US Ecology (NASDAQ:ECOL) reported first-quarter 2017 results after the market closed on Thursday that reflect ongoing macroeconomic challenges, but management continues to forecast sequentially improved 2017 quarterly results. 

Here's how the quarter worked out for the environmental services company and its shareholders.

US Ecology's results: The raw numbers

    Metric           Q1 2017               Q1 2016             Year-Over-Year Change           
Revenue $110.2 million $113.3 million (2.7%)
Adjusted EBITDA $23.5 million $26.1 million (10%)
Operating income $12.2 million $15.8 million (22.8%)
Net income $5.2 million $7.5 million (30.7%)
GAAP earnings per share $0.24 $0.35 (31.4%)
Adjusted EPS $0.23 $0.32 (28.1%)

Data source: US Ecology. EBITDA = earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. GAAP = generally accepted accounting principles.

Adjusted EPS excludes the impact from foreign currency translation and business development expenses.

For context -- though long-term investors shouldn't pay much attention to Wall Street's near-term estimates -- analysts were looking for US Ecology to turn in adjusted EPS of $0.30 on revenue of $109.9 million. So the company slightly beat the revenue consensus, but fell short on earnings.

Various pics of services provided by US Ecology.

Image source: US Ecology.

Key base business: 3% year-over-year revenue increase

Revenue in US Ecology's key base business, which is part of its environmental services business, rose 3% from the year-ago period. (The base business doesn't include the "event business," or non-recurring projects of 1,000 tons or more.) This is a positive, as the base business experienced a year-over-year decline in the previous quarter.

Year-over-year revenue changes in the base business over the previous few quarters are as follows:

  • Fourth-quarter 2016: down 4%.
  • Third-quarter 2016: up 4%.
  • Second-quarter 2016: flat.
  • First-quarter 2016: up 7%.

Segment performance

US Ecology's environmental services segment continued its year-over-year revenue decline in the quarter, largely because of project completions in its events business -- revenue declined 9% -- that were not fully replaced. Segment revenue was $81.3 million, about flat with the $81.5 million in the year-ago period. This decrease consisted of a 17% decline in transportation revenue, which was partially offset by a 3% increase in treatment and disposal revenue. Gross profit was $28.7 million, a 5.9% decline from $30.5 million in the year-ago period.

The field and industrial services segment once again had a challenging quarter, as expected, which management attributed to the same reasons as last quarter: an expired contract that wasn't renewed and overall softer industrial market conditions. The segment generated $28.9 million in revenue, down 9.1% from $31.8 million in the year-ago period. Gross profit was $3.2 million, down 33.3% from $4.8 million in the first quarter of 2016. Management attributed the decline to the reduced revenue and to a less favorable service mix.

What management had to say

Here's what CEO Jeff Feeler had to say in the press release:

First-quarter operating results and adjusted EBITDA were consistent with our expectations as we cycled some completed event projects as well as a field and industrial services contract that was not renewed. Base business for the environmental services segment continued its positive momentum, with a 3% increase over what was a strong first quarter of 2016. As expected, event business for the environmental services segment was down 9% in the first quarter due to the strength of our event business in the first quarter of 2016.

Looking ahead

US Ecology reaffirmed its previously issued full-year 2017 guidance, which is as follows:

   Metric   2017 Guidance          Projected Year-Over-Year Change  
Adjusted EBITDA $120 million to $130 million 5.8% to 14.6%*
Adjusted EPS $1.69 to $1.93 10.5% to 26.1%

Data source: US Ecology. *Over 2016 adjusted pro forma EBITDA.

Management remains optimistic about 2017, with Feeler commenting in the press release that the company's "underlying base business remains strong, and we continue to bid on and secure event business opportunities, further supporting our view of sequentially stronger quarterly financial performance as we progress through the year." 

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