Well, that didn't last long: After just one week, Uber Technologies' self-driving pilot program in San Francisco has been shut down.
Uber ended the program late on Wednesday after the California Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) revoked the registrations on all 16 vehicles involved. It was the latest move in an escalating public dispute between Uber and the DMV over the state's permitting rules.
What happens now?
What Uber and the DMV have been arguing about
California requires that companies testing self-driving vehicles on its public roads apply for a permit. The application process is straightforward and mostly involves the payment of a $150 fee. Companies holding permits are required to report any crashes and any instances in which a human driver takes over a vehicle during testing.
That last requirement may have been the sticking point for Uber, which refused to apply for the permit.
Anthony Levandowski, the head of Uber's Advanced Technologies Group, argued that because the company's self-driving system is an early prototype and it requires test drivers to keep their hands on the steering wheel at all times, it's essentially no different from driver-assist systems already on the market -- and those are exempt from the requirement for a permit.
Here's what Levandowski said during a conference call last Friday, after the DMV formally informed Uber it was in violation of the permit requirement:
The regulations apply to "autonomous vehicles." And autonomous vehicles are defined as cars equipped with technology that can -- and I quote -- "drive a vehicle without the active physical control or monitoring by a human operator." But the self-driving Ubers that we have in both San Francisco and Pittsburgh today are not capable of driving "without ... active physical control or monitoring."
From a technology perspective, self-driving Ubers operate in the same way as vehicles equipped with advanced driver assist technologies, for example Tesla's Autopilot and other OEMs' traffic jam assist [systems]. This type of technology is commonplace on thousands of cars driving in the Bay Area today, without any DMV permit at all. That is because California law expressly excludes from its law vehicles that have "collision avoidance" or "other similar systems that enhance safety or provide driver assistance" and, like our self-driving cars, are "not capable, collectively or singularly, of driving the vehicle without the active control or monitoring of a human operator."
This was not inconsistent with Uber's past practices of jumping into a new market first and then working out the legalities later. But needless to say, the DMV didn't buy it.
What the DMV said about its action
The DMV said it revoked the registrations for all 16 Uber-owned vehicles involved in the test after "it was determined that the registrations were improperly issued for these vehicles because they were not properly marked as [autonomous driving] test vehicles." It again invited Uber to seek a permit, after which it would be allowed to resume its pilot program.
The move followed several less drastic steps by the DMV to warn Uber that it was wading into trouble. The DMV's chief counsel sent Uber a letter last Friday demanding Uber cease its pilot program until it obtained a permit, but after Uber dug its heels in, the DMV apparently felt it was time to escalate.
What happens now?
Uber said it will look to redeploy its prototype self-driving cars somewhere else. But it also said it's "100 percent committed to California," its home state, and would continue to push for rules it considered "workable."
Meanwhile, its attempt to bring cutting-edge service to its home state is on hold -- at least for now.
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