What happened 

Shares of toymaker Mattel, Inc. (NASDAQ:MAT) jumped 29.2% in November, according to data provided by S&P Global Market Intelligence, driven by news that Hasbro, Inc. (NASDAQ:HAS) has approached the company about a buyout. No deal is imminent, but it appears to be more serious than past forays to combine the two. 

So what 

We don't know the terms Hasbro might be offering or have any assurance that a deal will go through. So, investors buying Mattel are purely speculating on an acquisition. 

Toys lined up marching on a floor.

Image source: Getty Images.

Hasbro sees its smaller toy rival as a potential target in the battle for toy dominance. Not only would Mattel bring brands like Barbie and Hot Wheels into the fold, but it will also make it easier to win licensing deals in the future. Mattel and Hasbro are bitter rivals when licensing deals come up and having both under one roof should lead to lower licensing costs and higher margins. 

Now what 

In a lot of ways, the combination of Hasbro and Mattel makes sense because it would likely lead to a more profitable company over the long term. But the government may not allow such a deal to happen, which I see as a big roadblock if the two companies can come to terms. 

I wouldn't buy shares of Mattel on buyout rumors alone, but if the merger succeeds, it could be a big win for toy investors long term. 

Travis Hoium has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends Hasbro. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.