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RadNet Inc (RDNT -1.48%)
Q4 2019 Earnings Call
Mar 12, 2020, 10:30 a.m. ET


  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:


Good day and welcome to the RadNet Inc. Fourth Quarter 2019 Financial Results Call. Today's conference is being recorded. And at this time, I'd like to turn the conference over to Mr. Mark Stolper, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of RadNet Inc. Please go ahead, sir.

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you. Good morning, ladies and gentlemen, and thank you for joining Dr. Howard Berger and me today to discuss RadNet's fourth quarter and full year 2019 financial results.

Before we begin today, we'd like to remind everyone of the Safe Harbor statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. This presentation contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995; specifically, statements concerning anticipated future financial and operating performance, RadNet's ability to continue to grow the business by generating patient referrals and contracts with radiology practices, recruiting and retaining technologists, receiving third-party reimbursement for diagnostic imaging services, successfully integrating acquired operations, generating revenue and adjusted EBITDA for the acquired operations as estimated among others are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Safe Harbor. Forward-looking statements are based on management's current preliminary expectations and are subject to risks and uncertainties which may cause RadNet's actual results to differ materially from the statements contained herein. These risks and uncertainties include those risks set forth in RadNet's reports filed from the SEC from time-to-time, including RadNet's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 to be filed shortly. Undue reliance should not be placed on forward-looking statements, especially guidance on future financial performance, which speaks only as of the date it is made. RadNet undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements to reflect new information, events or circumstances after the date they were made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.

And with that, I'd like to turn the call over to Dr. Berger.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Mark. Good morning, everyone, and thank you for joining us today. On today's call, Mark and I plan to provide you with highlights from our fourth quarter and full year 2019 results, give you more insight into the factors which affected the performance and discuss our future strategy. After our prepared remarks, we will open the call to your questions. I'd like to thank all of you for your interest in our company and for dedicating a portion of your day to participate in our conference call this morning.

2019 was certainly a very productive year and one which sets the stage for what we are anticipating to be a strong and active 2020, as indicated by our guidance levels we announced this morning and which Mark will review in his prepared remarks. During 2019, we made progress on all strategic fronts, and I believe our performance, particularly in the fourth quarter demonstrated the strength of the RadNet model and the multifaceted aspects to our business that may give unique within healthcare.

I would like to begin by highlighting some of the accomplishments of 2019. First, and most importantly, our operations teams were successful in driving same-center growth. On a same-center basis, our procedure volumes grew 2.3%, 3.5%, 4.7% and 3.3% in each of the four quarters of 2019 respectively. For all of 2019 on an aggregate basis, our revenues increased 18.4% and our EBITDA increased 15.8%. Although we had an excellent fourth quarter last year, so we had new records for revenue and EBITDA, at the time we were able to exceed last year's fourth quarter revenue by 17% and last year's fourth quarter EBITDA by 5.5%.

Our center level performance has been driven by our focus on patient experience, providing high quality service to the referring physician communities and extending our relationships with capitated and private payers. As a company, we have been diligent in investing in our technology, which also attracts additional patient volumes.

As an example, most of our East Coast sites offering mammography have deploy 3D tomosynthesis, and many of our MRI scanners nationwide have been upgraded to enable shorter scan protocols for patients. Additionally, many of our centers in the past several years have been renovated to provide a more comfortable and modern feel, which is more appealing to patients and referring physicians.

Our ability to make substantial capital investments further distances us our centers and service offering from those of most of our smaller competitors. We believe the medical communities that we serve, recognize these differences that set RadNet apart.

Second, during 2019, we completed a number of strategic acquisitions which further our market position in certain regions and position us well for future expansion and profitability.

On April 1 of 2019, we completed the acquisition on an established operator five imaging centers in Bakersfield, California, a market we first entered in 2010. This operator current radiology is operating in current county for more than 50 years and provides radiology services to several of the local hospitals. Also, on April 1, we considered the acquisition Zilkha Radiology, consisting of two multi-modality centers in Iceland, New York and Long Island's Suffolk County. This acquisition builds upon the Long Island Medical Arts acquisition we completed in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Lastly, with respect to acquisitions on a consolidated joint venture, New Jersey imaging network on the conjunction with our partner, RWJ Barnabas Health System purchased two multi-modality centers in Central New Jersey.

NJAN has experienced steady growth and we and our partner are looking forward to continue expanding our reach into all the parts of New Jersey.

Third, throughout 2019 we engaged in conversations with health systems to expand our joint venture operations. Currently, about 25% of our 335 facilities are held within joint ventures. Given the acceleration of certain trends within healthcare that I will discuss shortly, we see an opportunity to grow our joint venture offerings to incorporate as much as 50% of all of our centers within the next 3 to 5 years.

During 2019, we established our second joint venture with Dignity Health in California. The second joint venture in Ventura County, accounting of over 900,000 residents, started operations in March with three of RadNet's existing Rolling Oaks facilities and one facility contributed by Dignity Health in Oxnard, California.

And lastly, throughout 2019, we made important progress in the areas of information technology and infrastructure to more favorably position us to grow and manage a larger scale business in the future and capitalize on the benefits of machine learning and artificial intelligence, which we will continue to -- which we continue to believe will transform our business.

The infrastructure investments we made in 2018 and continue to support in 2019, are designed to address challenges in our business, which should result in better future performance and more efficient operations.

Most notably, we invested significantly in our revenue cycle operations. As we have discussed in the past, we are attempting to keep pace with the challenges in healthcare around effective billing and collection for services. We are required to collect more money than ever from patients as a result of higher deductible health plans and more significant office business charges and co-payments. As a result, we have recruited and hired new senior management in this area and expanded customer services call center personnel and hours of operation, increased the size of our patient collection teams and invested in new tools and technology to increase productivity.

Other infrastructure investments we made were in the area of Financial Systems and Information Technology.

We migrated to a new accounting system, Microsoft Dynamics Great Plains. This has been benefiting us in more timely and detailed financial reporting that will allow our field operators and executive management to have valuable dashboards and real-time data that will provide us advantages in a competitive environment.

We also invested heavily in cyber security software and compliance systems to ensure that our patient's financial data is protected and conforms to all regulatory requirements. We also made strategic investment in technologies that we believe may be important to our business or our industry in years to come.

As you may recall, in 2018, we invested in a company called Turner Imaging, which is developing an ultra-portable X-ray fluoroscopy that we believe could have numerous important applications. Turner received FDA approval for its device in 2019, signed a distribution agreement with Siemens Medical, and is now delivering its imaging systems to commercial customers.

During 2019, we purchased in the main interest within our already owned company called New Logics, which is developing artificial intelligence algorithms that we believe can support both our business processes, as well as provide our radiologists tools to make them more accurate and productive.

With yesterday's announcement of our acquisition of DeepHealth [Indecipherable] and its initiatives will be combined with that of DeepHealth in our artificial intelligence division, which will be directed by Dr. Greg Sorensen upon the closing of the DeepHealth transaction on April 1st. We will be discussing DeepHealth and our artificial intelligence strategy in greater detail, tomorrow on a special analyst and shareholder conference call, in which you all are invited to participate.

Also, in 2019, we began a partnership with Whiterabbit Artificial Intelligence. During the summer of 2019, we completed a pilot program in RadNet's Delaware and Florida markets, which combine the use of machine learning and patient outreach to bring women into facilities for the screening mammograms and compliance. Based upon success of the pilot program, we licensed the Whiterabbit technology and back-end operational platform.

We began deploying the platform to all other RadNet markets during the fourth quarter and we anticipate completion of the roll out by the end of the second quarter of 2020.

Mammography comprises almost 15% of our net revenue and we completed approximately 1.4 million mammography exams in 2019. In addition to the systemwide rollout and platform licensing agreement, we made an equity investment in Whiterabbit and our new AI division. We work with Whiterabbit to develop future solutions.

Besides from all these accomplishments in 2019, the operating environment and industry trends for our core business remained positive. We had excellent results in January and February of 2020, but it is too early to tell what the impact the coronavirus may have on the diagnostic imaging sector in our markets.

We continue to see a number of potential acquisition opportunities, our renewed discussions with health systems to establish new joint ventures or expand existing ones and we continue to see very positive trends of patients and health plans choosing freestanding outpatient centers over hospital settings.

In fact, last month, Cigna, the nation's fourth-largest healthcare insurer announced the new site of care medical coverage policy for advanced diagnostic imaging. The policy is slated to go into effect on April 15, 2020 applies to MRI, CT, and PET scanning and outlines limited circumstances for the medical necessity of imaging performed in a hospital setting. Other than a narrowly defined set of circumstances, CT patients beginning on April 15 will have to get their outpatient imaging needs met by freestanding imaging centers like ours. Cigna is essentially joining Anthem and UnitedHealth in the move to direct outpatient imaging away from hospitals in favor of lower cost settings. Clearly, RadNet stands to benefit from this continuing trend.

At this time, I would like to turn the call back over to Mark, to discuss some of the highlights of our fourth quarter and full year 2019 performance. When he's finished, I will make some closing remarks.

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Howard. I'm now going to briefly review our fourth quarter and full year 2019 performance and attempt to highlight what I believe to be some material items. I will also give some further explanation of certain items in our financial statements, as well as provide some insights into some of the metrics that drove our fourth quarter and full year 2019 performance.

I will also provide 2020 financial guidance levels, which were released in this morning's financial results press release. In my discussion, I will use the term adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. The company defines adjusted EBITDA as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization and excludes losses or gains on the disposal of equipment, other income or loss, loss on debt extinguishment and non-equity compensation. Adjusted EBITDA includes equity earnings in unconsolidated operations and subtracts allocations of earnings to non-controlling interest in subsidiaries and is adjusted for non-cash or extraordinary and one-time events taking place during the period. A full quantitative reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to net income or loss attributable to RadNet's income and shareholders is included in our earnings release.

With that said, I'd now like to review our fourth quarter and full year 2019 results.

For the three months ended December 31, 2019 RadNet reported revenue of $300.8 million and adjusted EBITDA of $46.9 million. Both were the highest quarterly levels we've ever produced in our history. Revenue increased $43.6 million or 17% over the prior year same quarter and adjusted EBITDA increased $2.4 million or 5.5% over the prior year same quarter.

The increase in revenue and adjusted EBITDA was the result of a combination of same-center growth performance, as well as the contributions of the current radiology, and Zilkha radiology acquisitions acquired earlier in the year, continued improvement in New York operations in the EmblemHealth capitation contract and the operational initiatives that Dr. Berger spoke about in his prepared remarks.

For the fourth quarter of 2019 as compared with the prior year's fourth quarter, aggregate MRI volume increased 6.7%, CT volume increased 9.3%, and PET-CT volume increased 13.6%. Overall volume, taking into account routine imaging exams inclusive of X-ray, ultrasound, mammography and all other exams, increased 5.6% over the prior year's fourth quarter.

In the fourth quarter of 2019, we performed 2,035,439 total procedures. The procedures were consistent with our multi-modality approach, whereby 74.9% of all the work we did by volume was from routine imaging.

Our procedures in the fourth quarter of 2019 were as follows: 281,646 MRI's as compared with 264,062 MRI's in the fourth quarter of 2018; 217,804 CT's as compared with 199,342 CT's in the fourth quarter of 2018; 11,381 PET-CT's as compared with 10,021 PET-CT's in the fourth quarter of 2018; and 1,524,608 routine imaging exams, compared with $1,453,416 of all these exams in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Net income for the fourth quarter was $10.4 million or $0.21 per diluted share. This compares to an adjusted net income of $4.5 million or $0.09 per diluted share in the fourth quarter 2018, adjusted to exclude a $39.5 million. These per share values are based upon weighted average number of diluted shares outstanding of 50.6 million shares in the fourth quarter of 2019, and 49.3 million of diluted shares outstanding in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Affecting net income in the fourth quarter of 2019 for certain non-cash expenses and non-recurring items, including the following: $1.8 million of non-cash employee stock compensation expense, $564,000 of severance paid in connection with headcount reductions related to cost savings initiatives, $898,000 loss on the disposal of certain capital equipment, $1.3 million net gain on the remeasurement of pre-existing interest related to two transactions and $1.1 million of amortization of deferred financing costs and loan discounts related to our existing credit facility.

With regards to some specific income statement accounts, overall GAAP interest expense for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $11.5 million. This compares with GAAP interest expense in the fourth quarter of 2018 of $12.1 million. Cash paid for interest during the period, which excludes non-cash deferred financing expense and accrued interest was $10.9 million as compared with $9.9 million in the fourth quarter of last year.

For full year 2019, the company reported revenue of $1,154,179,000. Adjusted EBITDA of $164.1 million and net income of $14.8 million. Revenue increased $179 million or 18.4% and adjusted EBITDA increased $22.4 million or 15.8% over 2018. For the year ended December 31, 2019 as compared to 2018, MRI volume increased 8.9%, CT volume increased 12.2% and PET/CT volume increased 9.6%.

Overall volume, taking into account routine imaging exams inclusive of X-ray, ultrasound, mammography and all other exams, increased 9.4% for the 12 months of 2019 over 2018.

In 2019, we performed 8,084,481 total procedures. The procedures were consistent with our multi-modality approach, whereby 75.1% of all the work we did by volume was from routine imaging. Our procedures for 2019 were as follows: 1,108,496 MRIs as compared with 1,018,057 MRIs in 2018; 863,716 CT's as compared with 770,103 CT's in 2018; 43,341 PET/CT' as compared with 39,545 PET/CT's in 2018; and 6,068,829 routine imaging exams as compared with 5,564,977 of all these exams in 2018.

Net income for 2019 was $14.8 million or $0.29 per diluted share. This compares to an adjusted net income of $7.6 million or $0.16 per diluted share in 2018. The per share values are based upon a weighted average number of diluted shares of 50.2 million shares in 2019 and 48.7 million diluted shares in 2018.

Affecting net income in 2019 were certain non-cash expenses and non-recurring items, including the following: $8.7 million of non-cash employee stock compensation expense, $1.6 million of severance paid in connection with headcount reductions related to cost savings initiatives, $2.4 million loss on the disposal of certain capital equipment and $868,000 net gain on the remeasurement of pre-existing interests related to transactions and $4.2 million of amortization of deferred financing costs of loan discounts related to our existing credit facility.

With regards to some specific income statement accounts, overall GAAP interest expense in 2018 was $43.5 million. Adjusting for non-cash impacts from items such as amortization of financing fees and accrued interest, cash interest expense was $37 million in 2019. This compares with GAAP interest expense in 2018 of $40.6 million and cash paid for interest of $34.2 million in 2018.

With regards to our balance sheet, as of December 31, 2019, unadjusted for bond and term loan discounts, we had $672.4 million of net debt, which is our total debt at par value less our cash balance. This compares with $677 million of net debt at December 31, 2018. As of year-end 2019, we were undrawn on our $137.5 million revolving line of credit and had a cash balance of $40.2 million, which was substantially up from the $10.4 million cash balance we had at year-end 2018.

At December 31, 2019, our accounts receivable balance was a $154.8 million, an increase of $5.8 million from year-end 2018. A small increase in accounts receivables mainly from increased revenue, partially mitigated by additional efforts and resources dedicated to patient collections. Our DSO or days sales outstanding was 44.7 days at December 31, 2019, lower by 6 days when compared to 50.7 days as of that date one year ago.

Throughout 2019, we had total capital expenditures, net of asset dispositions and sale of the imaging center assets and joint venture interests of $71.5 million. This amount excludes $2.6 million of capital expenditures of New Jersey Imaging Network. Approximately, all of our capital expenditures were paid or in cash and we recognized about $1.2 million in proceeds from the sale of equipment.

Capital expenditures were slightly higher than we budgeted as a result of additional investments we made in mammography capacity in conjunction with the Whiterabbit rollout in the second half of 2019.

I will now discuss how RadNet performed relative to 2019 guidance levels, which we released upon our fourth quarter and full year 2018 financial results and updated throughout 2019. For total net revenue, our guidance range was $1.1 billion to $1,150,000. Our actual results were slightly higher than the guidance ranges at $1,154,000.

For adjusted EBITDA, our revised guidance range was $158 million to $168 million. Our actual results were slightly higher than the midpoint of the guidance range at $164.1 million.

For capital expenditures, our guidance range was $65 million to $70 million. Our actual results were $71.5 million. For cash paid for interest, our guidance range was $43 million to $48 million. Our actual results were toward the high end of that guidance range at $47 million. As for free cash flow generation, which we define as adjusted EBITDA less 100% of our capital expenditures whether paid in cash or financed and less cash paid for interest, our guidance range was $45 million to $55 million of free cash flow. Our actual results came in at $45.6 million, slightly higher than the low end of the range.

At this time, I'd like to review our 2020 guidance levels, which were released this morning in conjunction with our financial results press release. Our total net revenue, our guidance range is $1,175,000 to $1,225,000. Our adjusted EBITDA guidance range is $165 million to $175 million. Our capital expenditure range is between $70 million and $75 million. Our cash paid for interest is between $43 million and $48 million and our free cash flow generation and our guidance range is between $48 million and $58 million.

The guidance levels are built on a number of assumptions. First, we expect 2020 to have stable reimbursement. Medicare rates for 2020 are commensurate with 2019 reimbursement and our relationships with private payers and capitated medical groups represent potential upside in our rates. Second, we expect to benefit from the contributions of recent acquisitions and initiatives that were either part of RadNet for only a portion of 2019 or were not part of 2019 at all.

These include the acquisitions of Kern Radiology, Zilkha Radiology and the two facilities purchased by NJAN and Central New Jersey, the establishment of a new joint venture with Dignity Health in Ventura, California and the continuing rollout of the Whiterabbit AI mammography program. Lastly, we anticipate driving approximately 2% organic growth from significant capital expenditures we completed in 2019, which included a commitment of 3D mammography, the upgrade of certain MRI equipment and the expansion of a number of our wholly owned and joint venture centers.

I'd now like to turn the call back over to Dr. Berger, who will make some closing remarks.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, Mark. I continue to believe that RadNet's core operating trends ideally position us for the changing landscape of healthcare. We have designed our company to scale through geographic concentration, multi-modality approach, health system partnerships, population health management and capitation. In the coming quarters, we will continue to grow our business by following these key trends [Phonetic] and through leveraging our core competencies to improve our regional operations.

One of our core competencies is information technology. As many of you are aware, almost 10 years ago, we concluded that we must own our own information technology backbone in order to successfully scale our platform cost efficiently and to provide the level of service and care to our patients and referring physician communities above that of our competition. This decision led us to purchase eRAD and to customize its software over the last decade to support our growing complexity and demanding workflow.

We recently made a similar decision with regards to radiology artificial intelligence solutions. We believe that these technologies will be transformative to our business and our industry. As such, we believe that we must control how these solutions are developed and how they are deployed. I very much look forward to give you more details about this during tomorrow's special conference call. In that call, we plan to discuss our detailed acquisition and outline our artificial intelligence strategy.

Operator, we're now ready for the question-and=answer portion of the call.

Questions and Answers:


[Operator Instructions] We'll now take our first question from Brian Tanquilut of Jefferies. Please go ahead.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Hey. Good morning, guys. I guess, Howard, my first question for you. COVID is obviously a very relevant topic right now. How are you thinking about that in terms of your potential exposure as people alter their daily routine and what are you seeing so far? I know your brands are there in California. So, do you see any impact in terms of cancellation on procedures and how do you think that will play out in terms of being able to recapture any delays if they occur in future quarters?

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Hey, Brian. It's Mark. I think I'll take that question. As you can imagine, our HR department has been focused on this for a number of weeks. We've got people that are -- our team has dedicated a 100% of their time to creating a robust communication program, both externally for patients and referring physicians, as well as internally to the 8,000 RadNet team members.

With respect to our external communications, we have imposed patient screening scripts that we have trained our schedulers and our front office personnel that is backed by the CDC best practices and we have recorded messages that are going out to all patients and referring physicians, that deal with the fact that if patients are sick and they potentially have symptoms with respect to COVID-19, that they should go ahead visit their doctors and the referring physician, again, and not come in for their exams.

We have also trained our front office personnel with regards to emergency protocols if a patient shows up to at each one of our centers and is suspected as being infected. So, we are fielding lots of calls from patients and from -- excuse me, from our employees as well. And we have some policies that we put into place with regards to -- sick-day policies. We are encouraging our employees if they're feeling ill, to not come to the office. We've put a travel ban for corporate travel on our employees. Only very mission-critical travel is being accepted. We are encouraging employees who are not at the centers, if possible to work remotely, depending upon what their job functions are. And we are putting in place right now both on the East Coast and West Coast with our two respective Chief Operating Officers, contingency plans if we ultimately have a labor shortage at any of our facilities. So, that's the communication plan.

With respect to the performance so far in the first three months of the year, I'll let Dr. Berger comment on that.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Good morning, Brian.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Good morning, Howard.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Given the somewhat precipitous developments here in the last week to 10 days, we have not as yet been able to estimate what the impact of the coronavirus circumstances will be on our centers. Fortunately, we had a very robust January and February and it was only at the very beginning of March that we began to see some softening of our volumes relative to our budgets in the early part of March.

However, it is very much different on a market by market basis. At the present time, for example, we have seen very little impact on our markets in Maryland and New Jersey. And generally speaking, they held up well here throughout California. The place where we seem to be having some more substantive impact in the last several days is in the New York market predominantly. It's hard to anticipate what this is going to affect us and how long it will be given the uncertainty tsunami level coronavirus situation. But we do feel that the situation will be relatively short lived and the main impact that we feel is to the extent that patients don't go into their doctors' offices, it will affect our volumes.

I've been pleased with the first half of this month, where the volumes have held up reasonably well, mostly in the markets that I indicated to you before. So, I think we're just going to have to wait this out and see, not so much what's happening now but how long the effect of the coronavirus policies impact us and for that matter everybody else. But at this point in time, we haven't factored anything into our forecasting and we haven't, for that matter, changed any of our staffing volumes as our centers are still very busy in all markets, including New York.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

All right. Just a follow-up on that. I mean, as I think about coming to fundamental drivers of your volume, if or as we see procedures getting delayed, for example, in New York, as you mentioned, how do you think about the ability to recapture that in subsequent quarters when the coronavirus kind of dies down? I mean, do you think the volume or the demand is something that stays there or is there a linkage that we should be thinking about as we think about the future quarters?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, the impact of the coronavirus is similar, in my opinion, to weather conditions, like particularly on the East Coast and in the Northeast, when we are affected by severe storms, primarily snow storms. That was volume, while it may delay treatment, it is something that we don't necessarily recover from given two factors. Number one, it delays patient visits and then those studies are unordered and filling our centers, while they may get done later, they're spread out through our backlog in our centers unless they're really urgent or e-urgent [Phonetic] studies.

The place where I think we will rebound from and where I see more of an impact from new modality standpoint, we're using mammography, which is an elective procedure totally at the discretion of the patient, particularly for the follow-up screening mammography. Given the fact that those patients will eventually come back in, I believe we can recover those because we've built additional capacity into our centers as a result of the initiatives with Whiterabbit, to in fact improve compliance by those patients.

So, I think its kind of a mixed bag. On the mammography side, I expect it to be something that will recover as soon as the major impact on the quantities and the reduction in travel is over. The other volumes, I think will be recovered, but may not be noticeable in the overall volumes that we see and expect to see throughout the coming months.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

I appreciate that. I guess shifting gears, Howard, you talked in your prepared remarks about the payers effort to shift volume out of pricier patients of their [Phonetic] hospital owned facilities. As I look at your volume performance for Q4, obviously very good. Is that an early sign of the benefits from these payer driven efforts? I think, Cigna, obviously kicked it in April. So, how are you -- I guess the follow-up to that would be, how are you thinking about your ability to grow this sort of 2% to 5% level?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I think, it's hard to pinpoint any particular issue that is helping to drive our business. So, I think if you look at what we do and the industry that we're in, healthcare in general and energy in particular, we expect to see well simply as the population increases and ages, both of which will generate more imaging.

Additionally, as Mark and I talked about in our prepared remarks, we have invested significantly in our centers to handle additional capacity. And that capacity is not just more referrals, but also the ability for us to do exams with all the pieces of equipment, either we're less capable of doing or renewed allows us greater throughput because of improved computer processing and faster scanning times.

So, when you mix all that together along with the fact that in our markets we're very competitive with our offering, both against hospitals as well as the other smaller operators, I think they all add to the dynamic of an expectation for increasing volume at the rate that we're talking about. I think that the inevitable move from hospitals into outpatient centers, as I've said on prior calls, is an inexorable one, but which will be slow because it's not just a matter of the health plans and the patients adopting this, but it's also changing the behavior of the referring physicians, which the payers that we deal with virtually at all levels is becoming considerably more aggressive than it has been in the past.

So, I'd like to leave that that movement will help us with our volumes. But I think it will take us a while to go ahead and quantitate what the impact of that is, given the fact that we will also continue to consolidate in our markets and take out competitors that helps us drive our volumes.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

I appreciate that. Mark, just shifting gears really quickly, capitation revenue was pretty strong during the quarter; is there anything to call out there? And is that the right number to be thinking about going forward for compensation contribution per quarter?

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Sure. One of the things that we focused on throughout 2019 was going after potential price increases on a number of our contracts. As you're probably aware, we benchmark the reimbursements that we get from each one of our contracts against the other books of business that we have. And based upon utilization of the services and whether there has been pricing increases in recent years, there are a number of contracts that could fall behind where we want to be, where our targeted reimbursement is relative to other books of business that we have.

And in 2019, we made a concerted effort to go to a number of our large capitated contracts, where it was the case where we were lower than where we want it to be with reimbursement and we were able to get pretty significant pricing increases. And so, that's why you see some real nice growth in our capitated business throughout the year. A number of those capitated contract increases came through toward the second half of the year.

And also, I would say that enrollment in these capitated contracts which -- these are HMO patients, as a reminder, has been strong. As premiums have increased, many people have migrated toward HMO products in California, and in particular most of the dollars for HMO care are being spent from the insurance companies to these large capitated medical groups and then we sub-capitate for the imaging piece from those medical groups. So, enrollment has been strong, particularly in the area of Medicare advantage, where we've seen the senior lives increasing substantially. And the way we price our capitated contracts as we bifurcate the pricing between commercial lives and senior lives. So, to the extent that there is some growth in the senior lives side of these enrollment statistics, we get reimbursement.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

Yes, appreciate it. Last question from me really quickly. As I look at your guidance, you're showing flat margins. Shouldn't we be thinking about the margin opportunity as you drive above average same-store growth?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I think that there is that possibility in 2020 as we move forward. Like most of the other healthcare companies, we are subject to increase in the salaries, which is our biggest single line item expense, due to a very competitive marketplace for the shortage of technologies and other healthcare professionals that we seek to employ. So, our margin expansion is something that we hope the initiatives in our infrastructure in IT improve reimbursement operations and ultimately our artificial intelligence initiatives will help us on that, but I believe the projected what we think is a very achievable and conservative guidance levels that we will be able to comment more on as the year unfolds.

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

All right. Got it. Thanks, guys.


All right. We'll now take our next question from John Ransom at Raymond James. Please go ahead, sir.

John Ransom -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

Well, Brian asked all the good questions, so feel kind of bad. Just one thing, I think the market is trying to represent around and probably not very successfully is, what is the defense if any against an asymptomatic COVID patient wandering and infecting a whole bunch of people in a center? And then, obviously you don't have a way to assess them and then you have to shut the center down because everybody came in contact with this person. Is there anything in the works to try to mitigate that risk? I know if people have symptoms you can send them, but how do we keep asymptomatic people from infecting like mass workplaces?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I think it's the -- go back in time, the $64,000 question, John. The best that we can do is to try to screen our patients and referring physicians for those patients that are coming in with the presumptive diagnosis [Indecipherable]. I think asymptomatic patients, which by and large is the preponderance of the people, we will be [Indecipherable] is an impossible situation for everybody, unless the testing was expanded in such a dramatic and almost incomprehensible way to identify these patients.

And then, of course, the consequences of that in and of themselves, we have a substantial potential impact that none of us want to really think about. So, at the end of the day, if you listen to the experts on this, there's a lot of factors that even if somebody isn't symptomatic and carries the virus, number one, doesn't automatically make them even contagious. It has to do with the volume of the virus that's in their body beyond just the fact that they may even test positive for it.

So, I don't know how we're going to be able to manage that any different than a typical physician office or any other healthcare provider, other than take precautions that if somebody is ultimately identify, we take the necessary steps at that center that may have been impacted, number one, number two, on a daily basis. Use all the appropriate purification and cleansing techniques that has been advocated by most of the -- by the CDC and others that oversees this responsibility.

John Ransom -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

Thanks. The other -- another question. Obviously, you're -- what -- maybe an possible question to ask, but what would you estimate your imaging, if you could separate out, what I call kind of elective diagnostic versus stuff that has to be done, if medically necessary. Do you have any idea like, I'm thinking about am I getting an X-ray and MRI before they get a total knee they could in theory, push that off? But do you have any idea kind of the breakdown the elective versus the non-elective?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. No, technically speaking, every procedure we do is an elective procedure. If it's a true emerging procedure, which we do see a very-very small percentage. I would say that in emerging procedure, somebody has to come in immediately is probably 1% of our volume if he's in that. So, the preponderance of what we believe isn't that elective and people can put it off, they tend not to put it off because once you've been told by a physician that you need a test, we get anxiety and you [Indecipherable] issues.

But this is not a matter of people not going to their doctors for elective opportunities to either do just routine physicals or specific disease concerns. Yet, ultimately, we then don't see those patients in our offices. So, there is a certain selection process, if you will, that occurs well before the patients make the decision as to if and when they're going to get one of our procedures.

John Ransom -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

And maybe that telemedicine can bridge some of that, yes, hopefully. And then just the last one from me, kind of a micro versus macro. What explains the jump in the CT procedures? And do you expect that to continue? And also, are you anticipating any, like, increase in CT scanning for people who might have this virus and looking for a lung damage, do you think that's anything that's going to happen at the ER in the hospital?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. The explanation [Indecipherable] is that we see more and more people are coming in for screening CT that may have in the past not been getting it. For example, one of the initiatives that we have inside the company, which we think artificial intelligence will help accelerate that, is the new low dose CT screening for people who had been smokers or had history otherwise. So, we've seen a substantial increase in our CT volume for CT screening.

And at this point, in the marketplace, that's still only a very small fraction of the people who are eligible for that, but I think there is a greater recognition, whether it's CT scanning for the lung or other CT procedures, that can be done very cost-effectively. For example, we're starting to see an increase in CT colonoscopy, which is a much less expensive and much easier procedure and going through flexible colonoscopy.

And I think we're going to continue to see those kind of increases and the fact that, as I mentioned just a moment ago, that was one of the initiatives that brought us to incorporate DeepHealth as a subsidiary of RadNet, because I think we need tools that will help identify these patients and then bring products to the marketplace that both payers and patients will find attractive. And we'll talk a little bit about that tomorrow on the special conference call.

John Ransom -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

And one for Mark. Again, I think estimates are kind of out the window until we get a handle on this virus. But they just look like, I know there's seasonality and what not. But if I just -- if I take your 4Q EBITDA, then I compare that to your guidance, that guidance just looks awfully conservative relative to the quarter you just put up. So, I know you talked about some labor, some wage increases for your folks. But just how should we think about that in that context?

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yes, sure. And there is substantial seasonality in our business. Q4 tends to be strong as folks try to -- who have already blown through their deductibles throughout the year, they're liberal in dealing with imaging and medical services toward the end of the year. And then as deductibles reset, we generally see more volumes in the first quarter, as well as we were impacted by East Coast winter weather conditions.

So, you can't just take fourth quarter even through a third quarter and just multiply that by four and come up with something like that. That makes no sense. In setting the guidance, we assumed 2% same-center volumes and obviously we surpassed that throughout 2019. And so, to the extent that we overachieve our same-center projection, I think that there is significant upside in the guidance. We do expect and built into our budget continuing labor inflation costs.

It's a very, very tight labor market. We don't have cost of living increases with our employees, but we've had to, on a case-by-case basis and it's extremely common these days, have to give merit increases in order to keep people and in order to fill spots, particularly technologists or in-office people we have to pay higher hourly rates to get those people. So, we are assuming continued labor inflation. Who knows where the economy will be this year? And if it stabilizes or slows down maybe, maybe there's some upside there.

Clearly, there is upside on the margin part of our business as it relates to some of the technology investments that we're making in AI to the extent that toward the end of the year, perhaps we could be utilizing a mammo triage product, which we'll talk about much more in detail tomorrow on the call. That could help our efficiency and productivity on the physician side. So, I think we try to set our budget fairly conservatively with the ability to as we go through the year to increase guidance if it were appropriate. And so, I think we feel comfortable with it right now.

John Ransom -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

Yes. And I look forward tomorrow, because I do think there is a gap between sort of a high-level understanding of the potential of AI in new business to lower your -- improve your throughput and lower your -- improve your read efficiency, but just how quickly that comes and what it looks like, and is it three years, five years and how quickly can it go? I think there's a bit of a gap there in understanding that. So, look forward to tomorrow.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, John.

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

All right. Thank you.


All right. We'll now take the next question from Mitra Ramgopal at Sidoti. Please go ahead.

Mitra Ramgopal -- Sidoti & Company, LLC -- Analyst

Yes. Hi, good morning. I just wanted to follow up on the guidance on what it seems like with that 2% same-store you might be baking in some conservatism regarding the coronavirus. I was just also wondering if you're assuming any benefits from the TULSA-PRO system installations and any incremental immediate or near-term revenue from Cigna with their new policy?

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Sure. Well, with respect to the TULSA-PRO installations, we're expecting to have our first installation up and running by the end of March in our West Hills California market, which is in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles. It's a little too early to tell. I don't think it's going to be material to our financial results, but it's an interesting opportunity because it brings RadNet from being strictly a diagnostics business to one where we've used in our imaging equipment on the treatment side, and we do have a number of interventional facilities across our network that does invasive procedures under the guidance of our imaging equipment. But with respect to prostate cancer in this TULSA-PRO installation, it is very exciting I believe. We have four patients already been scheduled for that and it should be exciting.

I mean, right now not being reimbursed by private insurance and it is a very expensive -- or Medicare by the way, and it is a very expensive procedure. So, it's out of pocket to the patients. But the patient, we believe will receive full functioning of the prostate and urinary and sexual functioning. So, we are seeing some demand for it, but I think it's too early to tell whether it will be material or not and how successful it will be. And I think once there is a CPT-code and both Medicare and private insurance start reimbursing for it, I think then it becomes a real opportunity for our company and across our network.

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

And Mitra, let me just add one other element to this. We have been looking at revenue just in the treatment side of it. It's the fact that we're offering this in general that we believe will drive more prostate MRI scans to our facilities as part of the screening to see which patients that will be candidates for this. So, this is a tool that while it has some interesting long-term implications regarding turning imaging into a treatment tool and generating more revenue, fundamentally what this is about is coming up with better screening tools for prostate cancer and ultimately having treatments which are substantially less invasive than the current ones available. Part of that, there maybe a discussion that we'll have tomorrow when we're talking about artificial intelligence, is that maybe one of the real keys to driving prostate scan into a more routine preventative maintenance -- sorry, not preventative maintenance but preventative health concept looks like mammography is in women. But to the extent that we have interest in this, I would ask you to listen into tomorrow's call regarding artificial intelligence initiatives by RadNet.

Mitra Ramgopal -- Sidoti & Company, LLC -- Analyst

Thanks for taking the question. I'll look forward to the call tomorrow.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Mitra.


There appears to be no further questions at this time. I'd like to turn the conference back to the speakers for any additional or closing remarks.

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, operator. Again, I would like to take this opportunity to thank all of our shareholders for their continued support and the employees of RadNet for their dedication and hard work. Management will continue its endeavour to be a market leader that provides great services with an appropriate return on investment for all stakeholders.

Thank you for your time today, and I look forward to our next call. And for those of you that can participate in the call tomorrow for details in artificial intelligence, I will see you tomorrow. Thank you and good day.


[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 66 minutes

Call participants:

Mark D. Stolper -- Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Howard G. Berger -- President and Chief Executive Officer

Brian Tanquilut -- Jefferies -- Analyst

John Ransom -- Raymond James & Associates -- Analyst

Mitra Ramgopal -- Sidoti & Company, LLC -- Analyst

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