Shares of Chipotle Mexican Grill (NYSE:CMG) enjoyed a small boost following the disclosure of Bill Ackman's $1.2 billion stake in the fast casual chain earlier this month. But the stock has since continued its downward slide, perhaps indicative of the ongoing challenges that the company will have to address before diners return to its restaurants with their previous enthusiasm.

In this episode of Industry Focus: Consumer Goods, Motley Fool analysts Vincent Shen and Sarah Priestley take a look at the biggest problems Chipotle faces today and what Ackman may push to turn the company around.

The pair also take some time to look at an Industry Focus newcomer that has been enjoying incredible growth due to the exploding popularity of sparkling water -- National Beverage Corp (NASDAQ:FIZZ).  Learn about the company's key brand, LaCroix, and its future prospects as competition increases from industry giants like Pepsi (NYSE:PEP) and Coca-Cola (NYSE:KO).

A full transcript follows the video.

This podcast was recorded on Sept. 13, 2016. 

Vincent Shen: This episode of Industry Focus is brought to you by Rocket Mortgage by Quicken Loans. Rocket Mortgage brings the mortgage process into the 21st century with a fast, easy, and completely online process. Check out Rocket Mortgage today at QuickenLoans.com/fool.

Hey, Fools! Welcome to the latest episode of Industry Focus, the podcast that dives into a different sector of the stock market each day. It is Tuesday, September 13th, so today we will be talking about developments in the consumer and retail sectors. I am your host, Vincent Shen, and joining me in studio today is the one and only Sarah Priestley. How are you?

Sarah Priestley: That was a very nice introduction, thank you.

Shen: Thank you. I was really thinking about that before the show. How are you doing, Sarah? This is our second show together, your fourth podcast overall?

Priestley: It is. I'm still a newbie. I'm definitely still in that bracket.

Shen: Are you feeling the newbie jitters?

Priestley: It's getting less and less each time, but, yes, they're still there.

Shen: OK. So, today, we're talking about two companies and some recent news. One's on earnings, and one is on a big-name hedge fund owner activist investor getting to it. So the first one is National Beverage Corp We haveve talked about the beverage industry in the past, usually focusing, frankly, on Coca-Cola and Pepsi, the two leading names. But in this case, FIZZ is their ticker, they're the No. 4 player, and I don't think I've covered them in my time on Industry Focus. They have seen some growth, especially in the really prominent categories, in this case, sparkling water, that I think they deserve a little attention from us. They have a really interesting CEO who has a huge ownership stake in the company. I'm going to let you take it away from there, Sarah. I think the best thing we can do right off the bat is to touch on their most recent earnings, to put into context some of the incredible growth that the company has seen.

Priestley: Yes, you're exactly right. National Beverage Corp and their big brand, LaCroix, don't quite have the same brand recognition that Pepsi and Coca-Cola enjoy, but they are in a boom period. To give you some idea, in the past 12 months, their share price has hiked 85%, which is pretty huge. So the reason for this is that they've pivoted mostly toward sparkling water. If you look, in 2015, in the U.S., Americans drank 12.4 gallons less soda than they did in 2005. That's equivalent to two sodas per week less, which I think is a significant drop. And consumers are pivoting away from that and toward sparkling water. Between 2010 and 2014, domestically produced sparkling water increased by 58%, and last year, on its own, it increased 26%. So, Americans are loving sparkling water, and that's having a direct impact on National Beverage Corp and its big brand, LaCroix.

Shen: So, [National Beverage Corp] breaks out their most powerful growth segment as their Power+ brands. I think some of these are very regional. I'd actually not heard of all of these, and I've only actually tried two of the brands in FIZZ's portfolio. The Power+ brands include LaCroix, Shasta Sparkling Water, Rip It Energy Drinks, Everfresh juices, and Mr. Pure juices.

Again, these aren't necessarily the huge national names that you might recognize, but in terms of this specific sparkling water niche, LaCroix and National Beverage is definitely leading the charge. I think their biggest competition right now comes from Nestle and the Perrier brand, for example. But, at the same time, Coca-Cola and Pepsi are not sitting on their hands, they see the big opportunity here, and they have actually released products to compete pretty recently. In April, Pepsi joined the fray with Aquafina Sparkling, which, in my opinion, bucks the competition. There's actually 10 calories in the water, and there's a little bit of sugar, whereas a lot of the competition doesn't have any, so that really surprised me. I'm curious how that ends up going for them. Also, Coke has some skin in the game. They launched in 2015 their Smartwater Sparkling, which is obviously an evolution of its popular bottled water brand.

Just to jump to the CEO real quick, because he's a really interesting guy -- they don't do earnings calls, which depending on your view, I typically like that transparency, that extra color, with each quarter. Their press releases can be quite the read, in my opinion.

Priestley: They are certainly entertaining. The CEO, a majority share owner, he owns 70% of the shares, is Nick Caporella. He seems like a really interesting character. He built this business up, he bought LaCroix, which is one of their biggest brands right now, in 1995?

Shen: 1996, I think.

Priestley: Yeah. So, he foresaw this trend away from soda toward more healthy drinks, so he's obviously very entrepreneurial. He loves the phrase "indeterminable growth." If anybody has read any of their shareholder letters or looked at some of their quarterly reports, it's scattered through there. So, he really sees this as being exponential growth potential with LaCroix.

Shen: Yeah, and it seems some of the stats you mentioned earlier in the show -- obviously, this niche does seem to have a really solid runway of growth ahead of it, but otherwise, I'm partially concerned for the fact that I think this is a $2.5 billion market cap company sales-wise. Coca-Cola does 50 times its sales. And we all know how powerful, especially in the beverage industry, very competitive, the distribution models can be, the advertising budgets, things along those lines.

So for this company, obviously, leading the charge in this niche. But other parts of its business, like it's more traditional soda business, the brands are struggling a little bit more, getting stale. But obviously, the CEO is pivoting as much as he can to these Power+ brands. But, what do you think, in terms of the next five years as Coke and Pepsi really rev their engines to take over this space? Do you think this is a space LaCroix can hold on to?

Priestley: To a degree. I think they've attracted a lot of millennials. We tend to refer to millennials as a big homogeneous group. But, they are doing very well. They have 20 different flavors, and this gives them the cache of scarcity, because not every store stocks every flavor, so you have to go on a treasure hunt for it, and they have a huge social media following.

We were looking before we came in on an Instagram site specifically just for one flavor of LaCroix. So, they clearly have quite the following. And they don't do television advertising, they only work on social media. So far, that's worked very well for them, because it's opposite big business, which a lot of young people are moving toward. I think that Yelp as a start-up, they included LaCroix in their office fridge, GrubHub had a "LaCroix Luau" at one of their happy hours. So, you can see it has quite the following, but, yes, you're exactly right. As soon as the Coca-Cola and Pepsi media machines start going, you're going to have some sizable competition. And if you look at San Pellegrino from Nestle, they're expanding their flavors, too, so that's going to be increasingly pressurizing.

Shen: OK, so, overall, like we mentioned earlier, this is the No. 4 player. I think it's a really interesting company, and we haven't had an opportunity in the past to cover it, it was really interesting to do some of the research, read some of those press releases and annual reports. The takeaway is, if you want to try some of these brands we mentioned, the stores they typically get carried in are like Whole Foods or Fresh Market. Sarah actually drove around last night trying to find some LaCroix to try. But there's actually quite a few Fools here at headquarters with boxes next to their desks. So, the followers they have do seem to be loyal. Those are the places if you're curious about the draw that some of these flavors have, they have hilarious Instagram feeds, go check it out.

Before we move on, I wanted to thank Rocket Mortgage by Quicken Loans for supporting the show. Listeners who have purchased a home in the past, or are currently in the market, you understand how frustrating and time-consuming getting a mortgage can be. Fortunately, Rocket Mortgage is bringing the mortgage approval process into the 21st century. With Rocket Mortgage, you can easily share your bank statements and pay stubs at the touch of a button, helping you get approved in minutes for a custom mortgage solution that's tailored to your unique financial situation. It's fast, powerful, and completely online, so you can do all of it from your smartphone or tablet. So if you're looking to refinance your mortgage or buy a home, check out Rocket Mortgage today at QuickenLoans.com/fool. Equal housing lender, licensed in all 50 states, NMLS consumer access dot org number 3030.

Next story, we mentioned an activist investor, a guy who runs a hedge fund, pretty notable. His recent disclosure of his investment in the company Chiptole led to quite a nice bounce in the shares. Obviously, Chipotle has been struggling in the past year with their food-borne illness outbreaks. The stock is down, I think, over 40%. Some of their comps, especially for the first quarter of the year, if you look back in January, they're comfortable store sales were down like 36%. Really hit very hard by the poor media and the bad visual aspect in terms of, every day, in the press, you hear about these new outbreaks happening on the West Coast and the Northeast. But, Ackman has had some history in the restaurant industry and some very successful investments. What do you think?

Priestley: I think this is a great move from him right now and the fact that it's much more in his wheel house than what he's been doing more recently. I think it's very well publicized about Pershing Square not performing as it should in the past two years. And last year, it lost 20%. This year, it's down 14%. If you look at Ackman's investments in things like Herbalife, that's much more away from what he previously done in terms of these turnarounds. He has formerly invested in McDonald's, and he was also involved in the Wendy's spinoff of Tim Hortons, and in both of those investments he doubled his return. This, to me, sounds like a very natural progression for him. I think investors should take this as a nod of goodwill, even though there are a lot of analysts that are being very bearish on this stock right now.

Shen: Yeah, for Chipotle in particular. For a little more detail, Bill Ackman and his fund Pershing Square has taken a 9.9% stake and Chipotle. I think the value of that is around $1.2 billion. Overall, right now, there's not much information about what he might push. In the filing, it basically has, we have the quote somewhere, but the idea is, he's going to open up some lines of communication with with the board, with management to look at, maybe, the composition of the board, and other operational efficiencies they might be able to squeeze out.

But, in addition to what we mentioned at the outset, in terms of some of the food safety scares, a lot of other issues right now plaguing Chipotle that are stacking on top of it, making it hard. They have Chiptopia right now in the summer to try and boost traffic, and they're probably going to turn that into a more permanent loyalty program, we can talk about that later. But I wanted to mention some of the other issues, too, and how they play into the business overall.

Priestley: Yeah. As you mentioned, in quarter one, their comps were down quite significantly. But in the last quarter, where we expected to see some sort of improvement, their comps were down 24%, revenue was down 17%. And that's to be expected to some degree, but this is a very lagging recovery.

And other things that are affecting them more recently, Mark Crumpacker, who was in charge of cleaning up the crisis, he was the exec put into the role, he was put on administrative leave in July because of a very well publicized cocaine bust, which could not be foreseen, it was very unexpected. The other thing is employee lawsuits, people are alleging that Chipotle underpaid its staff by misclassifying them and making them work extra hours. There's nine lawsuits across six states. And there's a lot of workers involved. And you were telling me before we came in at this is all part of a bigger issue for Chipotle, because they recently announced that they have 130% staff turnover.

Shen: Yeah. So, with the class action lawsuit among the employees, this basically comes down to an issue of them working overtime and not getting paid for it. Chipotle, in terms of their headquarters, core company management has argued that this is not their doing, maybe some rogue managers. But, overall, Chipotle is unique in that it doesn't have franchises, it operates all of its stores. I don't think it's that easy for them to wipe their hands of this and blame somebody down the line.

At the same time, the latest news was that 10,000 Chipotle employees have signed on to be part of the class action. The company, overall, has around 60,000 employees. So, that's a pretty sizable portion. I don't think this is a concern they can just make go away. It's going to impact them for sure, in terms of their ongoing recovery.

Priestley: I think the bigger problem for that -- sorry to interrupt you -- is around this "Food with Integrity" issue. I think the marketing needs complete overhauling, because it does not resonate with people anymore. I think this, the exec being put on administrative leave, and obviously the whole food borne illness thing, directly goes against everything that Chipotle has previously stood for. And I think it's starting to make people second guess everything that they formerly believed from the marketing. So, for me, the biggest thing that whoever, Ackman of whoever, becomes in charge of this turnaround, Steve Ells, they need to start addressing that identity issue.

Shen: It's funny. Earlier in the summer, we did a lifecycle episode, and we focused on Chipotle, how that burrito comes to be, from the farm where the ingredients come from to the processes they've implemented to improve the food safety aspect, and how that ends up in front of you as your burrito bowl, for example.

And we touched on the fact that the company talks a lot about food with integrity, how they have these initiatives and place to help local growers and suppliers. But, in the end, some of the feedback that we've gotten on the episode was the fact that it's hard to take that at face value when they've had some of these issues, not only just on the food safety side but now with employees. It does require for Steve Ells and the rest of management to think about how they're going to reposition the company in terms of the marketing and its image so customers have that feeling again. I remember, before the scare, going to Chipotle, and it being something that diners really look forward to, and seeing those long lunch lines, and the fact that they were able to get through those so quickly.

But otherwise, what do you think might be some changes that Ackman pushes? You mentioned some of his other restaurant investments. I think that some of the success he saw with those was really strong management teams. With Burger King, for example, they got bought out by 3G Capital, which has made quite a name for itself, turning around some big companies. They were involved in the Anheuser-Busch Inbev deal, they were involved in the Kraft Heinz deal. Very strong leadership there in terms of cutting costs and improving operations. In this case, I guess it really depends, do you believe in Chipotle's management being able to do that, what do you think Ackman might suggest?

Priestley: I think there has been for a long time, the suggestion that they shake up the board. It's a nine person board, and the average tenure is crazy. It's like 20-plus years. There's a lot of criticism that there aren't diverse opinions there, so I think he may suggest a shake-up of the board. I wouldn't be surprised about that at all. And it's something that a lot of investors have been pushing for.

I think he may also suggested move to franchisees, which I know that Chipotle is trying more recently, but they aren't enjoying that process, so we'll see how that goes down. And then, generally, constructive operational improvements, like new restaurant formats, kind of a general shake-up, a substantive loyalty program, which you alluded to earlier. And then, the other thing, which I think is more important, is trying to get them to focus. If you look at a lot of things that they're doing, there's a bit of a scatter approach, especially with their seed concepts. They have Tasty Made, which is a new burger chain, ShopHouse Kitchen, and Pizzeria Locale.

Shen: Yeah. Tasty Made is actually a pretty recent announcement. I think I've seen some bears or critics argue that they haven't really done much with ShopHouse, in terms of growing those concepts, and Pizzeria Locale. So, to start another one in the midst of the fact that they're reporting comps still down 20%-plus, is this really the right time to be thinking about these side pet projects?

Priestley: Absolutely. And they reiterated in their last quarterly earnings call that they want to grow Chipotle by 256 stores this year. So, they're expanding rapidly in their core competency, and they're looking to go into other things. I think they really need to take stock and find out what's working and what obviously isn't working for them before they go and proceed with anything else.

Shen: Yep. So, wrapping up here, I think with the news, there's a small bump with the disclosure of Bill Ackman's 10% holding. At the same time, here at the Fool, taking more of that long-term view, something to keep in mind is that Chipotle is going to be coming up soon on some pretty favorable comparisons for them, because their hardest-hit quarters are ahead of them over the next year.

Even psychologically, I think, for some investors, to see that comps are up again, revenue is up again, I think Ackman's timing is pretty good, if you're going to take a 10% stake. At the same time, it's not a 0.5% stake, and the activist investor tries to get heavily involved in the company -- 10% is respectable. I think he can have some pretty positive contributions based on his prior experience in this industry. But, again, in terms of just that stake, and the long-term view, I think there is, in the next couple years, some momentum that Chipotle can build if they can get through these issues on the food safety side and with employees, and other bad press, and get back to, I think their core efficiency is their restaurant operating margins, getting those back up to par, being able to deliver those, in the past, I think, as they scale, that really benefits them. Any other takeaways that you can think of?

Priestley: No, I think you hit every point on the head there. They have obviously been struggling. And I think this is just more of a minor market move that people shouldn't include in their long-term thesis.

Shen: OK. So that is all from us today. You can continue the conversation with Industry Focus via Twitter @MFIndustryFocus, or send us any questions or comments via email at industryfocus@fool.com. People on the program may own companies discussed on the show, and The Motley Fool may have formal recommendations for or against stocks mentioned, so don't buy or sell anything based solely on what you hear on the program. Thanks for listening and Fool on! 

John Mackey, co-CEO of Whole Foods Market, is a member of The Motley Fool's board of directors. Sarah Priestley has no position in any stocks mentioned. Vincent Shen has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Chipotle Mexican Grill, PepsiCo, and Whole Foods Market. The Motley Fool recommends Anheuser-Busch InBev NV, Coca-Cola, Nestle, and Yelp. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.