Every day, Wall Street analysts upgrade some stocks, downgrade others, and "initiate coverage" on a few more. But do these analysts even know what they're talking about? Today, we're taking one high-profile Wall Street pick and putting it under the microscope...

By now, you've probably heard the news (or perhaps your teenager told you?): Gaming giant Activision Blizzard (NASDAQ:ATVI) is splitting up with one of its most popular game producers, Bungie.

In a terse statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission yesterday, Activision reported that, henceforth, Bungie will "assume full publishing rights and responsibilities for the Destiny franchise," once one of the most popular video games on the market. "Going forward," said Activision, "Bungie will own and develop the franchise."

Investors clearly didn't like the news, with Activision stock falling as much as 13% in Friday morning trading and no fewer than six separate analysts cutting their price targets on Activision stock in response. How should investors react?

Let's listen in as the analysts debate, courtesy of excerpts provided by our friends at TheFly.com.

Soldiers fighting a large monster, scene from Destiny 2

Think it's tough fighting a video game boss? Try taking on this team of Wall Street analysts. Image source: Activision Blizzard.

No downgrades, yet

Though no one has stepped up and actually downgraded the stock as punishment for Activision Blizzard's split with Bungie, it's clear analysts are not pleased. So far, Benchmark, BMO Capital, KeyBank, MKM Partners, Piper Jaffray, and R.W. Baird have all cut their price targets:

  • Piper Jaffray predicts that losing Destiny will cost Activision as much as $400 million in revenue this year and $0.15 per share in profits, and will reduce the "clarity" in Activision's product pipeline as well. Still, Piper cut its price target only by $2 (to $55 a share), and kept its rating at "overweight" (i.e., buy).
  • Likewise, R.W. Baird sees a $0.15-per-share reduction in 2019 earnings as likely (but only a $300 million reduction in revenue). While sticking with an outperform rating on Activision, Baird cut its price target to $69, and said Activision's decision was consistent with management's desire to cut costs by "pulling the plug on underperforming games."
  • KeyBanc remains "overweight" Activision stock (and with an even more optimistic $64 price target). Still, KeyBanc was at $80 prior to the Bungie split, so this is a significant cut. Like Piper, KeyBanc expressed concerns about Activision's pipeline in the near term.
  • Benchmark characterized the split with Bungie as part of a "clandestine restructuring" underway at Activision, which includes changes in management and cost-cutting efforts. Benchmark believes Activision will lose only $177 million worth of sales from the loss of Destiny in 2019 -- but as much as $496 million in 2020. Still, the analyst's price target cut from $93 to $87 leaves Benchmark as the most bullish analyst on the stock today.
  • In contrast, a price target cut to $48 a share (and a "neutral" rating) makes MKM Partners the least optimistic analyst following Activision. MKM sees "limited capital appreciation potential" in Activision stock this year. Indeed, MKM believes we could see Activision's earnings decline by as much as "low double digits."
  • Not far behind is BMO Capital, with a $52 price target on Activision stock (and a "market perform" rating). BMO muses that Activision may have cut bait on Destiny "too soon," seeing as "just a few years ago [it] seemed a crown jewel in the Activision Publishing portfolio." The analyst's conclusion: "the economics of publishing Destiny games may have turned."

Additional worries

What are these economics of which BMO speaks? Wm. Blair, another analyst who weighed in today (but did not cut its target) explains: "Despite solid unit sales, it appears [Destiny 2] did not meet expectations on reach and in-game monetization." Furthermore, Blair worries that revenue from Blizzard games Overwatch, Hearthstone, and World of Warcraft are likely to decline in 2019.

What it all means to investors

So what's the big story here for investors in Activision? The recurring theme from most of these comments from analysts cutting their price targets (and even from analysts like Blair, and Morgan Stanley as well, who didn't), is that Activision's decision to cut ties with Bungie increases uncertainty about Activision Blizzard's growth outlook. At the same time, most analysts remain optimistic about the stock, and generally agree that Activision will ultimately power through these changes, reallocating money that would otherwise have gone to developing, promoting, and supporting the Destiny franchise to other games, which might have better growth prospects.

Still, in the near term, investors need to be careful. Even down to a $34.1 billion valuation after today's sell-off, Activision stock is selling for nearly 60 times trailing earnings --and even the analysts who remain optimistic about Activision generally agree that those earnings will take some kind of hit in the New Year. Even a reduction in earnings as small as $0.05 per share could be enough to wipe out any earnings-per-share growth in 2019, as compared to 2018 -- and many analysts are forecasting earnings reductions greater than that.

For a growth stock dependent on earnings growth to support a 60 times earnings multiple, this could be very bad news indeed.

Check out the latest Activision Blizzard earnings call transcript.

This article represents the opinion of the writer, who may disagree with the “official” recommendation position of a Motley Fool premium advisory service. We’re motley! Questioning an investing thesis -- even one of our own -- helps us all think critically about investing and make decisions that help us become smarter, happier, and richer.