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Keysight Technologies Inc (NYSE:KEYS)
Q4 2019 Earnings Call
Nov 26, 2019, 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to Keysight Technologies Fiscal Fourth Quarter 2019 Earnings Conference Call. My name is Christine, and I'll be your lead operator today. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to hand the conference over to Jason Kary, Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations. Please go ahead, Mr. Kary.

Jason Kary -- Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

Thank you and welcome everyone to Keysight's fourth quarter earnings conference call for fiscal year 2019.

Joining me are Ron Nersesian, Keysight President, and CEO; and Neil Dougherty, Keysight Senior Vice President, and CFO. Joining us in the Q&A session will be Mark Wallace, Senior Vice President of Worldwide Sales; and Satish Dhanasekaran President of the Communications Solutions Group.

You can find the press release and information to supplement today's discussion on our website at investor.keysight.com, while there please click on the link for quarterly reports under the Financial Information tab. There you will find an investor presentation along with Keysight's segment results. Following this conference call, we will post a copy of the prepared remarks to the website.

Today's comments by Ron and Neil will refer to non-GAAP financial measures. We will also make references to core growth, which excludes the impact of currency movements, and acquisitions or divestitures completed within the last 12 months. You will find the most directly comparable GAAP financial metrics and reconciliations on our website.

We will make forward-looking statements about the financial performance of the Company on today's call. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties and are only valid as of today. The Company assumes no obligation to update them. Please review the Company's recent SEC filings for a more complete picture of our risks and other factors.

Lastly, I would note that management is scheduled to participate in upcoming investor conferences in December hosted by Wells Fargo, Credit Suisse, Barclays, and Cowen. We hope to see many of you there.

And now, I will turn the call over to Ron.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Jason, and thank you all for joining us. Keysight delivered an outstanding quarter as we executed on our strategy and exceeded our commitments. This fiscal year 2019 was also an exceptional year of record performance as our strategy of innovation and differentiation solidified Keysight's leadership in our target markets.

Today, I'll focus my formal comments on three key headlines. First, Keysight finished the year with both record quarterly and annual performance. In Q4 and in fiscal year 2019, in total, we achieved record orders, record revenue, record gross margin, record operating margin and record EPS. For the full-year, revenue grew 10% to reach $4.3 billion. We achieved 11% core revenue growth while generating 63% gross margin, 24% operating margin and delivering a record 46% year-over-year EPS growth.

Second, we are well-positioned for continued growth with a broad and differentiated portfolio of solutions targeted at the fastest-growing segments of our end markets. Our focus on the long-term secular growth rate trends in 5G, next-generation auto, networking, IoT and defense modernization give us confidence in our ability to drive above-market growth even in times of macroeconomic uncertainty.

Third, over the last five years since launching Keysight, we have successfully executed a strategy to grow our business and improve our financial performance. Our industry-focused solutions, targeted R&D investments, acquisitions, and operational rigor have enabled Keysight to deliver compounded annual revenue growth of 11% and compounded annual EPS growth of 17% since becoming an independent public company.

Now, let's take a deeper look into our record-setting performance across the business. In the fourth quarter, we achieved record earnings of $1.33 per share, which was $0.13 above the high end of our guidance and represents a 31% year-over-year earnings growth. We also delivered record orders in the fourth quarter.

Orders of $1,194 million grew 6% year-over-year and 7% on a core basis. Excluding the unfavorable impact of trade restrictions of one of our larger customers in China, orders grew 10%, reflecting the strength of our broad portfolio of solutions and extensive customer reach. Our continued strong order growth has translated into another quarter of record revenue. Q4 revenue of $1,122 million grew 7%, both on a reported and core basis.

This quarter, we continue to see good growth in commercial communications, where we have strong differentiation in 5G as well as strength in U.S. aerospace defense solutions. Our Ixia Solutions Group delivered double-digit order growth and 15% revenue growth as network visibility remains strong and network test grew double-digits, driven by increased investment in 400 gigabit Ethernet solutions.

2019 was truly a record year for Keysight with total order growth of 9% or 10% on a core basis despite macro uncertainties in global trade tensions. Total orders for the year were $4.4 billion, a new milestone for the Company. Total revenue grew 10% or 11% on a core basis to a record $4.3 billion. We achieved this growth while increasing gross margin by 280 basis points and operating margin by 520 basis points year-over-year. This resulted in approximately $1 billion in both operating income and cash flow from operations.

2019 earnings per share of $4.72 were up 46% over the last year. Our results this year were driven by the strength of our software-based solutions, broad-based growth across multiple dimensions of the business and the customer focus and operational discipline of our Keysight leadership model. Now, I will share some data points that illustrate the strength of our business and a few key areas.

Orders for software solution grew 19% in 2019 to reach $853 million, representing 19% of total Keysight orders for the year. This growth was driven by strong demand for our 5G solutions, design software and network visibility solutions. Our recent announcement of the PathWave Test 2020 software suite represented a significant milestone in the ongoing development and deployment of Keysight's PathWave software strategy. PathWave Desktop Edition, the latest PathWave release delivers an integrated experience for leading electronics manufacturers, accelerating the time to market of their digital and wireless platforms and products, including 5G, IoT and automotive electronics.

Services are another important element of our solution-centric engagement model with customers. We achieved all-time highs for both service orders and services revenues for the fourth quarter and the full-year. Aligning our services business with our industry focus business groups at the beginning of the fiscal year was the next level growth catalyst that we expected. I'm pleased to report that we achieved over $550 million in services orders this year.

Momentum for services offering continues to build across multiple end markets. We are also seeing good adoption of our new support offerings such as KeysightCare, which contributes positively to our margin expansion efforts. Notably, the combination of our services and software solutions now account for over 30% of Keysight's orders.

Moving to our markets. Our comprehensive suite of 5G solutions is driving strong growth in commercial communications as investment across ecosystems of scaling ahead of deployments. Our broad differentiated portfolio and leadership in this fast-growing market position us well as the market expands. Another recent example of 5G leadership is the validation of our 5G conformance test solutions by the Global Certification Forum.

Our conformance platform has been adopted by all major test labs worldwide as the industry prepares for 5G device certification ahead of commercial launches. In automotive and energy, our revenues grew high single digits for the full-year and we continue to see investment in next-generation technologies, despite a slowdown in auto production.

One example of this next-generation technology investment is in battery formation. This is a core process used in the manufacture of electric vehicle batteries where specialized equipment must be used to generate accurate voltages incurrence to charge and discharge the battery. We recently achieved an important win using our battery formation test technology. This solution demonstrates our ability to combine differentiated software and hardware capabilities from multiple R&D teams, spanning Germany, Colorado, New Jersey, and Keysight Labs.

In our Ixia Solutions Group, both network visibility and network test revenues grew double-digits. Year-over-year in Q4. Network visibility growth remains strong as we see future opportunities to expand our footprint with enterprises deploying dedicated networks. Network test strength was driven by 400 gigabit Ethernet investment and layer two, two protocol solutions as well as security applications.

Our network test solutions have been adopted by many of the large industry players in span this ecosystem from NEMs to ODMs. The differentiated capability of our AresONE 400 gigabit Ethernet platform and our global sales reach, position us well to capture the investment expected in 2020. In addition, the integration of ISG into our Communications Solutions Group, which we announced last quarter is expected to accelerate solution synergies in 5G as the technology is deployed globally.

In conjunction with our strong financial performance and execution, Keysight remains committed to our corporate social responsibility vision, which includes the environment, communities, responsible sourcing, ethical governance, and our own people and solutions. We continue to be recognized for our efforts by inclusion in multiple CSR focused indices, most recently, the Dow Jones Sustainability Index.

Importantly, we outline key impact goals in our progress in our CSR report earlier this year. To highlight just a few of these results, we have engaged with over 400,000 students and future engineers through STEM education programs and reduced our global energy and water consumption by 7% and 18%, respectively.

In summary, 2019 has been an exceptional year of great success and record revenue and earnings. As we look ahead, we believe Keysight is well-positioned to expand our leadership as markets evolve. Our financial performance and growth across multiple dimensions of the business are a validation of our strategy to offer customers full solutions that include both software and services. We will continue to focus our investments in these key areas to drive innovation and create even more value for our customers and shareholders while we outgrow the market

Before I turn the call over to Neil, I would like to thank all of our Keysight employees for their dedication and hard work that made our success over the past five years possible. It is an exciting time at Keysight and we believe we are still just getting started.

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Ron, and hello, everyone. Before I begin, I will note that all comparisons are on a year-over-year basis, unless specifically noted otherwise.

As Ron mentioned, we delivered an outstanding quarter and fiscal year 2019. We continue to execute on our strategy for growth while maintaining focus on operational excellence. For the fourth quarter of 2019, we delivered record non-GAAP revenue of $1,122 million which was above the high end of our guidance range and grew 7% on a core basis.

Our better than expected Q4 revenue results were driven primarily by continued strong demand where we have a leading position and differentiated solutions in the market such as 5G, aerospace, defense, network visibility, and general electronics.

Total Keysight orders exceeded revenue once again this quarter. We delivered a record $1,194 million in orders, up 6% in total and 7% on a core basis. Looking at our operational results for Q4, we reported record gross margin of 64% and operating expenses of $426 million, resulting in an operating margin of 26%, the highest quarterly operating margin in Keysight's history.

We also achieved a net income of $254 million and delivered $1.33 in earnings per share, which was well above the high end of our guidance and an increase of 31% year-over-year. Our weighted average share count for the quarter was 191 million shares.

Moving to the performance of our segments. Our Communications Solutions Group generated record revenue of $706 million, up 7%, while delivering a gross margin of 63% and an all-time high operating margin of just over 28%.

In Q4, commercial communications delivered record revenue of $443 million, up 9% driven by strength across the wireless ecosystem as 5G investment continues to build. Aerospace defense and government achieved record revenue of $263 million, an increase of 5% on a core basis versus the prior all-time high in Q4 last year.

Growth was driven by U.S. government year-end spending and continued investment in China, offset by softness in Europe and the rest of Asia. Orders for this end market grew double-digits and we continue to see investment in advanced technology modernization and solutions such as cyber electromagnetic activities

For the year, CSG revenue grew 12% to reach $2,688 million. EISG generated fourth quarter revenue of $284 million, up 3% driven by strength in the broad portfolio of products that serve our general electronics market, ongoing investment in next-gen auto technologies and better than anticipated semiconductor solution demand. EISG reported record gross margin of over 62% and operating margin of 28%

For the year, EISG revenue grew 6% to reach $1,135 million. ISG reported Q4 revenue of $132 million, a record since the acquisition of Ixia, which represents 15% growth over last year with double-digit revenue growth in both network test and visibility solutions. ISG reported gross margin of 72% and operating margin of 9%. As a reminder, this does not include the full benefit of the approximately $50 million in net annualized cost synergies we generated from the transaction, of which about 70% are being realized within CSG and EISG.

In Q1, we will align ISG with our commercial communications end-market including global sales. At that time we will report ISG results within our Communication Solutions Group, which will provide solutions across the entire communications ecosystem, both end-to-end and up and down the stack.

As Ron highlighted, we are pleased with our performance and execution as a Company for the 2019 fiscal year. Revenue for the year total $4.3 billion and gross margin improved 280 basis points to 63%. To fuel innovation and further strengthen our market position in strategic areas, we continue to invest in R&D while maintaining strong operational discipline. As a result, the operating margin improved 520 basis points to 24%. This translated into a strong 46% earnings growth as we reported non-GAAP net income of $902 million or $4.72 per share for the full-year.

Moving to the balance sheet and cash flow. We ended our fourth quarter with $1.6 billion in cash and cash equivalents and reported cash flow from operations of $263 million, and free cash flow of $233 million, which represents 21% of revenue. This brings free cash flow for the year to $878 million, which was 20% of revenue and 97% of non-GAAP net income, well ahead of our 80% to 90% free cash flow conversion target for the year.

Under our share repurchase authorization, during the quarter, we acquired approximately 300,000 shares on the open market at an average price of $98.30 for a total consideration of approximately $30 million. This brings our total purchases for the year to approximately 2.1 million shares at an average price of $76.32 for a total consideration of $160 million.

Before moving to our outlook, I would like to remind you about the trade restrictions impacting one of our larger customers in China and the unfavorable impact this will have on our year-over-year comparisons in fiscal 2020. Specifically, this customer represented 6% of revenue in Q1 of 2019, and approximately 4% of revenue in Q2 or just under 5% of revenue for the first half of 2019.

Due to ongoing trade concerns, we now expect this customer to be approximately 1% of revenue going forward, which represents a 5 point headwind in Q1 and the 3 point headwind in Q2 of 2020. Virtually all of this unfavorable year-over-year impact will be reflected in the commercial communications end market.

Now turning to our outlook and guidance. We expect first quarter 2020 revenue to be in the range of $1,045 million to $1,065 million, and Q1 earnings per share to be in the range of $1.04 to $1.10 based on a weighted-diluted share count of approximately 191 million shares. For 2020 modeling purposes, we typically expect seasonally higher revenues in Q2 and Q4 versus Q1 and Q3.

Interest expense is expected to be approximately $80 million and capital expenditures are expected to be in the range of $120 million to $130 million. Regarding our tax rate, we are modeling a 12% non-GAAP effective tax rate for FY '20.

With that, I will now turn it back to Jason for the Q&A.

Jason Kary -- Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

Thank you, Neil. Christine, will you please give the instructions for the Q&A?

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions] Your first question comes from the line of Brandon Couillard from Jefferies. Your line is open.

Brandon Couillard -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Thanks. Good afternoon.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Good afternoon.

Brandon Couillard -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Ron, maybe to start with you in terms of the quarter, could you just spike out you know what areas of the business, specifically kind of outperformed relative to your plan, and kind of maybe any color you can share with us in terms of how Huawei came in relative to what you'd embedded in the guidance on the revenue line growth rate? [Phonetic]

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Sure, I'll just make a couple of comments and I'll turn it over to Neil to give you the precise numbers with regards to Huawei.

Operator

[Operator Instructions]

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Hello? Can you hear me, Brandon?

Brandon Couillard -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Yes, I can now.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Okay, very good. The biggest surprise was Ixia. Ixia performed extremely well with 12% order growth and 15% revenue growth, and profitability that was at 9%, not including about 7 points of benefit that gets a portion effectively to the other groups due to synergies that are represented in other P&Ls. So we were very pleased with that and it was great to see not only network visibility, but also network test turn on with the acceleration of 400 gigabit Ethernet solutions, which we have talked about in the past. We had mentioned in the past that it would take a little longer for that to turn on. So that was one.

The other thing was 5G continues to be exceptionally strong. We had very high double-digit growth there for the quarter, and we had triple-digit order growth there for the year. So we still see very strong momentum in 5G. The semiconductor business had a very good order pick up, not so much on the revenue side, yet you will see that flow later, but that was also very encouraging to see semiconductors turn on as we look at people investing more for 7-nanometer and 5-nanometer solutions where we play -- played very strongly. Also, aerospace, defense was very solid and we saw double-digit order growth in aerospace, defense in the quarter, and that's just the start.

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes. And Brandon, and then you asked a question about Huawei. The actual impact of Huawei on the revenue line was relatively small. Where we saw a bigger impact was in the order line. On a year-over-year basis in Q4, orders directly to Huawei were down about $40 million, and that includes approximately $20 million of orders, which we took off the books due to -- just no direct path to be able to ship them in the immediate future. And so we've de-booked [Phonetic] about $20 million in the quarter from that perspective as well.

Brandon Couillard -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Okay, thanks. That's helpful. And then as we think about the full-year, Ron, any greater -- sort of goalpost you can give us in terms of how you're thinking about top line for fiscal '20? I mean, we just look at the first quarter, you're kind of guiding to 5%, which is at the high-end sort of your mid-term model. You lap the toughest comp of the year and you've had a 5% headwind from Huawei restrictions. Any finer point you can just sort of share with us in terms of full-year top line outlook?

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Unfortunately, we're not going to be sharing the details beyond Q1 at this point. But I am going to announce that we will be doing an Investor and Analyst Day in New York City in March, where we will get a chance to talk about our model and our model going forward. As you've seen some of our results, we pretty much blown through all of the commitments we made for instance 4% to 5% core growth on revenue, we've delivered 11% the last five years. When you look at gross margin, we said in 2018, we would get the 61% to 63% by 2021, we're here in 2019, we already hit 63%. Operating margin, we said 21% to 22% and we delivered 24% for the year. Again that's above what we had committed to two years ahead of schedule. And the same thing with EPS growth, we delivered 17% EPS growth versus our commitment of greater than 10%. And we did the same thing in free cash flow conversion.

So we'll get a chance at the Analyst Day to give you more details on the model going forward. But we're very pleased to have exceeded those commitments. And we see more opportunity in front of us.

Brandon Couillard -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Tim Long from Barclays. Your line is open.

Tim Long -- Barclays -- Analyst

Thank you. Just two on the 5G side, if I could. First, just update us on competitive landscape and what you're seeing there, and any impacts that you might expect market share, pricing, anything like that. And then just following up on China, a lot of moving parts over there. But I'd what love your take on -- obviously, we're seeing an acceleration in pull-in of 5G, so what does that mean for you guys? What does that mean as far as R&D and manufacturing? And with the Huawei ban, they are taking share, so what do you think that means longer-term? Is that business that could come back to you or do you see enough strength with the other players there? Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Tim, I'm going to turn the first question on 5G over to Satish, who runs that business, and then have Mark, who is the Head of Sales, talk about China and the Huawei impact.

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes. Tim, first to the aspect of differentiation, the breadth of our portfolio combined with the leadership that we continue to maintain is clearly evident across the ecosystem, the extensibility of our platform, the experience we've gained through all the early collaborations. And now with ISG or Ixia capabilities, we're layering on additional capability to help our customers scale and navigate through the challenges of 5G.

Through the quarter, as Ron mentioned, a very strong quarter for 5G orders. All regions grew from an order perspective and our commercial communications group grew double-digits and revenue if you exclude the impact of the one customer that we just referenced, very strong strength in orders. From a device ecosystem, particularly the Tier 1, Tier 2 players, the test labs, the operators around the world are embracing our platform.

So I would say both for the quarter and for the year, very strong performance in 5G from traditional customers. But we also saw some 5G orders starting to appear from automotive customers, as an example as 5G starts to scale. So when we look forward to 2020, I continue to believe given the massive commercialization that's occurring on the world, the runway that's there with millimeter-wave adoption where customers are investing early for that, we think 2020 will be a big year for 5G adoption, and we are very well-positioned because of the strength of our portfolio as I mentioned before.

Now, I'll hand it off to Mark to make some comments on China.

Mark Wallace -- Senior Vice President, Global Sales

Sure. Thanks, Satish. So, Tim, we've talked about China in the past, it really isn't changed. It's a very important market for us. We're deeply engaged with all the industry-leading customers, all of our customers over there. In Q4, our business in China was just above the historical average of 17% to 18% with strong growth across virtually every segment from general electronics to automotive to semiconductor and commercial comms.

So the one customer that we're talking about is certainly a part of that, but we have a very, very broad business, broad set of industries, broad set of solutions around the world, and China is no different. And you know as I look forward, the automotive element continues to grow. Satish mentioned this, it has a tie into 5G and our solutions are really providing a lot of value to our customers around the world and including China. So we're very close to the situation, we'll keep a close eye on it and continue to monitor the situation closely.

Tim Long -- Barclays -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Toshiya Hari from Goldman Sachs. Your line is open.

Toshiya Hari -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Hi, guys. Thanks very much for taking the question. I guess my first question is, I was hoping you could provide us with the split of your business between R&D test and production test, specifically in comms in fiscal '19, and how you see that evolving into fiscal '20? And I realize you've got a lot of inputs when you think about margins, but how will that evolution impact margins going forward as well? And then I have a quick follow-up. Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Toshiya, thanks for the question. So first of all, let's start at the highest level, where we were -- we're approaching 60% of R&D and other pre-deployment types of solutions with manufacturing being close to 40%. So that's roughly the split. We haven't given that split for other businesses, but certainly in commercial comms which is not being driven by 5G, that is probably more heavily skewed toward R&D at this point than the overall business. So I think we can say that very clearly. But you can think of about as a 60%, 40% split for the Company in total.

Toshiya Hari -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Okay, great. And then as my follow-up on Huawei specifically. The 3% to 5% headwind for Q1 and Q2 of this fiscal year, is that a 100% due to the export ban or are they not taking product that you can actually ship as well, meaning like are the demand signals from that specific customer deteriorating over time? Thank you.

Mark Wallace -- Senior Vice President, Global Sales

So -- this is Mark. I'll answer that. It is related to the restrictions that are preventing us from shipping some products during the first quarter. So it's -- the demand is continuing, but the products that we're able to ship is limited.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

As we think about that situation more broadly, obviously, we've got -- the Huawei situation specifically, you've got trade more broadly, you've got things like the election and general manufacturing headwinds that have us a little bit more cautious going into FY '20. I think as we look at it though, we continue to believe that our end markets grow in the mid to -- low to mid-single digits and that we're well-positioned as a result of our portfolio of solutions to continue to outgrow the market even in light of those headwinds and even with the Huawei situation that we're facing here. And in 2020, we're heavily weighted obviously toward the first half.

Toshiya Hari -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Mehdi Hosseini from SIG. Your line is open.

Mehdi Hosseini -- Susquehanna International Group -- Analyst

Yes. Thanks for taking my question. I want to go back to your networking test that is actually better than expected. I remember last earning conference call, you talked about that particular segment of Ixia should pick up later in FY '20, and now we're seeing better than expected traction. I want to better understand the dynamics here, what's driving and to what extent this is more of an R&D? And when -- and if that's the case, when do you expect production-related orders and revenue growth to come in? And I have a follow-up.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

You want to take it?

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes. Hi. I would say that we're very pleased as Ron mentioned, with the recovery in the test business in Q4, maybe slightly ahead of our expectations. But I would attribute it to two factors, one is a slightly improving market dynamics associated with 400-gig, where customers are -- new customers are entering that ecosystem and trying to innovate to address the technology challenges and help scale the technology.

And the second one is really the differentiation of our platform and our solution, AresONE that we announced last year in October that continued to build strength through the year. To a large degree, you could say that most of the applications currently, AresONE is going into is in the R&D/early -- very early validation phase, where people are using it for more automated testing.

The rest of our 400-gig portfolio continues to be strong as well in the physical layer including in production test where we had a pretty significant manufacturing test win this quarter. And -- but we -- our sort of outlook for 400-gig is a very steady sort of demand through the year at this point.

Mehdi Hosseini -- Susquehanna International Group -- Analyst

Sure. And just a quick follow-up to that. You highlighted new type of customers, are these like a hyperscalers or is that the original equipment makers, ODMs or OEMs?

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes. We saw strength across the ecosystem, including the ones you reference.

Mehdi Hosseini -- Susquehanna International Group -- Analyst

Okay. Thank you. And just if I may just as my second question. When you look at your orders and you highlight semis we're strong in new booking, and -- but it's not really impacting your Q1 revenue. So with the semi bookings would start to flow into Q2, and is that going to also help the Q2 as a stronger quarter relative to Q1?

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Well, first of all, a lot of the bookings that we received in Q4 will flow out in Q1, not Q2. But the guide that we gave you encompasses that

Mehdi Hosseini -- Susquehanna International Group -- Analyst

Got it. Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of David Marchetti from Stifel. Your line is open.

John Marchetti -- Stifel -- Analyst

Hi. John Marchetti, here. Just a quick question. Satish, if you could go back to some of the comments on the millimeter-wave strength, just curious as you're looking out over the next 12 months or so, if you see that as a -- an additional driver with sort of the sub-6 being relatively steady, if those two are maybe moving into different phases. Just how you think if maybe some of those two different technologies playing out for you over the next 12 months or so?

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes. It's really a good question. I would say that you're very insightful in that. A lot of activity that you see that is in the public domain is related to Asia and some of the ramps are happening there in the sub-6 gigahertz band. But what we see is also capability building for a potential millimeter-wave ramp '21, '22 where customers are buying ahead of it.

The strength of our platform, I touched upon the extensibility of it. It allows customers to move from sub-6 gigahertz to millimeter-wave, SA and NSA seamlessly. And that really gives us a strong portfolio and competitive differentiation that we're benefiting from.

The other angle that I'll probably highlight is the complexity with 5G. Even though there are some early 60 operators have deployed some sort of commercial service with 5G, as we start to learn from those deployments, the complexities informing greater investment in R&D, driven by some of the dynamics such as over 2,000 band combinations

John Marchetti -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thank you. And is that primarily still with OEMs? Are you seeing increasing demand from the service provider community as well?

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes, across the ecosystem and in particular, in Q4, we saw strength from the top service providers for embracing our platform.

John Marchetti -- Stifel -- Analyst

Great. And then Neil, if I can just -- as I look back on '19, you had relatively stable spending levels, your operating expenses as you went through the year. Just curious as we look out into '20, any sort of big-ticket items or any sort of things to be aware of as we're looking at those opex levels heading into next fiscal year?

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Nothing specific. The one thing that I would say is that we do continue to model internally 16% of revenue going toward R&D spend. We were a little bit under that in the back half of '15 -- excuse me, in the back half of '19. But as we move into 2020, we continue to be anchored on 16% of revenue going into R&D.

John Marchetti -- Stifel -- Analyst

Thank you.

Jason Kary -- Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

Thanks, John.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of David Ridley-Lane from Bank of America. Your line is open.

David Ridley-Lane -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Thank you. I had a question on the $550 million in services orders this year, do you have a comparable figure for the prior-year? Or could you give us a sense of the growth rate on that services business?

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So I make a couple of comments about that. If you remember, this business was a $400 million business for many, many years. And if you actually went back to our very first Analyst Day after the launch of Keysight, we talked about growing this business to being $600 million business and being able to do that by 2020. We're not going to hit that target On the revenue line next year, but we would expect that we would be able to come very close to delivering $600 million in orders in 2020. So on a very nice trajectory and continue to see great growth in that business. And it's an important part of our overall solutions offering.

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

And just to answer the last part of your question, services grew double-digits in FY '19.

David Ridley-Lane -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Okay. And then on software -- excuse me, software sales, can you give a sense of how that sales process is going? Are you displacing existing software providers? Or is this more about when you do get a new program win, you're having better success about adding software that program win?

Mark Wallace -- Senior Vice President, Global Sales

Yes. David, this is, Mark Wallace. I'll take that. So software is an ever-increasing part of our overall solution as we're delivering complete solutions to our customers. So that's a piece of it. We've also been very successful in implementing our software business model and our go-to-market strategy. So when we're selling software, that's got a perpetual license we sell support with that. We're now being successful with growing new business model offerings with time-based licenses. And we are always adding new features and capabilities, as an example that Ron talked about with PathWave 2020. So it's a combination of all those things.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

If you break it down, it's -- there are three main parts, one is our design software or EDA design software. The second is application software that gives customers answers versus just lots of numbers. And the third is platforms and platforms such as PathWave will help tie everything together throughout the complete workflow. On top of that, we provide all types of software updates and that's why we're very pleased to see our over $850 million worth of software. You couple that with our services business. Our ARR or recurring revenue continues to increase, which is the strategy -- one of the strategies of our Company.

And just you -- we had mentioned earlier, software orders were up 19% for the year and revenue was double digits at a lower level, but that's only because it gets recognized over time.

David Ridley-Lane -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

All right. Thank you very much.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, David.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Richard Eastman from Baird. Your line is open.

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

Yes. Good afternoon. Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Good afternoon.

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

So very quickly, just to return for a second to Huawei, the discussion around the headwind in the first half of the year is reasonably consistent with what you had laid out. But I'm curious when you look at the combination of Huawei and HiSilicon, do you expect the revenue of the combination to those one or two customers, however, you define them, do you expect the revenue to be up in fiscal '20 versus '19?

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

No. We consider HiSilicon to be part of Huawei. And so we have a pretty significant headwind as it relates to that combination of customers, roughly 2% total for the year, but pretty heavily skewed toward the first half with a 5% headwind in Q1 and a 3% revenue headwind in Q2. So it's definitely down from that set of customers over [Indecipherable]

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

Okay. So you consider-- yes, consider the same entity which I guess they are. But I'm curious, in the past, historically, Keysight has had a very, very strong position and kind of the base station test side, manufacturing test within infrastructure. And I'm curious where are we in that growth curve? Does Keysight expect to hold share there, and if so, will that business not ramp into fiscal '20?

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes. This is a good question. Our -- we have secured some early design wins this year that positions us well for the production ramps in 5G. So if you look at it in aggregate, we will maintain or gain position, especially as new forms of base stations, such as millimeter-wave and CPE devices become proliferate across the ecosystem. So we're well-positioned by the products and solutions that we have already had design wins with. And we're also layering in additional capability with PathWave that Ron just referenced where we've been working with Nokia to further accelerate some of the testing needs for base station manufacturers.

And I just want to add also that this quarter and for the whole year as well, we had significant uptick for our modular vector network analyzers which are largely used for base station filter manufacturing. We have high share historically and we continue to do well in that market.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

And Rick, back to your original question with regards to Huawei and Hisilicon, let me just step back a little bit and talk about China. We were successful this last quarter of crossing the $1 billion mark in sales into China, or --excuse me, orders into China. And the reason I bring that up as we have a very broad portfolio across many end markets and that is something that is a strength and continues to grow very well.

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

Okay. And then just a follow-up question. Ron, you had made a comment around the aerospace, defense business and kind of noteworthy the orders were there plus double digits, revenue was kind of mid-single digits, but you made the comment that kind of more to come. But does the order -- again, I don't know what the shipping cycle will be on the orders -- double-digit orders. But is there an order and momentum backlog around in A&D business that might suggest you've got line of sight on mid-single-digit type growth through '20 because I think that that business tends to flow out of backlog at more of a six to 12 month base?

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. I think -- to put it simply, I think some of the order strength that we saw was successful adoption of our electronic warfare or threat simulation platforms that Neil referenced to cyber and electromagnetic activities. And we're now embedded with all the major labs in the U.S. and some in Europe for that solution. And since it's a solution, it has a longer gestation period between orders and revenue.

Now with regard to the outlook, at least for Q1, we continue to see order strength and funnel is very strong for offerings. Obviously, we monitor the budget situation in the United States and as that process evolves.

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

Okay, perfect. Thank you. Yes.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

And given our position with the government, not only is it a solution play, which makes it longer but also through the overall buying cycle is longer. So there is a bit of hysteresis in that process, which provides more stability in the business.

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

Got you. Okay. Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Jim Suva from Citigroup Investments. Your line is open.

Jim Suva -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Thank you. And I have two questions and I'll ask them at the same time, so you can answer them, whichever order you feel is best. On the Huawei status, there are some companies that have been putting in applications to the government about being able to still be able to sell to them in the future. I assume Keysight has done this. Did you get a response? Are you still in the waiting pattern of that or any feedback on that because I know that there are some companies are getting positives, yes, they can continue to ship in the future? Or is it simply, it's not going to happen much, how should we think about that?

And then my second question is on the orders that you gave [Indecipherable] positive, but there has been a meaningful deceleration from that. It seems like that there will also be maybe is it a 1 percentage point or 2 percentage point because of Huawei from that, but also the orders deceleration. Is it mostly macro related or trade tensions or peaking of 5G R&D test equipment, how should we think about that? Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Let me take the second part of that first and then we'll let Satish handle the first part. So as we said on the order line. We saw a $40 million impact from Huawei within the quarter. So that's 4 points -- roughly 4 points at the Keysight level, but a much greater level at either the CSG or commercial communications level, which is where that business is very heavily skewed. So we definitely are seeing an impact, but we're offsetting that and making it up via the strength of our portfolio and the broad set of customers that we have they're adopting those commercial communications solutions.

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Yes. With regard to your first question, it's a pretty dynamic situation, we monitor this carefully. Some of the announcements on licensing as I -- as we read it applies to very low-end technology capabilities if at that. So it does not apply to some of the capabilities that we offer. At this time now, again, we monitor the situation and remain compliant with U.S. [Indecipherable] norms. Thank you.

Jim Suva -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

I'll just add one other comment that I made a comment earlier that China orders were over $1 billion, I was referring to Greater China, and Greater China obviously includes Taiwan and Hong Kong as well as Mainland China, and that's how we look at the business. But just for clarification

Jim Suva -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Thank you so much.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Adam Thalhimer from Thompson Davis. Your line is open.

Adam Thalhimer -- Thompson Davis -- Analyst

Hey, good afternoon, guys, congrats on a great quarter and a great year.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Adam.

Adam Thalhimer -- Thompson Davis -- Analyst

Hey, Ron, I guess, I hear you, that you don't want to steal from the upcoming Analyst Day, but you're guiding Q1 operating margins up about 200 basis points year-over-year. I think. And then -- I mean how would you model the rest of the year, kind of flattish, up 50 basis points? I'm just trying to figure how to read your comments on that.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Typically we have -- we talked about having a softer Q1 given the strong year-end that we typically have as the way we finish our year from a sales perspective and we have people on year-end compensation. So we send to start out slow in Q4, we do -- excuse me, in Q1, we do salary administration for the whole Company in the first quarter of the year, which can put some downward pressure on operating margins for that first quarter.

I think as we think about the whole fiscal year, I'd guide you back to the kind of the macro-level statements we've made in the past, market growth in the 3% to 5% us looking to outpace the markets even in the face of the headwinds that we've talked about. When we grow mid-single digits or better, we can deliver a 40% incremental to the bottom line, so there is room for increased profitability even from where we are today.

Obviously, we did a much better than that incremental this year, but we've come very far, very fast. And I don't think we're going to sustain the 90%-plus incremental that we put up this year. But you can definitely think about that 40% incremental is a good way to model our business going forward.

Adam Thalhimer -- Thompson Davis -- Analyst

Okay, that's fine. And then I wanted to ask about Europe. It seems like you're seeing some broad-based weakness there which perhaps is nothing new. Are you seeing any green shoots in Europe?

Mark Wallace -- Senior Vice President, Global Sales

Yes. Adam, this is Mark. It's a mixed bag in Europe, we did see some lower investments from some of the network equipment manufacturers, some of the chipset companies, there were some mixed results in aerospace, defense with some of the Western European primes, Russia was down. What's really showing though is that our general electronics business is up with growth from the broad portfolio of solutions that we have. We've invested in IoT based solutions for a number of companies into education and research, and we continue to grow that business and new customers across Western Europe. Another bright spot is the expansion of our ScienLab solutions to many customers around the world as well as across Europe. So it was mixed and those are the headlines.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

I will just add a comment that Europe is only 15% of our business or was 15% of our business as we looked at the last quarter. And in addition to the GEMS [Phonetic] business or the general electronics business, and ScienLab that Mark talked about, we also saw network test grow in Ixia.

Adam Thalhimer -- Thompson Davis -- Analyst

Okay, understood. Thanks, guys.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Your next question comes from the line of Brian Yun from Deutsche Bank. Your line is open.

Brian Yun -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Hi, guys. Really appreciate the color on the software solutions revenues. So I just had two questions around that. First, how should we think about sort of the ramp in software revenues over the next couple of years? And are there any goals or initiatives focused on driving software growth specifically? And then second, you kind of broke out the three key pieces of software you sell today. Could you maybe rank order, which ones do you see the largest opportunities in?

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes. I mean I definitely think we have continued opportunity to grow software as an overall percentage of the portfolio as we continue this migration from just selling essentially test and design tools to selling complete solutions for our customers. Those solutions have much higher software and services content, and that's definitely a trend that has a lot of runway in front of it.

I think as you look forward, the big opportunities, I continue to point at 5G, we have very high software content in some of our cutting edge 5G solutions. So that's a big driver of growth, but it's also a big opportunity for us as we look forward, given that we're still in the very early stages of 5G deployment. Ron talked about our EDA tools, we already have very high market share in EDA, and so we're kind of growing with the market more than anything else in the EDA space and then we're very excited about our PathWave platform, right, where we announced a while back, but we're going to be designing tools into our PathWave platform for many years to come. And we're really just, just getting started in terms of connecting the workflow for our customers. And so I think there is a big opportunity for us as it relates to PathWave.

And then the last thing that I would just comment on is another big opportunity that we see is the opportunity to take more and more of our software and converted from kind of one-time sales to more time-based sales. I would say we're a little bit behind as it comes -- behind industry norms as it relates to that, but that creates a big opportunity for us as we look forward.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

I would just add-on software. Just to step back, when we launched the Company, we had roughly $370 million worth of software orders and software revenue, and we finished this year with $853 million. So we've dramatically grown our software portfolio. And as Neil mentioned, we have much more opportunity in front of us.

Brian Yun -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

Awesome. Thank you.

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. That concludes our question-and-answer session for today. I would like to turn the conference back to Jason Kary for any closing comments.

Jason Kary -- Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

Well, thank you, Christine, and thank you all for joining us today. We look forward to seeing many of you at the upcoming conferences. And have a great day. Thank you.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 56 minutes

Call participants:

Jason Kary -- Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations

Ron Nersesian -- Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer

Neil Dougherty -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Satish Dhanasekaran -- Senior Vice President, President, Communications Solutions Group

Mark Wallace -- Senior Vice President, Global Sales

Brandon Couillard -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Tim Long -- Barclays -- Analyst

Toshiya Hari -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Mehdi Hosseini -- Susquehanna International Group -- Analyst

John Marchetti -- Stifel -- Analyst

David Ridley-Lane -- Bank of America Merrill Lynch -- Analyst

Richard Eastman -- Robert W. Baird -- Analyst

Jim Suva -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Adam Thalhimer -- Thompson Davis -- Analyst

Brian Yun -- Deutsche Bank -- Analyst

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