What happened

Stock in America's largest military shipbuilding company, Huntington Ingalls (NYSE:HII), rose 13.3% in February, significantly outperforming the S&P 500 gain of 3.7% in the same period. The move was likely promulgated by two factors:

  • The analyst consensus-busting fourth-quarter earnings released on Feb. 16.
  • Positive sentiment driven by President Donald Trump's ongoing statements concerning expanding the Navy from 272 ships to 350 ships. 

The fourth-quarter results were better than expected, but they still raised questions concerning 2017. As you can see below, contract awards of $5.2 billion were a significant decline from 2016's $7.6 billion, and that meant the book-to-bill ratio declined from 1.08 in 2015 to 0.74 in 2016. Meanwhile, backlog declined by $1 billion. 

Chart showing orders declining, revenue flat, and backlog declining by $1 billion

Data source: Huntington Ingalls presentations. Chart by author.

Clearly, the key driver of Huntington Ingalls' stock price will be contract awards in 2017, and/or sentiment on its ability to win new contracts.

So what

There are two lines of thinking for Huntington Ingalls' shareholders here. The first is concern that Trump's calls to cut costs on military programs -- Secretary of State James Mattis has already ordered financial reviews on the F-35 fighter jet and the Air Force One presidential jet -- might hurt profitability at Huntington Ingalls with regard to shipbuilding for the military in the future.

The second acknowledges that Trump's view on Naval expansion is a revenue boon to the company, whether it means lower-margin contract awards in the future or not.

President Trump addresses blue collar workers at an Huntington Ingalls site.

President Trump addresses Huntington Ingalls workers. Image source: Huntington Ingalls.

Now what

The second view is holding sway for now, and with good reason. Trump visited Huntington Ingalls' Newport News Shipbuilding division last week and talked with CEO Mike Petters regarding buying ships "smarter." Furthermore, in an address to Huntington's employees he talked of how the Navy is "going to soon be the largest it's been. Don't worry." Moreover, he said he had "just spoke with Navy and industry leaders and have discussed my plans to undertake a major expansion of our entire Navy fleet, including having the 12-carrier Navy we need."

It's good news for the Navy and good news for Huntington Ingalls. 

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.