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CytomX Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ:CTMX)
Q1 2020 Earnings Call
May 7, 2020, 5:00 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Good day, ladies and gentlemen, and welcome to the CytomX Therapeutics First Quarter 2020 Financial Conference Call. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to introduce your host for today's conference, Christopher Keenan, Vice President of Investor Relations. Chris, you may begin.

Christopher Keenan -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Good afternoon, and thank you for joining us. Earlier today, we issued a press release that includes a summary of our recent progress and our first quarter 2020 financial results. This press release and a recording of this call can be found under the Investors and News section of our website at cytomx.com.

With me today are CytomX's President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman, Dr. Sean McCarthy; and CytomX's newly appointed Chief Financial Officer, Carlos Campoy.

During today's call, we will be making forward-looking statements. This forward-looking statements relate to the future. They are subject to inherent uncertainties and risks that are difficult to predict, and many of which are outside of our control. Important risks and uncertainties are set forth in our most recent public filings with the SEC at sec.gov, including our Form 10-Q filed today. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments, or otherwise.

I would now turn the call over to Sean.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Great. Thanks, Chris, and good afternoon, everybody. Thanks for your patience since we were getting the call up and running. I gather there is quite a lot of call volume at the moment. Anyhow, once again, good afternoon and thanks for joining us. It's a pleasure to be here to provide an update on our progress during the first quarter of 2020. I'll begin today's call with a brief overview of our business operations against the backdrop of COVID-19, and then we'll review first quarter highlights across the pipeline. I'll then turn the call over to Carlos, our new CFO, you just heard of from Chris, and Carlos will review our first quarter financial results, then I'll wrap up and then open the call up for questions.

Let me start by saying that all of us at CytomX hope that you and your families are well and keeping safe during the ongoing pandemic. The situation is impacting all of us in different ways, and it looks like it will continue to do so for some time. We are committed to ensuring the continued well-being of those involved with the conduct of our business. This includes the patients, the staff, physicians engaged in our clinical trials, the vendors and partners who support these trials and, of course, our dedicated employees who continue to impress with a drive and focus during these challenging times.

Despite the operational challenges presented by COVID-19, our team remains highly focused and very mindful that as the American Cancer Society has recently reminded us all, cancer is not waiting and so neither are we. At CytomX, we see a major opportunity to more effectively target therapeutic antibodies into diseased tissue, generating new classes of anti-cancer therapies. We believe our unique Probody therapeutic platform represents a fundamental advance in the field of antibody engineering, and we are highly focused on using our platform to discover and develop a broad clinical pipeline of novel drug candidates to make a meaningful difference in the treatment of cancer.

Our unique science offers the potential for new and highly effective anti-cancer therapies, including first-in-class molecules against novel undruggable targets, potentially best-in-class molecules against validated targets, and new combination therapies. Probodies are fully recombinant antibody prodrugs comprised of a therapeutic antibody and the mask designs to block the binding of the antibody to its target until the mask is removed. Mask removal is achieved specifically and selectively within cancer tissue by certain disease associated proteins called proteases that we know are present and active in most cancers.

Proteases are in-effect molecular scissors, which in the context of tumor progression function to cut the path for invading and metastasizing cancer cells. Our Probody strategy is to leverage tumor proteases to localize antibody activity into cancer tissue, thereby decreasing target engagement in normal tissues and broadening or even creating a therapeutic window. We have pioneered this new approach that we believe has the potential to improve and optimize a range of antibody formats, including cancer immunotherapies, Antibody Drug Conjugates and T-cell engaging bispecific antibodies.

Despite the emergence of COVID-19, we had a very productive and important first quarter toward the ongoing advancement of our strategy of developing innovative cancer therapies in areas of significant unmet medical need and with a particular emphasis on undruggable targets.

I'd like to start today's update with CX-2009, our wholly owned Probody drug conjugate, that targets the previously undruggable targets CD-166. CD-166 is a tumor antigen that has expressed a high levels on most solid tumors, but is also present on most normal tissues, ruling it out as a target for a conventional Antibody Drug Conjugate. Our previously presented data from Phase 1 dose escalation in various solid cancers has shown CX-2009 to be well tolerated and clinically active as monotherapy at doses of 4 mg per kg and above. This dose is the threshold at which drug conjugates comprising the DM4 payload, the warhead on CX-2009, have been shown by others to be active in the clinic. Clinical activity was observed in breast, head and neck, and ovarian cancers with CX-2009, and we will be presenting updated data from Phase 1 dose escalation for this agent at ASCO in a couple of weeks.

In the fourth quarter of 2019, we announced the initiation of a Phase 2 expansion study of CX-2009 monotherapy in patients with hormone receptor positive HER2-negative breast cancer at the dose of 7 mg per kg administered every three weeks, with the objective of enrolling up to 40 patients. Enrollment was initiated and patients were treated during Q1, but regrettably, the COVID-19 situation led us to temporarily pause new patient enrollment and new site activation in this study. Our team continues to closely monitor emerging health authority guidance at IRB/Ethics Committee recommendations, but our goal is to resume the CX-2009 clinical program as soon as possible.

Now staying with the theme of undruggable targets, I'd now like to turn to CX-2029, a CD71 targeting Probody drug conjugate that we're developing in partnership with AbbVie and for which in Q1, we announced the achievement of a major collaboration milestone. Long considered a high potential but undruggable antibody-drug conjugate target, CD71 is known as a professional internalizer given its role of moving iron from the extracellular space into intercellular compartments, and it does this in all dividing cells. In fact, many consider CD71 to be the gold standard internalizer to assess the in-vitro activity of Antibody Drug Conjugates. But the presence of CD71 on normal cells has been an impediment to its use as a drug target.

CX-2029 is a Probody against CD71 conjugated to the cytotoxic payload MMAE. We recently announced the achievement of pre-specified dose escalation success criteria for the CX-2029 Phase 1 dose escalation study, resulting in a $40 million milestone payment from AbbVie to CytomX. Data from this Phase 1 study will be the subject of an oral presentation at ASCO 2020. The CytomX and AbbVie teams are now actively finalizing plans for the initiation of Phase 2 expansions as soon as possible. CytomX has the responsibility for advancing this program through initial proof-of-concept, where upon is successful, the program will transition to AbbVie for registrational studies and ultimate commercialization. CytomX retains significant U.S. commercial rights to this asset and is also eligible to receive double-digit ex-U.S. royalties, should the product reach the market.

I'd now like to move to another unique R&D strategy that we're pursuing at CytomX, which is to use our Probody technology to generate first-in-class agents against undruggable targets in the context of T-cell engaging bispecific antibodies, which I will refer to going forward as TCBs. TCBs are highly potent therapeutics, which directs the activity of cytotoxic T-cells to tumors. This approach has the potential to take immunologically cold tumors and make them hot, opening many new avenues for cancer treatment. While clinical advances have been made with this approach in hematologic malignancies, notably with Amgen CD19/CD3 bispecific, Blincyto, its application in solid tumors has been challenging. The reason for this is that the high potency of TCBs could target normal tissues with low antigen expression resulting in significant toxicities.

For several years, we've been working at CytomX to research and optimize Probody or masked versions of TCBs, with an initial focus on the EGFR-CD3 target pair. Data published by others has shown that EGFR, while the well-validated oncology target, is undruggable in the context of a CD3 bispecific or conventional CD3 bispecific. Our published preclinical findings have shown that Probody TCBs against EGFR could induce tumor regressions and create a therapeutic window for this cancer target. These important findings serves as the foundation for our ongoing collaboration with Amgen, which I'll speak about in just a few moments.

Building on our successful research on Probody TCBs, during Q1, we announced a major strategic collaboration in this area with Astellas. Under this new agreement, CytomX and Astellas will collaborate on four initial programs focused on the discovery, research, development and commercialization of Probody TCBs targeting undisclosed tumor antigens for the treatment of cancer. CytomX will lead early drug discovery activities, with Astellas leading preclinical and clinical development and commercialization activities. Under the terms of the agreement, CytomX received an $80 million upfront payment, and is eligible to receive future preclinical, clinical and commercial milestones of over $1.6 billion, together with tiered royalties on product sales that range from high-single digits into the mid-teens.

For certain targets, CytomX may co-fund a predetermined portion of product development costs and become eligible to receive a pre-specified portion of profits in United States. CytomX may also later elect to co-commercialize products directed toward such targets in the U.S. Research work and the collaboration is under way, and we are thrilled to have Astellas as our newest partner.

Returning now to our Amgen partnership, I'm also delighted to report that we have recently advanced a lead Probody TCB candidate against EGFR that we call CX-904 into IND-enabling studies. This is the first Pro-TCB from our platform to reach this important landmark. CytomX is responsible for IND filing, which is targeted for late 2021 and for early clinical development. We're very pleased with this excellent scientific progress within our Amgen alliance and with the growing excitement around the potential of the Probody TCB space, as also evidenced by our new partnership with Astellas.

Moving now to our potential best-in-class programs, CX-072, our wholly owned anti-PDL1 Probody and BMS986249, the anti-CTLA-4 Probody partnered with Bristol Myers Squibb. CX-072 was the first Probody we advanced into the clinic, and it has provided us with crucial insights and the first clinical proof-of-concept for our platform. We'll be presenting long-term follow-up data from the CX-072 Phase 1/2 study as an oral presentation at ASCO.

In Q1, as part of our portfolio reprioritization, we announced the termination of the Phase 2 program combining CX-072 with ipilimumab, the anti-CTLA-4 antibody, in patients with relapsed or refractory melanoma. This decision followed a reevaluation of the evolving clinical competitive and commercial landscape in immuno-oncology taken together with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. We continue to evaluate opportunities for the further advancement of the CX-072 program, and we plan to initiate combination studies with our second wholly owned program CX-2009 later this year.

During Q1, we also announced an important pipeline milestone and our foundational oncology collaboration with BMS. The leading edge of this alliance is the anti-CTLA-4, BMS986249. CTLA-4, the target of ipilimumab, is the prototypical checkpoint target, and blocking this mechanism has proven highly effective in the treatment of patients with melanoma and other cancer types, both as monotherapy and in combination with PD pathway inhibitors. While a very important advance, CTLA-4 blockade can cause severe immune-related toxicities, creating a clear opportunity for a Probody version of this agent to improve tolerability, increase duration of treatment and potentially improve activity. BMS and CytomX have previously presented preclinical proof-of-concept for CTLA-4 Probodies at several major research conferences, and Phase 1 clinical data for this Probody will be presented at ASCO.

Based on these Phase 1 findings, BMS recently initiated a randomized Phase 2 expansion study comparing the tolerability and activity of BMS986249 plus nivolumab to ipi plus nivo in frontline metastatic melanoma. The advancement of the CTLA-4 Probody into this study triggered a milestone payment of $10 million from BMS to CytomX. This is an important study that, if positive, has the potential to place the ipilimumab Probody on a registrational path. Moreover, this work is a terrific example of what we set out to do with our platform when it was first conceived of, and we're excited about its potential for cancer patients.

Additional recent progress within our BMS alliance includes the initiation of the dose escalation phase of another clinical study, a Phase 1/2 study, for a second anti-CTLA-4 Probody. We call this BMS986288, and this is based on a modified version of ipi. This second clinical Probody program demonstrates BMS' ongoing commitment to our technology platform as a way to potentially unlock additional value in the CTLA-4 mechanism and across other targets.

Before handing over to Carlos, I want to also note that we continued to strengthen our executive leadership at CytomX, and with the appointments in Q1 of Carlos as CFO and also Dr. Alison Hannah as Chief Medical Officer. Carlos and Alison bring -- each bring over 30 years of leadership experience from across their respective domains. So we are absolutely delighted to welcome them to the team.

I would now like to turn the call over briefly to Carlos.

Carlos Campoy -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you, Sean. I'm very pleased to be here. I'd like to review the financial highlights for the first quarter ending March 31st, 2020. Revenue for the quarter was $50 million compared to $29 million in the corresponding period in 2019. The increase is primarily due to the partial revenue recognition of the $40 million milestone earned from AbbVie associated with the CX-2029 project and $10 million related to the milestone earned BMS associated with the initiation of the Phase 2 randomized cohort expansion of BMS986249.

Research and development expenses were $43 million for the quarter compared to $36 million in the corresponding period in 2019. The increase was largely attributed to license and sub-license fees associated with milestones and upfront payments earned in the first quarter of 2020. General and administrative expenses were flat compared to the corresponding period in 2019.

We ended the quarter with cash, cash equivalents and investments totaling $247.9 million compared to $296.1 million as of December 31st, 2019. Our achievements in existing and new partnerships during Q1 have resulted in $130 million in milestone and upfront payments to CytomX that are not reflected in our end of Q1 cash balance.

I would like to underscore the Company's continued strong track record of executing strategic business development transactions to broaden our pipeline and access additional non-dilutive operating outflow. We expect our strong balance sheet to allow us to comfortably meet projected operating requirements into the second half of 2022, assuming no new collaborations or financing.

With that, I'll turn the call back to Sean.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Great. Thanks, Carlos. So to wrap up, CytomX had a very strong first quarter of 2020, with many key achievements across our preclinical and clinical programs in our existing partnerships and in the formation of a major new strategic alliance. We have a strong balance sheet to advance our pipeline and whether market uncertainty, and we're looking forward to ASCO, at which we have multiple presentations that will provide important updates on all of our clinical stage programs. I am very proud of the CytomX team for staying intensely focused in these challenging times, as we drive toward making the biggest difference we can for patients with cancer.

So thanks all for your time today. We wish the very best to you and your families. And Chris, please now open the call up to questions.

Questions and Answers:

Christopher Keenan -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Operator, we'll take our first question.

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] Our first question comes from Peter Lawson with Barclays. Your line is now open.

Christopher Keenan -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Peter, are you there? Operator, we can move on to the next question. Okay. Our next question comes from Peter Marai with Nomura Instinet.

Christopher N. Marai -- Nomura Instinet -- Analyst

[Speech Overlap] Can you hear me, OK.

Operator

Yes, sir. You were muted in the beginning. You came on halfway.

Christopher N. Marai -- Nomura Instinet -- Analyst

Okay, I'm sorry about that. So what I mentioned is toxicity around CD166 program versus the CD71. I'm just curious about the payloads being used here and the internalization profiles of the targets. Given that CD71 is very efficient and internalizing, did that impact the type of payload that you chose to use? I noticed that you use two different payloads for these products. Also for the CD71 PDC, I'm curious about what would some expected on-target toxicities might look like versus toxicities due to the payload in general? Thank you.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yes. Thanks for the questions. So first of all, with regards to the payloads, going back several years when we designed the Probody drug conjugate strategy, we made a very conscious decision for the first two Probody drug conjugates to take into the clinic that we would work with the most established warheads or payloads, if you like. And DM4 was selected for CD166 program through an alliance with ImmunoGen and MMAE, which at the time was the second most validated payload. We were able to access that through our alliance with AbbVie via their alliance with Seattle Genetics. And so, frankly, we could have used -- it could have ended up being the other way around. That's just the way they played out at the time. We consider those two payloads to be the most and best validated at that time.

In terms of the toxicities with DM4, we've known for a long time that the principal toxicity with DM4 is ocular tox. That's exactly what we saw at the higher doses in our dose escalation in Phase 1. It's something that is manageable in the form of ocular prophylaxis. So that's something that we're implementing in the ongoing Phase 2 study.

With regard to CD71 and MMAE, the principal toxicities with MMAE are a little bit different to DM4. They're more hematologic in nature, and that's what we saw in our preclinical studies and it's hematologic toxicities that we're looking out for in the clinic. With regards to CD71, on-target toxicity is very difficult to say. We -- with CD166, just as an example, the target is expressed on most normal tissues, and you could, therefore, infer that you may see toxicity of any kind. In fact, in the clinic, we really didn't see any evidence of on-target toxicity with our reported data on CD166. We'll provide the data on CD71 Phase 1 dose escalation in a couple of weeks at ASCO.

Christopher N. Marai -- Nomura Instinet -- Analyst

Great. Looking forward to it. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Terence Flynn with Goldman Sachs. Your line is now open.

Terence Flynn -- Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for taking the questions. Maybe just following up on 2029. Based on the animal data, is there any reason to think that the activity would be more robust in lymphoma, let's say, relative to the solid tumor setting? And then can you remind us in the Phase 1 trial, if you only enrolled patients that had high levels of CD1 expression? Was that a cut-off, or are you going to look at that prospectively now when we sit [Phonetic] at ASCO? Thank you.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Hi, Terence. Thanks for the questions. I'll take the second question first. Patients were not pre-selected for high target levels in the study, but that is something we're looking at prospect -- retrospectively, of course. And with regards to lymphoma, the Phase 1 dose escalation has allowed us to enroll solid tumors and lymphoma. We will obviously report that patient population when we present the data. The preclinical work was mostly focused on the solid tumor side of things.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Robert Burns with H.C. Wainwright. Your line is now open.

Robert Burns -- H.C. Wainwright & Co. -- Analyst

Hi, guys. Thanks for taking my questions, and congrats on the quarter. Just two questions, if I may. So the first one is, could you provide some additional color through the indications you're considering exploring in the Phase 2 expansion based on the data you've seen for CX-2029?

And my second question is, similar to what you did for CX-2009 with regards to pre-clinical assessments of combining it with CX-072, have you been warned any preclinical assessments evaluating potential synergy for CX-072 plus CX-2029, and if so, are you planning on evaluating that combination in the clinic? Thank you.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Hi, Robert. Thanks. Great questions. Not prepared or ready to comment on Phase 2 indications at this stage for 2029. But, of course, they will be guided by -- everything that we know to this point. With regards to the combination, as you rightly point out, we have -- we previously reported preclinical data at AACR last year, showing the potential for CD166 Probody drug conjugate to synergize with PD1/PD-L1, and that work underpins our ongoing strategy to move into the combination of 2009 and 072, which is planned for later this year. With regards to 2029, it's too early to say, but as another drug conjugate, it certainly makes conceptual sense that that could be combined with a PD agent of one kind or another, but we don't have anything more to say about that at this time.

Robert Burns -- H.C. Wainwright & Co. -- Analyst

Alright. Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Peter Lawson with Barclays. Your line is now open.

Mitchell -- Barclays -- Analyst

Hi, there. This is Mitchell on for Peter. Can you guys hear me now?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yes.

Mitchell -- Barclays -- Analyst

Yeah. Okay. Sorry I had to redial in. I don't know what happened. So I had a couple of questions for you guys. The first one is for your CD71 data at ASCO. What kind of data might we see, how many patients and how might that change from the abstract to the time of the presentation?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Really not able to comment on that right now. Abstract will be published, I guess, next week, and we may be in a position to provide some additional guidance at that point. But had not much more we can say at this point. I'm sorry to say.

Mitchell -- Barclays -- Analyst

Understood. And then, just wanted to ask about how you guys are thinking about data release in a virtual world, and what that changes in terms of physician engagement and dialog and things like that?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

We are going to do the very best we can.

Mitchell -- Barclays -- Analyst

Got it. Thank you.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

I think we're still -- no, seriously, we're -- I think we're all still learning to some extent what the final process is going to be. So, but yeah, we'll certainly do the very best we can and we'll make ourselves available to answer questions as well.

Mitchell -- Barclays -- Analyst

Great. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Boris Peaker with Cowen. Your line is open.

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

Great. Can you hear me guys?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yes, we can.

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

Great. So my first question on -- the 2009 study that's currently on hold, just curious in terms of patients that are enrolled in the study, how consistent are these patients going through their follow-ups, and just what are the potential concerns about data quality, if they start missing some of their appointments?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Hi, Boris. I mean, I think that's a question that relates to every one right in this moment in time, and don't have anything -- I don't have anything specific to say about that rather than -- that is a risk, of course, that patients that have been on study may have challenges getting back into the centers at which they're being treated. We're still in the relatively early stages of figuring out what that impact is going to be.

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

I guess, maybe just a follow up on that, because we've got some questions from that from the investors. Are these patients going to hospitals for follow-up or these in outpatient setting?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

I don't want to comment on that specifically, Boris, at this point, but it's going to be a combination of those.

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

Got you. And maybe my last question is with 2009 compound, can you set expectations for data presentation at ASCO? Specifically, what should investors be focused on?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Boris, that was 2029?

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

Yeah. No, 2009. Yeah.

Christopher Keenan -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

2009. Yes, so tracking back to last year at AACR, that was the last data update on the Phase 1 2009 work. So this is the -- this will be the first update. And effectively, the completion of the Phase 1 study for CX-2009 with completion of the dose escalation. So it's going to be additional follow-up. It's going to be additional patients. Most importantly data -- the data that supports our advancement of 2009 into hormone receptor positive HER2 negative breast cancer at the doses 7 mg per kg. So the data should make it clearer to investors what underpinned that decision clear within the dataset that was presented a year ago.

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

Got you. Okay, thank you very much for taking my questions.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

You're welcome. Take care.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Mara Goldstein with Mizuho. Your line is now open.

Mara Goldstein -- Mizuho Securities USA -- Analyst

Hey. Thanks very much for taking my question. I have two questions. One is, just a clarification on cash runway. I believe you said, it doesn't include any other partnerships, but does it anticipate any other milestones from the existing programs that you already have, including any resources that you may use to fund programs? It's the first.

And then, also I'm hoping that you might be able to just provide an update on the BMS collaboration. Clearly you have candidates that are advancing, but memory serves you -- BMS has option for additional targets, and are there any time limit or constraints around those targets in which they might come back to you?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Hi, Mara. So regarding cash run rate, I'll comment, then Carlos may want to jump into. But we always make very conservative assumptions around milestones from existing deals. So while there may be some element of milestones factored into that run rate guidance is going to be pretty conservative. Now that said, we also have a pretty good track record of earning milestones in these deals, as I'm sure you'll agree. So -- but we are, for guidance purposes, pretty conservative.

Carlos, anything to add to that?

Carlos Campoy -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

No, nothing to add.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Great. And then regarding BMS. Yes, you're right, Mara, they do -- going back to the expansion that we did a few years ago, they still do have the ability to select additional targets. We haven't disclosed the timeline under which they need to -- to select those targets, but they don't have forever. There is a backstop on that. And we're in active dialog with them as to additional targets selections and getting additional programs up and running, which we're very excited to do.

Mara Goldstein -- Mizuho Securities USA -- Analyst

Okay. And if I could just ask one other question on CX-2009 in terms of -- the trial has been temporarily paused at this point due to current environment. But can you speak to how many patients actually began dosing within that trial?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

No, I really can't. But as I said, our goal is to get 40 patients enrolled into that study. It is -- so -- we really can't say -- can't speak to how many patients have been enrolled, and unfortunately, now we can't speak either to timing of data, because this just got so uncertain, but we're doing everything we can to get that program back on track and be able to provide some clear guidance in the future.

Mara Goldstein -- Mizuho Securities USA -- Analyst

Alright. Thank you. I appreciate it.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Take care.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Etzer Darout with Guggenheim Securities. Your line is open.

Etzer Darout -- Guggenheim Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for taking my question. Most have been answered, but just wanted to pop in with [Phonetic] a couple of questions here. So first, Sean, maybe for CX-072, just wondering what's next for PD-L1 Probody and what maybe we could learn from the ASCO presentation as far as perspective, sort of, monotherapy or maybe even other combinations beyond, sort of, a CTLA-4 combination for that asset?

And, Carlos, maybe if you can talk about the pace of R&D spend throughout the rest of 2020 to the extent that you can given the Q1 number? Thanks.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Great. Hi, Etzer. So with regards to 072, the ASCO presentation, as I mentioned, will be -- really will round out the Phase 1 -- the Phase 1/2a work that we've done on the program so far. So if you recall that, the program advanced to enrollment of patients into a number of small expansion cohorts of around 15 patients in a number of different tumor types, some of which were expected to be up -- to respond to checkpoints inhibitors, some of which were a bit more speculative. And -- so the data update for monotherapy will include really the rounded out data and some fairly lengthy follow-up on patients from the monotherapy expansions in addition to some -- an update on the ipi combination Phase 1 dose escalation.

In terms of where we go next with the program continues to be an active program at the Company. We are -- to some extent, shifting gears toward combinations with our own pipeline assets like to 2009. And that said, we do continued to talk to potential partners, and we also continued to evaluate other emerging combination opportunities. So there's plenty that we could potentially do in the future, but right now the most immediate next step will be the combination with 2009 with the indication to be disclosed at a later date.

Etzer Darout -- Guggenheim Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Great. [Speech Overlap] Carlos could comment on the R&D?

Carlos Campoy -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Yeah, absolutely. So we're not guiding full-year spend, but beyond our cash run rate that we mentioned, but I do want to point out, as I mentioned during the formal remarks, that Q1 included a series of one-time expenses associated with licenses and sub-licenses that are related to the milestones and upfront payments that we earned during the quarter. So that's the extent of the guidance I can give you.

Etzer Darout -- Guggenheim Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Great. Thank you, and congrats on the progress.

Carlos Campoy -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Thank you.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Thanks a lot. Take care.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Joseph Catanzaro with Piper Sandler. Your line is now open.

Joseph M. Catanzaro -- Piper Sandler -- Analyst

Hey, guys. Thanks for taking my questions here. Just maybe one quick one from me on 2029. Would you be able to detail the dose escalation scheme used in this study as it compares to the 2009 dose escalation, specifically, where single patient dose escalation cohorts initially use, were you able to start at a higher dose giving any learnings from 2009 things along those lines? Thanks.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Hey, Joe. The only thing I would say is -- I believe, I said previously on this particular program is that, we actually started at a pretty low dose given the nature of the target. CD71 is a -- this is a -- is a big idea, and is a tough target to try and drug. So -- and we know from preclinical work that we've done, that's engaging CD71 in cynomolgus monkey is lethal at quite low doses. So for various reasons, including those we began dose escalation, had a -- I think it's fine to say, had a lower dose then 2009. I can't say anything more than that right now, but a lot of this will be shared and is being prepared to be shared at ASCO.

Joseph M. Catanzaro -- Piper Sandler -- Analyst

Okay. Got it. And maybe just one quick one, I'm not sure if you have any insight into this, but the Phase 2 randomized portion of the Bristol study, would you happen to know if the nivo/ipi dosing they're using is consistent with CheckMate 067 or have they, sort of, switched to the three plus one that they've used in other studies?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Can't give any specifics there. The dosing and schedules, there are five arms in that study. And the doses and schedules being evaluated have, of course, been informed by what was observed in the Phase 1 dose escalation. That data -- the Phase 1 data will be presented by BMS in post to form at ASCO. And we'll -- that's really all we can say right now about the doses and schedules that they're using. But some -- the goal, of course, of this program, the masking of ipi -- the goal of marketing ipi is to effectively give enough of this agent in the clinic to get to more effective outcomes for patients, and the doses and schedules that they are moving forward in the Phase 2 are consistent with that.

Joseph M. Catanzaro -- Piper Sandler -- Analyst

Okay. Got it. Thanks so much for taking my questions.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

You're welcome.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Mohit Bansal with Citigroup. Your line is open.

Mohit Bansal -- Citi -- Analyst

Great. Thanks for taking my question, and congrats on all the progress you have made this quarter and last quarter as well. So couple of questions from my side. So 2009, if I remember correctly from the last data set, the activity was there, but there was a little bit of like, obviously, safety issue was there, but the responses were not durable until the last update. Now that you are moving with the monotherapy arm in the subset of breast cancer, is it fair to assume that you have tackled the durability issue here?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Yeah. Hi Mohit. And -- so you're right to say that as of AACR last year, so we reported at that time seven unconfirmed PRs, and one of the challenges at the time with the study was that -- because we have not -- for good reason, we have not instituted ocular prophylaxis from the outset, because we really wanted to get a full view of the safety profile of the drug candidate. What that meant was that the upper doses -- the mid-levels of upper doses, many patients came off. Patients were coming off, of course, with disease progression. Certain patients were coming off for ocular toxicity. So and that is in large part why dose responses were not ultimately confirmed.

So we do have additional experience with the drug candidate now in Phase 1, that will be shared at ASCO coming up soon. And in Phase 2, we are actively mandating ocular prophylaxis. And we've also picked a dose 7 mg per gig, where we see clinical activity, of course, and also where we are confident that ocular mitigation can be effective. So that -- the Phase 2 study is set up to give us the best opportunity to keep patients on drug for extended periods of time to really see what this drug candidate can do in a more focused less heavily pre-treated patient population.

Mohit Bansal -- Citi -- Analyst

Got it. And then, one other question on the CD71 program. Since AbbVie has opted in for the program -- sorry, opted in for the program. Is it -- so can you just comment on the criteria behind the milestone payment and what went into -- what kind of data they had to see for you -- for them to actually move forward with the program?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Obviously, the milestone is a significant milestone, the $40 million payment. That milestone is intended to fund the ongoing work that we'll be doing, as we run the clinical program and move into the expansion cohorts. In terms of the criteria that trigger the milestone that what we call the dose escalation criteria that were specified at the time that we put the agreement in place, a few years ago. And while those criteria have not been disclosed, essentially they are -- they were designed to mark the completion of Phase 1 -- successful completion of Phase 1 dose escalation to point the way to Phase 2 expansions in select tumor types at a specific dose. So that's what we needed to achieve, and that's why the milestone paid [Phonetic].

Mohit Bansal -- Citi -- Analyst

Awesome. Thank you very much, Sean. Really appreciate it.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

You're welcome.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from Biren Amin with Jefferies. Your line is open.

Biren Amin -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

Yeah. Hi, guys. Thanks for taking my questions. Maybe if I could just start on 2029, Sean. On clinicaltrials.gov, if I look at the exclusion criteria for the Phase 1/2 trial, there seems to be some criteria related to iron metabolism disorders and use of iron chelators. So maybe can you just talk about the CD1 target and how it interferes with anemia or chelators?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Well, CD71 is by definition the transparent receptor functions to internalize iron complex to transfer and get iron into dividing cells. So it's a fundamental component of iron metabolism, and so that was something that was done as a precautionary measure in Phase 1, really not knowing what we would see in the clinic. So that's really all we can say about that.

Biren Amin -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

Okay. And then, I guess, in the cynos study, If I look at that data from a few years ago, I think you tested 2029 along with some other Probody mass antibodies. And I think the reason to choose 2029 is that the other compounds saw some weight loss. So I guess, my question is, how well do you think the lack of weight loss in cynos with 2029 translates in the human study, given I think that cyno model, dosed animals twice at 3 weeks apart? And so do you think there might be safety issues that may arise in patients receiving several cycles of therapy?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

I must admit, I'm not exactly sure what data you are referring to there -- maybe we could take that offline. What I would say is that, that's the cyno data that we have for the most part discussed -- there are two components to it. One is, we demonstrated, I think pretty convincingly that in a head-to-head comparison of Antibody Drug Conjugates or Probody drug conjugate that -- the -- if you take neutrophil count as a surrogate of hematologic talks that -- in the unmasked version that is a very toxic molecule in cynos with neutrophil counts plummeting and animals not surviving for much more than a week, whereas with the Probody neutrophil counts do fine.

And so -- and remember, as I mentioned on -- earlier on the call, the principal -- the principal toxicity from MMAE would be expected to be hematologic. So that -- those experiments will be very important in showing that masking in preclinical studies has the potential to open a therapeutic window for the target. We did present an update on data at World ADC in London earlier this year, and update including some of the non-clinical studies looking at toxins in a bit more detail, which again emphasized that the principal toxicities in cyno are indeed hematologic.

I'm not sure about that you're referring to regarding weight loss. We should maybe look at that offline.

Biren Amin -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

Okay. I mean, we can certainly touch upon it later today when we talk. And, I guess, I have a last question, separate program under EGFR, the IND filing, kind of 2021, can you just talk about whether you're pursuing T790 [Phonetic] indications with that program?

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

I can't talk about that at this point.

Biren Amin -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

Okay. Alright. Thank you.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Take care, Biren.

Operator

Thank you. And I'm not showing any further questions at this time. I would now like to turn the call back to management for any closing remarks.

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Great. Thanks very much. Well, just to summarize again, it was a very strong quarter for the Company despite the macro-environments, and we look forward to catching up with all of you guys next quarter. Take care. [Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 48 minutes

Call participants:

Christopher Keenan -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Sean A. McCarthy -- President, Chief Executive Officer, and Chairman

Carlos Campoy -- Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

Christopher N. Marai -- Nomura Instinet -- Analyst

Terence Flynn -- Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC -- Analyst

Robert Burns -- H.C. Wainwright & Co. -- Analyst

Mitchell -- Barclays -- Analyst

Boris Peaker -- Cowen & Company LLC -- Analyst

Mara Goldstein -- Mizuho Securities USA -- Analyst

Etzer Darout -- Guggenheim Securities, LLC -- Analyst

Joseph M. Catanzaro -- Piper Sandler -- Analyst

Mohit Bansal -- Citi -- Analyst

Biren Amin -- Jefferies LLC -- Analyst

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