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Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Inc (NASDAQ:ALNY)
Q4 2020 Earnings Call
Feb 11, 2021, 8:30 a.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Ladies and gentlemen, thank you for standing by, and welcome to the Alnylam Pharmaceuticals Conference Call to discuss Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 financial results. [Operator Instructions] Please be advised that this call is being taped at the company's request.

I would now like to turn the call over to the Company.

Christine Regan Lindenboom -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Good morning. I'm Christine Lindenboom, Senior Vice President of Investor Relations and Corporate Communications at Alnylam. With me today on the phone are John Maraganore, Chief Executive Officer; Tolga Tanguler, Chief Commercial Officer; Akshay Vaishnaw, President of R&D Jeff Poulton, Chief Financial Officer; and Yvonne Greenstreet, President and Chief Operating Officer. In addition, Andy Orth, Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Business is on the line and available for Q&A.

For those of you participating via conference call, the accompanying slides can be accessed by going to the Events section of the Investor page of our website, investors.alnylam.com/events. During today's call, as outlined in Slide 2, John will provide some introductory remarks and provide general context, Tolga will provide an update on our global commercial progress, Akshay will review recent clinical and preclinical updates, Jeff will review our financials and Yvonne will provide a brief summary of upcoming milestones before opening the call to your questions,

I would like to remind you that this call will contain remarks concerning Alnylam's future expectations, plans and prospects, which constitute forward-looking statements for the purposes of the safe harbor provision under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by these forward-looking statements as a result of various important factors, including those discussed in our most recently quarterly report on file with the SEC. In addition, any forward-looking statements represent our views only of the date of this recording and should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. We specifically disclaim any obligation to update such statements.

With that I'd like to turn the call over to John. John?

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Christine, and thank you everyone for joining the call today. Despite the challenges we all faced in 2020 with the COVID-19 pandemic, Alnylam had one of its strongest years ever as a successful global commercial organization with a highly productive R&D platform. We delivered on our commercial expansion, growing topline product revenues by over 100% driven by strong continued execution for ONPATTRO and GIVLAARI. We continue to advance the pipeline, which includes programs across both rare and common disease populations and we remain focused on financial discipline to help us reach our goal of achieving a self-sustainable financial profile. Underscoring the success of 2020, we started the year with two products, six approvals and access in 14 countries. We then end the 2020 with four products, 15 approvals and access in 41 countries. This includes the approvals of OXLUMO in the EU and the U.S. and together with our partners at Novartis, Leqvio in the EU. We are very proud to have ended 2020 exceeding our Alnylam 2020 goals that we've boldly set forth back in 2015. We're now excited to have announced our new 5-year strategy and goals with Alnylam P5x25. Alnylam P5x25 is aimed at fulfilling our Alnylam's aspirations and potential of becoming one of the most successful biotech companies ever with transformative medicines in both rare and common diseases for patients around the world, supported by additional growth through label expansion, a robust and high yielding pipeline of first and/or best-in-class product candidates from organic product engine and exceptional financial performance with over 40% revenue CAGR through year-end 2025 and sustainable profitability achieved within the period. Without a doubt, this is an exciting new chapter for Alnylam.

Akshay will review our recent R&D progress in just a moment, but an important highlight in the recent period is the positive top line results from our HELIOS-A Phase 3 study of patisiran. Importantly, we believe that patisiran can significantly expand our opportunity in hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy positioning Alnylam with continued growth in our ATTR franchise even before our expected expansion in the wild-type ATTR cardiomyopathy setting, assuming favorable clinical results and approvals.

Now, for a review of our commercial and medical affairs progress, it's my pleasure to welcome Tolga Tanguler to his first Alnylam earnings call. Tolga joined Alnylam recently as our Chief Commercial Officer following roles at Alexion and Pfizer in both rare and common disease franchises and we're excited about the future of our global commercial efforts under his leadership.

With that let me turn the call over to Tolga. Tolga?

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Thanks, John and good morning everyone. I appreciate the warm welcome and couldn't be more excited to join the Alnylam team. Let's get started with the review of our commercial performance. For ONPATTRO, we achieved $90.4 million in global net product revenues in the fourth quarter, representing approximately 10% quarter-on-quarter growth compared with Q3 and we achieved $306.1 million in global ONPATTRO revenues for the full year 2020. As of December 31st, approximately 1,350 patients were on commercial ONPATTRO treatments worldwide. In the U.S., we continue to see strength in demand with just over 10% growth, and with still patient compliance remain at pre-COVID levels.

In the U.S., we also continue to see a steady rate of concomitant use of ONPATTRO to treat hATTR polyneuropathy along with the use of TTR stabilizers in mixed phenotype patients as the hATTR diagnosis rates continue to increase due to, we believe wider availability of PYP scans. We believe our leadership with regard to access is also notable with over 98% of U.S. lives covered.

Turning to the rest of the world, we made very encouraging progress with ONPATTRO in the fourth quarter with $47.3 million in revenue from ex-U.S. markets. Market access has now been achieved in over 20 countries and we recently received regulatory approval in Taiwan. As we have noted an important ongoing dynamic absorbed ex-U.S. is patients switching from stabilizers, which we believe is attributable to the potential to halt or reverse polyneuropathy manifestations of the disease with ONPATTRO. And this represents more than 50% of new ONPATTRO patients outside the U.S. Our customer facing medical affairs team also remain committed to addressing the challenge of raising disease awareness and improving diagnosis of hATTR amyloidosis including with Alnylam Act, our third -party genetic screening initiative in the U.S., Canada and Brazil.

As of January, 33,912 samples have been submitted, out of which 1,952 have tested positive for a pathogenic TTR mutation. We are encouraged by the recovery in testing volumes we've seen in recent months and we believe this trend will continue. We have also seen continued strength in PYP scans being performed and other leading indicator for new patient growth. In 2021, we expect steady and continued growth for ONPATTRO driven mostly by new patient findings with some additional geographic expansion.

Moving on to GIVLAARI, we achieved $22.1 million in global net product revenues in the fourth quarter, representing 33% quarter-on-quarter growth compared to Q3 and we achieved $55.1 million in global GIVLAARI revenues for the full year 2020. As of December 31st, approximately 200 patients were on commercial GIVLAARI treatments worldwide. Our progress with patient access in the U.S. has been strong. Having now finalized over 10 value-based agreements or VBAs including first state level VBA with net held [Phonetic] for Medicaid. We now have confirmed access of 94% of covered U.S. lives. We have not experienced any payer headwinds with GIVLAARI to date and we're pleased to see the majority of plans adopt medical policies without restrictions to the number of baseline attacks.

The CEMEA region showed great progress as well with notable strength from our launch in Germany as well as a ATU supply in France, finalization of reimbursement in Italy and named-patient sales in other countries.

We also look forward to completion of the ongoing review of our NDA in Japan which was submitted in September and is expected to be launched in mid 2021. In 2021, we expect steady and continued growth for GIVLAARI driven by geographic expansion along with new patient findings.

Finally, we're excited with the progress of our third launch OXLUMO, the brand name for lumasiran. 2021 will be the first full year of launch for this new medicines from Alnylam and we're pleased to see strong early demand. Since receiving approval in the U.S. and EU in November 2020 and launching in December, we have received eight start forms as of year-end and achieved global net product revenues for the fourth quarter of approximately $0.3 million representing encouraging early patient demand in Europe.

As with our other launches and guided by our patient access philosophy, we are hard at work making sure the patients who need OXLUMO are able to access it. We're pleased with progress being made with payers in the U.S. and EU in establishing VBA's including patient-need adjustments and prevalence space adjustment features. Our teams are now actively engaged with the physician and patient advocacy communities. Leveraging capabilities, we've strengthened over the past year, delivering success, even in the challenging virtual environment of an ongoing pandemic.

In conclusion, the fourth quarter highlighted the broad capabilities of our operations which supported the continued growth of ONPATTRO, the ongoing adoption of GIVLAARI and the initial launch for OXLUMO and looking back at the full year, I'm so impressed by the team's resilience in the face of unprecedented challenges to meet the needs of patients and continued driving awareness uptake and growth.

With that, I will now turn it over to Akshay to review our recent R&D and pipeline progress. Akshay?

Akshay Vaishnaw -- President of R&D

Thanks, Tolga, and good morning everyone. I'll start with our efforts in ATTR amyloidosis where we're advancing our two product candidates patisiran and vutrisiran. Also ONPATTRO is currently approved in multiple markets around the world to treat the polyneuropathy associated with hATTR amyloidosis. We're committed to expanding the product's label for the treatment of cardiomyopathy in both hereditary and wild-type ATTR amyloidosis patients. To this end, we are conducting the APOLLO-B Phase 3 study.

We continue to enroll patients in APOLLO-B and continue to expect completion of enrollment in early 2021, which would put us on track for top line readout in mid '22. We're also advancing vutrisiran which is delivered by a quarterly subcutaneous injection and is also in development for ATTR amyloidosis. Here, we are conducting two Phase 3 studies. The first Phase 3 study is HELIOS-A which is evaluating vutrisiran in hATTR amyloidosis patients with polyneuropathy. Just last month, we announced positive top line nine-month results from the study demonstrating very impressive efficacy and encouraging safety with a once quarterly subcutaneous injection of vutrisiran. Specifically, vutrisiran met the primary and both secondary endpoints measured at nine months. As compared with the historical placebo control from the APOLLO study, vutrisiran achieved a highly significant improvement in neuropathy impairment as measured by the mNIS+7 assessment. Also, vutrisiran showed improvements in the Norfolk QoL and gait speed secondary endpoints compared with historical placebo.

Additionally, vutrisiran demonstrated improvements in neuropathy impairment and quality of life related to baseline. Confirming that RNAi therapeutics can achieve reversal of polyneuropathy disease manifestations, commensurate with what we've observed with patisiran in the APOLLO study. We also observed significant effects on the nine-month cardiac endpoint of NT-proBNP, an additional cardiac data being collected as part of the 18-month endpoint which we plan to report later in the year.

Vutrisiran demonstrates an encouraging safety and tolerability profile. There were two study discontinuations or 1.6% due to adverse events that led to death in the vutrisiran arm by month nine, neither of which was considered related to study drug. There were two SAEs being related to vutrisiran, dyslipidemia and E.coli UTI. AEs occurring in more than 10% of patients receiving vutrisiran included diarrhea, pain in the extremities, fall and urinary tract infections. These events were common in the disease itself and occurred at a similar rate or lower than observed in the historical placebo comparator group. Injection side reactions were reported in five patients or 4.1% and were mild and transient. There were no clinically significant changes in liver function tests.

With these positive results in hand, we plan to file our NDA in early 2021 and aim to bring out fifth RNAi therapeutic to market in early 2022, assuming regulatory approval. And as we've mentioned, what's exciting about vutrisiran is the opportunity of expanding our overall market share, particularly to treat polyneuropathy in mixed phenotype patients.

The second Phase 3 vutrisiran study is HELIOS-B, which has been conducted in hereditary and wild-type ATTR amyloidosis patients with cardiomyopathy, and this study is actively enrolling. Finally, in addition to HELIOS-A and B, we're also evaluating a once every six months dosing regimen for vutrisiran, and we expect to initiate our study of this regimen in early 2021. Also later in 2021, we plan to start the HELIOS-C study of vutrisiran for the prevention of manifestations of ATTR amyloidosis.

I'll now turn to progress with OXLUMO, our RNAi therapeutic recently approved in the EU and U.S. as the first treatment for primary hyperoxaluria type 1 or PH1. We continue to evaluate the safety and efficacy of OXLUMO in the ongoing ILLUMINATE-C Phase 3 clinical trial in PH1 patients of all ages with more severe renal impairment including patients on dialysis. Enrollment has been completed and we expect data in 2021. Together the ILLUMINATE studies comprise a comprehensive clinical development program intended to demonstrate safety and efficacy of OXLUMO across the full spectrum of patients diagnosed with PH1. We're also excited to initiate a Phase 2 study later in the year evaluating lumasiran for the treatment of recurrent renal stones which could really expand the overall opportunity.

As you know, we have two additional late-stage programs that are in development with partners. These include Leqvio or inclisiran partnered with Novartis, which was approved last year in the EU for the treatment of adults with hypercholesterolemia or mixed dyslipidemia. Leqvio marks the first RNAi therapeutic approved for common disease and has the potential to be a blockbuster product for our partner Novartis. On top of approval in the EU, Novartis has completed 10 additional filings globally. As has been communicated previously, Novartis received a CRL from the FDA due to unresolved facility inspection related conditions at a third party manufacturing facility in Europe. The FDA has not raised any concerns related to the efficacy or safety of inclisiran and Novartis plans to submit its response in Q2 or Q3, 2021. We're confident Novartis will do everything it can to accelerate this process.

Our late-stage programs also included fitusiran in development for hemophilia A or B with or without inhibitors, partnered with Sanofi. Fitusiran is under evaluation in the Phase 3 ATLAS program. We're pleased to report that dosing has been resumed in the ATLAS Phase 3 studies and the previous reports of thromboembolic events were associated with a high level of antithrombin reduction to less than 10% of normal. Sanofi will now evaluate the once every two monthly 50 milligram dosing regimen for fitusiran that can be titrated up in frequency to once monthly and in dose to 80 milligrams depending on anti-thrombin levels achieved. We believe this tailored approach will optimize patient safety and will also provide further differentiation versus other subcutaneous options which are given once weekly.

Excitingly, Sanofi has announced that fitusiran recently received Fast Track designation. Now, in addition to our late-stage clinical programs, we believe we have also been making great progress with our early and mid-stage programs. One of the exciting parts of our story now, is the expansion of RNAi therapeutics beyond rare diseases into prevalent disease opportunities. We believe now is the time to address many unmet needs in common disease settings such as hypertension, NASH, gout and diabetes among others and that the pharmacological properties of RNAi therapeutics provide the foundation for success.

Our program 5 potentially is a great example. ALN-AGT is our investigational RNAi therapeutic targeting the genetically validated target angiotensin agent for the treatment of hypertension. We're now transitioning to the start of our Cardio 1 and Cardio 2 Phase II studies, which will start in mid 2021, and these studies will evaluate ALN-AGT as monotherapy, and also in combination with RAS inhibitors in about 1,000 patients with uncontrolled hypertension.

We also have a promising development program ALN-HSD for the treatment of NASH in Phase 2 in partnership with Regeneron. In addition, we continue to make strong progress on our many preclinical RNAi therapeutic opportunities beyond the liver. Today, we are advancing over 25 preclinical programs with delivering four tissues, liver, CNS, eye and lung. These programs span rare and common diseases are supported by human genetics and are poised to be first and/or all best-in-class medicines. Notably, we continue to advance our CNS and ocular efforts with Regeneron, and our ALN-APP program remains on track for a CTA filing in mid 2021. Overall, we expect to deliver two to four new INDs per annum in the near term and aim to achieve four plus INDs per annum by the end of 2005.

In summary, we see this as a truly remarkable time for Alnylam and RNAi. I couldn't be more excited about our continued progress in bringing transformative medicines to patients and our Alnylam P5x25 strategy highlights the impact we are now positioned to make for the future of medicine.

With that, let me now turn it over to Jeff to review our financial results. Jeff?

Jeff Poulton -- Chief Financial Officer

Thanks, Akshay. And good morning everyone. 2020 was an unprecedented year that underscores Alnylam's strong commercial capabilities and operational excellence as we delivered robust top line growth while managing disciplined investment across our business. After commenting on our fourth quarter and full year 2020 results, I will also provide our financial guidance for 2021. As Tolga highlighted, U.S. sales of ONPATTRO increased 10% versus Q3 2020 and were impacted by the following.

Patient demand increased 13% driven by the addition of new patients on therapy with patient compliance remaining consistent with Q3 when we return to pre-pandemic levels. Inventory destocking during the quarter compared with modest stocking in Q3 reduced reported growth during the quarter. We ended the quarter with just over one week of inventory in the channel in the U.S. We're really pleased with the continued strength in our U.S. results with two consecutive quarters of double-digit growth, following a pandemic challenge Q2 and with Q4 sales representing the highest level since launch. In our international markets, ONPATTRO performance remained strong with growth of 9% versus Q3 2020 primarily driven by increased patient demand broadly across Europe and Japan. Additionally, there was a modest benefit from inventory stocking in Japan at year-end.

Turning to our results for GIVLAARI, we had a strong fourth quarter generating $22.1 million in global net revenue, representing 33% growth compared to the third quarter of 2020. Revenue in Europe during 2020 as expected was primarily generated from two markets, Germany and France. As we saw with ONPATTRO in year two of its commercialization as we secure pricing and reimbursement, we anticipate additional markets for GIVLAARI coming online across Europe and Asia in 2021.

Turning now to the summary of our full P&L results for the quarter and full-year, total product sales for 2020 were approximately $362 million, which were more than double of 2019 with ONPATTRO delivering more than 80% growth versus 2019 and GIVLAARI contributing $55 million in its initial launch year. Net revenue from collaborations for the fourth quarter was $50.7 million primarily due to revenue recognized from our Vir and Regeneron collaborations and a $15 million inclisiran milestone from Novartis following the December EU approval of Leqvio. Gross margin as a percentage of total revenue was 86% for the quarter, up from 80% in Q4 2019, primarily due to an ONPATTRO inventory write-off that occurred in Q4 2019. Our non-GAAP R&D expenses in the fourth quarter 2020 decreased compared to the same period in 2019, primarily due to Q4 2019 having a high level of expense associated with clinical material manufactured for future clinical trials.

Our non-GAAP SG&A expenses increased in the fourth quarter of 2020 compared to the same period in 2019, primarily due to increased investment in commercial and medical affairs activities to support the ongoing launches of ONPATTRO and GIVLAARI and the launch preparation activities for OXLUMO. Combined non-GAAP R&D and SG&A expenses were $1,063,000,000 in 2020, representing 11% growth versus 2019, which was significantly lower than the growth in combined at non-GAAP, R&D and SG&A expense in 2019, which was 31%.

As I've noted on several occasions over the last year, this more moderate level of opex growth is one of the key levers supporting our path toward profitability. Our non-GAAP operating loss for the quarter decreased by approximately $82 million compared to the same period in 2019 driven by strong top line growth and flat non-GAAP combined R&D and SG&A expense. The full-year non-GAAP operating loss ended at approximately $649 million, which is $116 million favorable to our full year 2019 non-GAAP operating loss, consistent with our past guidance that 2019 would be our peak loss year. We ended the year with cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities of approximately $1.9 billion, up from $1.5 billion at the end of 2019. Cash was favorably impacted in 2020 by the $2 billion Blackstone strategic financing collaboration that we announced in Q2, which contributed approximately $800 million in financing this year including $200 million in Q4 related to the initial drawdown of the debt facility with GSO Blackstone's credit arm.

Now turning to our financial guidance for 2021. Starting with net product revenues, we are now transitioning to providing combined net product revenue guidance for ONPATTRO, GIVLAARI and OXLUMO. We anticipate combined net product revenues for these three products will be between $610 million and $660 million with the midpoint representing more than 75% growth compared to 2020. Vutrisiran approval is not expected until early 2022. So it's not factored into our guidance for product revenues this year. It is also worth noting that our guidance reflects the uncertainty related to COVID-19 pandemic, which should decrease over time as the vaccine rollout progresses around the world.

Our guidance for net revenue from collaborations and royalties is a range between $150 million and $200 million with the midpoint of the range representing more than 30% growth from 2020. Growth in 2021 is expected to come primarily from our collaboration with Regeneron and royalties and milestones from FBOs [Phonetic].

Our guidance for combined non-GAAP R&D and SG&A expense is a range between $1,175, 000,000 and $1,275,000,000. The midpoint of the guidance range represents a projected 15% increase compared with 2020. We anticipate SG&A growth will be modest as we generate operating leverage from our existing commercial infrastructure to support our three commercial products. We expect a higher rate of growth for R&D driven by investments in our two Phase 3 ATTR cardiomyopathy studies, APOLLO-B and HELIOS-B as well as initiation of two robust Phase 2 studies in our AGT program for hypertension.

Finally, achievement of the topline and non-GAAP operating expense guidance, we have provided today, from 2021, we will deliver another year of improvement in our non-GAAP operating loss as we continue to make progress on our path to delivering sustainable profitability.

With that, I'll now turn the call over to Yvonne to review our goals for 2021. Yvonne?

Yvonne Greenstreet -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Thanks, Jeff and hello everyone. 2021 is shaping out to be a productive year for Alnylam as we embark on a new 5-year chapter of our journey outlined in our Alnylam P5x25 guidance. For starters, we plan to continue our global commercialization of ONPATTRO, GIVLAARI and OXLUMO. We look forward to major market approvals in Japan for GIVLAARI and Brazil for OXLUMO. We plan to continue advancing our TTR franchise program with the ongoing ATTR cardiomyopathy study. For patisiran, we expect to complete enrollment in the APOLLO-B study earlier this year. For vutrisiran, enrollment is ongoing in the HELIOS-B study and following the HELIOS-A positive topline results, we look forward to filing an NDA and presenting 9 months results at AAN in April.

In 2021, we also plan to report additional data on 18-month endpoint, which include a larger number exploratory cardiac endpoint measures. We expect to start studying our biannual dose regimen of vutrisiran in early 2021. For lumasiran, the ILLUMINATE-B Phase 3 study is expected to have top line results midyear and we look forward to initiating the Cardio 1 and 2 Phase 2 studies for ALN-AGT in hypertension.

And of course, we're excited about with our partners have installed this year. Novartis will be executing on the initial launch of Leqvio and aiming for U.S. approval and Sanofi will be advancing vutrisiran in the ATLAS Phase 3 program. Finally, you can expect additional data readouts from our pipeline during the course of the year. 2021 marks to start the next chapter for Alnylam with site set on our new 5-year goals to become one of the most successful companies in the industry. We're eager to deliver on this ambition and look forward to updating you throughout the year.

Let me now turn it back to Christine to coordinate our Q&A session. Christine?

Christine Regan Lindenboom -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Thank you, Yvonne. Operator, we will now open the call for your questions to those dialed in. We would like to ask you to limit yourself to one question each and then get back in the queue if you have any additional questions.

Questions and Answers:

Operator

[Operator Instructions]. Our first question comes from the line of David Lebowitz from Morgan Stanley, your line is now open.

David Lebowitz -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you for taking my question. When you look at GIVLAARI's performance thus far, it seems to be doing quite well. Has this caused you to number one, reevaluate what the size of the market is for GIVLAARI In general, and it has a change the way you look at markets for these types of diseases, and what you think of what the ultimate opportunity for these types -- for PH1 porphyria and other diseases that -- there might be.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you, David, I think that was you David. Thanks. It's a good question. Obviously GIVLAARI was really off to a good start, had a very strong year, its first full year of launch last year and we look forward to it's launch -- continued launch in 2021 and we do expect continued growth in '21 driven not only by new patient finding, but significant geographic expansion, that will be occurring by virtue of PNR and also approvals we expect in major markets like Japan in 2021.

Let me turn it over to Tolga and Andy Orth maybe to comment further. Let's start with Tolga. Anything to add to that?

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Thanks, John and hi David. Good morning. No, John essentially, it's good to be recognized with a good strong performance of GIVLAARI especially during a pandemic era. That says a lot about the capabilities of the organization and how we've been able to launch this, both in the U.S. and ex-U.S. and to your point, we do anticipate an approval in Japan. So overall, I think the trends are good. It's also a good sign of the value of the medicine that provides to these patients that have not been properly treated.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Andy, anything to add to that?

Andy Orth -- Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Region

Yeah. I would just add that we continue to be really excited about the opportunity. We still think this is a $0.5 billion opportunity for the company globally and the learnings we're gaining here as we go through 2020, will hopefully allow us to accelerate that, as we get into '21 and '22.

David Lebowitz -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Right. Thank you,

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

David, does that answer your question.

David Lebowitz -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Thank you. Thanks for taking my question.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Great.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Joel Beatty from Citi. Your line is now open.

Joel Beatty -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Hi, thanks for taking the question. I'm curious, could you share any insight into the ability to have combination therapy in TTR with any competing drugs in the U.S. and how that compares with ex-U.S. markets.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, that's a great question, a very important one, and one that defines an important part of the dynamics of the ONPATTRO execution and market dynamics in the U.S. and rest of world. So, why don't we go to Tolga to add some more color on that question.

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Yeah. Would you be able to repeat the question again. I wasn't quite sure if you were asking about the sort of the concomitant use.

Joel Beatty -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Yeah. Concomitant use of ONPATTRO with computing TTR agents. Is that different in the U.S. versus ex-U.S.?

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Right. No, it is. It is different. What we see in the U.S. in particular is that there is about 20% to 25% of the utilization of current ONPATTRO patients are actually also on tafamidis. We do see that -- in ex-U.S., we tend to see a much rapid switch from TTR stabilizers to silencers. That's what we've experienced. However, in some markets, we also see some minor level of concomitant use as well when it comes to both, using a stabilizer and a silencer.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

And just to emphasize the point, obviously the use of ONPATTRO is for the treatment of the polyneuropathy that exist in these patients, which is where it's indicated. So these are hereditary ATTR patients that have polyneuropathy and likely have a mixed phenotype, which is why they may be getting both drugs.

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Absolutely, yes.

Joel Beatty -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Great, thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Salveen Richter from Goldman Sachs. Your line is now open.

Salveen Richter -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Good morning. Thanks for taking my question. I'm just curious if we're going to see an interim analysis here on HELIOS-B and when we can expect that and what we should expect to see.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah. Great, great question, Salveen. So just as a reminder, and I'm going to hand this over to Akshay in a second, but as a reminder HELIOS-B is our randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of vutrisiran compared to placebo on top of standard of care for the treatment of ATTR amyloidosis with cardiomyopathy. So that includes both, hereditary as well as wild-type disease. The study is enrolling quite well. We are going to be enrolling throughout ' 21, but we're really pleased with how well the enrollment is going. But your point about the interim analysis, let's turn it over to Akshay.

Akshay Vaishnaw -- President of R&D

Yeah. Thanks, Salveen. So, I think we have a wonderful option to do an interim analysis in HELIOS-B. There are a number of approaches we can consider, but importantly, we want to use all data elements to inform that interim analysis and we have data from the original patisiran APOLLO study itself. We now have data from HELIOS-A, nine-months data in patients with mixed hATTR disease with cardiomyopathy, those were experimental [Phonetic] on BNP which we've shared, showing improvement in BNP and we're going to get 18 months data later in the year that will encompass not just BNP and echo data, but some technician scan data and also can be to test another element.

So, there are lot of data coming that continue to inform us about the potential for RNAi based approaches for ATTR cardiomyopathy and most importantly, next year as we've just guided, we'll get APOLLO-B data on the six-minute walk distance. And so, these are the elements that will go into our thinking. There are lots of options. We're excited about it and we will update you when we have finalized the approach.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Great. Does that answer your question, Salveen.

Salveen Richter -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Yes, thank you.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Excellent.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Paul Matteis from Stifel. Your line is now open.

Paul Matteis -- Stifel -- Analyst

Great. Thanks so much for taking my question. I wanted to ask just a broader pipeline one. Last year AGT really came into the forefront. If you were to pick one of your earlier programs that you featured at R&D Day or in the CNS pipeline, that you don't think is discussed right now but might be at the forefront of the conversation by the end of this year, early next, which would you pick. And then one piece of that, I'm a little surprised you guys don't have anything in neuromuscular, given the amount of funding that's gone into conjugation approaches there. Are there any -- is that all of interest to you with RNAi. Thanks a lot.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Okay. Great questions, Paul. So I'm going to give you my view and then we'll go to Akshay, and then we'll go to Yvonne. So, you get three different perspectives on it. And then, we'll come back and Akshay will address the question on neuromuscular. Look, from my perspective, a program in our pipeline that I think will get a lot of attention this year is ALN-APP. That's our RNAi therapeutic targeting amyloid precursor protein. It's our first CNS program. It's really going to be a defining moment for extrahepatic delivery of RNAi therapeutics, and we're leading the way on the translation of this remarkable technology for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, where there is just enormous unmet need. And so I think that's going to be a landmark program for the field and for Alnylam and for the future of our pipeline. So that's my pick. Let's go to Akshay next.

Akshay Vaishnaw -- President of R&D

I was going to pick that. Okay. I'll pick something else. I think we have the benefit of many, many interesting targets, we are addressing to report -- to address high unmet medical need. I'm trained as a rheumatologist, the XDH program which we featured at R&D Day will address gout. Gout is a hugely prevalent global disorder. Not only the rheumatologic disorder, but it can impact the kidneys and kidney function. So very, very important disease and one that's rapidly increasing in incidents by the way. So, we would love to make it -- then that the animal data are very encouraging. We can get over 95% knockdown of the target XDH with over 50% reduction in peripheral blood urate [Phonetic] levels. It will be interesting, based on the Phase 1, which I think will be very informative and we can achieve a lot with that Phase 1 to figure out how to position it exactly and help most patients, but as part of our broadening into common disease, that's another element beyond AGT and the NASH programs like HSD. John's talked about APP and Alzheimer's. So I'd pick the XDH program. Yvonne?

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Yvonne.

Yvonne Greenstreet -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Okay. Well I'm going to pick the HBV program for three reasons. One, HBV is a enormous opportunity. It's a disease that afflicts close to 300 million people around the world, so incredibly important. Second reason is, I think the encouraging data that we've had from our Phase 2 study with 1.5 log reduction in HB surface antigen, and obviously in partnership with Vir, that's now being studied in combination. And I think it has the opportunity to effect functional cure for these patients, which would be absolutely tremendous. And then the third reason is the fact that we have a 50,50 free [Phonetic] option and right prior to Phase 3. So I think this could start to become a program that we spend a little bit more time talking about as the year goes on.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Absolutely. And we're encouraged to -- by the progress at Vir has been making, and I'm sure there'll be quite a bit of new data this year on that program. So Akshay, do you want to handle the neuromuscular question.

Akshay Vaishnaw -- President of R&D

Yeah, Paul. So I think we are doing a good amount of work actually in neuromuscular disease. If we think about it from the center [Phonetic], we've got all our work in hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy there, it's a peripheral neuropathy and so it's squarely a neuromuscular disorder. Of course, is impactful in the hereditary situation, increasingly we hear about neuropathy in wild-type and I think that will be an important area to think about as well. ONPATTRO is approved, of course for the hereditary polyneuropathy in ATTR so that's one area. We're going to do -- study HELIOS-C which we intend to kick off later in the year with vutrisiran to prevent the onset of this syndrome hATTR amyloidosis, more to come on that.

And separately, we've got programs in ALS, there are number of genetically validated target in ALS that people are familiar with sort of one and others and that's under the basket of programs with Regeneron where we collaborate. So that's another neuromuscular disorder, of course with Regeneron, we are also pursuing myasthenia gravis with cemdisiran and C5 antiplatelet pozelimab. So more details on those, the Regeneron collaborative programs to come, I'm sure later in the year actually. And beyond that, we are doing work in lots of additional neuromuscular disorders at a research and preclinical stage that we don't necessarily share until the data mature enough to discuss. But I can assure you there are programs ongoing in other disorders including common inherited peripheral neuropathy for example, we're interested in, so a lots going on in neuromuscular disease. And I think we're pretty excited about the progress we made and suddenly the den we've made in hATTR amyloidosis polyneuropathy.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Akshay. Paul, does that answer your question?

Paul Matteis -- Stifel -- Analyst

Yeah. Thank you.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

All right, great.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of to Tazeen Ahmad from Bank of America. Your line is now open.

Tazeen Ahmad -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Hi guys, good morning and thank you for taking my question. Wanted to get your thoughts on how you think the ATTR market in general is developing? Do you have a better sense of how much of the addressable patients have been diagnosed and how the stabilizers are helping to develop that market? Thanks.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Well, that's a great question Tazeen and let me kick it off by saying that we have a multi-product, multi-year perspective on the broader ATTR franchise at Alnylam -- franchise where we aim to be the leader across the industry helping patients with the medicines and the innovation we bring forward. Obviously today, we are approved with one product for the treatment of the polyneuropathy of hereditary ATTR amyloidosis. ONPATTRO is off to a terrific start. It is the market leading product for treating polyneuropathy with this disease and we're really pleased with the performance that we've seen. We expect continued growth in the polyneuropathy segment for ONPATTRO alone. At the same time, we've just recently reported positive Phase 3 data with HELIOS-A, which will open up the opportunity for our vutrisiran a once quarterly subcu drug which with additional work, we believe we can make it a once every 6 monthly subcu drug and we should expect approval next year in hATTR polyneuropathy, which we believe will expand the polyneuropathy opportunity beyond even ONPATTRO and then of course as Akshay mentioned a minute ago, we opened up the door with the APOLLO-B study mid next year assuming positive data with cardiomyopathy both wild-type and hereditary. So this is really a multi-year growth opportunity for the innovation that we're bringing forward for the treatment of this disease.

Tolga, do you want to comment a little bit further? Andy, you as well in terms of how we see this evolving over time?

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

No, I think, John, you said it very nicely. We certainly see this category is evolving as the time goes by. And as John indicated, obviously, we now have one indication with ONPATTRO that's becoming -- that is the leader in the silencer market for polyneuropathy, but we know that there are a tale of two cities almost. You have the polyneuropathy that's more of a rare disease with lesser prevalence given the hereditary condition and then obviously there is, the wild-type that we certainly don't have the indication yet with cardiomyopathy, but the diagnostics of that is probably going through the same route, which is really an inexpensive PYP scan. That access -- having that access has significantly increased our ability to be able to diagnose with more polyneuropathy patients and if HELIOS-A as well as APOLLO-B, if they were to succeed, we certainly will be able to take advantage of much larger cardiomyopathy segment. So from an allowance perspective, what we are already demonstrating with ONPATTRO and its leadership in polyneuropathy, I think it's a great signal for us to be able to actually define how we're going to be able to play in this current segment as well as be able to provide the right medicine for other segments if our products were to be approved, Andy?

Andy Orth -- Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Region

Yeah. And just to add the hereditary and the wild-type markets are in the very early stages of their growth for what we expect them to be. And that's going to happen over the next 1, 2, 5 to 10 years. As John and Tolga highlighted, our portfolio that we're going to bring to bear here puts us in an excellent position. So we're really pretty excited about it.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

And you know Tazeen, I agree with everything the Tolga and Andy just said. I have often made the analogy of where the ATTR marketplace will go over time to what happened with multiple sclerosis and with many products, many mechanisms of action and obviously major patient impact at the end of the day, along with obviously significant revenue and overall value of that market. So I think you will see that materializing in a way that will accommodate multiple opportunities for patients at the end of the day and Alnylam is going to be a major leader in this space.

Tazeen Ahmad -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Okay, thank you.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Thank you.

Operator

Our next question comes from the line of Ritu Baral from Cowen. Your line is now open.

Ritu Baral -- Cowen -- Analyst

Hey guys, thanks for taking the question. I'm going to be upfront. It does have a couple of different parts, but it's all on ONPATTRO performance which continues to be really strong. One, how much does home infusion present a tailwind to what we've seen over -- especially over Q4 and long term. Can you maintain coverage of home infusion? Are you planning on potentially expanding the sales effort with the vutrisiran approval in early 2022? And then lastly, just any color on a policy? Akshay you sort of threw it out there, prevention of symptoms, but anything else you can say about that?

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Okay, so let's-- why don't we-- Akshay, why don't you quickly answer the HELIOS-C question and then we'll go -- we'll give Tolga and Andy some time to reflect on the ONPATTRO questions and we'll go to them. So Akshay?

Akshay Vaishnaw -- President of R&D

Sure. Ritu, when we looked at the regional APOLLO data, it is very clear that important -- significant reduction of TTR 80% or so, it was associated with remarkable outcome to the polyneuropathy and for the cardiac aspects and those with mixed disease, we think and the drug was labeled for the treatment the polyneuropathy of hATTR which is right and proper. But as we looked at the detailed data, patients with very early disease with lesser disease burden did very well and all that M&A scores went down to single digit, so very close to zero and that led to the hypothesis that what, if you could give the drug even before the overt onset of disease in patients with very low or maybe no evident polyneuropathy and can we prevent the onset of symptomatic disease. And I think we feel very optimistic about that.

Similarly, we now know that patients are being diagnosed or being identified as having TTR deposits in the heart before the onset, despite by technetium scan before the onset of clinical disease. And so it's a very reasonable hypothesis and I think one with a highlighted success. But if we can turn the tap off and substantially reduce TTR levels that we can substantially reduce the occurrence of this disease and prevent its onset. So that's what we're working on now. We intend to start the study, which will call HELIOS-C with vutrisiran later in the year, the subcutaneous injectable once every 6 months or so and more detail to follow. But I think it's a very, very exciting hypothesis and how often in a rare disease to be getting a chance to try and help patients by preventing the onset of disease.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Great. And let's go to Tolga first on the commercial questions on ONPATTRO and and then vutrisiran and the sales effort. Tolga.

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Sure, and thanks, John. A great question and you're right. We are very pleased with the growth of ONPATTRO quarter-over-quarter. And certainly that will be -- it will be driven by continuous patient finding and if appropriate, the switch outs from the patient's current treatments. Now, in regards to patient access, obviously with the pandemic, what we've seen is a good steady increase of patients being able to access home infusion, particularly in the United States and Europe. Those rates have gone up, but we also believe that patients have been actually able to, as well as the healthcare systems, been able to quickly pivot and provide alternative care sites for patients as well as providing easy access to infusion clinics. So, we're pleased that we have the ability to be able to either redirect those patients to alternatives site cares or provide the home infusion network that we have available particularly in U.S. and Europe. That's certainly a tailwind, and we actually frankly have not seen any impact on our compliance rates. Therefore, the pandemic didn't really impact the current patient retention and compliance rates at all and again, we have those services available.

The second part of your question, in regards to how would we see the expansion obviously, when the cardiomyopathy indication is received. Obviously, that's something we are always exploring and making sure that we have the ability to be able to communicate effectively to healthcare professionals about earlier indications. But that's something obviously we need to continue to plan for.

Let me turn it over to Andy, if he has anything to add.

Andy Orth -- Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Region

Yes, thanks. Thanks, Tolga. I think you got it right on the home infusion. We too are -- we've got that essentially quote unquote running smoothly and maxed out on our commercially insured patients and where they choose. Many are taking advantage of that. And then on the Medicare side, obviously the rule that was passed last year, isn't exactly the favorite of hospitals and some physicians, but we've been able to take advantage of that where we can. I will say our ability to get folks infused at the common locations infusion centers, hospitals, etc. is great, and many patients frankly choose that as a route of preference for the social dynamic or they just don't want somebody in their house.

And on the second one, was your question on HELIOS-A in neuropathy or HELIOS-B in cardiomyopathy?

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

No, it's.

Ritu Baral -- Cowen -- Analyst

Yeah, it actually was for HELIOS-A. I'm just wondering if you're planning any commercial expansion, just for vutrisiran and FAP even before your cardiomyopathy labels that come online.

Andy Orth -- Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Region

Got it, got it. And as you know, right. Overlapping labels with ONPATTRO and while we're not exactly releasing any plans on that front. We love the promotional efforts we've got out there today and are really excited about what HELIOS-A is going to bring to our portfolio.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Great. Okay, good. Thank you, Ritu. We should move on to the next question I think.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Anupam Rama from J.P. Morgan. Your line is now open.

Tessa Romero -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Good morning. This is Tessa on the call for Anupam. Thanks for taking our question. As you consider launch dynamics between GIVLAARI and OXLUMO, what are the similarities and differences worth considering here. And then second part of the question is on GIVLAARI, anything more granular you can provide on your assumptions around 2021 U.S. versus the rest of world growth in 2021 versus 2020. Thanks so much guys.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Okay, thank you, Tessa. Those are great questions. Obviously, I think we covered GIVLAARI as an introduction earlier. We're excited about this year as being the second full year of launch for that important medicine. And then in the case of OXLUMO, which only got approved in November of last year for the treatment of primary hyperoxaluria, this will be the first full year of launch. So that's an exciting milestone. So, let's go to Tolga to answer this great question.

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Sure. Thanks, John. Yeah, look, if you look at those -- both of those products and what they are really addressing, both diseases are highly rare and both diseases are highly devastating. And as John indicated, we had an excellent full year of launch with GIVLAARI during the pandemic, and we've been able to capitalize on a lot of patients that have been waiting for this therapy, and we look -- we're probably going to be looking at the same type of dynamic with OXLUMO with obviously relevant prevalent number of patients across the world. Therefore, from a business model perspective, the condition that those patients are in, we expect a very similar uptake when it comes to OXLUMO.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Great, and Andy.

Yvonne Greenstreet -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Andy. I was going to add. I guess one of the main differences here is that OXLUMO is going to be treating a lot of pediatric patients, and I also see patients with different population that needs to be addressed, but sorry, Andy, over to you.

Andy Orth -- Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Region

Yeah, the only thing I would add here is the level of excitement we are seeing right now in the PH1 communities, physicians, patients, patient advocacy groups, etc. is just incredible and frankly matches that we saw with GIVLAARI a year ago. So we're off to a really, really good start and as Yvonne mentioned here, this is a more so pediatric population than we saw with GIVLARRI by the way.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Terrific. So I think we have time for one more question.

Operator

Thank you. Our next question comes from the line of Gena Wang from Barclays. Your line is now open.

Gena Wang -- Barclays -- Analyst

Thank you for taking my question. So I have a one big-picture question. For Alnylam, we know -- no doubt -- Alnylam is a clear leader in RNAi space and you've done so much work identifying the best targets and candidates and some already come to floriation [Phonetic]. Would you be willing to leverage this knowledge to the other technology platform such as gene editing space and things we could see some synergy there.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Yeah, thanks, Gena. Look, we are excited about the many, many prospects we have with RNAi for the foreseeable future. We have a ton of wood to chop with this science and this technology and the type of innovation that we can bring forward really is boundless. Now, we're always going to look at other types of technologies and how they might complement what we're doing, especially for -- especially in areas where we have a commercial presence where we might want to obviously think about ways to strengthen and expand our leadership beyond maybe just an RNAi based approach. So, we'll certainly look at that, but in terms of product engines to speak of, what we have in front of us right now is just boundless from the number of opportunities, and we're very flush with things.

Let me turn it over to Yvonne also to provide some additional color on that question as well. Yvonne?

Yvonne Greenstreet -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Yeah, that's great, John. And yes, so we do keep a careful watch on what's going on outside Alnylam as well for sure. I think one additional point to make on gene editing, that's probably where you were going, I think, while this approach has a lot of potential for patients, I think it is still in the very early stages of clinical development. There's a lot that we need to learn about long-term durability and efficacy and safety, etc. So, we continue to stay engaged and be aware of what's going on. But as John says, we have an awful lot to do with what we have in our hands at the moment.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Terrific, thank you, Yvonne. Agree. So I think that's the last question, right Christine?

Christine Regan Lindenboom -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

Correct.

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Okay, good. Alright, so let me then just close. I want to thank everybody for joining us on the call. We're obviously very pleased with our results for the fourth quarter and what we did in 2020 was a remarkable year despite the headwinds from COVID-19, but we're now on a new chapter with Alnylam P5x25, aiming to build the top 5 company in market capitalization over the next five years with remarkable science and technology and innovation. So, thank you all and have a great day. Bye-bye now.

Operator

[Operator Closing Remarks]

Duration: 63 minutes

Call participants:

Christine Regan Lindenboom -- Vice President, Investor Relations and Corporate Communications

John Maraganore -- Chief Executive Officer

Tolga Tanguler -- Chief Commercial Officer

Akshay Vaishnaw -- President of R&D

Jeff Poulton -- Chief Financial Officer

Yvonne Greenstreet -- President and Chief Operating Officer

Andy Orth -- Senior Vice President, Head of the U.S. Region

David Lebowitz -- Morgan Stanley -- Analyst

Joel Beatty -- Citigroup -- Analyst

Salveen Richter -- Goldman Sachs -- Analyst

Paul Matteis -- Stifel -- Analyst

Tazeen Ahmad -- Bank of America -- Analyst

Ritu Baral -- Cowen -- Analyst

Tessa Romero -- J.P. Morgan -- Analyst

Gena Wang -- Barclays -- Analyst

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