Logo of jester cap with thought bubble.

Image source: The Motley Fool.

Xerox (NYSE:XRX)
Q4 2019 Earnings Call
Jan 28, 2020, 8:00 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Operator

Good morning, and welcome to the Xerox Holdings Corporation fourth-quarter 2019 earnings release conference call hosted by John Visentin, vice chairman and chief executive officer. He is joined by Bill Osbourn, chief financial officer. During this call, Xerox executives will refer to slides that are available on the web at www.xerox.com/investor. At the request of Xerox Holdings Corporation, today's conference call is being recorded.

Other recording and/or rebroadcasting of this call are prohibited without the express permission of Xerox. After the presentation, there will be a question-and-answer session. [Operator instructions] During this conference call, Xerox executives will make comments that contain forward-looking statements, which by their nature, address matters that are in the future and are uncertain. Actual future financial results may be materially different than those expressed herein.

At this time, I would like to turn the meeting over to Mr. Visentin. Mr. Visentin, you may begin.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, and thank you for joining our fourth-quarter 2019 earnings call. Last February, we put a three-year plan in place, guided by our strategic initiatives to optimize our operations, drive revenue, reenergize our innovation engine and focus on cash. 2019 was focused on building a strong foundation that will position us for sustainable long-term growth. And among other things: We expanded Project Own It, our enterprisewide transformation initiative to optimize our operations, drive investments back into our business and create a culture of continuous improvement.

We monetized our illiquid 25% stake in Fuji Xerox for over 20 times that asset's annual cash flow, unlocking significant unrealized value. We implemented a more frictionless, high-velocity supply chain to increase flexibility and customer responsiveness. We invested in technology enhancements and product launches designed to increase revenue in core and adjacent markets, as well as new areas of innovation for future growth. We stood by our commitment to innovate and put the brainpower of our best scientists and engineers on solving some of the biggest challenges the modern world is facing.

And we promoted and attracted new talent at all levels of the organization to elevate our game. We ended 2019 stronger, delivering full-year results that are ahead of schedule on almost all financial metrics. Our employees are excited about the future and direction of their company, and clients increasingly seek us out for Workplace Solutions. Our full-year results position us well to deliver on our three-year commitment of expanding adjusted margins by 200 basis points, growing adjusted EPS annually by more than 7%, generating more than $3 billion of cumulative free cash flow and achieving flat year-over-year revenue in 2021.

In the fourth quarter, we grew earnings per share, increased cash flow, expanded adjusted operating margin and maintained the momentum to improve our revenue trajectory compared with the first half of the year. Adjusted EPS for the quarter was $1.33, an increase of more than 40% year over year. Adjusted operating margin for the quarter was 16.8%, up 270 basis points year over year. Fourth-quarter revenue declined 1.6% at constant currency year over year.

Excluding an upfront payment from an OEM license we granted to Fuji Xerox in connection with the sale of our stake in the joint venture, fourth-quarter revenue was down 4.7% at constant currency, slightly better than our expectations. For the full year, we increased EPS, cash flow and operating margins year over year. Operating cash flow from continuing operations for the full year was $1.24 billion, an increase of $162 million from a year ago. Full-year free cash flow totaled $1.18 billion, up $187 million year over year.

We accomplished this while returning more than 70% of free cash flow to shareholders, paying down $950 million in debt and increasing investments in growth areas. Full-year revenue declined 4.7% at constant currency year over year, in line with our guidance. Our second-half progress reversed the first-half top-line trajectory, but we have more work to do, and this continues to be an area of intense focus for us. Adjusted operating margin for the full year was 13.1%, up 180 basis points year over year.

At the heart of Project Own It is simplification, redesigning seven key areas across the organization so that we can better serve clients, generate savings that can be reinvested in the business and position Xerox for a return to growth. The seven areas of focus we laid out are: shared services, procurement, IT, delivery, supply chain, real estate and organizational design. We have made significant progress in each of these areas. For example, changes to our supply chain in 2019 improved our responsiveness and increased our sourcing flexibility.

In June, we expanded our commercial relationship with HP to cover more equipment, supplies, software and services in both directions. Then in November, we restructured our relationship with Fujifilm and Fuji Xerox to both monetize an otherwise illiquid asset at an attractive valuation and establish a more traditional supply relationship, which will ensure we have the ability to source from the partner that can offer the highest value proposition. We also redesigned our logistics networks and inventory utilization model. By maximizing competitive tension among our sourcing partners and improving the speed and responsiveness of our supply chain, we are better positioned to serve our clients at a lower cost, thereby improving our revenue trajectory and margins.

This will remain an ongoing process as we stay current and ahead of trends. Our investment initiatives under Project Own It are beginning to take hold as well. For example, we now have nearly 200 bots working across the organization in areas such as order to cash, delivery, human resources and finance. We are on track to double that number in 2020.

Automation is key to having a frictionless, high-velocity business. Clients, as well as employees, increasingly expect an Amazon-like experience, and we are focused on implementing technologies that allow us to deliver exactly that. As a result of Project Own It, we delivered gross savings of $1 billion on a $9 billion cost base in just 18 months. In 2019, we achieved our target of annual gross savings of $640 million.

Due to our disciplined approach to restructuring, we spent approximately $0.35 for every dollar saved. We expect to deliver at least $450 million of additional gross savings in 2020. We are making progress on our three-year revenue road map as investments in our business gained traction. In the second half of 2019, the benefits of revenue-generating initiatives began to flow through, and we expect the rate of revenue decline to continue to improve in 2020.

We are focused on capturing growth in core markets, broadening services and software, delivering new technology solutions, and further penetrating the small and midsized business market. We also increased investments in areas such as supplies coverage to improve the attach rate on unbundled supply sales. With these investments, we saw an improvement in supplies compared to the first half. Geographically, Europe performed below our expectations.

The uncertainty and geopolitical friction within the region continues to create a weaker economic environment, driving fewer deployments of large deals and delaying decisions. To counter the regional dynamics, we are taking targeted actions and making investments such as expanding our presence in the SMB market and investing in our distribution channels. The investments we made earlier in the year in the Americas continued to flow through the fourth quarter, largely within our U.S. Enterprise account, the high-end segment and the SMB market.

In our core technology business, particularly at the high end, the Iridesse and Baltoro HF Inkjet Press, two cut-sheet products that are unmatched in the marketplace, drove momentum. In the fourth quarter, competitive knockouts and new business accounted for more than a third of iIridesse and Baltoro placements. Tech enhancements we made in the fall also contributed to an improvement in iGen 5 sales. We have new innovations and enhancements in the pipeline for 2020.

Xerox is unique in being able to offer an end-to-end solution that takes clients from document creation to distribution. For example, our FreeFlow Core software automates the prepress process on both Xerox and competitive printer products and is a key differentiator at the high end. And by extending its use to competitor products, we drove double-digit new installed growth for FreeFlow Core year over year while opening the door to more competitive knockouts. In the mid-range segment, PrimeLink, our new light production color printer offering, stands alone.

We believe there's no other product that can match its capabilities at this price point. This new device was a key revenue driver in its segment. We will expand the PrimeLink platform in Q1. A4s in the low end are commoditized with numerous competitors and limited ways to increase price or margin.

Key to growth here is offering a total solution plan that drives more value and simplicity for clients and us, which we will do in the coming months. We will introduce a very simple, all-in plan targeted at small and medium businesses, which include the device, digital apps, service and supplies for a monthly price. In January, we expanded IT services for SMBs to all of our Xerox business solution cores. Our offering spans hardware procurement, pro engineering, IT product support and managed IT services.

Leveraging our footprint in existing relationships, we believe that there's an opportunity for Xerox to fill this gap in the SMB market and drive growth. We plan to extend this offering in the U.K. and Canada in the second quarter. Software is a key focus for growth, with benefits of investments made early in the year starting to flow through.

One example is a new SaaS-based version of DocuShare, Xerox's content management platform that makes work easier and more efficient. This new version accounts for more than half of new business for this product, a strong signal to continue to invest in this area. While we focused on improvements to our core and adjacent businesses, we are delivering on our commitment to reenergize Xerox's innovation engine. This year, we will celebrate PARC's 50th anniversary, a reminder of the strong legacy of invention at Xerox that benefit both business and society.

Last year, we outlined four areas of focus in innovation: 3D printing and digital manufacturing, AI workflow assistance, IoT sensors and services, digital packaging and print. Later in the year, we added a fifth focus area, clean technology. We have some of the world's best scientists and engineers focused on bringing new technologies to market. In 3D, our acquisition of Vader Systems about a year ago is accelerating our go-to-market strategy.

We are developing what is likely to be the industry's first additive liquid metal printer. In a world that's on demand, now manufacturing can be too. With this technology, manufacturers will be able to make parts from start to finish in hours instead of days without sacrificing quality or strength. We're on track to deliver a commercially available product this year for AI workflow assistance, focused on addressing some of the most time-consuming tasks businesses face, such as RFPs, an area where companies spend an estimated $60 billion annually.

On IoT, we are expanding the testing of our sensing and analytics technologies with prominent partners across the world, from New York to Australia. Our pilots are demonstrating an improved level of sensing and insights in industrial predictive maintenance applications that were not available before. On digital packaging, we are engaging select customers to refine the requirements of our technologies and validate our value proposition, delivering greater personalization and operational efficiencies, including new use cases in in-line marking and coating. The team is also exploring a variety of commercialization models and pathways such as licensing to bring these solutions to market.

The significant impact of climate change is front in mind for many of us. We are applying business resources to develop new clean technologies that create a more sustainable world. One area we are focusing on is air conditioning. As the years get hotter and more people use air conditioning, there is a greater need for more efficient cooling technologies.

Today, air conditioning accounts for significant global greenhouse gas emission. We are working with the U.S. Department of Energy to develop a solution that can reduce energy consumption of air conditioners by up to 80%. Our Powered by Xerox approach allows us to leverage our intellectual property to maximize reach and benefit commercially without having to build the end product ourselves.

Today, one of the largest 3D manufacturers uses our inkjet printhead. Another example is a recent deal we made with Alcon, the global leader in eye care. Our engineers are working with Alcon to develop new eye care solutions that leverage our existing IP and will help millions of people who struggle with various eye conditions. Xerox has long defined the modern work experience, and we're investing in key areas that will ensure we do so for many years to come.

Cash is critical to reinvesting in the business in the ways I've described. We achieved $1.18 billion of free cash flow in 2019, the high end of our guidance range and representing 19% year-over-year growth. We ended the year with approximately $2.8 billion of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, which brought us to a net cash core position of $1.8 billion. In 2019, we returned 72% of our free cash flow to shareholders, exceeding our commitment to return at least 50%.

In 2020, we remain committed to returning at least 50% of annual free cash flow to shareholders, and we expect to repurchase at least 300 million of shares. Before wrapping up, I wanted to discuss our approach to M&A. We have an established M&A playbook that we use to evaluate all deals, from tuck-ins to multibillion-dollar deals. We have a disciplined approach to valuing and bidding on potential targets.

All deal models include fully evaluated ROI and IRR. Revenue and expense synergies are fully analyzed, but deal models only include expense synergies in the evaluation of our returns. With respect to our proposed acquisition of HP, the value of this transaction goes beyond economics. The printing industry is decades overdue for consolidation, and the first mover will have a significant advantage.

As laid out in the investor deck we released in December, we have identified significant costs and revenue synergies that are only achievable through a combination. A combined company would be both more profitable and better positioned to diversify into higher-growth markets. Any restructuring that either company undertakes in the interim is simply incremental and does not diminish the scope or scale of this opportunity for both HP shareholders and Xerox shareholders. We received positive feedback from HP shareholders we spoke to.

They immediately appreciate the industrial logic and believe in the value we can create. With their support in mind, we secured $24 billion in binding financing commitment from three top-tier banks in order to remove any uncertainty over our ability to finance the transaction. And we recruited a slate of highly qualified independent director candidate for the election to the HP board. We are pressing ahead with our pursuit of this acquisition and are already working key elements of an integration plan so that we are well-positioned to execute quickly when and if successful.

Now I'd like to hand it over to Bill to cover our financial results in detail.

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, John. We delivered a strong finish to the year. In the fourth quarter, we exceeded our expectations for EPS and revenue, and we delivered cash flow and adjusted operating margin in line with our expectations. Overall, we are pleased with the quarter and the resulting full-year performance.

On a full-year year-over-year basis, adjusted operating margin expanded 180 basis points. Adjusted EPS was up 23%. Free cash flow grew 19%, and we saw improvement in the rate of revenue decline in the second half of the year as investments in our business began to gain more traction, and we expect this momentum to continue in 2020. Before going into details of our income statement, I want to remind everyone that in the fourth quarter, we completed a series of transactions to restructure our relationship with Fujifilm, which included the sale for more than 20 times related cash flows of our 25% equity interest in Fuji Xerox, as well as the sale of our 51% partnership interest in Xerox International Partners, XIP, which was fully consolidated.

Consequently, the financial results presented here are from continuing operations and exclude the financial results attributable to our former equity stake in Fuji Xerox and our XIP business, which are now presented as discontinued operations. Also, I'd like to point out that the reported numbers include the benefit of an upfront OEM license fee of $77 million we negotiated from Fuji Xerox, which was received in the fourth quarter in connection with restructuring that relationship. This benefit was included in our updated 2019 guidance measures filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on Form 8-K on December 3, 2019, that reflected adjustments resulting from the transactions with Fujifilm.

Looking at the income statement. Total revenues in the quarter declined 1.6% at constant currency and 2.2% at actual currency, including the impact of the OEM license fee, which is reported in post sale. Excluding this fee, total revenue declined 4.7% in constant currency, in line with the prior quarter, and as I mentioned, slightly better than our expectations. I will discuss revenue in more detail shortly.

Turning to profitability. Adjusted operating margin of 16.8% in Q4 improved 270 basis points year over year. A significant portion of the improvement came from SAG, which improved 120 basis points year over year, driven by productivity improvements from Project Own It and the impact of a $10 million write-off recorded in the prior year related to the termination of certain IT projects. Gross margin of 41.6% improved 160 basis points year over year, including the impact of the OEM license fee and an improvement in services post-sale margin, which were partially offset by the lower equipment and supplies margins, as well as transaction currency.

RD&E was 3.8% of revenue, unchanged year over year. Below operating profit, other expenses, net of $8 million, was $136 million better than the prior year due to lower non-service, retirement-related costs and a prior-year contract termination cost related to an IT services arrangement, as well as lower non-financing interest expense resulting from lower debt and higher interest income from a higher cash balance, which includes $2.3 billion of proceeds from the sale of our interest in Fuji Xerox and XIP to Fujifilm in November. Our adjusted tax rate in the quarter was 25%, compared to 27.7% in the prior year and contributed approximately $0.03 to our fourth-quarter EPS. Adjusted EPS of $1.33 was up $0.39 compared with Q4 2018, including a $0.25 benefit from the OEM fee and benefit from share repurchase, lower net interest expense and lower taxes, while the benefit from the IT write-off in prior year was offset entirely by the costs associated with incremental tariffs.

GAAP EPS of $1.17 was $0.80 higher year over year, including the aforementioned $0.39, plus an additional $0.41, primarily from lower non-service pension-related expense, the prior-year costs related to the termination of an IT services arrangement, lower restructuring and related costs, and the income tax on those adjustments. In Q4, we recorded $53 million of restructuring and related costs, bringing the full-year restructuring costs of $229 million, roughly in line with our expectation of approximately $225 million. For 2020, we expect restructuring charges of approximately $175 million full year. Moving now to Slide 7, I'll discuss cash flow.

In Q4, we generated $398 million of operating cash flow from continuing operations, which contributed to full-year operating cash flow of $1.24 billion, a growth of $162 million year over year and within our full-year guidance range of $1.2 billion to $1.3 billion. Full-year free cash flow was $1.18 billion, up $187 million compared with 2018 and was at the high end of our guidance range, driven by strong operating cash flow and slightly lower-than-expected capex of $65 million for the year. We expect the level of capex to increase to approximately $100 million for full-year 2020, which includes planned investment in IT systems. The increase in full-year operating cash flow reflects higher profit, including the OEM fee; better net working capital of approximately $25 million, driven by improvements in inventory management; and approximately $30 million of cash from finance assets.

Cash from finance assets was primarily due to lower sales of equipment on operating lease, which more than offset a reduction in cash from finance receivables, which was less of a source year over year. Restructuring payments for the year were $158 million, less than expected as certain restructuring-related payments in EMEA are expected to be made in 2020. For 2020, we expect payments for restructuring of approximately $175 million. Investing cash flow included an acquisition spend of approximately $42 million, including a 3D acquisition at the beginning of 2019 and two tuck-in XBS acquisitions.

For 2020, we expect approximately $100 million of tuck-in acquisitions. Lastly, within financing cash flows, we returned $292 million to shareholders in the fourth quarter, consisting of $60 million in dividends and $232 million in share repurchases. For the full year, we completed $600 million in share repurchases and spent $243 million in annual dividends, for a total return of capital to shareholders of $843 million or approximately 72% of 2019 annual free cash flow. We also reduced debt by approximately $950 million full year, $550 million of which matured in the fourth quarter.

And we ended the year with $4.3 billion of debt and approximately $2.8 billion of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash on our balance sheet. Let's turn now to Slide 8 for more detail on revenue. Fourth-quarter revenue declined 2.2% or 1.6% at constant currency. Excluding the impact of the OEM fee, Q4 revenue declined 4.7% at constant currency, which was in line with the third quarter and contributed to a second-half rate of decline that is approximately 170 basis points better than the first half of 2019.

Geographically, the improvement is in the Americas, which was down 3.3% in constant currency, driven by growth in equipment sales, particularly in our U.S. large enterprise accounts, as well as a continued stabilization in our XBS channel compared to the first half. In EMEA, the rate of revenue decline deteriorated slightly compared to the third quarter with fewer large deal deployments in the quarter. We also continued to experience delayed decisions and see fewer large bids in the region, reflecting continued weak and uncertain macroeconomic conditions.

Last, certain regions within EMEA were impacted by the rollout of Project Own It initiatives that occurred in the second half. We expect the modest disruption in operations resulting from this to begin to stabilize early in 2020 and have targeted actions to improve performance in the region, including deal management process changes and targeted product programs. Equipment revenue was down 1.5% at constant currency, which is a significant improvement compared to the first half and sequentially better. And as I mentioned, equipment sales grew from the prior year in the Americas.

From a product perspective, we had a great quarter in the high end in both color and mono. In high-end color, we continued to see strong demand for our Iridesse color production system, and the demand for our newly launched Baltoro inkjet press exceeded our expectation on a global basis, and we expect this momentum to continue into 2020. In mid-range, the rate of decline improved significantly from the first half but was down slightly compared to Q3 as the better-than-expected performance in the U.S. was partially offset by lower sales in the EMEA region.

In the U.S., the improvement came from installs and revenue from the recently launched PrimeLink, a new product in our light production portfolio, as well as from a large account refresh in the U.S. and the ongoing improvement in our XBS business. And in entry, higher sales in North America were offset by lower sales in developing market regions and EMEA. Looking at activity, there is a difference in equipment revenue performance and installs this quarter, particularly in high-end color, where we saw a 12% decline in installs compared to growth in equipment revenue.

This is primarily a result of product mix as growth in installations of high-end production color systems, such as Iridesse and Baltoro, were more than offset by declines in lower-end production systems. This mix shift drives a net positive impact on equipment revenues as the "higher end of the range" systems carry significantly higher price points. We saw a similar product mix impact in mid-range installs with lower installs of MFP devices, partially offset by higher installs of entry production devices that are at the higher end of the mid-range product category. This in part was driven by the recent launch of PrimeLink, which I referenced earlier.

Turning to post sale. Revenue declined 1.7% in constant currency or 5.8%, excluding the impact of the OEM fee. This rate of decline was an improvement over the first half, but slightly less than Q3, which included a large transactional IT services sale. Contractual post sale was stable in the quarter, while unbundled supplies rate of decline improved as we continued to see the benefit from the investments made to improve the attach rate of Xerox supplies in unbundled equipment sales.

Services revenue declined 4.5% at constant currency as growth in U.S. large enterprise accounts and improving performance within XBS and Eurasia was more than offset by declines in Latin America and in Europe, where the rate of decline was impacted by a strong fourth quarter in 2018. Services revenue comprised approximately 36% of total revenue in the quarter, and 30% of services revenue was from SMB. We have focused actions to drive new business growth, which include increasing sales resources and delivery teams in IT services, which we expect to benefit 2020.

To summarize revenue, we are pleased with Q4 performance and with the second-half performance trend, which contributed to a full-year revenue decline of 4.7% constant currency, slightly better than our guidance of down 5%. We expect the investments in our top line will gain more traction in 2020, and we will continue to invest in actions to drive improvement in revenue. Turning to Slide 9. Adjusted operating margin was 16.8% in Q4 and 13.1% for the full year, in line with our full-year guidance of approximately 13%.

Our Project Own It transformational program was expected to drive at least $640 million in gross savings in 2019, and it did, offsetting the impact of revenue declines and contributing to 180-basis-point expansion in full-year adjusted operating margin. We achieved savings across the seven targeted functional cost areas, and we are continuing to focus on these areas to optimize operations for simplicity. Importantly, the continued efficiencies from Project Own It create capacity to be more competitive, such as enabling SMB-focused marketing investments to drive revenue. In 2020, we expect Project Own It will deliver an additional $450 million in cost savings, making further progress toward our goals of delivering sustainable productivity improvements and driving earnings growth.

Adjusted EPS grew $0.39 year over year to $1.33 in the quarter. And we delivered $3.55 of adjusted EPS for the full year, which, as I mentioned earlier, was a 23% increase year over year. Adjusted EPS growth in the quarter and for the year is driven by our cost reductions, which more than offset the impact of revenue declines, as well as benefits from the OEM license fee, $0.25, and from share repurchases and other nonoperational items, which offset headwinds from currency and tariffs. Moving on to Slide 10 and the review of our capital structure.

We ended the year with $4.3 billion of debt, which is approximately $950 million lower year over year, reflecting the repayment of two bond maturities in 2019. The majority of our debt supports customer-financing activities and, therefore, we break down our debt between financing debt and core debt. Financing debt is allocated by applying a seven to one leverage to our finance receivables and equipment on operating leases, which together comprise our total finance assets. Core debt was approximately $1 billion, which is well within sight our targeted core debt level of less than two times annual free cash flow.

We ended the quarter with approximately $2.8 billion of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, which puts us in a net cash position of $1.8 billion when netting cash against core debt. In 2020, we have approximately $1 billion in bonds maturing and believe we have access to capital resources sufficient to handle upcoming debt maturities. Our liquidity position is strong with approximately $2.8 billion of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash and a $1.8 billion bank revolver which is undrawn. As of December 31, 2019, our net unfunded pension liability was $1.2 billion, which is comparable to the net balance at the end of 2018, as the increase in pension obligation as a result of lower discount rates was offset by asset returns and contributions.

The net balance includes approximately $815 million of unfunded pension liabilities for plans that by design are not funded. In 2019, we contributed $140 million to worldwide pension plans and expect a stable level of contributions going forward. Last, on Slide 11, I will review our 2020 guidance. As both John and I stated earlier, we made significant progress in 2019 against our three-year plan presented last February.

We are seeing the impact of our investments in revenue and the savings from our Project Own It transformational program, which contributed to significant earnings, strong cash flow generation and an improvement in the rate of revenue decline in the second half. We returned 72% of our annual free cash flow to shareholders in 2019 and repaid approximately $950 million in debt. In addition, by selling our equity interest in Fuji Xerox for over 20 times annual cash flow, we monetized an illiquid asset and increased flexibility to manage our business and the future of Xerox. Now let's look at our guidance for 2020.

First, our full-year revenue guidance is a decline of approximately 4% in constant currency, and we expect minimal impact from translation currency in 2020. Our revenue guidance excludes the impact of the $77 million OEM license fee from Fuji Xerox in 2019 so as to provide a better measure of the year-over-year progress against our strategy. The improvement in the rate of revenue decline in 2020 is attributable to investments in our top line, supporting our SMB growth strategy and expansion of integrated product solutions. We will continue to expand sales coverage and programs and have new product launches and refreshes planned through the year.

I should also note that we expect revenue declines to be more balanced throughout 2020. That is the rate of improvement will be more gradual through the year as compared to 2019. For adjusted operating margin, guiding to approximately 13%, a 60-basis-point improvement compared to full-year 2019 when excluding the impact of the OEM license fee as Project Own It savings are expected to continue to deliver margin expansion. For adjusted EPS, we are guiding to a range of $3.60 to $3.70 and $2.80 to $2.90 for GAAP EPS.

This results in adjusted EPS growth of approximately $0.35, compared to 2019 when excluding the $0.25 benefit from the OEM license fee from 2019. The difference between GAAP EPS and adjusted EPS includes our normal adjustments around restructuring and related costs, non-service retirement-related costs, transaction-related costs and amortization of intangibles. We continue to expect strong cash generation and are guiding to free cash flow of approximately $1.2 billion, which assumes approximately $100 million of capex and is approximately $75 million higher than 2019 when excluding the impact of the OEM license fee. We will also continue to target returns to shareholders of at least 50% of our annual free cash flow, which will include dividends and at least $300 million in share repurchases.

Last, we will evaluate the use of unallocated cash as we progress through 2020. We will now open the line for questions. Ann?

Ann Pettrone -- Director, Corporate Finance

Before we get to the Q&A with John and Bill, I will point out that we have in the appendix to our materials additional supplemental reconciliations and posted on our Xerox investor relations website, a full set of earnings materials. Operator, please open the line for questions now.

Questions & Answers:


Operator

[Operator instructions] Our first question comes from Matt Cabral of Credit Suisse. Your line is now open.

Matt Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thank you. John, on the HP acquisition, you touched on this in your prepared remarks, but I'm wondering if you could dig a little bit deeper into what you see as the biggest benefits of industry consolidation. And just what gives you confidence in at least $2 billion of incremental costs takeout created through the combination?

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes, Matt. We've -- when we looked at the combination of the $2 billion, one thing that's clear is you only get that -- you only get that $2 billion if the two companies combined together. And what we did is a detailed analysis per pillar of what we believe would be savings of combining the two companies together. And in our document that we presented to the shareholders, we went into a level of detail that talked about it.

So our confidence in the $2 billion is quite high, that we can hit that. And if you look at our team and our track record of what we've done with Project Own It here, we delivered $1 billion over the last 18 months, and we're on track to deliver the $450 million plus in 2020. So we have the track record. This document and this -- that we put together was built by our team, our management team.

So you look at who's on our management team, and these are a lot of folks that have done restructuring in the past. I can tell you that the shareholders, they see the logic in the proposed transaction. They've told us that the combination of the two companies bring tremendous value. Inside of our business case, we only focused and we only used the cost savings, but there are synergies that are detailed as well that we believe we can get by combining the two companies together.

Matt Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Got it. And then now that you've exited the JV with Fuji, I wonder if you could talk a little bit about what that supplier relationship looks like going forward. And how are you thinking about opportunity in Asia after the technology agreement ends with them in March of 2021?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Hey, Matt, it's Bill. So we looked at the renegotiation of the -- our relationship with Fujifilm, and it's clearly a positive from a supplier perspective. Many benefits, a more normal type of relationship now, a supplier customer as opposed to before, where you also had to factor in the 25% interest. As far as -- and the -- when we renegotiated the relationship, there were actually benefits in the product or supply arrangements we have with them going forward.

There were certain terms that existed in the prior agreements that we negotiated on more favorable terms going forward. And as we have discussed before, these product supply arrangements go out from a period of five to seven years, and really the earliest any of them come up for renewal on a staggered basis is 2023. As far as looking forward and the impact is we can go into the Asia Pacific market under without -- for products other than xerographic products. For xerographic-related products, we could potentially go in as early as April of 2021 under the Xerox name.

However, if they choose to extend for two years the use of the Xerox name, we could still go into the Asia Pacific markets with xerographic products, but not under the Xerox name. So more likely, we would be going in a more significant way two years later in April of 2023.

Matt Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Ananda Baruah of Loop Capital. Your line is now open.

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Hi. Good morning, John, Bill. Congratulations on the solid results and the second straight quarter of top-line momentum. Two for me, if I could.

Just starting back out -- back with HP, John, what would be Xerox's next preferred actions? Given the letter with regards to board-level elections that you guys published, would it be to engage in conversations? Or would it be to kind of go into the summer with the board-level elections? And then I have a business model follow-up.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Ananda, I can say we've -- the meetings we've had with the HP shareholders have been quite positive. And they understand our transaction. They believe in the combination.

Their concern, as is ours, is to -- the refusal to engage in a normal course of action at this point in the process. So we're hoping to engage with the HP executives, and we've offered that, engage with them and have a discussion on how we bring this to closure because we both see the logic of this combination, and we're not where we are yet.

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

That's helpful. I appreciate that context. And then with regards to the 2020 guidance -- and John, you alluded -- or you didn't allude to, you made mention of the still existing goal of getting to flat constant currency revenue growth in 2021. The 4% guide for 2020, while quite favorable as I think you're probably trending a little bit ahead of schedule right now, how do you go from -- how do you see footing from the 4% in 2020 to the flat in 2021 and as part of that conservatism? Actually, and let me just stop there, and then I have a quick one on the margins and free cash flow for 2020 as well.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Look, we're confident in the revenue guidance. And you think of our continued demand for high-end production systems, our strength in the SMB channel, our new product launches that we're going to be doing, our new investments in 2020. So we're executing on the strategy.

And while transformation is not linear, we've seen that there's been bumps along the way, like we had in the first quarter of last year, but we're building an organization to respond quickly to this, Ananda. And for 2021, our road to flat revenue is just -- we believe that we can get there, and we're going to do it by improving the organic revenue, and like I said, the traction on the above topics.

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. And just to add on, Ananda. In 2020, we're expecting really minimal impact from inorganic. As you know, last year, we did approximately $40 million of tuck-in acquisitions.

We've guided toward $100 million this year, but we're expecting minimal impact. But in 2021, factored into getting to flat when you have $100 million target in 2020 and 2021, that that would also have a favorable impact on getting to flat by 2021.

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Yes. Got it. Understood. And then, Bill, just quickly on the 2020 op margin guidance and free cash flow guidance, I think you put the part of this to the 13% margin, which is flat, and the free cash flow, which is kind of relatively flat.

It sounds like the -- at least part of that, the reason for the flatness is that you're backing it -- you're sort of saying, if you take out the license impact from Fuji Xerox, that actually -- the margin would actually be up in 2020. And I guess you are pointing out there's a slight increase in free cash over 2020. But can you just sort of backfill for us, particularly given the $450 million of gross cost saves, why perhaps the OP margin expansion will be greater and the free cash flow expansion would be greater. And that's it for me.

I appreciate it.

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. Great. So from an operating margin perspective, just taking a step back, when we laid out our three-year plan last February, we said in year one, we'd do 100- to 150-basis-point improvement. This year, after you take out the OEM fee, we actually did 110-basis-point improvement, going from about 11.3% to 12.4%.

So on plan with our three-year plan. And we are also -- it involves -- in taking into account the 110, we were also able to make significant investments in our back office and in revenue, our top line, and still achieve that 110-basis-point expansion in line with our 100- to 150-basis-point guidance. As far as next year, you hit on the main point, that taking out that OEM fee, it's really about a 60-basis-point improvement. And according to our three-year plan, we said 100 to 150 in year one and then approximately 50 basis points plus in year two and year three, 60 basis points being in line with that.

And a lot of that continuing to come from Project Own It initiatives, which we're targeting $450 million in 2020. So we think -- we believe that we're clearly on plan with respect to our adjusted operating margin expansion.

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Thanks a lot.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Shannon Cross of Cross Research. Your line is now open.

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

Thank you very much. John, I was curious, the -- obviously, back and forth with HP, HP has indicated that the offer significantly undervalues what they believe the valuation of their assets are. So now that you have your slate of directors out there, is there a willingness to revisit your offer? Just how are you thinking about that? And I'm also curious as to -- and this is -- I'm not actually sure what the answer is. I'm curious to how the two boards would work together post deal.

So do we assume that the directors you put out for HP are kind of short term to get the deal done? Or would you assume you'd have a significantly expanded board following a combination of HP and Xerox? Thanks. And I have a follow-up.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. I would say our slate is a group of highly qualified accomplished individuals, and they understand what the challenges are of a global enterprise, and that's what we brought forward. As we've said, and that was after we got the $24 billion secured, on price, we're not going to speculate on potential actions. We said many times that we would be willing to meet with HP to begin negotiating a transaction.

And we're asking HP to engage in a constructive dialogue so that we could explore ways of maximizing value for both our shareholders.

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

OK. So if they don't, then it just -- it moves to the board vote, I guess, you don't anticipate. Anyways, you're not going to negotiate on the phone with me, so that's fine. I guess the question I have too with -- from Bill is, in terms of cash flow, finance receivables was about $175 million of cash, I think, in 2019, which I believe was down year over year but still, obviously, was a source of cash, but it was a use in fourth quarter.

I know these things can sort of be -- are not linear by any means. But that, combined with the $58 million in cash that you got from the sale of the IP provides somewhat of a headwind when you look to next year. So I'm curious how much more benefit do you think you can get from working capital? Is there any sort of one-timers we should think about for next year in cash flow? Or is the vast majority of it just going to come from the improvement in operating profit? Thank you.

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. As far as the working capital improvements for next year, the main thing that we're focusing on is improved working capital. In particular, we had over $100 million of improvement this year in inventory. We expect to have some continued improvement next year in inventory, but as well, we think there are significant opportunities in receivables and payables.

As far as finance receivables, the $175 million source, obviously, that's a source that is not a good source, in fact, we prefer to be less of a source. And as part of our modeling for next year, with the improved revenues in ESR, in originations, we are in our model factoring in less of a finance receivable source, which is a good headwind to have, means that we're getting more ESR and more MIF out there. And you're right, it's about $58 million of the one-timer for the OEM. So the two of those being headwinds, we expect to still overcome those mainly through improvements not only in our cost structure, but also in working capital components of AR, AP.

And although we had over $100 million this year improvement in inventory, we still think there's some improvements that we can get in inventory for next year.

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

Great. Thank you very much.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Katy Huberty of Morgan Stanley. Your line is now open.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you. Good morning. Bill, a question for you on revenue, the 4% constant currency decline in 2020, how do you compare that to the 3% decline you had talked about at the Analyst Day a year ago? Are those comparable? And if so, how would you explain the difference?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Yes. So there have been adjustments, obviously, with the Fujifilm transaction in disc ops and everything. But at a high level, just taking a step back, we think that we're probably about 100 basis points off of where we would have liked to have been. We guided 3%.

And a lot of it is due to various reasons. And with a bumpy start at the beginning of the year, with the disruptions we talked about on the XBS side, that improved primarily in the second half, and there's clearly room for improvement, continued improvement in XBS going forward in 2020. But we believe we have levers in place and rates improvement to still get to flat by 2021. But you're correct.

Just taking a step back, it's probably about 100 basis points less than where we would like to be at this point.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

You mentioned in the slide deck and also on this call that investments are beginning to impact revenue. You saw that in the back half of 2019. Any context for how much incremental revenue you were able to generate in 2019? Or what the incremental revenue impact is in 2020?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

So at a high level, those investments played out in various areas, somewhat in ESR. We had significant improvements in the second half of the year with respect to ESR, on the 1% to 2% decline range versus the first half. Q1 was down around 5%, Q2 around 8%, so it's -- so investments there. But in the post sale area in particular -- and we've talked about this quite a bit.

In supplies, in particular, unbundled supplies, most of our supplies are part of bundled arrangements. So over 75% of our arrangements relate to bundled supplies, but there are what we call unbundled or unattached supplies. And earlier this past year, we expanded our organization, really created an organization to sell with respect to those unbundled supply agreements. And we saw a significant improvement from where we were like, in the first two quarters, 9% to 12% year-over-year decline to significant low single-digit decline in supplies.

So we saw significant improvement in the second half of the year based upon our investment in the supplies area. And we started to see some improvement in the IT services area where we've made investments in expanding that from where we had three of our XBS cores to where -- 10 by the end of the year. And early this year, we'll be pretty much all of XBS selling IT services.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you. And then just one last question. Separate from the discussion around valuation and what you'd ultimately be willing to pay, any feedback from the banks who provided the debt commitment around whether there is the potential to take on even more debt? Or what leverage ratio they'd be willing for you to exit a deal with HP with?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

We believe that we have flexibility. We lined up the $24 billion in financing commitments, and we believe our arrangements with those financial institutions allow us flexibility if need be.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. And you could imagine, Katy, the amount of analysis that the banks went through before they agreed to give us the $24 billion in financing, the due diligence that they had to go through with us to give them confidence.

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you. Congrats on the quarter.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Katy.

Operator

Thank you. And our next question comes from Paul Coster of JP Morgan. Your line is now open.

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Yes. So a couple of quick ones. Just building on Ananda's questions from earlier on. You've explained why operating margins are -- the improvement is attenuating a little bit in 2020.

Can you just talk a little bit about the Own It payback on gross savings? Is it still sort of $0.65 on every dollar? Or is that also attenuating as we move into 2020?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

So I think you're referring to, Paul, the cost of our savings. And we've said that our cost to get those gross savings is less than $0.40 on the dollar. It was about $0.35 last year, but it's a little less than $0.40. And looking to next year, that $450 million of gross savings, that we expect a similar type of cost in the $0.35 to $0.40 range in order to achieve those savings.

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

OK. So no change in the payback on those savings, gross savings?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

No.

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

OK. Got it. And then the other question I've got is, as you look to 2021, assuming the business as is, you're looking for a 300-basis-point-plus year-on-year improvement in revenues. And I maybe missed a little bit of the nuances earlier on, but can you just talk to us about why there'll be the sudden inflection? Is it that these new initiatives will suddenly mature at the same time? Or is there some other reason why you have that confidence?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

So if you look at what we're guiding toward in 2020 versus a normalized 2019, we're guiding toward about 150-basis-point improvement year over year to get that approximately 4%, and that's minimal. Inorganic involved in that. As I said, there was a little last year to have a rollover. And they're just -- we're not factoring in that much for this year.

We do expect those investments to accelerate to that 150-basis-point improvement year over year from '19 to '20. We could see being in the 200- to 300-basis-point improvement in 2021 versus 2020. But we will also -- a part of it, as I said earlier, factors in that we've allocated approximately $100 million per year of tuck-ins. It can be more or less in any given year.

As I said, last year, it was only $42 million, but that we would expect if those come to pushing. And by the way, those tuck-ins, we're not just looking at the U.S. We are looking in certain countries in Europe and expanding the XBS model to those countries, but we could see that having one point to two points of benefit also potentially in 2021.

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Got it. One quick question. It just popped out at me that the high end 8% year-on-year improvement in black and white printers was -- that was an amazing change there. Is it just simply the lumpiness of that business in the enterprise accounts? Or do you think that's sustainable?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

High end has, overall, had some significant improvement in the second half of the -- for the full year, we actually grew our high-end ESR in the -- for the full year and in Q3 and Q4. But if you take a step back, and we've talked about a lot of these things, that the new -- the relatively new Iridesse product's been out for about a year or so now, continued strong demand for that. Baltoro, our high-end inkjet machine, cut-sheet inkjet, significant demand for that. And our iGen, we refreshed certain features on the iGen, iGen 5, that that has also contributed.

So the high end is clearly a success area for us. Full-year year-over-year growth from ESR and in the third and fourth quarters, 2% to 3% growth from an ESR perspective, and we expect that will continue.

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Referring to the black and white segment in particular in the high end, is that just simply enterprise accounts, lumpiness? Or is there -- do you view that as sustainable?

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

You could still have on the high-end enterprise, you could still have some of the iGen machines. Yes.

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Sorry, I'm referring to black and white, but if -- we can take this offline.

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

OK.

Operator

Thank you. And ladies and gentlemen, this does conclude our question-and-answer session. I would now like to turn the call back over to John for any closing remarks.

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Well, thank you for your time today. As we start 2020, Xerox is positioned to make further progress against our three-year plan. We've built a strong team and even stronger foundation. We will continue our efforts to achieve a success someone thought was impossible at Xerox.

So we're moving forward. Thanks, everybody.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 62 minutes

Call participants:

John Visentin -- Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

Bill Osbourn -- Chief Financial Officer

Ann Pettrone -- Director, Corporate Finance

Matt Cabral -- Credit Suisse -- Analyst

Ananda Baruah -- Loop Capital Markets -- Analyst

Shannon Cross -- Cross Research -- Analyst

Katy Huberty -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Paul Coster -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

More XRX analysis

All earnings call transcripts