Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

Better Buy: Procter & Gamble Co vs. Altria Group Inc

By Brian Stoffel - Mar 16, 2017 at 1:24PM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

Two of the most popular dividend-paying retirement stocks face off -- and it's a very close battle.

Dividend-paying stalwarts provide the foundation of many retirement portfolios. Foremost among those stocks are consumer goods conglomerate Procter & Gamble (PG 1.44%) and parent of Marlboro cigarettes Altria (MO 2.09%). Both stocks offer dividend yields over 3%, which is very tempting in today's environment.

But which company is the better stock to buy today? There's no sure-fire way to answer that question. I like to approach it from three different perspectives to get a better idea of what I'm paying for. Here's how P&G stacks up against Altria through those lenses.

Picture of a watch sitting on dollar bills.

Image source: Getty Images.

Sustainable competitive advantages

There's nothing more important for long-term investors to spend time researching than a company's sustainable competitive advantage. Often referred to as a "moat" in investing circles, this is what sets a company apart -- the thing that keeps customers coming back week after week, and competition at bay for year after year.

P&G's moat is provided by the fact that the company owns some of the most popular brands showing up in bathrooms throughout the world. This includes Pampers, Tide, Duracell, and Gillette.

Normally, I'm not a huge fan of relying on brand names to provide a moat, but all of these brands have stood the test of time. Because of the trust that customers have in these brand names, they're willing to pay incrementally more year after year. This helps give P&G an enviable moat.

Altria, on the other hand, is the parent company for Marlboro-brand cigarettes in the United States. As with P&G, this single brand alone has shown amazing resiliency that proves it provides an enviable moat. Often overlooked is the fact that Altria also owns a substantial stake in Anheuser-Busch InBev, the largest beer producer in the world.

At the end of the day, I think it's impossible to differentiate between these two. It's a draw.

Winner: Tie.

Financial fortitude

Clearly, shareholders would love to see the majority of their cash being returned to them. But cash has more value than just being paid out in dividends. Every company needs to keep a healthy cash stash on hand. That's because every company, at one point or another, will encounter difficult economic times.

Companies that enter such times with cash have options: They can outspend rivals to gain market share, buy back their own shares on the cheap, or even make acquisitions. Debt-heavy companies are in the opposite boat -- forced to cut back on operations, cede market share, or even sell shares in secondary offerings just to help make ends meet.

Here's how these two stack up in terms of financial fortitude, keeping in mind that P&G is valued at over 50% higher than Altria.




Net Income

Free Cash Flow

Procter & Gamble

$13.5 billion

$16.5 billion

$15.3 billion

$9.9 billion


$23.5 billion

$13.9 billion

$14.2 billion

$3.6 billion

Data source: Yahoo! Finance.

While Altria's free cash flow (FCF) isn't as impressive as P&G's, it's worth noting that the company's FCF from its stake in Anheuser-Busch has yet to be included in company results. At the end of the day, both companies have healthy net income and FCF.

The balance sheet represents the differentiator. Altria has much more cash on hand than debt. P&G doesn't. For that reason, Altria gets the nod here.

Winner: Altria.


Finally, we have valuation. While this isn't an exact science, there are some straightforward metrics we can consult to give us an idea of how expensive each stock is.




PEG Ratio


FCF Payout

Procter & Gamble












Data source: Yahoo! Finance, E*Trade. P/E represents figures from non-GAAP earnings.

Here we have a very tight race. On an earnings (P/E) basis, and a growth (PEG) basis, these two are virtually identical.

While we don't know exactly what Altria's FCF is right now, I'm comforted by the fact that P&G's dividend has only eaten up 74% of FCF over the past year. While it may end up that Altria falls in the same boat, I'm giving P&G the nod for now.

Winner: P&G.

The winner is...

So there you have it -- it's a tie. With P&G, you've got a company providing very basic products that are highly recession-proof. With Altria, you have a company selling some of the most addictive legal goods known to man.

When we get a clearer view into Altria's FCF next quarter, then we may have an easier time differentiating which is the better stock. For the time being, however, I don't think you can go wrong either way.

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Stocks Mentioned

The Procter & Gamble Company Stock Quote
The Procter & Gamble Company
$144.35 (1.44%) $2.05
Altria Group, Inc. Stock Quote
Altria Group, Inc.
$43.40 (2.09%) $0.89

*Average returns of all recommendations since inception. Cost basis and return based on previous market day close.

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning analyst team.

Stock Advisor Returns
S&P 500 Returns

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 06/25/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.