In its recently released fourth-quarter and full-year earnings report, NVIDIA (NASDAQ: NVDA) showed the world that it could continue to put up blockbuster revenue and earnings numbers. The company grew revenue 34% over the prior-year quarter, while data center revenue based on AI (artificial intelligence) produced triple-digit year-over-year growth for the seventh consecutive quarter. It also beat analysts' estimates on both its top and bottom lines to produce a record-setting quarter.

These were just some of the takeaways from the graphics-processing company's solid results. NVIDIA's earnings conference call also gave investors plenty of insight into the future, as the company's management talked cloud computing, deep learning, and self-driving cars.

NVIDIA Tesla V100 Data Center GPU

NVIDIA's data center growth is being driven by the Tesla V100 Data Center GPU. Image source: NVIDIA.

The all-important data center

NVIDIA's data center revenue of $606 million grew 105% year over year, and 20% sequentially. This segment now accounts for nearly 21% of the company's sales. So what's driving that astronomical growth? The biggest contributors have been cloud computing and artificial intelligence.

Companies are seeing a growing number of strategic uses for cloud computing. During NVIDIA's second quarter, it began shipping its Tesla V100 processor, which the company calls "the world's most advanced data center GPU ever built" -- and enthusiasm for the processor continued into the most recent quarter.

CFO Colette Kress pointed out that performance during the quarter "reflected strong adoption of Tesla V100 GPUs," and went on to reveal a veritable who's who of cloud customers:

V100s ... have been chosen by every major cloud to deliver AI and high-performance computing.

Hyperscale and cloud customers adopting the V100 include Alibaba, Amazon Web Services, Baidu, Google [a division of Alphabet], IBM, Microsoft Azure, Oracle, and Tencent.

In addition to cloud computing, the revolutionary AI technique of deep learning has also been seeing greater and greater adoption across a wide range of businesses, and the ability of GPUs to accelerate that process has made NVIDIA the go-to for training deep-learning systems.

In recent years, NVIDIA has benefited from the training phase of deep learning, but there is growing demand in the "inference" phase, which is the function an AI system carries out after its training has completed -- like performing image recognition or language processing.

NVIDIA's CEO Jen-Hsun Huang believes that inference likely represents a huge opportunity for the company:

[T]hat's an untapped growth opportunity for our company that's really, really exciting ...

My sense is that the inference market is probably about as large in the data centers as training. And the wonderful thing is everything that you train on our processor will inference wonderfully on our processors as well. And the data centers are really awakening to the observation that the more GPUs they buy for offloading inference and training, the more money they save.

What will drive future growth?

In reviewing NVIDIA's results, investors might initially be disappointed by the lagging growth in the auto segment, which increased only 3% compared to the prior-year quarter. In recapping the company's results, Kress pointed out that NVIDIA was transitioning out of the infotainment market, which it believes has become commoditized, and is focusing on self-driving systems. Later, Huang laid out how the company will profit from the ongoing evolution in autonomous and self-driving systems:

[F]or autonomous vehicles that still have drivers, passenger cars, branded cars -- ASPs [average selling prices] anywhere from $500 to $1,000 make sense. For robotaxis, where they're driverless -- they're not autonomous vehicles, they're actually driverless vehicles -- the ASP will be several thousand dollars.

Huang went on to say that we should expect to see more cars with autonomous driving capabilities by late 2019, with nearly every premium car having autonomous features by 2022.

More of the same?

NVIDIA has been on a tear in recent years, with its share price doubling over the last year, and up 1,000% since early 2015. While the company may not put up the same staggering performance in the future, the combination of continued innovation and numerous tailwinds will likely help it produce market-beating results for years to come.

John Mackey, CEO of Whole Foods Market, an Amazon subsidiary, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Suzanne Frey, an executive at Alphabet, is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors. Teresa Kersten is an employee of LinkedIn and is a member of The Motley Fool’s board of directors; LinkedIn is owned by Microsoft.

Danny Vena owns shares of GOOGL, AMZN, and BIDU and has the following options: long January 2019 $165 calls on IBM. The Motley Fool owns shares of and recommends GOOGL, GOOG, AMZN, BIDU, Nvidia, and TCEHY. The Motley Fool owns shares of ORCL. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.