Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility

Why I Won't Buy Cryptocurrencies

By Alex Dumortier, CFA - Updated Feb 13, 2018 at 2:32PM

You’re reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool’s Premium Investing Services. Become a Motley Fool member today to get instant access to our top analyst recommendations, in-depth research, investing resources, and more. Learn More

Cryptocurrencies certainly aren't money, but they've become pure vehicles for speculation -- which is a loser's game.

There are many good reasons not to buy cryptocurrencies. My colleague Sean Williams recently highlighted a few, but the simplest reason I can think of is that I don't need to.

Why not? First, I don't fear that the government is secretly tracking my financial transactions and assets. In fact, it appears that assets held in cryptocurrencies are much more vulnerable to hacking and theft than assets held in fiat currencies like the dollar, the euro, or the pound.

Nor do I believe that the U.S. dollar is on the brink of a collapse engineered by a cabal of bankers, central bankers, and politicians.

If you are gripped by either or both of these concerns, then perhaps you can make a theoretical case for owning cryptocurrencies. But speaking of theory, let's go over some basic economics relating to the theory of money and its three functions. I'll show you how cryptocurrencies fail at all three.

Group of blindfolded businessmen following each other in single file to the edge of a cliff.

Source: Getty Images.

Medium of exchange

Are cryptocurrencies widely accepted as a means of payment? No. If you need proof of this, here's a simple test: When was the last time you or someone you know paid for gas or groceries with bitcoins or ether? The question isn't whether a cryptocurrency might be widely accepted by 2049; as of February 2018, no cryptocurrency is a practicable means of exchange. The only transaction for which a cryptocurrency may be better-suited than the old-fashioned dollar is the purchase of another cryptocurrency (well, that and drugs, the services of an assassin, and various other illicit goods and services).

Strike one.

Unit of account

Are prices or economic transactions -- those that are based on goods and services -- denominated in cryptocurrencies? No. Because they are not a medium of exchange, it makes no sense to express prices in terms of a cryptocurrency. The number of people who are interested in paying for things in bitcoins is much too small, relative to the entire economy, for merchants to waste their time with price tags carrying a bitcoin price.

Strike two.

Store of value

The question of whether cryptocurrencies are a store of value is the trickiest -- and most important -- point, but a simple way to answer it is with a graph:

^NYB Chart

^NYB data by YCharts

The above graph shows the 12-month performance of the NYSE Bitcoin Index, which tracks the price of a bitcoin. The dramatic volatility displayed in this graph is incompatible with the function of store of value. An asset that loses half its value in a couple of months cannot adequately perform that function.

Strike three -- it's time to head back to the dugout.

Transforming money or just making money?

At this stage, perhaps you think I'm missing the point entirely: The main objective of buying cryptocurrencies has nothing to do with seeking an alternative currency. Indeed, the only reason any right-thinking individual buys bitcoins, ripple, ether, or any other cryptocurrency is to become fabulously wealthy (or score a huge return on one's "investment," at the very least).

To that I can only respond that speculating on cryptocurrencies is a loser's game -- even if one puts aside the significant risks of theft or fraud. Blockchain technology looks interesting, and there's good reason to think it will eventually become part of the "piping" that supports ordinary financial transactions. However, cryptocurrencies, which are but one application of blockchain, have become nothing more than vehicles for mindless speculation -- a role for which they are ideally suited, as they have no intrinsic value on which to base their prices. It's purely a game of "hot potato."

This dichotomy explains why JPMorgan Chase & Co. CEO Jamie Dimon said last September that Bitcoin is "a fraud" and "worse than tulip bulbs" (referring to the Dutch tulip bulb mania of the 17th century), all the while praising the underlying blockchain technology. His bank has multiple ongoing projects based on this technology.

If you think you're that unique individual who can gain an advantage in a game with no rational basis, then all I can do is wish you good luck. It's the only thing that will save you. (Incidentally, if you're wondering who's really getting rich in cryptocurrencies, my colleague Jordan Wathen has an answer. Hint: It isn't the people trading them.)

Invest Smarter with The Motley Fool

Join Over 1 Million Premium Members Receiving…

  • New Stock Picks Each Month
  • Detailed Analysis of Companies
  • Model Portfolios
  • Live Streaming During Market Hours
  • And Much More
Get Started Now

Related Articles

Motley Fool Returns

Motley Fool Stock Advisor

Market-beating stocks from our award-winning analyst team.

Stock Advisor Returns
332%
 
S&P 500 Returns
115%

Calculated by average return of all stock recommendations since inception of the Stock Advisor service in February of 2002. Returns as of 06/28/2022.

Discounted offers are only available to new members. Stock Advisor list price is $199 per year.

Premium Investing Services

Invest better with The Motley Fool. Get stock recommendations, portfolio guidance, and more from The Motley Fool's premium services.