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Intuit (NASDAQ:INTU)
Q2 2019 Earnings Conference Call
Feb. 21, 2019 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good afternoon. My name is Latif, and I will be your conference facilitator. At this time, I would like to welcome everyone to Intuit's second-quarter fiscal year 2019 conference call. [Operator instructions]With that, I'll now turn the call over to Jerry Natoli, Intuit's vice president of finance and treasurer.

Mr. Natoli?

Jerry Natoli -- Vice President of Finance and Treasurer

Thanks, Latif. Good afternoon and welcome to Intuit's second-quarter fiscal 2019 conference call. I'm here with Intuit's CEO Sasan Goodarzi and Michelle Clatterbuck, our CFO. Before we start, I'd like to remind everyone that our remarks will include forward-looking statements.

There are a number of factors that could cause Intuit's results to differ materially from our expectations. You can learn more about these risks in the press release we issued earlier this afternoon, our Form 10-K for fiscal 2018, and our other SEC filings. All of those documents are available on the Investor Relations page of Intuit's website at intuit.com. We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statement.

Some of the numbers in these remarks are presented on a non-GAAP basis. We've reconciled the comparable GAAP and non-GAAP numbers in today's press release. Unless otherwise noted, all growth rates refer to the current period versus the comparable prior year period, and that business metrics and associated growth rates refer to worldwide business metrics. A copy of our prepared remarks and supplemental financial information will be available on our website after this call ends.

With that, I'll turn the call over to Sasan.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Jerry, and thanks to all of you for joining us. I will start by reviewing our results for the quarter and outlook for the year. I will then spend a few minutes sharing my thoughts about the future. Starting with the results, we're halfway through the fiscal year and continue to see good momentum across the company.

Second-quarter revenue grew 12% overall, fueled by 17% revenue growth in the small business and self-employed group and 11% revenue growth in the consumer group. Revenue for the strategic partner group was in line with our expectations. With this strong performance, we remained on pace to deliver against our full-year revenue and operating income outlook. With that context, let me start with tax.

Every tax season is different, and this one is no exception. We believe the new tax legislation and the extended partial government closure impacted consumer behavior, resulting in a slower-forming season. As a reminder, there are four key drivers for our consumer business. The first is total number of returns filed with the IRS.

The second is the percentage of those returns filed using do-it-yourself software. The third is our share within DIY software category. And the fourth is the average revenue per return. Our consumer group strategy is to expand our lead in the do-it-yourself category, transform the assisted tax preparation category, and expand beyond tax to build a consumer platform.

This is all in service of helping our customers make ends meet and get their largest tax refund. Based on the latest IRS data, the do-it-yourself category is performing better than the assisted. Through February 8, IRS data shows self-prepared e-files decline 3.2%. In comparison, TurboTax e-files through the same period declined 3.5%.

We are confident in our strategy, and I'm very proud of our team. Let me share a few specific examples of how we are delivering for our customers this season. Within do-it-yourself, we've invested in delivering the best experience for our customers, who file simpler returns by including year-over-year data transfer for no charge in our free edition. We're already seeing an improvement in product recommendations course.

TurboTax self-employed is again part of our lineup this season and comes with 12-month subscription to QuickBooks Self-Employed, enabling customers to benefit by tracking their financials throughout the year. This product was one of our fastest-growing offerings last season. In the assisted tax category, we are transforming the customer experience with TurboTax Live. We introduced a range of price points within the product lineup this season to offer access to an expert for even the simplest filers.

For the first time, we're offering mobile access to these experts. We also improved the on-boarding experience and tools for the approximately 2,000 pros on our platform, the majority of whom returning from last season. We're excited to see significant increases in Net Promoter Scores from the pros. Beyond tax, our consumer platform is aimed at helping customers make ends meet.

With their consent, Turbo provides customers a view of their overall financial health by combining a credit score, verified income data, and debt-to-income ratio, showing customers where they truly stand. This platform gives us the ability to connect our customers with the best financial products to save them money. Turning to small business. We've delivered another strong quarter in our small business and self-employed group with online ecosystem revenue growth of 38%, again exceeding our target to grow better than 30%.

We continue to place an increased emphasis on online services to deliver more value for our small business and self-employed customers. I would like to share a few proof points that demonstrates our progress. We are focused on solving the most important problems for our customers by helping them get paid fast, manage capital, and pay employees with confidence. Within payments, last fall, we launched next business day payments, allowing our customers to receive their funds much faster than previously experienced.

We've seen an eight-point higher product recommendation score for those customers who have access to this product. Within payroll, we introduced next-day and same-day direct deposit to enable customers to hold on to their money longer and better manage their cash flow. We have already seen over one third of our Online Payroll customers benefit from this feature. QuickBooks Capital has funded $277 million in cumulative loans since launching publicly a little over a year ago.

QuickBooks Capital leverages QuickBooks Online customer's data to provide loans to small businesses, nearly 60% of which not qualified for loans elsewhere. Our QuickBooks Capital business has a default rate half the industry average, and we remain excited about this opportunity. Finally, we are encouraged by initial results for QuickBooks Online Advanced as we take our game to the mid-market to serve those businesses with 10 to 100 employees. We continue to roll out new features, including custom user permissions and batch invoices.

The team is using customer feedback to iterate fast and add functionality. Within our strategic partner group, our Professional Tax revenue was down 1% year over year. We continue to focus on multiservice accounting firms that do both books and taxes, enabling us to drive our accountant success while growing our small business ecosystem. To wrap up, we are pleased with the continued momentum of our small business and self-employed group and we remain laser-focused on executing as we head toward the tax filing deadline.

With that overview, let me hand it over to Michelle to walk you through the financial details.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Sasan. Good afternoon, everyone. For the second quarter of fiscal 2019, we delivered revenue of $1.5 billion, up 12% year over year; GAAP operating income of $233 million versus $194 million a year ago, a 20% increase; non-GAAP operating income of $339 million versus $294 million last year, a 15% increase; GAAP diluted earnings per share of $0.72 versus $0.70 a year ago; and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share of $1, up from $0.84 last year. Turning to the business segments.

Consumer group revenue was $461 million for the second quarter. While the season got off to a slow start, we remain confident in our overall plans for the year and for consumer revenue to grow 9% to 10% in fiscal 2019. IRS total e-files through February 8 are down 7.1%, assisted e-files are down 12.5%, and DIY e-files declined 3.2%. In comparison, TurboTax e-files declined 3.5% during the same period.

As a reminder, we'll provide a final tax update in late April after the tax season ends. Strategic partner group reported $208 million of professional tax revenue for the second quarter. We continue to expect revenue in this business to grow 2% to 4% in fiscal 2019. Total small business and self-employed revenue grew 17% during the quarter.

Online Ecosystem revenue remained strong with growth of 38%. We believe the best measure of the health and success of our strategy going forward is Online Ecosystem revenue growth, which we continue to expect to grow better than 30%. QuickBooks Online subscribers grew 38%, ending the quarter with nearly 3.9 million subscribers. Growth remained strong across multiple geographies with U.S.

subscribers growing 32% to approximately 2.9 million, and international subscribers growing 56% to over 980,000. Within QuickBooks Online, self-employed subscribers grew to approximately 845,000, up from roughly 489,000 one year ago. We continue to expect total subscriber growth to moderate as we place a greater focus on additional services in penetrating a broader range of customers. Desktop ecosystem revenue was up 3% in the second quarter.

Within the desktop ecosystem, our QuickBooks Enterprise customers continued to grow at a double-digit pace in the second quarter. This further reinforces our interest in the mid-market customer with our QBO Advanced offering. During fiscal 2019, we continue to expect QuickBooks Desktop units to decline single-digit and desktop ecosystem revenue to be roughly flat. Turning to our financial principles, we remain committed to growing organic revenue double digits and growing operating income dollars faster than revenue.

We take a disciplined approach to capital management, investing the cash we generate in opportunities that yield a return on investment greater than 15%. Our first priority for the cash we generate is investing in the business to drive customer and revenue growth. Next, we consider acquisitions to accelerate our growth and fill out our product roadmap. We return excess cash that we can't invest profitably in the business to shareholders via both share repurchases and dividends.

We finished the quarter with $1.3 billion in cash and investments on our balance sheet. We repurchased $177 million of stock in the second quarter and approximately $3 billion remains on our authorization. We expect to be in the market each quarter this year. The board approved a quarterly dividend of $0.47 per share, payable April 18, 2019.

This represents a 21% increase versus last year. We've gotten a lot of questions about the impact of a potential downturn. At this time, we're not seeing any evidence of a macro-inspired slowdown in our business. Charge volume trends remain strong and the number of employees being paid in our ecosystem remains on trend.

Now let me turn to our guidance. Our third-quarter guidance for fiscal 2019 includes revenue growth of 10% to 12%, GAAP diluted earnings per share of $5.03 to $5.08 and non-GAAP diluted earnings per share of $5.35 to $5.40. You can find our Q3 and our reiterated fiscal 2019 guidance details in our press release and on our fact sheet. With that, I'll turn it back to Sasan.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Michelle. With that overview of the quarter, let me take a step back and share my perspective on Intuit's future. I will start with what matters most to our customers. All of our customers have a common set of needs, and those who've made the bold decision to become entrepreneurs and go into business with themselves have an additional set of needs.

All of our customers are trying to make ends meet, maximize their tax refund, save money, and pay off debt. For those who are small businesses, they have additional needs. They want to find and keep customers, get paid, access capital to grow, and ensure their books are right. That's why our mission is to power prosperity around the world, and our strategy is the One Intuit ecosystem, which focuses on unlocking the power of many for the prosperity of one.

This strategy is a continuation of Intuit's 10-year transformation, led by Brad, from in North America desktop company to a global cloud company. As we advance our strategy, we're taking steps toward becoming an AI-driven expert platform. Let me unpack what I mean by an AI-driven expert platform. It's a platform where we and others solve the most pressing customer problems and deliver awesome experiences.

It's about significantly accelerating our application of artificial intelligence, which progressively learns from the large data sets across the platform and delivers the benefits customers seek with speed, and it's about solving the largest problem customers face, confidence, by connecting them with experts on our platform. With that context, let me provide a few examples to bring this to life. When it comes to connecting people to experts, we are doing this today with TurboTax Live. Imagine the opportunity we have to expand live expertise across the platform to serve consumers, self-employed, and small businesses.

It's our chance to digitize the service industry. For small business owners, we are focused on being the center of small business growth using artificial intelligence across our platform to accelerate faster funding and payments and to help our customers access capital. Over time, we see an opportunity to better serve product-based businesses as they find and sell to customers across channels. We're also focused on helping customers make smart decisions with their money by connecting our customers to financial products to make ends meet.

This is our vision for Turbo, where we are increasing active use and engagement so we can offer value beyond tax with our consumer platform. Last but not least, we are focused on disrupting the mid-market with QBO Advanced. Our AI-driven expert platform will help provide what mid-market customers need at a disruptive price. We are excited about the opportunity in front of us and we are off to a running start on this journey.

Before I close, I would like to thank our co-founder Scott Cook for creating such an extraordinary company 35 years ago, and Brad for the incredible foundation he has left behind. It is a true honor and privilege to lead Intuit. I want to thank our employees, customers, and partners for another strong quarter. We're pleased with our results for the first half and look forward to the future.

Now let's open it up for questions. 

Questions and Answers:

Operator

Thank you. [Operator instructions] Our first question comes from the line of Keith Weiss of Morgan Stanley. Your line is open.

Keith Weiss -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Nice one. Very nice quarter, guys, and thank you for taking the question. I wanted to dig into some of like the early returns you guys are seeing on the tax season, and maybe focus the question on two parts. One, in terms of sort of what the impact of the tax law changes have been.

Is it -- any early indications on whether it's actually sort of -- the simplification is drawing more people to DIY. Is there enough numbers and they're gaining confidence in that? And then two, more specifically to TurboTax, how has the uptake of TurboTax Live been compared to your expectations on the TurboTax user? And I know you guys are promoting it very heavily. It's all over that landing page. Has the uptake been in line with your expectations?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Great. Hi, Keith. Thank you for your question. Two-part answer.

First one is as the category champions for do-it-yourself, we're actually quite pleased with the growth that we've seen in the category. And we believe that with our actions, with our lineup, and with the tax simplification, that it has potentially drawn more folks to the category. So, we feel good about what we see, thus far. In terms of the uptake with TurboTax Live, as you know, there's multiple experience improvements that we made this year, one of them being that we've made it available across all of our skews.

And thus far, we like what we see. Our PRS scores are up, both for the consumer and for pros, and we like where we are.

Keith Weiss -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Got it. And if I can maybe sneak in a follow-up for Michelle. When we're thinking about TurboTax Live, are you guys still comfortable that there wont be like any real gross margin impact from TurboTax Live because I mean there is a real person on the other side of that live offering.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Hi, Keith. Thanks for the question on TurboTax Live, and you're right. We continue to be pretty excited about Live and the opportunity we have there, which -- and the opportunity is pretty big when you think about the assisted segment and what it gives us access to bringing those customers in. As for our gross margin, we've continued to look at that and we feel pretty good that that will stay around the 84% mark over time.

One of the things that's great about TurboTax Live is the price range for that, the ARPC for that is quite a bit higher than what we have with our normal TurboTax core product. And so even though we do have people involved in it, we're continuing to drive the efficiency there. Last year was our first year. And so, as you know, we've said before we weren't as efficient as we could be.

And so we continue to work on that, but we feel good about it. We feel good about where we are from our margin standpoint.

Keith Weiss -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Excellent. Thank you so much.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Brad Zelnick of Credit Suisse. Your line is open.

Brad Zelnick -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thanks so much, and congrats on a nice quarter. Sasan, if we look at the spread between consumer revenue growth and tax unit growth, it looks like you're seeing a nice increase in average revenue per return. What are the puts and takes on the mix that's driving it? And can you give us a sense of ASP or mix across the spectrum of TurboTax Live skews that you're now offering?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Brad. Thank you for the question. As you know, we've got multiple levers: price, mix, and volume, and we actually like what we're seeing on mix. Our customers are seeing benefits in two areas.

One is our self-employed offering, and two, the fact that we have TurboTax Live available across multiple skews. And we're seeing higher uptake in both of those areas, which is great because it means that we're delivering more confidence for our customers, and they'll have confidence in their maximum tax refund. So, we feel good about it, and those are the drivers of it.

Brad Zelnick -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

OK. And I could just add a follow-up, either for yourself or for Michelle. It's great to hear the early success this season with TurboTax Live and the strong product recommendation scores that go along with that. How should we think about your ability to meet demand as we get later into the season and avoid customers sitting in long queues and doing that profitably?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, it's a great question and that's something that our teams prepare for throughout the year, and we have multiple different scenario plans as we're in season. I think the first thing I would start with is, last year our assessment of ourselves is that we deliver for our customers but we were inefficient on the platform for our pros. And this year, we did multiple things. One, in terms of onboarding the pros, this ability we gave them for scheduling, case management.

And so they are far more efficient and effective to deliver for our customers. So, we feel good about the capacity that we have, the usage rate that we have. And we have multiple different scenarios to ensure that we're prepared for the rest of the season.

Brad Zelnick -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Excellent. Thanks again, Sasan.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Brad.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Ross MacMillan of RBC. Your line is open. Ross MacMillanThanks so much, and my congratulations as well.

I have two questions. Just first on tax. One of the things, Sasan, we've noticed is it appears that the way that the forums changed and the way your product offerings change might mean that more prior year free filers may actually become paid filers. And I was wondering if -- I guess, two things on that.

One is, is that a fair assumption or a fair assertion? And then secondly, what are the implications for unit share, given that part of the DIY category is free as opposed to paid? And is there potentially some sort of mix shift toward paid and away from free as you think about the mix this year?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Thank you, Ross. Great question, just one -- as a reminder, the four levers in the business are IRS -- number of IRS returns, it's driving growth into DIY category, and then we want to be able to take share in the category, and then last but not least, it's about revenue per customer. And this year, we lined up our free offering.

We wanted to deliver the best free offering, so we lined it up with the IRS 1040, and included a number of things to make it really an awesome offering, inclusive of year-over-year data transfer. But by the way we defined our offerings, there are a number of customers that would look to our paid offerings for the benefit. And we are actually seeing some of that uptake and feel good about what we are seeing. At the end of the day, what matters for us is as the champions of the category is growing the category and ultimately putting customers and the right products, and we feel good about what we're seeing early in the season.

Brad Zelnick -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Great. And maybe one other one just to follow-up, there was some commentary around, I guess, the test product like bookkeeping that was out there. And I know it's not a product that's in market yet, but I was just curious of kind of your thoughts around that and maybe if there's anything just to talk about on a potential product in the future?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, I think you're asking about QuickBooks Live. Let me just take a step back and set some context. When you think about what I shared earlier around an AI-driven expert platform, there are common needs across all of our customers that we serve, consumer, self-employed, and small businesses. And one of the biggest problems that customers face is confidence.

And so one of the most important areas that we are focused on is connecting people with experts on our platform. And we've been doing some testing to learn what's important to small businesses, what's important to bookkeepers, enrolled agents and accountants, and running a test to make that connection. And so far, we like what we see in the test because ultimately it's a two-sided platform. It's about serving small businesses, but it's also helping enrolled agents, CPAs, and bookkeepers grow.

And we're seeing -- we like what we see so far in our early reads.

Brad Zelnick -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Great. Thank you. Congrats again.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Kirk Materne of Evercore ISI. Your question, please.

Kirk Materne -- Evercor ISI -- Analyst

Yes, thanks very much. Sasan, I want to maybe shift over to QuickBooks Online really quick and just talk about QBO Advanced. You mentioned you feel good about the progress there, thus far. Could you just talk about sort of who you expect to be sort of the initial customers for that, meaning [Inaudible] expect that there's an opportunity to maybe keep customers that were sort of turning off to a product that's more for mid-sized customers as well as actually bring on new customers on to the platform.

I guess, is there a balance you're expecting in the near term on that? And then I just had one follow-up for Michelle. Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Kirk. Thank you for your question. And let me just start with some context into the way we think about this space. First of all, the way we draw the line is small businesses with employees between 10 to 100.

And generally, the challenge in this space is that these customers are over-served and they overpay, and there's an opportunity for us to really serve these customers. Now the good news is, we do this today with Desktop Enterprise. We have well over 140,000 customers. It's over a $440 million business that's growing double digits.

And we've made the decision now because we are ready to ultimately build out the platform in the cloud. And we believe that there is a big opportunity to serve these customers. First, it's ensuring that we can be there for our existing customers. When we look at Desktop Enterprise, it's been 70% stretchers and 30% new.

But as we look at QBO Advanced and really disrupting mid-market, we want to be hunters and nurturers. And so we want to make sure that we, not only deliver for our existing customers as they grow, but we also want to make sure that we begin to go after new acquisitions. I would just remind us that we are very early. We know how to play in this space, but now we're building the platform in the cloud and it's not just about the platform, but also the services that we need to deliver.

And so very early, but we're pleased with the early results.

Kirk Materne -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

OK, that's helpful. And then, Michelle, obviously, really nice beat on operating margins that seem to flow through just on the top-line beat. But given the tax season sort of evolved a little bit slower, was there any spend that shifted into the third quarter maybe from the second quarter as a result of that or was that just sort of the natural leverage of the model showing up in terms of the operating margin earnings outside this quarter? Thanks.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Kirk, for the question. Yes, with a slow-forming tax season and just our normal operations of the business, we do see expenses that tend to shift from one quarter to the other. We tend not to get overly focused on that. We really do focus on the total year when we think about margins.

And so I would stay focused on the guide we've given for the year and not get too caught up in the quarterly movements.

Kirk Materne -- Evercore ISI -- Analyst

Fair enough. Thanks very much and congrats on the quarter.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Scott Schneeberger of Oppenheimer. Your question, please.

Scott Schneeberger -- Oppenheimer Holdings -- Analyst

Thanks very much. Good afternoon and nice work. My first one, it's similar to Ross' earlier about the tiers in TurboTax but specifically to the changes in tax reform. I'm just curious if the -- obviously, with the tiered categories, there're changes in robustness on your end but are you seeing a lot of change from -- we'll call it trade down from itemized to standard deduction, and how are you handling that? Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Scott. Thank you for your question. I think back to what I -- the context that I set earlier, tax simplification is really good for consumers, and in fact, with us being the category champions and the way we are promoting how easy it is to do taxes yourselves, we're seeing a growth in the category. Now, with respect to where customers fit across the different lineup, it's playing out exactly within kind of the realm that we assumed in terms of, one, those may trade up because of TurboTax Live and the confidence that they're looking for.

But also those that potentially used to pay, but now need to be free. So what we're seeing is very much in line with what we expected.

Scott Schneeberger -- Oppenheimer Holdings -- Analyst

All right. Thanks for that, Sasan. And then as far as competitive behavior, a lot of rate changes and tier complexity changes from everyone this year, I'm just curious if you're seeing -- obviously, we don't have IRS through middle of February. You had to go back a week on that.

So how do you think you compare? I know it's a handicap, not having seen that yet but through midyear, do you think that anyone is stepping out ahead or behind -- or falling back in the -- in any of the categories in the tax space just through competitive behavior? Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, thank you. Great question. You know, having lived in TurboTax land myself for three years, this season is like all other seasons. Everybody -- we respect our competitors.

They're putting their best foot forward. Really good products, really good marketing, and I would just say we like what we see so far. And just as a reminder for every point the IRS grows, our revenue is up about one. For every point the category grows our revenue is up three and we are very focused on growing the category and we like what we see so far.

Scott Schneeberger -- Oppenheimer Holdings -- Analyst

All right. Thanks very much.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Brent Thill of Jefferies. Your line is open.

Brent Thill -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Good afternoon. 12% growth from the first half of the year, yet you're guiding for a decel to get to 8% to 10% toward the back half. I'm just curious how you think about the back half and the differences that you face. Obviously, a big comp from last year, but any other factors that you're paying attention to that we should be cognizant of?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Brent, a very legit and deserved question. Our principle is we guide to the year and we guide to the quarter. And of course as you just articulated, both in Q1 and Q2 we delivered 12% top-line growth and of course our guidance for Q3 and we're very focused on delivering for our customers in Q3, and delivering the guidance that we've given you all and then we'll step back and look at guidance for the rest of the year. As you can imagine, our third quarter has more than doubled the revenue we just delivered and we want to make sure that we are laser focused at executing that.

So nothing -- there's no new dynamic other than we guided for the year and then we guided for the quarter.

Brent Thill -- Jefferies -- Analyst

OK. And, Michelle, the buyback's down 49% in the first half of the year and I know that you still have $3 billion authorized. But can you just give us a sense of any change in capital allocation here in terms of how you're thinking about the balance of where you're going?

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Hi, Brent, thanks. Thanks for the question. In 2Q, as I mentioned, we bought back $177 million worth of stock which was up from 101, a $101 million in Q1. And we really -- there has not been any change in our capital planning decisions.

We apply our financial principles and so we look at investing in the business to drive growth and then we look -- as I mentioned, in acquisitions and then we look at buying back shares and paying dividend. And so I would say we're pretty happy with where we are. Over the last four years, we've returned about $6 billion to shareholders and so we feel pretty good about where we are right now.

Brent Thill -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Great. Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Kash Rangan of Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Your line is open.

Kash Rangan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Hi. Thank you very much. Congrats to Sasan on taking over as CEO of Intuit. I had a question with respect to the tools that are available to Intuit to improve the retention in the TurboTax business and also the QBO business? Thank you very much, that's it from me.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hey, Kash, thank you for your question and your kind words. Do you mind just repeating your question, because you're cutting in and out. I didn't hear the whole question.

Kash Rangan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Absolutely. Absolutely. We're going into a tunnel, happy to do that. The tools that are available to Intuit -- tools of strategy that are available to Intuit to improve the retention rates in TurboTax and the QBO businesses.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Got it. Got it. Very helpful. Thank you for repeating it.

I would just start with -- our approach is that all of our products are instrumented, so we look at the data across all of our products. We look at what customers are using. We look at voice of the customer. We look at product recommendation scores.

And that really helps us hone in on where we are delivering for customers, where we need to improve the experience, and that actually is what informs in the very near term our roadmap while separately we have longer-term strategic roadmaps. So I would say the -- really, the uber tool is that our products are instrumented. We look at the data, we look at voice of the customer, we look at product recommendation scores. And those combined with how we observe customers is what informs what we do to ensure that we improve retention across our platform.

Kash Rangan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

[Inaudible] TurboTax, is there any way to how we use the light product [Inaudible] for retention and potentially upsellers to make a better and more for holistic experience, so -- the issue that we've had in the past of people are dropping out because there is competition and whatnot. How do you think about that lever? That's it. Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, got it. Very helpful. That's actually one of the reasons why we are so excited about TurboTax Live because it really goes after the heart of what matters most to our customers, which is that one nagging question that they had. They just bought a house, so they sold a house or they just got married or they just had a child or they made a new investment, and how -- what are the implications of that to my tax return? And that is what's so exciting about Live because now customers can ask a question.

We've improved the experience so they can get real-time answers so they can get asynchronous answers. And that had proved last year to be not only a conversion but a retention tool and we're seeing the same this year.

Kash Rangan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Wonderful. Thank you so much.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Kash, and I apologize I didn't hear your question the first time.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Jennifer Lowe of UBS. Your line is open.

Jennifer Lowe -- UBS -- Analyst

Great. Thank you. I think we've all seen the press talking about don't expect as big a refund this year or people who's got refunds in the past are now owing money and I'm -- that may be one of the reasons we're seeing a slower start to tax season because the people getting a big refund file first. But I'm just curious as you see -- to the extent this trend is shaping up, where people are getting smaller refunds or potentially owing more money than they have in the past, how is that impacting behavior? Does it change price sensitivity? Do they want a second opinion and maybe do things like TurboTax Live? I'm just curious to get your takes on that phenomena.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Hi, Jennifer. Thank you for the question. What we've learned through the years, and this is all through data, is that ultimately customers will pick the right product that's right for them.

If the refund surprises them, it becomes a confidence question and that's where they need help. Did I do my taxes right, did I answer the questions the right way, which is by the way and the reason why TurboTax Live is so important for our customers, so they can get that nagging question answered, inclusive of, "Hey, I expected more on my refund, why is it different?" With that context, we don't share the -- our year-over-year refunds for our customers, but IRS shared it through February 8th and it was down 8.7% per customer and we'll just have to see how the rest of the season plays out. But it does not impact, back to your question, which product customers pick and their sensitivity because once they pick a product, they have confidence in the product, they are just more focused on do I have confidence in my refund.

Jennifer Lowe -- UBS -- Analyst

Great. And just sort of a second question on a similar vein, the same press reports talk about the increased complexity even for the professionals this year and if we sort of look at the relative delta between the self-prepared e-files and the professional e-files, certainly that seems to indicate share gains for the DIY category but, I guess, how do you think about the potential durability of that gap. Is there any sense of whether pros are just taking a little longer this season to get those filings in because they're grappling with new legislation? Or do you think that's something that could persist as we move through the next couple of months? Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

I think there are two big levers. One is we have digital tailwinds. More and more customers want to do things themselves versus have somebody else do it for them. However, when they need the help, they want to make sure that that expert is there.

So one, there are tailwinds. I think the second thing I would say is in addition to the tailwinds is we view ourselves as the category champions to drive the category growth, which is why we are focused on not only expanding our lead in the do-it-yourself category, but transforming the assisted category, which in essence, gives folks more confidence to do it themselves because they know there's going to be a human there on the other side to help answer their question. And so I would say those are the two drivers as to why we believe that over time that will persist.

Jennifer Lowe -- UBS -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Next question comes from Josh Beck of KeyBanc. Please, go ahead.

Josh Beck -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yes, thank you taking the question. I wanted to ask in the consumer segment, I know that you are -- Investor Day you had highlighted 25 million registered users across mint and turbo, and I know it's early in the season but can you give us a sense of how those initiatives are tracking, thus far?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Hi, Josh. Thank you for your question. First of all, I'll go back to -- our focus is to make -- to help our customers make ends meet.

And really the vision for turbo is to ensure that we are matching our customers with the best financial products, and we've got four verticals that we are focused on, investing, lending, and mortgage just being three of the four. And we have 25 offers where we match our customers with their consent of data to the financial products. And we, in fact, this year introduced 20 new features, all in service of helping our customers make ends meet and ultimately helping our partners thrive. So far with the early data, again, we like what we see.

We'll share those results at the Investor Day this year coming up, but we like what we're seeing and what we're learning.

Josh Beck -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great. And I had a follow-up around online services. That's been, I think a nice positive upside surprise. You had some nice updates on capital and payments and payroll.

I'm just wondering if you unpack that, are there certain areas that are maybe coming in ahead of your expectation or you're becoming more excited about as you make more inroads on the services front?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, we are very proud of the team because they are very laser-focused on what matters most to our customers, which in this case, it's about helping them get paid fast, helping them get access to capital and helping them pay employees but actually hold on to as much money -- as much as their money if they can before they have to pay their employees and ultimately when it comes to time tracking, which drives more accuracy in how you pay your employees. And I will just share with you that our teams have been very focused on those customer problems and improving the experience, looking for ways to get the money into our customers pockets faster or helping them hold on to their money longer. And I think some of the innovation that we launched and we talked about earlier, whether it's faster funding and payments or same day and next day payroll where customers get the hold on to their money a little bit longer is all in service of our teams being very focused on what matters to customers and just accelerating both the innovation and our marketing efforts, and that's something that we would foresee continuing.

Josh Beck -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Great. Thank you for the color.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Chris Merwin of Goldman Sachs. Your line is open.

Chris Merwin -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

OK. Thanks for taking my questions. Just in terms of international sub growth [Inaudible] line, I think it was not a really strong quarter up over 50% year on year. I mean, I know that U.K.

has been an area of strength more recently for you all and I guess, with the MCD legislation coming into effect in April, should we expect this tailwind to continue or is that sort of something that might taper off? How should we think about that continuing unless we move throughout the year? And I have a follow-up. Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Chris. Thank you for your questions. We are very pleased with the team's performance on international, and it grew about 56% this quarter driven by several countries U.K., Australia, and Canada. And making tax digital, we believe, will actually be a contributor to continued growth.

And the reason it will create a digital tailwind for small businesses to -- have to change their behaviors in essence for things like invoicing, so we view that as a potential catalyst to maintain the growth.

Chris Merwin -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

OK. Great. And then the follow-up is just on TurboTax e-filers. It looks like they were down a little bit more category, obviously, very early in the tax season, but just curious how you're thinking about share again in 3Q and [Inaudible] what you contemplated in guidance?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, yes. Again just as a quick refresher, we look at IRS growth growing the category and then growing shares, and as we pan out our game plan for the season, we do it in season parts. So thus far, we are where we expected to be and we have a game plan for the rest of the season that we're excited about.

Chris Merwin -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

OK. Perfect. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Ken Wong of Guggenheim. Your line is open.

Ken Wong -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Great. Sasan, at Analyst Day, one of the big goals you guys laid out was to improve conversion at the top of funnel in terms of customer traffic. I'm wondering if you guys have any early trends that you could share there in terms of the success on that front?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Hi, Ken. Thank you for your question and that is a -- really, a big focus for us as the company because we get the customers coming to us. The opportunity we have is to improve that, and we are running multiple different experiments.

We continue to run experiments in TurboTax to actually improve traffic to log in and we're also doing the same thing in QuickBooks. I'll use an example for QuickBooks. As a reminder, people come to us from many different reasons in QuickBooks. They may come to us for invoicing, they may come to us for payroll, they may come to us just to get organized, and we're -- weve been shifting from really a quickbooks.com that is just [Inaudible] to having landing pages that asks a couple questions from customers, understands their intent, and takes them right to what they're looking for because they come to us for many different reasons.

We, in fact, have multiple tests running right now and we've been -- and we will continue to roll out the winners. So we like our progress here and I would tell you that we will never be satisfied because we have so much room for improvement and we see a lot of opportunity in this area.

Ken Wong -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Got it. And then a follow up for Michelle, you guys mentioned that the plan was to start spending marketing dollars at the start of tax season. It's a little earlier than last year. Can you maybe comment on how effective that's been and then whether or not you guys might consider putting a little more gas on the fire if it has been effective?

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Sure. First, thanks for the question, Ken. First of all, have you seen our advertising?

Ken Wong -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

I have seen your advertising. It's -- that's why I am QuickBooks customer and TurboTax customer.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

You like it?

Ken Wong -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Well, I saw the -- let's see, which one was it? Well, can't remember at this moment, but yes, I think it's effective. It's drew me to the website, just to double-check.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Well, good. Good, good, good. Well, you know what? We're seeing the same thing. So our big push there with our marketing dollars is really we want to be where our customers are.

So that's important to us and when we look at marketing and whether we should spend more or not, it really is around -- is the marketing spend driving the outcomes we want? And so on the QuickBooks side, we tend to focus on [Inaudible]. On the TurboTax side, we tend to focus on when you're paying back. And so that enables us to be able to make different research allocation decision because as you get to know, we manage margins the company level and so we're always looking at how to best play funds to deliver better outcomes. And so right now, with the metrics we've seen so far, we are pleased with how we're selling.

I'm so excited [Inaudible] with QuickBooks and with our TurboTax ads.

Ken Wong -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Got it. Thanks, Michelle.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Raimo Lenschow of Barclays. Your line is open.

Raimo Lenschow -- Barclays -- Analyst

Hey, thanks for taking my questions. I had two quick questions. First on QuickBooks on the international, you mentioned about the success you had there. Can you talk a little bit about Brazil and France and maybe India situation, where we were working on markets of readiness, and I'm aware of the U.K.

strength but just wanted to see out how those regions are doing? And I had one follow-up.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Raimo. Thank you for your questions. Just for context, there is six countries that we're in outside of the U.S. It's U.K., Canada, Australia, and of course the other three that you asked about France, Brazil, and India.

I'll hit on each of them very quickly. In Brazil, we really focused the teams on the compliance market. It's actually a large enough market. It's almost two U.K.'s and we like the progress that we see both our active use and PRS is going up.

In France, it's important to remind ourselves that it is extremely early in the shift to the cloud. We are very focused on a few key problems, one of them being document exchange between accountants and small businesses, think [Inaudible] capture. We like the progress that we're seeing there and the product markets fit and we're seeing increased active use and PRS but it's very early in the shift to the cloud. Again, France is where the United States was 25 years ago in terms of just where it is in moving to the cloud.

And then last but not least, India is just going through a significant digital transformation with the government getting involved, and we are very focused on tech savvy businesses. We are making progress in India, but it is not at the same rate as what we're seeing in Brazil and France.

Raimo Lenschow -- Barclays -- Analyst

OK. And then one follow-up, can you just remind us -- a lot of your business moved to AWS and I'm expecting the tax season what's going to meet the scale and its scaling. Can you remind us like where you are where is the duplications versus where you can immediately fully on AWS already? Thank you.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, we're very excited about the shift at AWS. It helps with better tools, better automation for our developers so they can be a far more productive and drive a much more innovation. We expect by -- well, first of all, let me start with most of our large caps are already on AWS and we expect by FY'19 middle of FY'20 for most of the other services to be on AWS. There's always going to be the [Inaudible] services that will take more time, but for the most part will be over the bridge.

Raimo Lenschow -- Barclays -- Analyst

Perfect. Congratulations. Thank you.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Michael Turrin of Deutsche Bank. Your line is open.

Michael Turrin -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Hey, good afternoon. Thanks. Following up on some of the online services commentary. That number continues to accelerate, just hoping you could expand a bit more around what attached those additional products can do for ARPU and retention rates in the small business segment over time.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Michael. Thank you for your question. Maybe just a quick repeat of what I mentioned earlier, we are very focused on what matters most to our customers, which is around getting paid, around capital paying employees, and time-tracking. And we like what we see and the progress that we see.

I think what's most important for you all to remain focused on is our online revenue being north of 30%. We don't manage the business or set goals around ARPU, but ultimately what's most important to our customers and ensuring that we deliver what we've committed to you all. And so I would focus on the 30% revenue growth -- online revenue growth.

Michael Turrin -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Great. And then on self-employed, you added 100,000 subs there during the quarter, can you just help us parse through a bit more how much of that was driven by synergies with TurboTax early in the season and whether there are some additional factors that might be helping drive those synergies? Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, absolutely. Well, first of all, we're excited about almost adding 400,000 compared to this time last year and really helping the needs of the self-employed. We will break out where it came from at Investor Day, but right now it's not something that we will break out but we like the progress that we're making both going directly to self-employed and what we're seeing across the ecosystem across the TurboTax channel.

Michael Turrin -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Got it. Thanks for taking the questions.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Walter Pritchard of Citi. Your line is open.

Walter Pritchard -- Citi -- Analyst

Just, Sasan, for you on traffic, I know at the Analyst Day you talked about how traffic to TurboTax.com had been flat last year and you're hopeful that you could see some increase there and then drive some conversion. Could you help us understand what you're seeing in terms of traffic early in the season at this point? And then I have a follow-up.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Hi, Walter. Absolutely, our focus is actually less about growing more traffic, but actually bringing customers back where they realize that we have an opportunity to help them with confidence with TurboTax Live. So it's really about the mix of folks that we're focused on bringing back and improving the conversion of those that are already there versus looking to improve traffic even more so year over year, and we like so far what we see.

Walter Pritchard -- Citi -- Analyst

Great. And then just on the small business side, you highlighted ARPU as the focus there and you've had I think some good success with [Inaudible]. Can you maybe update us on what you're thinking in terms of M&A around the small business group and bringing in some businesses that might look like [Inaudible] to help drive the breadth of the product down to the base?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Sure, sure, Walter. Yes, first of all everything that we do is driven by what's most important to our customers. And anything that allows us to help accelerate payments for our customers, put more money in their pockets through capital, innovate in payrolls, not only make it easy, but ultimately allow them to hold on to their money the longest in their bank before they have to push a button and the money goes out to their employees or things like time tracking are all important areas that we will continue to innovate because we're still at the early stages. I did not talk about ARPU earlier.

In fact, what I reiterated is we focus more on online revenue growth and we want you to focus on that being above 30% because that allows our teams to focus on innovation that matters the most. I think as we look ahead, one of the areas that will accelerate our focus will be how do we help product-based businesses manage across multiple different channels, and that would be an area where we'll look to accelerate our build internally and look externally if we need to.

Walter Pritchard -- Citi -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Walter.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Sterling Auty of JP Morgan. Your line is open.

Sterling Auty -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Yes, thanks. Hi, guys. I'm curious of the TurboTax Live users so far this season, how would you characterize the uptake of those users coming out of first time TurboTax users versus returning TurboTax users?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Sterling. These are some data points we'll release later but I would tell you that we like the mix that we're seeing. Just as a reminder, as we've shared at Investor Day, we lose 3 million TurboTax customers because ultimately they didn't have confidence and they go elsewhere. We're seeing less dropoff because those that may have a question can now ultimately ask for help and they will get it.

And we're seeing an accelerated migration from assisted segment now that they see that there's a way to get expertise on a digital platform. So, we like the mix that we are seeing and it's also important to remind ourselves we're early in the journey of TurboTax Live and so we are learning and adjusting literally on a weekly basis, but we like what we see.

Sterling Auty -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Great. And then one follow-up, how would you characterize the pricing and promotional activity in the tax side so far through the season?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Well, as I mentioned earlier, we have a ton of respect for all of those that we compete with and everybody has upped their game as they do every year both in terms of product innovation and their pricing strategy. I would just say that everyone's being aggressive but we've not seen anything that surprised us and we're being extremely choiceful and deliberate what we do with pricing because we want to truly go after where we can create value for customers and be able to keep those customers in the long term.

Sterling Auty -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Sterling.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Brad Reback of Stifel. Your line is open.

Brad Reback -- Stifel Financial Corp. -- Analyst

Great. Thanks very much. So, Michelle, I'll start with a quick comment, I'm a big fan of the Coffee House ads.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Awesome. Love to hear that.

Brad Reback -- Stifel Financial Corp. -- Analyst

Now to the work. Sasan, I believe last quarter Brad talked about smarter promotional activity, and I took that to mean more in the QBO side. Can you tell us maybe where we are in that process and is that more of a tailwind going forward or we are beginning to see a big part of that? Thanks.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Brad was exactly right in what he shared, and we believe we really have a big opportunity as we think about very strategic pricing and it looks and feels different by country depends on which country it is and where we are in the cycle of that country, but let me just use U.S. as an example. We are running a number of tests right now because we now have across our product line.

We have self-employed all the way to QBO Advanced, which is about serving the mid-market and now we're doing tasked with connecting people to experts, which is Cookbooks Live, very similar to TurboTax Live. And that really is giving us an opportunity to really think about and test different price points. And we believe, over time that will be a tailwind for us.

Brad Reback -- Stifel Financial Corp. -- Analyst

Great. Thanks very much.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Jim MacDonald of First Analysis. Your line is open.

Jim MacDonald -- First Analysis -- Analyst

Yes, thanks. I have a couple of quick questions. I'll try another mix TurboTax Live question. Last year, you were surprised at the low end -- had any interest in TurboTax Live.

Any thoughts on what you're seeing on the low end of this season?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Hi, Jim. Greg and the team has some great insight last year, which you just articulated. And that is every customer no matter what their tax situation is, they will at some point had a question and we're really focused on going after confidence and being able to answer their questions.

And so, therefore that's why we made TurboTax Live available across all the SKUs. And we are seeing uptake across all the SKUs, which confirmed the learning that we had last year and the hypothesis that we went into this season, which is let's make it available for everyone because everybody ultimately has a nagging question and this gives them the chance to complete their taxes with confidence, and we are seeing uptake across every SKU.

Jim MacDonald -- First Analysis -- Analyst

OK. Great. And, Michelle, maybe you guys have been really efficient on R&D and G&A this year. Any -- is that due to the AWS conversion? Any thoughts on we have very low increases this year, which is pretty amazing.

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Jim. I appreciate the question. What I would actually take it back to is it's not so much -- I mean, we're always looking to drive efficiency but we also want to make sure that we are investing at the appropriate levels. And so what I would say specifically around R&D when we look at that spend, it may vary quarter to quarter.

We really look on an annual basis to stay at about in the range of 19% to 20% of revenue, and so that's really what we focus on. On G&A, we tend to be at the end of last year we had 11% of revenue and we look to see ways to get that to decline over time, but we do look at that also add in on an annual basis. So I would continue to think about it holistically and not get overly caught up in the quarter-to-quarter movement.

Jim MacDonald -- First Analysis -- Analyst

Thanks a lot.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Michael Millman of Millman Research. Your line is open.

Michael Millman -- Millman Research -- Analyst

Thank you. Question on RAs, to what extent did you promote this year? Was it promoted to all SKUs that you have varying amounts and that it brought in new clients or was it more for existing clients? And to what extent [Inaudible] to increase in coming years?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Hi, Michael. Thank you for your questions. I think you're referring to refund anticipation loans. And if that's what you're referring to, first I'll remind us that this was a business that we got out of 10 years ago because just a level of interest rates were not consumer friendly.

What we are testing with now is no interest anticipation loans. So that ultimately we can serve consumers in the areas that are most important to them and ultimately do it in a very consumer friendly way, which is what the company stands for. So we're getting some of those tests now and getting the results and we'll make decisions and inform what we do next year.

Michael Millman -- Millman Research -- Analyst

Are you competing for the market, which is going up to, one case, $3,500 and another case $7,000. Last year, I think you limited it to $1,000?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes, that -- we're in a similar ballpark now. We're testing between $250 to $1,000. And the main reason is as we've done a lot of testing in the previous years, it is not a reason to switch from one method to another. And so, therefore, we're very focused on ensuring that we're delivering against what really matters to our customers because it is not a -- it is not a category grower and it's not a conversion driver, which is why we're testing different limits.

Michael Millman -- Millman Research -- Analyst

Are you promoting it at all?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

No, we're just testing it right now.

Michael Millman -- Millman Research -- Analyst

OK. Thank you.

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. Ladies and gentlemen, I'm showing -- I'm not showing any further questions. Would you like to close with any additional remarks?

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Thank you very much. First of all, I really appreciate everybody's very thoughtful questions. We're very proud of our results and the momentum that the teams have and we are very inspired by containing the power and prosperity around the world, and we look forward to connecting with you next quarter.

Thank you.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 65 minutes

Call Participants:

Jerry Natoli -- Vice President of Finance and Treasurer

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Michelle Clatterbuck -- Chief Financial Officer

Sasan Goodarzi -- Chief Executive Officer

Keith Weiss -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Brad Zelnick -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Kirk Materne -- Evercor ISI -- Analyst

Scott Schneeberger -- Oppenheimer Holdings -- Analyst

Brent Thill -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Kash Rangan -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Jennifer Lowe -- UBS -- Analyst

Josh Beck -- KeyBanc Capital Markets -- Analyst

Chris Merwin -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Ken Wong -- Guggenheim Securities -- Analyst

Raimo Lenschow -- Barclays -- Analyst

Michael Turrin -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Walter Pritchard -- Citi -- Analyst

Sterling Auty -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Brad Reback -- Stifel Financial Corp. -- Analyst

Jim MacDonald -- First Analysis -- Analyst

Michael Millman -- Millman Research -- Analyst

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