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Apache Corporation in 5 Charts

By John Bromels – Jul 28, 2017 at 7:12AM

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The stock of this small oil and gas industry player has underperformed in recent months. Here are three simple charts to explain why.

My top independent oil stock right now isn't ConocoPhillips (COP 2.19%), despite its size and brand recognition. Instead, it's little Apache Corporation (APA 3.62%). I think the stock market has unfairly punished Apache for the industry's woes, setting it up to outperform. 

Here are three charts to explain why I'm expecting big things from Apache and why you may want to consider it for your portfolio.

The Shiprock of New Mexico

Apache's stock price popped up and then gradually trended back down, much like the silhouette of the famous Shiprock of New Mexico. Image Source: Getty Images.

The 'Shiprock' chart

Apache's stock chart over the past year looks uncannily like the famous Shiprock (pictured above) in the New Mexico desert. In September 2016, the stock popped up into a two-pronged mountain, then gradually slid back down so far in 2017 to hover around the levels it's at today:

APA Chart

APA data by YCharts.

Here's why the chart looks the way it does (unlike the actual Shiprock, erosion isn't the cause): In September 2016, right before the stock's big pop, Apache made a massive discovery of oil and gas beneath land it had purchased on the cheap in West Texas. 

This find, dubbed "Alpine High" caused excited investors to immediately bid the stock skyward, anticipating increased production for the company. The production, though, hasn't yet materialized, and gradually the enthusiasm has faded, along with the share price.

But this wasn't unexpected. Because Alpine High is so far off the beaten path of oil and gas exploration in Texas, there wasn't any existing infrastructure in the area. Before Apache can ramp up production -- expected to begin in earnest in the third quarter of this year -- it has to build out infrastructure in the area and drill a bunch of test wells. 

The market, though, hasn't been patient and has been selling off the stock, which -- as you can see above -- is currently trading for less than it was before the Alpine High discovery was announced. That means an investor who buys the stock now is essentially getting a piece of Alpine High for free. 

The production chart

If oil prices don't rise significantly -- and they haven't for the last three years -- independent producers like Apache and ConocoPhillips have only a couple of options to improve their bottom lines. They can reduce their expenses so they make more money on each barrel of oil they produce or they can increase production volumes and improve their bottom lines that way. Or both.

Apache is predicting that its production volumes are going to soar in the coming years:

Apache 2017 to 2018 production outlook chart

Apache is predicting big production increases in Mboe/d. Darker brown bars represent volumes adjusted for divestitures Egypt noncontrolling interest, and tax barrels. Data source: Apache investor presentation.

As you can see from the above chart -- which was from a May investor presentation -- Apache is predicting that its adjusted production will decline in the second quarter by 5.5%, before climbing upwards to 429,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day in the fourth quarter, a 7.8% increase over the first quarter and by 21.9% to 485,000 boe/d by the end of 2018. 

The second-quarter declines represent scheduled maintenance in the company's North Sea operations as well as the sale of some underperforming Canadian assets. The subsequent gains are expected to come not only from Alpine High but also from the North Sea, where the company is installing a new subsea tieback, and from Egypt, where Apache has just been granted two new land concessions in the country's Western Desert. 

Investors should be prepared for a lackluster second quarter, and understand that it's already factored into the company's plans.

The margin charts

By selling those underperforming assets, Apache is looking to achieve higher overall margins as well as improved overall production. Here's what Apache's margins looked like in first-quarter 2017:

Apache Q1 operating cash margin chart

Operating cash margins are calculated as price realizations less lease operating expenses, gathering and transportation costs, and taxes other than income. Image source: Apache investor presentation.

The company's highest margins came from its overseas operations. Margins from its Permian Basin operations -- where Alpine High is located -- were lower, while its other North American margins were woefully behind even that. 

However, Apache plans to improve its overall margins by replacing those other North American operations with Permian Basin output. Here are two charts. The first shows Apache's production mix in fourth-quarter 2016, and the second indicates what the company expects in fourth-quarter 2018:

Apache Regional Production Profile pie chart

Production numbers have been adjusted for Egypt noncontrolling interest, tax barrels, and divestitures. "Other North America" includes Canada, Gulf of Mexico, and Lower 48 non-Permian. Image source: Apache investor presentation.

Apache plans to significantly reduce its exposure to non-Permian North America plays -- the ones with the company's worst margins (ConocoPhillips has been employing a similar strategy). Meanwhile, Apache will improve its Midland and Delaware Basin Permian output (Alpine High). One hopes the company might be able to improve its Permian margins as it develops Alpine High, but even if it can't, the company will still end up with a higher-margin asset portfolio and improved production.

That's a winning combo for investors.

Investor takeaway

It's important to note that all of Apache's predictions about Alpine High are thus far just that: predictions. Alpine High could turn out to be a dud or be far more successful than expected. The good news is -- as these five charts reveal -- the company seems poised for success no matter what happens with Alpine High.

Remember, the stock price is now below its pre-Alpine High level, meaning you can essentially get Alpine High's value for free. And even if Apache's predicted production gains at Alpine High don't materialize, management's investments in high-margin overseas projects coupled with its pivot away from low-margin North American assets should benefit investors, even if oil stays around $50 per barrel.

In my view, that makes Apache a buy.

John Bromels owns shares of Apache. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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