Every day, Wall Street analysts upgrade some stocks, downgrade others, and "initiate coverage" on a few more. But do these analysts even know what they're talking about? Today, we're taking one high-profile Wall Street pick and putting it under the microscope...

SolarEdge (NASDAQ:SEDG) makes solar power inverters -- the little electronic widgets that take the electricity absorbed by solar panels, and convert it into the kind of electricity that can power your PC. It sounds like a pretty straightforward process -- but as it turns out, it's also a very profitable process for SolarEdge.

Last night, SolarEdge reported its fiscal Q4 and full-year 2017 earnings results, and it easily surpassed analysts' expectations. In response, SolarEdge stock won a big upgrade from analysts at Vertical Group this morning -- and a whole series of price target hikes from analysts up and down Wall Street.

Here's what you need to know.

Sun between fingertips

SolarEdge has the solar market at its fingertips -- and Wall Street is tapping the "buy" button. Image source: Getty Images.

What SolarEdge said

SolarEdge reported last night that it earned $0.42 per diluted share ($0.85 adjusted for one-time items) on sales of $189.3 million. The numbers trumped analyst expectations, which had forecast adjusted profits of only $0.63 per share on sales of $179.8 million. Sales grew 70% year over year, and net income jumped 91% despite hefty charges taken to net income, related to tax reform

Profits for the full year grew 28% to $1.85 per share on sales of $607 million -- up 24%. Gross profit margin for the year was 35.4% (up 260 basis points from 2016), and gross profitability increased as the year went on, with Q4 margin topping 37.5%.

And in evidence of its margin's staying power, SolarEdge forecast that in Q1 2018 it will maintain a level of gross profitability in the 36% to 38% range on sales of $200 million-$210 million -- 78% higher at the midpoint than it booked in Q1 last year, and at a better margin.

How Wall Street reacted

It wasn't long before the applause could be heard on Wall Street. At last count, StreetInsider.com is reporting that no fewer than eight analysts have lifted their price targets for SolarEdge stock, and Vertical Group went even farther -- upgrading the stock to buy. According to Vertical, SolarEdge's competition is "nowhere in sight," and with no need to fight price wars, SolarEdge can essentially "dictate" prices for solar inverters "through 2018."

As for the other analysts, here's a quick survey of what some of them have been saying, with comments drawn from reports at both StreetInsider and TheFly.com:

  • Cowen & Co: SolarEdge's results in Q4 were a "blowout" and Q1 guidance was "solid." Cowen is upping its price target by 29%, to $53 a share.
  • JPMorgan: SolarEdge posted "record high ... revenue, gross margin, earnings and operating cash flow" in Q4. JP hiked its price target nearly as high as Cowen did, to $52 a share, implying there's another 18% worth of gains to be had by buying today.
  • Needham & Company: SolarEdge is facing an "ongoing component shortage," yet managed to grow its sales and profit margins regardless. Needham is looking for future growth primarily in the non-rooftop (i.e., "commercial") and international markets, but thinks SolarEdge will find it, and calls the stock "a sustainable growth story." Price target: $55 a share.
  • Roth Capital: Roth is tipping the scales with a Wall Street high price target of $60 a share. Adding context to Needham's observations, Roth notes that SolarEdge "presciently anticipated/adjusted for the shortages and adapted its products to new component sources" in response. The analyst further notes that SolarEdge does have at least one competitor, Huawei "in the EU." But Huawei is pricing its inverters "more expensively vs. SEDG," which further bolsters the other analysts' predictions that SolarEdge will gain market share going forward.

The upshot for investors

SolarEdge stock has surged to nearly $45 in response to yesterday's earnings (and today's upgrades). Despite this run-up, the latest batch of price targets imply that analysts, at least, believe there are still more gains to be had. Are they right?

At a market capitalization of $1.9 billion after its run-up, with $240 million in the bank, a further $103 million in long-term investments -- and no debt to speak of -- I get an enterprise value of roughly $1.6 billion for SolarEdge stock.

With $115 million in trailing free cash flow, the stock is therefore selling for less than 14 times its cash profits. Given Wall Street estimates (provided by S&P Global Market Intelligence) for 22% annualized long-term earnings growth, I think SolarEdge stock is still selling for a bargain price even after its run-up -- and Wall Street is right to upgrade it.

Rich Smith owns shares of SolarEdge Technologies. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.