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Amazon's Cloud Business Continues to Overshadow E-Commerce

By Evan Niu, CFA – Updated Apr 28, 2017 at 2:11PM

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Cloud infrastructure is going to get a whole lot more competitive.

Surprising no one,'s (AMZN 3.04%) Amazon Web Services (AWS) business continues to be the main headliner for earnings releases.

Revenue in the first quarter came in at $35.7 billion, which became $1.48 in earnings per share by the time it reached the bottom line. Both top- and bottom-line results handily beat the Street's expectations, which called for $35.3 billion in sales and earnings per share of $1.08. On a trailing-12-month (TTM) basis, operating cash flow also jumped 53% to $17.6 billion while free cash flow rose to $10.2 billion. Still, Amazon's financial results are increasingly all about AWS.

Amazon fulfillment center

Image source: Amazon.

One of these is not like the others

AWS generated $3.6 billion in sales during the quarter, bringing in $890 million in operating income. That's more than Amazon's consolidated operating income, underscoring how important the cloud infrastructure business remains to the company's bottom line. This isn't new -- it's really just more of the same. But for reference, here's each segment's operating profitability.


Q1 2016 Operating Margin

Q1 2017 Operating Margin

North America (e-commerce)



International (e-commerce)






Data source: Amazon.

If anything, AWS will only become even more important, considering the fact that AWS is now starting to enjoy operating leverage, which you can see by the modest operating margin expansion. However modest that growth is, at least it's heading the right direction; the core e-commerce businesses both saw operating margins decline.

Chart showing rising AWS revenue and operating income

Data source: SEC filings. Chart by author.

AWS is also growing the fastest, and considering the fact that those sales are far more profitable, it's a good time to be an Amazon investor. Sure, revenue growth is decelerating, but that's a natural function of any growing business coming off a small base. It's not like shareholders are in a position to complain about 43% revenue growth for AWS, particularly as Amazon shares are now at all-time highs.

What comes next

Meanwhile, cloud infrastructure is going to get a whole lot more competitive, as both Alphabet (GOOG 1.56%) (GOOGL 1.90%) and Microsoft have both placed high priority on their cloud businesses. It's not insignificant that Google Cloud beat out AWS for the massive Snap deal, especially since Snap's embrace of third-party infrastructure is unique in its scale.

AWS will serve as Snap's backup, but you can't help but wonder what Amazon's competitive response will be given its characteristic aggression. We do know that Snap has committed to spending $50 million at AWS this year, although that amount pales in comparison to the $400 million that Snap has committed to Google Cloud.

For the second quarter, Amazon expects sales in the range of $35.25 billion to $37.75 billion, which includes a negative impact of $720 million related to foreign exchange headwinds. Operating income should be $425 million to $1.1 billion, which at the midpoint would be down 42% from a year ago as Amazon continues to invest heavily in future growth. Stop me if you've heard that one before.

Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool's board of directors. Teresa Kersten is an employee of LinkedIn and is a member of The Motley Fool's board of directors. LinkedIn is owned by Microsoft. Evan Niu, CFA, has no position in any stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Alphabet (A and C shares) and Amazon. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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