What happened

Shares of internet security specialist FireEye (NASDAQ:FEYE) jumped 8.3% as of 11:15 a.m. EDT in early Monday trading.

So what

You can thank Bank of America for that. This morning, analysts at the bank's Merrill Lynch brokerage unit announced they see "significant upside potential," and are upgrading FireEye stock to "buy."

As explained in a write-up on TheFly.com this morning, Wall Street's expectations for FireEye stock have fallen to "ultra-low" levels as rumors that the company might be acquired have failed time and again to pan out. But even without a buyout, B of A sees potential in FireEye stock, citing three main catalysts for growth: 6,000 appliances using the company's tech that "are due for a refresh," "new products such as Cloud MVX, Smart grid and Helix," and also "new sales leadership" that will "reduce the channel partner conflict" and make sales easier to close.

Internet cables.

Bank of America Merrill Lynch plugged into FireEye stock this morning. Image source: Getty Images.

Now what

In its most recent earnings announcement, FireEye warned investors  that its sales in Q1 2017 (about $163 million at the midpoint) will probably fall a bit short of Q1 2016 levels ($168 million ). B of A believes that Wall Street keyed in on this prediction and is extrapolating it to predict even longer-term declines for the company. But what BofA finds particularly interesting is that the Street doesn't seem to have given any credence to FireEye's promise that billings and revenue trends [will] improve throughout the year, with renewed organic growth in the second half of 2017."

If that happens -- if FireEye can resume growing again as it has promised to do -- then B of A believes this will create "an opportunity for a positive surprise" as more specific quarterly guidance numbers roll in throughout the year.

With FireEye stock now profitless and valued at a negative P/E ratio, it shouldn't take a whole lot of good news to move the stock back up.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.