at all about retirement planning, you probably know this: Traditional pensions are going the way of the saber-toothed tiger and the dodo bird. These wonderful devices, which promised you certain defined payouts, are being replaced by the likes of 401(k)s, which promise only how much goes into them. How much you get out of these "defined contribution" plans depends on the investments you choose and how well they perform. In other words, it's very uncertain.
What should you do about this? Well, don't just leave everything to chance, crossing your fingers that things will work out. They're not working out for many current retirees. While many choose to go back to work simply because they're bored, others are going back to work because they have to -- which isn't the best reason to find yourself back at the grind. For instance, out of Wal-Mart's
I urge you to take a free, no-obligation test drive of the Motley Fool Rule Your Retirement newsletter. It offers gobs of clear, practical advice on retirement planning, along with recommendations of stocks and funds. Here's one topic you'll read about frequently in the newsletter: annuities. Annuities appeal to me because they offer the chance to essentially build your own pension. I'll offer more on that soon.
The ABCs of annuities
There's a lot to know about annuities, and I can't come close to covering all the bases in this article. But here are a few introductory points:
- There are deferred annuities and immediate annuities. With deferred ones, your principal and earnings accumulate until you "annuitize" them, turning them into an annual payment, or withdraw them in some other way. With an immediate annuity, you essentially spend a sum of money to buy an annual, defined income stream.
- A fixed annuity pays you a set amount regularly, while a variable annuity pays you an amount that can vary, according to the performance of underlying assets. They offer the chance of beating inflation, but also the risk of reduced payouts. Variable annuities have the most critics, for some good reasons.
- There are qualified and non-qualified annuities. The qualified ones accept pre-tax dollars, reducing your taxable income (like traditional IRAs and 401(k)s). They have contribution limits and other rules. The non-qualified ones are more flexible, accepting any dollars.
- Annuities can pay you over a set time period, such as 10 years, or over your lifetime (and even to the end of a surviving spouse's lifetime).
You can learn much more in these articles:
For example ...
Let me give you a better idea of what you might expect from an annuity. Here are some examples I found at one online quote provider (remember that by shopping around, you can probably get significantly different results):
- If you're 50, male, and live in New Jersey, and have $200,000 with which to buy a fixed annuity, you can expect to receive $1,087 monthly ($13,044 yearly) for the rest of your life, with no payments to your beneficiaries and no payments to a surviving spouse.
- If you're older, you'll get more income. In the example above, a 60-year-old man would receive $1,223 monthly ($14,676 yearly). A 70-year-old man would get $1,544 each month for an annual total of $18,528.
- If you're 65, female, and live in Colorado, and have $350,000 with which to buy a fixed annuity, you can expect to receive $2,228 monthly ($26,736 yearly) for the rest of your life, with no payments to your beneficiaries and no payments to a surviving spouse.
Now that you have an idea of what to expect, consider learning more about annuities, to see whether one might make sense at some point in your life.
And remember, we'd love to help you figure out how to plan and save effectively for your future, via our Rule Your Retirement newsletter. A free trial will give you full access to all past issues, allowing you to gather valuable tips and read about how some folks have retired early and well. It regularly offers recommendations of promising stocks and mutual funds, too.
Longtime Fool contributor Selena Maranjian owns shares of Wal-Mart. For more about Selena, view her bio and her profile. Wal-Mart is a Motley Fool Inside Value recommendation. Try any one of our investing services free for 30 days. The Motley Fool is Fools writing for Fools.